Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
₽ 231000
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Andorra , Andorra
₽183058
₽148475
₽142338
₽180282
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
social contributions
-
-
-
50 820
income
-
-
-
13 000
total
-
-
-
63 820
Employee
26 569
-
199 999
-
social contributions
1 727
-
13 000
-
income
-
-
13 682
-
total
1 727
-
26 682
-
Employer
26 569
-
199 999
-
social contributions
4 118
-
31 001
-
total
4 118
-
31 001
-
Corporate
200 312
231 000
-
-
income
20 031
23 100
-
-
total
20 031
23 100
-
-
Dividends
180 282
207 900
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
25 876
23 100
57 683
63 820
After tax
205 124
207 900
173 317
167 180
Living cost
24 842
24 842
24 842
24 842
Free-cash
180 282
183 058
148 475
142 338

Estimated living cost  is ₽24842 per week

₽16063
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1873
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽467
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6440
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Andorra has a limit of 1000 sole-trade resident permits per year, so while it isn't complicated to obtain one, it may get difficult by the end of the term.

Graz , Austria
₽100719
₽33012
₽91401
₽100308
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
924
unemployment
-
-
-
5 069
health
-
-
-
7 385
pensions
-
-
-
17 862
income
-
-
-
81 993
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
113 233
Employee
36 126
32 935
195 957
-
health
1 397
1 275
3 736
-
pensions
3 700
3 372
9 887
-
other
361
329
966
-
unemployment
1 084
988
2 897
-
income
3 218
2 429
70 887
-
total
9 760
8 393
88 373
-
Employer
36 126
32 935
195 957
-
pensions
4 534
4 134
12 117
-
accident
469
428
1 255
-
unemployment
1 084
988
2 897
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
payroll
1 084
988
5 878
-
chamber of commerce
144
132
784
-
health
1 366
1 245
3 649
-
other
1 716
1 564
8 463
-
total
10 397
9 479
35 043
-
Corporate
184 478
188 586
192 821
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

46 120
47 147
48 206
-
total
46 120
47 147
48 206
-
Dividends
138 358
141 439
-
-
withholding
38 049
38 896
-
-
total
38 049
38 896
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
104 326
103 915
171 622
113 233
After tax
126 674
127 085
59 378
117 767
Living cost
26 366
26 366
26 366
26 366
Free-cash
100 308
100 719
33 012
91 401

Estimated living cost  is ₽26366 per week

₽15817
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2693
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽470
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7387
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Vienna , Austria
₽97877
₽30219
₽88484
₽96597
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
924
unemployment
-
-
-
5 069
health
-
-
-
7 385
pensions
-
-
-
17 862
income
-
-
-
81 993
surtax
-
-
-
163
total
-
-
-
113 396
Employee
41 302
32 935
195 805
-
health
1 598
1 275
3 736
-
pensions
4 230
3 372
9 887
-
other
412
329
966
-
unemployment
1 239
988
2 897
-
income
4 702
2 429
70 811
-
total
12 181
8 393
88 297
-
Employer
41 302
32 935
195 805
-
pensions
5 183
4 134
12 117
-
accident
536
428
1 255
-
unemployment
1 239
988
2 897
-
surtax
163
163
163
-
payroll
1 239
988
5 875
-
chamber of commerce
165
132
783
-
health
1 560
1 245
3 649
-
other
1 962
1 564
8 456
-
total
12 047
9 642
35 195
-
Corporate
177 650
188 423
192 669
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

44 413
47 106
48 168
-
total
44 413
47 106
48 168
-
Dividends
133 237
141 317
-
-
withholding
36 641
38 861
-
-
total
36 641
38 861
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
105 282
104 002
171 660
113 396
After tax
125 718
126 998
59 340
117 604
Living cost
29 121
29 121
29 121
29 121
Free-cash
96 597
97 877
30 219
88 484

Estimated living cost  is ₽29121 per week

₽19422
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2484
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽478
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6736
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Brussels , Belgium
₽94116
₽46426
₽70567
₽86488
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
social contributions
-
-
-
20 604
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
12 623
national
-
-
-
97 073
total
-
-
-
130 300
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 116
-
178 918
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

2 777
-
8 409
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 434
-
13 419
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

3 083
-
9 332
-
national
18 175
-
69 641
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

514
-
1 557
-
total
28 983
-
102 358
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 116
-
178 918
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

768
-
2 326
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

863
-
2 613
-
surtax
6 703
-
20 288
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

3 635
-
11 003
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

5 238
-
15 853
-
total
17 207
-
52 083
-
Corporate
154 677
231 000
-
-
surtax
618
1 057
-
-
income
30 935
52 874
-
-
total
31 553
53 931
-
-
Dividends
123 124
177 069
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

36 636
52 820
-
-
total
36 636
52 820
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
114 379
106 751
154 441
130 300
After tax
116 621
124 249
76 559
100 700
Living cost
30 133
30 133
30 133
30 133
Free-cash
86 488
94 116
46 426
70 567

Estimated living cost  is ₽30133 per week

₽19410
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2635
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽472
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7617
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sofia , Bulgaria
₽183268
₽184373
₽174395
₽178225
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 324
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 278
income
-
-
-
34 650
total
-
-
-
42 368
Employee
18 851
-
225 328
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

207
-
318
-
health
867
-
1 330
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 655
-
2 538
-
income
1 885
-
22 533
-
total
4 614
-
26 719
-
Employer
18 851
-
225 328
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

207
-
318
-
unemployment
113
-
173
-
health
1 301
-
1 995
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

2 077
-
3 185
-
total
3 698
-
5 671
-
Corporate
208 450
231 000
-
-
income
20 845
23 100
-
-
total
20 845
23 100
-
-
Dividends
187 605
207 900
-
-
withholding
9 381
10 395
-
-
total
9 381
10 395
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
38 538
33 495
32 390
42 368
After tax
192 462
197 505
198 610
188 632
Living cost
14 237
14 237
14 237
14 237
Free-cash
178 225
183 268
184 373
174 395

Estimated living cost  is ₽14237 per week

₽9416
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽815
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽340
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3666
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
₽186654
₽187759
₽177781
₽182808
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 324
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 278
income
-
-
-
34 650
total
-
-
-
42 368
Employee
14 368
-
225 328
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
318
-
health
661
-
1 330
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 262
-
2 538
-
income
1 437
-
22 533
-
total
3 518
-
26 719
-
Employer
14 368
-
225 328
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
318
-
unemployment
86
-
173
-
health
992
-
1 995
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 584
-
3 185
-
total
2 820
-
5 671
-
Corporate
213 813
231 000
-
-
income
21 381
23 100
-
-
total
21 381
23 100
-
-
Dividends
192 431
207 900
-
-
withholding
9 622
10 395
-
-
total
9 622
10 395
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
37 341
33 495
32 390
42 368
After tax
193 659
197 505
198 610
188 632
Living cost
10 851
10 851
10 851
10 851
Free-cash
182 808
186 654
187 759
177 781

Estimated living cost  is ₽10851 per week

₽6335
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽775
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽287
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3454
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Larnaca , Cyprus
₽149105
₽132676
₽134476
₽144607
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
social contributions
-
-
-
13 372
health
-
-
-
5 891
income
-
-
-
58 127
total
-
-
-
77 390
Employee
63 549
63 549
219 819
-
health
492
1 081
3 737
-
social contributions
2 403
5 274
7 114
-
income
6 919
5 883
57 158
-
total
9 814
12 238
68 009
-
Employer
63 549
63 549
219 819
-
social contributions
2 403
5 274
7 114
-
health
535
1 176
4 067
-
total
2 938
6 450
11 181
-
Corporate
199 114
161 000
-
-
income
24 889
20 125
-
-
total
24 889
20 125
-
-
Dividends
174 224
140 876
-
-
withholding
29 618
23 948
-
-
total
29 618
23 948
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
67 259
62 761
79 190
77 390
After tax
163 741
168 239
151 810
153 610
Living cost
19 134
19 134
19 134
19 134
Free-cash
144 607
149 105
132 676
134 476

Estimated living cost  is ₽19134 per week

₽11468
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1877
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽423
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5367
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
₽141433
₽125004
₽126804
₽138005
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
social contributions
-
-
-
13 372
health
-
-
-
5 891
income
-
-
-
58 127
total
-
-
-
77 390
Employee
63 549
63 549
219 819
-
health
632
1 081
3 737
-
social contributions
3 088
5 274
7 114
-
income
6 673
5 883
57 158
-
total
10 393
12 238
68 009
-
Employer
63 549
63 549
219 819
-
social contributions
3 088
5 274
7 114
-
health
688
1 176
4 067
-
total
3 776
6 450
11 181
-
Corporate
190 025
161 000
-
-
income
23 754
20 125
-
-
total
23 754
20 125
-
-
Dividends
166 271
140 876
-
-
withholding
28 266
23 948
-
-
total
28 266
23 948
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
66 189
62 761
79 190
77 390
After tax
164 811
168 239
151 810
153 610
Living cost
26 806
26 806
26 806
26 806
Free-cash
138 005
141 433
125 004
126 804

Estimated living cost  is ₽26806 per week

₽18324
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2094
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽450
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5938
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Brno , Czech Republic
₽139619
₽110597
₽121330
₽132690
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
social contributions
-
-
-
27 951
health
-
-
-
31 185
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
5 330
income
-
-
-
25 780
total
-
-
-
90 246
Employee
28 565
-
189 972
-
health
3 856
-
25 646
-
social contributions
1 857
-
6 222
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
4 367
-
income
3 428
-
23 716
-
total
9 141
-
59 951
-
Employer
28 565
-
189 972
-
social contributions
7 141
-
23 931
-
health
2 571
-
17 097
-
total
9 712
-
41 028
-
Corporate
192 722
231 000
-
-
income
36 617
43 890
-
-
total
36 617
43 890
-
-
Dividends
156 105
187 110
-
-
withholding
23 416
28 067
-
-
total
23 416
28 067
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
78 886
71 957
100 979
90 246
After tax
152 114
159 043
130 021
140 754
Living cost
19 424
19 424
19 424
19 424
Free-cash
132 690
139 619
110 597
121 330

Estimated living cost  is ₽19424 per week

₽13492
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1382
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽382
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4168
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
₽135107
₽106085
₽116818
₽126568
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
social contributions
-
-
-
27 951
health
-
-
-
31 185
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
5 330
income
-
-
-
25 780
total
-
-
-
90 246
Employee
35 200
-
189 972
-
health
4 752
-
25 646
-
social contributions
2 288
-
6 222
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
4 367
-
income
4 224
-
23 716
-
total
11 264
-
59 951
-
Employer
35 200
-
189 972
-
social contributions
8 800
-
23 931
-
health
3 168
-
17 097
-
total
11 968
-
41 028
-
Corporate
183 832
231 000
-
-
income
34 928
43 890
-
-
total
34 928
43 890
-
-
Dividends
148 904
187 110
-
-
withholding
22 336
28 067
-
-
total
22 336
28 067
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
80 496
71 957
100 979
90 246
After tax
150 504
159 043
130 021
140 754
Living cost
23 936
23 936
23 936
23 936
Free-cash
126 568
135 107
106 085
116 818

Estimated living cost  is ₽23936 per week

₽17800
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1326
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽414
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4396
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Copenhagen , Denmark
₽50409
₽50409
₽91409
₽24513
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
labour market
-
-
-
18 423
municipal
-
-
-
50 643
pensions
-
-
-
718
national
-
-
-
29 889
total
-
-
-
99 673
Employee
168 486
168 486
168 486
-
municipal
35 878
35 878
35 878
-
pensions
239
239
239
-
national
20 584
20 584
20 584
-
labour market
13 460
13 460
13 460
-
total
70 161
70 161
70 161
-
Employer
168 486
168 486
168 486
-
labour market
13 479
13 479
13 479
-
national
20 619
20 619
20 619
-
municipal
35 935
35 935
35 935
-
pensions
479
479
479
-
total
70 512
70 512
70 512
-
Corporate
50 408
-
-
-
income
11 090
-
-
-
total
11 090
-
-
-
Dividends
39 318
-
-
-
withholding
14 806
-
-
-
total
14 806
-
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
166 569
140 673
140 673
99 673
After tax
64 431
90 327
90 327
131 327
Living cost
39 918
39 918
39 918
39 918
Free-cash
24 513
50 409
50 409
91 409

Estimated living cost  is ₽39918 per week

₽27321
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3531
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽614
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8453
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tallinn , Estonia
₽164838
₽113183
₽103853
₽159705
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
health
-
-
-
30 030
pensions
-
-
-
46 201
income
-
-
-
30 954
total
-
-
-
107 185
Employee
23 445
-
172 646
-
pensions
469
-
3 453
-
unemployment
375
-
2 762
-
income
2 639
-
33 286
-
total
3 483
-
39 501
-
Employer
23 445
-
172 646
-
pensions
4 689
-
34 528
-
unemployment
188
-
1 382
-
health
3 047
-
22 444
-
total
7 924
-
58 354
-
Corporate
199 631
231 000
-
-
income
39 926
46 200
-
-
total
39 926
46 200
-
-
Dividends
159 704
184 800
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
51 333
46 200
97 855
107 185
After tax
179 667
184 800
133 145
123 815
Living cost
19 962
19 962
19 962
19 962
Free-cash
159 705
164 838
113 183
103 853

Estimated living cost  is ₽19962 per week

₽13691
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1189
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽401
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4680
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Helsinki , Finland
₽105789
₽78394
₽104851
₽110267
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
231 000
health
-
-
-
3 212
municipal
-
-
-
41 002
national
-
-
-
50 206
total
-
-
-
94 420
Employee
43 481
-
194 331
-
health
325
-
2 647
-
municipal
7 122
-
31 617
-
pensions
2 934
-
13 117
-
national
718
-
33 912
-
unemployment
652
-
2 916
-
total
11 751
-
84 209
-
Employer
43 481
-
194 331
-
accident
44
-
194
-
unemployment
282
-
1 262
-
health
334
-
1 496
-
pensions
7 544
-
33 716
-
total
8 204
-
36 668
-
Corporate
179 315
231 000
-
-
income
35 863
46 200
-
-
total
35 863
46 200
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

107 589
138 600
-
-
municipal
19 366
24 947
-
-
national
13 820
22 335
-
-
total
33 186
47 282
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
89 004
93 482
120 877
94 420
After tax
141 996
137 518
110 123
136 580
Living cost
31 729
31 729
31 729
31 729
Free-cash
110 267
105 789
78 394
104 851

Estimated living cost  is ₽31729 per week

₽20725
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3052
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽505
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7448
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Marseille , France
₽90949
₽87397
₽97025
₽95542
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
social contributions
-
-
-
6 582
health
-
-
-
12 434
pensions
-
-
-
33 048
other
-
-
-
7 161
income
-
-
-
49 276
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
108 501
Employee
31 573
-
174 230
-
income
1 628
-
42 391
-
social contributions
900
-
4 965
-
pensions
3 571
-
14 002
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
6 099
-
61 358
-
Employer
31 573
-
174 230
-
pensions
5 188
-
23 237
-
social contributions
94
-
522
-
unemployment
1 278
-
7 056
-
health
2 210
-
18 355
-
other
1 090
-
7 601
-
total
9 860
-
56 771
-
Corporate
189 567
231 000
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
53 078
64 681
-
-
total
53 078
64 681
-
-
Dividends
136 489
166 319
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
17 471
21 288
-
-
social contributions
23 476
28 608
-
-
total
40 947
49 896
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
109 984
114 577
118 129
108 501
After tax
121 016
116 423
112 871
122 499
Living cost
25 474
25 474
25 474
25 474
Free-cash
95 542
90 949
87 397
97 025

Estimated living cost  is ₽25474 per week

₽14774
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2588
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽483
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7630
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
₽88148
₽84596
₽94224
₽93029
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
social contributions
-
-
-
6 582
health
-
-
-
12 434
pensions
-
-
-
33 048
other
-
-
-
7 161
income
-
-
-
49 276
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
108 501
Employee
35 370
-
174 230
-
income
2 087
-
42 391
-
social contributions
1 008
-
4 965
-
pensions
3 999
-
14 002
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
7 094
-
61 358
-
Employer
35 370
-
174 230
-
pensions
5 811
-
23 237
-
social contributions
107
-
522
-
unemployment
1 432
-
7 056
-
health
2 476
-
18 355
-
other
1 220
-
7 601
-
total
11 046
-
56 771
-
Corporate
184 584
231 000
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
51 684
64 681
-
-
total
51 684
64 681
-
-
Dividends
132 900
166 319
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
17 012
21 288
-
-
social contributions
22 860
28 608
-
-
total
39 872
49 896
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
109 696
114 577
118 129
108 501
After tax
121 304
116 423
112 871
122 499
Living cost
28 275
28 275
28 275
28 275
Free-cash
93 029
88 148
84 596
94 224

Estimated living cost  is ₽28275 per week

₽17829
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2299
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽481
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7668
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Paris , France
₽76507
₽72955
₽82583
₽82189
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
social contributions
-
-
-
6 582
health
-
-
-
12 434
pensions
-
-
-
33 048
other
-
-
-
7 161
income
-
-
-
49 276
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
108 501
Employee
51 761
-
174 230
-
income
4 516
-
42 391
-
social contributions
1 474
-
4 965
-
pensions
5 855
-
14 002
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
11 845
-
61 358
-
Employer
51 761
-
174 230
-
pensions
8 505
-
23 237
-
social contributions
155
-
522
-
unemployment
2 097
-
7 056
-
health
3 623
-
18 355
-
other
1 786
-
7 601
-
total
16 166
-
56 771
-
Corporate
163 072
231 000
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
45 660
64 681
-
-
total
45 660
64 681
-
-
Dividends
117 412
166 319
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
15 029
21 288
-
-
social contributions
20 195
28 608
-
-
total
35 224
49 896
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
108 895
114 577
118 129
108 501
After tax
122 105
116 423
112 871
122 499
Living cost
39 916
39 916
39 916
39 916
Free-cash
82 189
76 507
72 955
82 583

Estimated living cost  is ₽39916 per week

₽27014
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3265
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽547
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9088
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
₽213606
₽178956
₽222521
₽212510
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
231 000
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
2 635
total
-
-
-
2 635
Employee
7 304
-
231 000
-
income
1 461
-
46 200
-
total
1 461
-
46 200
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

223 696
231 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
223 696
231 000
-
-
withholding
11 185
11 550
-
-
total
11 185
11 550
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
12 646
11 550
46 200
2 635
After tax
218 354
219 450
184 800
228 365
Living cost
5 844
5 844
5 844
5 844
Free-cash
212 510
213 606
178 956
222 521

Estimated living cost  is ₽5844 per week

₽3621
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽486
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽161
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽1576
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Tbilisi , Georgia
₽210344
₽175694
₽219259
₽208636
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
231 000
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
2 635
total
-
-
-
2 635
Employee
11 383
-
231 000
-
income
2 277
-
46 200
-
total
2 277
-
46 200
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

219 617
231 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
219 617
231 000
-
-
withholding
10 981
11 550
-
-
total
10 981
11 550
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
13 258
11 550
46 200
2 635
After tax
217 742
219 450
184 800
228 365
Living cost
9 106
9 106
9 106
9 106
Free-cash
208 636
210 344
175 694
219 259

Estimated living cost  is ₽9106 per week

₽6162
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽382
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽305
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽2256
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Berlin , Germany
₽86837
₽108122
₽80487
₽97646
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
231 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 646
trade
-
-
-
27 635
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
80 877
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 448
total
-
-
-
118 606
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

41 120
-
231 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 646
-
5 646
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

187
-
4 448
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 381
-
80 877
-
total
9 214
-
90 971
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
189 880
231 000
-
-
trade
27 248
33 148
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 567
1 906
-
-
chamber of commerce
405
464
-
-
income
28 482
34 651
-
-
total
57 702
70 169
-
-
Dividends
132 178
160 832
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 800
2 194
-
-
withholding
32 731
39 893
-
-
total
34 531
42 087
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
101 447
112 256
90 971
118 606
After tax
129 553
118 744
140 029
112 394
Living cost
31 907
31 907
31 907
31 907
Free-cash
97 646
86 837
108 122
80 487

Estimated living cost  is ₽31907 per week

₽22010
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3433
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽463
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6000
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Dresden , Germany
₽91334
₽114997
₽84666
₽100476
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
231 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 646
trade
-
-
-
30 331
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
80 877
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 448
total
-
-
-
121 302
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

31 610
-
231 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 646
-
5 646
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

49
-
4 448
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

883
-
80 877
-
total
6 578
-
90 971
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
199 390
231 000
-
-
trade
31 404
36 382
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 645
1 906
-
-
chamber of commerce
412
458
-
-
income
29 908
34 651
-
-
total
63 369
73 397
-
-
Dividends
136 021
157 604
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 854
2 150
-
-
withholding
33 691
39 087
-
-
total
35 545
41 237
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
105 492
114 634
90 971
121 302
After tax
125 508
116 366
140 029
109 698
Living cost
25 032
25 032
25 032
25 032
Free-cash
100 476
91 334
114 997
84 666

Estimated living cost  is ₽25032 per week

₽15746
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2919
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽467
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5900
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Hamburg , Germany
₽82713
₽107563
₽75884
₽94326
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
231 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 646
trade
-
-
-
31 679
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
80 877
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 448
total
-
-
-
122 650
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

41 910
-
231 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 646
-
5 646
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

198
-
4 448
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 601
-
80 877
-
total
9 445
-
90 971
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
189 090
231 000
-
-
trade
31 105
37 999
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 560
1 906
-
-
chamber of commerce
394
453
-
-
income
28 363
34 651
-
-
total
61 422
75 009
-
-
Dividends
127 668
155 992
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 738
2 128
-
-
withholding
31 603
38 684
-
-
total
33 341
40 812
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
104 208
115 821
90 971
122 650
After tax
126 792
115 179
140 029
108 350
Living cost
32 466
32 466
32 466
32 466
Free-cash
94 326
82 713
107 563
75 884

Estimated living cost  is ₽32466 per week

₽21713
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3424
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽485
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6844
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Munich , Germany
₽76131
₽102169
₽69142
₽89535
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
231 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 646
trade
-
-
-
33 027
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
80 877
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 448
total
-
-
-
123 998
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

49 667
-
231 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 646
-
5 646
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

322
-
4 448
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

5 840
-
80 877
-
total
11 808
-
90 971
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
181 333
231 000
-
-
trade
31 098
39 616
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 496
1 906
-
-
chamber of commerce
381
450
-
-
income
27 199
34 651
-
-
total
60 174
76 623
-
-
Dividends
121 158
154 378
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 648
2 105
-
-
withholding
29 975
38 281
-
-
total
31 623
40 386
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
103 605
117 009
90 971
123 998
After tax
127 395
113 991
140 029
107 002
Living cost
37 860
37 860
37 860
37 860
Free-cash
89 535
76 131
102 169
69 142

Estimated living cost  is ₽37860 per week

₽27651
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3028
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽492
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6689
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Athens , Greece
₽126737
₽84567
₽89622
₽124106
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
unemployment
-
-
-
188
health
-
-
-
7 831
pensions
-
-
-
22 060
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
78 808
surtax
-
-
-
13 928
total
-
-
-
122 815
Employee
27 832
-
207 783
-
health
710
-
2 812
-
pensions
1 857
-
7 357
-
surtax
99
-
12 940
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 937
-
7 677
-
income
4 666
-
73 866
-
total
9 269
-
104 652
-
Employer
27 832
-
207 783
-
pensions
3 711
-
14 703
-
unemployment
883
-
3 496
-
health
1 266
-
5 019
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 860
-
23 218
-
Corporate
197 309
231 000
-
-
income
51 300
60 060
-
-
total
51 300
60 060
-
-
Dividends
146 009
170 940
-
-
withholding
21 902
25 640
-
-
total
21 902
25 640
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
88 331
85 700
127 870
122 815
After tax
142 669
145 300
103 130
108 185
Living cost
18 563
18 563
18 563
18 563
Free-cash
124 106
126 737
84 567
89 622

Estimated living cost  is ₽18563 per week

₽11207
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1614
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽431
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5312
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Thessaloniki , Greece
₽127063
₽84893
₽89948
₽124491
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
unemployment
-
-
-
188
health
-
-
-
7 831
pensions
-
-
-
22 060
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
78 808
surtax
-
-
-
13 928
total
-
-
-
122 815
Employee
27 330
-
207 783
-
health
698
-
2 812
-
pensions
1 822
-
7 357
-
surtax
89
-
12 940
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 902
-
7 677
-
income
4 581
-
73 866
-
total
9 092
-
104 652
-
Employer
27 330
-
207 783
-
pensions
3 643
-
14 703
-
unemployment
866
-
3 496
-
health
1 244
-
5 019
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 753
-
23 218
-
Corporate
197 918
231 000
-
-
income
51 458
60 060
-
-
total
51 458
60 060
-
-
Dividends
146 459
170 940
-
-
withholding
21 969
25 640
-
-
total
21 969
25 640
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
88 272
85 700
127 870
122 815
After tax
142 728
145 300
103 130
108 185
Living cost
18 237
18 237
18 237
18 237
Free-cash
124 491
127 063
84 893
89 948

Estimated living cost  is ₽18237 per week

₽11151
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1683
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽420
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4983
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Budapest , Hungary
₽113352
₽117654
₽143768
₽113691
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
unemployment
-
-
-
3 465
health
-
-
-
16 170
pensions
-
-
-
23 100
income
-
-
-
28 240
total
-
-
-
70 975
Employee

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 467
9 340
193 305
-
health
1 643
654
13 531
-
pensions
2 347
934
19 331
-
unemployment
352
140
2 900
-
income
2 869
1 142
23 632
-
total
7 211
2 870
59 394
-
Employer

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 467
9 340
193 305
-
pensions
4 576
1 821
37 695
-
total
4 576
1 821
37 695
-
Corporate
202 957
219 839
-
-
income
18 266
19 786
-
-
total
18 266
19 786
-
-
Dividends
184 691
200 054
-
-
withholding
35 091
38 010
-
-
social contributions
35 908
38 904
-
-
total
70 999
76 914
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
101 052
101 391
97 089
70 975
After tax
129 948
129 609
133 911
160 025
Living cost
16 257
16 257
16 257
16 257
Free-cash
113 691
113 352
117 654
143 768

Estimated living cost  is ₽16257 per week

₽11094
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1330
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽325
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3508
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Reykjavik , Iceland
₽102360
₽87744
₽86505
₽101664
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
social contributions
-
-
-
2 483
municipal
-
-
-
25 914
pensions
-
-
-
27 720
national
-
-
-
46 594
total
-
-
-
102 711
Employee
64 773
-
199 697
-
municipal
8 001
-
26 808
-
pensions
2 591
-
7 988
-
national
12 398
-
48 553
-
total
22 990
-
83 349
-
Employer
64 773
-
199 697
-
social contributions
696
-
2 147
-
pensions
5 182
-
15 976
-
total
5 878
-
18 123
-
Corporate
156 073
231 000
-
-
income

Corporate income tax will depend on a type of legal entity. For LLC and Limited Partnership it is set at 20%. All other entities pay 37.6%.

31 215
46 200
-
-
total
31 215
46 200
-
-
Dividends
124 859
184 800
-
-
withholding
27 469
40 656
-
-
total
27 469
40 656
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
87 552
86 856
101 472
102 711
After tax
143 448
144 144
129 528
128 289
Living cost
41 784
41 784
41 784
41 784
Free-cash
101 664
102 360
87 744
86 505

Estimated living cost  is ₽41784 per week

₽28400
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3884
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽625
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8874
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

It is very difficult to get a residence permit on a basis of self-employment for a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit). EU/EFTA nationals and long-term EU resident permit holders can register self-employed and apply for a permanent residence.

Dublin , Ireland
₽114623
₽64665
₽64665
₽116448
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
social contributions
-
-
-
40 518
income
-
-
-
78 739
total
-
-
-
119 257
Employee
64 646
-
231 000
-
social contributions
5 371
-
40 518
-
income
12 198
-
78 739
-
total
17 569
-
119 257
-
Employer
64 646
-
231 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
166 354
231 000
-
-
income
20 794
28 874
-
-
total
20 794
28 874
-
-
Dividends
145 560
202 126
-
-
withholding
29 111
40 425
-
-
total
29 111
40 425
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
67 474
69 299
119 257
119 257
After tax
163 526
161 701
111 743
111 743
Living cost
47 078
47 078
47 078
47 078
Free-cash
116 448
114 623
64 665
64 665

Estimated living cost  is ₽47078 per week

₽35816
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3836
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽450
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6976
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

To obtain permanent residence for non EEA/Swiss nationals, it is required to invest a huge amount - at least €1 million aggregate investment into a new or an existing Irish business, for a minimum of three years.

Milan , Italy
₽88376
₽72273
₽79279
₽84059
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
regional
-
-
-
3 136
social contributions
-
-
-
41 363
municipal
-
-
-
1 517
national
-
-
-
70 832
total
-
-
-
116 848
Employee
73 449
-
231 000
-
regional
693
-
2 911
-
municipal
389
-
1 415
-
social contributions
24 767
-
54 228
-
national
12 727
-
65 300
-
total
38 576
-
123 854
-
Employer
73 449
-
231 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
157 551
231 000
-
-
nationa
37 812
55 440
-
-
municipal
6 145
9 008
-
-
total
43 957
64 448
-
-
Dividends
113 594
166 551
-
-
withholding
29 535
43 303
-
-
total
29 535
43 303
-
-
Income
231 000
231 000
231 000
231 000
Total tax
112 068
107 751
123 854
116 848
After tax
118 932
123 249
107 146
114 152
Living cost
34 873
34 873
34 873
34 873
Free-cash
84 059
88 376
72 273
79 279

Estimated living cost  is ₽34873 per week

₽24309
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2287
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽535
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7741
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Naples , Italy
₽99157
₽84206
₽91177
₽97322
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
231 000
regional
-
-
-
3 849
social contributions
-
-
-
41 363
municipal
-
-
-
1 517
national
-
-
-
70 832
total
-
-
-
117 561
Employee
45 844
-
231 000
-
regional
617
-
3 589
-
municipal
243
-
1 415
-
social contributions
15 459
-
54 228
-
national
7 263
-
65 300
-
total
23 582
-
124 532
-
Employer
45 844
-
231 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
185 156
231 000