Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
₽ 229000
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Andorra , Andorra
₽181160
₽146942
₽140855
₽178373
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
social contributions
-
-
-
50 381
income
-
-
-
12 824
total
-
-
-
63 205
Employee
26 673
-
198 268
-
social contributions
1 733
-
12 887
-
income
-
-
13 499
-
total
1 733
-
26 386
-
Employer
26 673
-
198 268
-
social contributions
4 135
-
30 732
-
total
4 135
-
30 732
-
Corporate
198 192
229 000
-
-
income
19 819
22 900
-
-
total
19 819
22 900
-
-
Dividends
178 373
206 100
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
25 687
22 900
57 118
63 205
After tax
203 313
206 100
171 882
165 795
Living cost
24 940
24 940
24 940
24 940
Free-cash
178 373
181 160
146 942
140 855

Estimated living cost  is ₽24940 per week

₽16126
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1880
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽469
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6465
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Andorra has a limit of 1000 sole-trade resident permits per year, so while it isn't complicated to obtain one, it may get difficult by the end of the term.

Graz , Austria
₽99533
₽32467
₽90318
₽99124
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
916
unemployment
-
-
-
5 089
health
-
-
-
7 414
pensions
-
-
-
17 931
income
-
-
-
80 863
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
112 213
Employee
36 267
33 064
194 017
-
health
1 403
1 280
3 750
-
pensions
3 714
3 385
9 925
-
other
362
331
970
-
unemployment
1 088
992
2 908
-
income
3 231
2 439
69 811
-
total
9 798
8 427
87 364
-
Employer
36 267
33 064
194 017
-
pensions
4 552
4 150
12 164
-
accident
471
430
1 260
-
unemployment
1 088
992
2 908
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
payroll
1 088
992
5 821
-
chamber of commerce
145
132
776
-
health
1 371
1 250
3 664
-
other
1 722
1 570
8 390
-
total
10 437
9 516
34 983
-
Corporate
182 296
186 420
190 868
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

45 574
46 605
47 717
-
total
45 574
46 605
47 717
-
Dividends
136 721
139 815
-
-
withholding
37 598
38 450
-
-
total
37 598
38 450
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
103 407
102 998
170 064
112 213
After tax
125 593
126 002
58 936
116 787
Living cost
26 469
26 469
26 469
26 469
Free-cash
99 124
99 533
32 467
90 318

Estimated living cost  is ₽26469 per week

₽15878
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2703
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽472
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7416
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Vienna , Austria
₽96679
₽29664
₽87389
₽95397
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
916
unemployment
-
-
-
5 089
health
-
-
-
7 414
pensions
-
-
-
17 931
income
-
-
-
80 863
surtax
-
-
-
164
total
-
-
-
112 377
Employee
41 463
33 064
193 864
-
health
1 604
1 280
3 750
-
pensions
4 246
3 385
9 925
-
other
414
331
970
-
unemployment
1 244
992
2 908
-
income
4 720
2 439
69 734
-
total
12 228
8 427
87 287
-
Employer
41 463
33 064
193 864
-
pensions
5 204
4 150
12 164
-
accident
538
430
1 260
-
unemployment
1 244
992
2 908
-
surtax
164
164
164
-
payroll
1 244
992
5 816
-
chamber of commerce
165
132
776
-
health
1 567
1 250
3 664
-
other
1 970
1 570
8 384
-
total
12 096
9 680
35 136
-
Corporate
175 442
186 257
190 716
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

43 861
46 565
47 679
-
total
43 861
46 565
47 679
-
Dividends
131 581
139 692
-
-
withholding
36 184
38 415
-
-
total
36 184
38 415
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
104 369
103 087
170 102
112 377
After tax
124 631
125 913
58 898
116 623
Living cost
29 234
29 234
29 234
29 234
Free-cash
95 397
96 679
29 664
87 389

Estimated living cost  is ₽29234 per week

₽19498
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2494
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽480
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6762
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Brussels , Belgium
₽93052
₽45746
₽69563
₽85207
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
social contributions
-
-
-
20 685
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
12 500
national
-
-
-
96 001
total
-
-
-
129 186
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 347
-
177 369
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

2 788
-
8 337
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 451
-
13 303
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

3 095
-
9 252
-
national
18 246
-
68 936
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

516
-
1 543
-
total
29 096
-
101 371
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 347
-
177 369
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

771
-
2 307
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

866
-
2 590
-
surtax
6 729
-
20 112
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

3 650
-
10 908
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

5 259
-
15 715
-
total
17 275
-
51 632
-
Corporate
152 378
229 000
-
-
surtax
609
1 045
-
-
income
30 475
52 240
-
-
total
31 084
53 285
-
-
Dividends
121 294
175 714
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

36 087
52 412
-
-
total
36 087
52 412
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
113 542
105 697
153 003
129 186
After tax
115 458
123 303
75 997
99 814
Living cost
30 251
30 251
30 251
30 251
Free-cash
85 207
93 052
45 746
69 563

Estimated living cost  is ₽30251 per week

₽19485
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2645
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽474
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7647
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sofia , Bulgaria
₽181532
₽182528
₽172654
₽176479
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 331
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 286
income
-
-
-
34 350
total
-
-
-
42 083
Employee
18 887
-
223 318
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

208
-
319
-
health
869
-
1 332
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 658
-
2 543
-
income
1 889
-
22 332
-
total
4 624
-
26 526
-
Employer
18 887
-
223 318
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

208
-
319
-
unemployment
113
-
174
-
health
1 303
-
1 998
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

2 081
-
3 192
-
total
3 705
-
5 683
-
Corporate
206 407
229 000
-
-
income
20 641
22 900
-
-
total
20 641
22 900
-
-
Dividends
185 767
206 100
-
-
withholding
9 288
10 305
-
-
total
9 288
10 305
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
38 258
33 205
32 209
42 083
After tax
190 742
195 795
196 791
186 917
Living cost
14 263
14 263
14 263
14 263
Free-cash
176 479
181 532
182 528
172 654

Estimated living cost  is ₽14263 per week

₽9434
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽817
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽340
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3673
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
₽184924
₽185920
₽176046
₽181073
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 331
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 286
income
-
-
-
34 350
total
-
-
-
42 083
Employee
14 395
-
223 318
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
319
-
health
662
-
1 332
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 264
-
2 543
-
income
1 439
-
22 332
-
total
3 523
-
26 526
-
Employer
14 395
-
223 318
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
319
-
unemployment
86
-
174
-
health
994
-
1 998
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 587
-
3 192
-
total
2 825
-
5 683
-
Corporate
211 780
229 000
-
-
income
21 178
22 900
-
-
total
21 178
22 900
-
-
Dividends
190 602
206 100
-
-
withholding
9 530
10 305
-
-
total
9 530
10 305
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
37 056
33 205
32 209
42 083
After tax
191 944
195 795
196 791
186 917
Living cost
10 871
10 871
10 871
10 871
Free-cash
181 073
184 924
185 920
176 046

Estimated living cost  is ₽10871 per week

₽6347
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽776
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽288
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3460
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Larnaca , Cyprus
₽147577
₽131375
₽133163
₽143064
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
social contributions
-
-
-
13 424
health
-
-
-
5 840
income
-
-
-
57 364
total
-
-
-
76 628
Employee
63 798
63 798
217 828
-
health
494
1 085
3 703
-
social contributions
2 412
5 295
7 142
-
income
6 947
5 906
56 400
-
total
9 853
12 286
67 245
-
Employer
63 798
63 798
217 828
-
social contributions
2 412
5 295
7 142
-
health
537
1 181
4 029
-
total
2 949
6 476
11 171
-
Corporate
196 989
158 727
-
-
income
24 623
19 841
-
-
total
24 623
19 841
-
-
Dividends
172 366
138 885
-
-
withholding
29 302
23 611
-
-
total
29 302
23 611
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
66 727
62 214
78 416
76 628
After tax
162 273
166 786
150 584
152 372
Living cost
19 209
19 209
19 209
19 209
Free-cash
143 064
147 577
131 375
133 163

Estimated living cost  is ₽19209 per week

₽11512
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1885
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽425
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5388
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
₽139876
₽123674
₽125462
₽136437
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
social contributions
-
-
-
13 424
health
-
-
-
5 840
income
-
-
-
57 364
total
-
-
-
76 628
Employee
63 798
63 798
217 828
-
health
635
1 085
3 703
-
social contributions
3 100
5 295
7 142
-
income
6 699
5 906
56 400
-
total
10 434
12 286
67 245
-
Employer
63 798
63 798
217 828
-
social contributions
3 100
5 295
7 142
-
health
691
1 181
4 029
-
total
3 791
6 476
11 171
-
Corporate
187 864
158 727
-
-
income
23 483
19 841
-
-
total
23 483
19 841
-
-
Dividends
164 381
138 885
-
-
withholding
27 945
23 611
-
-
total
27 945
23 611
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
65 653
62 214
78 416
76 628
After tax
163 347
166 786
150 584
152 372
Living cost
26 910
26 910
26 910
26 910
Free-cash
136 437
139 876
123 674
125 462

Estimated living cost  is ₽26910 per week

₽18396
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2102
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽452
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5961
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Brno , Czech Republic
₽138144
₽109195
₽119805
₽131179
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
social contributions
-
-
-
28 093
health
-
-
-
30 915
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
5 165
income
-
-
-
25 499
total
-
-
-
89 672
Employee
28 710
-
188 026
-
health
3 876
-
25 383
-
social contributions
1 866
-
6 254
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
4 213
-
income
3 445
-
23 458
-
total
9 187
-
59 308
-
Employer
28 710
-
188 026
-
social contributions
7 178
-
24 052
-
health
2 584
-
16 922
-
total
9 762
-
40 974
-
Corporate
190 528
229 000
-
-
income
36 200
43 510
-
-
total
36 200
43 510
-
-
Dividends
154 328
185 490
-
-
withholding
23 149
27 823
-
-
total
23 149
27 823
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
78 298
71 333
100 282
89 672
After tax
150 702
157 667
128 718
139 328
Living cost
19 523
19 523
19 523
19 523
Free-cash
131 179
138 144
109 195
119 805

Estimated living cost  is ₽19523 per week

₽13561
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1389
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽384
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4189
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
₽133610
₽104661
₽115271
₽125026
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
social contributions
-
-
-
28 093
health
-
-
-
30 915
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
5 165
income
-
-
-
25 499
total
-
-
-
89 672
Employee
35 378
-
188 026
-
health
4 776
-
25 383
-
social contributions
2 300
-
6 254
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
4 213
-
income
4 245
-
23 458
-
total
11 321
-
59 308
-
Employer
35 378
-
188 026
-
social contributions
8 845
-
24 052
-
health
3 184
-
16 922
-
total
12 029
-
40 974
-
Corporate
181 593
229 000
-
-
income
34 503
43 510
-
-
total
34 503
43 510
-
-
Dividends
147 090
185 490
-
-
withholding
22 064
27 823
-
-
total
22 064
27 823
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
79 917
71 333
100 282
89 672
After tax
149 083
157 667
128 718
139 328
Living cost
24 057
24 057
24 057
24 057
Free-cash
125 026
133 610
104 661
115 271

Estimated living cost  is ₽24057 per week

₽17891
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1333
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽416
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4418
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Copenhagen , Denmark
₽47746
₽47746
₽90230
₽23314
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
labour market
-
-
-
18 262
municipal
-
-
-
50 151
pensions
-
-
-
721
national
-
-
-
29 571
total
-
-
-
98 705
Employee
169 104
169 104
169 104
-
municipal
36 010
36 010
36 010
-
pensions
240
240
240
-
national
20 659
20 659
20 659
-
labour market
13 509
13 509
13 509
-
total
70 418
70 418
70 418
-
Employer
169 104
169 104
169 104
-
labour market
13 528
13 528
13 528
-
national
20 695
20 695
20 695
-
municipal
36 067
36 067
36 067
-
pensions
481
481
481
-
total
70 771
70 771
70 771
-
Corporate
47 746
-
-
-
income
10 504
-
-
-
total
10 504
-
-
-
Dividends
37 242
-
-
-
withholding
13 928
-
-
-
total
13 928
-
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
165 621
141 189
141 189
98 705
After tax
63 379
87 811
87 811
130 295
Living cost
40 065
40 065
40 065
40 065
Free-cash
23 314
47 746
47 746
90 230

Estimated living cost  is ₽40065 per week

₽27421
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3544
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽616
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8484
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tallinn , Estonia
₽163161
₽111952
₽102703
₽158005
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
health
-
-
-
29 770
pensions
-
-
-
45 801
income
-
-
-
30 686
total
-
-
-
106 257
Employee
23 536
-
171 150
-
pensions
471
-
3 423
-
unemployment
376
-
2 738
-
income
2 650
-
32 997
-
total
3 497
-
39 158
-
Employer
23 536
-
171 150
-
pensions
4 708
-
34 230
-
unemployment
189
-
1 370
-
health
3 059
-
22 250
-
total
7 956
-
57 850
-
Corporate
197 508
229 000
-
-
income
39 502
45 799
-
-
total
39 502
45 799
-
-
Dividends
158 006
183 201
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
50 955
45 799
97 008
106 257
After tax
178 045
183 201
131 992
122 743
Living cost
20 040
20 040
20 040
20 040
Free-cash
158 005
163 161
111 952
102 703

Estimated living cost  is ₽20040 per week

₽13745
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1193
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽403
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Helsinki , Finland
₽104739
₽77582
₽103810
₽109060
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
229 000
health
-
-
-
3 180
municipal
-
-
-
40 648
national
-
-
-
49 509
total
-
-
-
93 337
Employee
43 651
-
192 649
-
health
326
-
2 620
-
municipal
7 150
-
31 344
-
pensions
2 946
-
13 003
-
national
721
-
33 358
-
unemployment
655
-
2 889
-
total
11 798
-
83 214
-
Employer
43 651
-
192 649
-
accident
44
-
192
-
unemployment
283
-
1 252
-
health
335
-
1 483
-
pensions
7 573
-
33 424
-
total
8 235
-
36 351
-
Corporate
177 113
229 000
-
-
income
35 422
45 799
-
-
total
35 422
45 799
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

106 268
137 400
-
-
municipal
19 128
24 732
-
-
national
13 504
21 877
-
-
total
32 632
46 609
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
88 087
92 408
119 565
93 337
After tax
140 913
136 592
109 435
135 663
Living cost
31 853
31 853
31 853
31 853
Free-cash
109 060
104 739
77 582
103 810

Estimated living cost  is ₽31853 per week

₽20806
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3064
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽507
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7477
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Marseille , France
₽89844
₽86673
₽96067
₽94453
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
social contributions
-
-
-
6 526
health
-
-
-
12 270
pensions
-
-
-
32 936
other
-
-
-
7 099
income
-
-
-
48 529
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
107 360
Employee
31 696
-
172 820
-
income
1 634
-
41 807
-
social contributions
904
-
4 923
-
pensions
3 585
-
13 846
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
6 123
-
60 576
-
Employer
31 696
-
172 820
-
pensions
5 208
-
22 984
-
social contributions
94
-
518
-
unemployment
1 283
-
6 998
-
health
2 218
-
18 156
-
other
1 094
-
7 522
-
total
9 897
-
56 178
-
Corporate
187 405
229 000
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
52 473
64 120
-
-
total
52 473
64 120
-
-
Dividends
134 931
164 880
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
17 272
21 104
-
-
social contributions
23 209
28 359
-
-
total
40 481
49 463
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
108 974
113 583
116 754
107 360
After tax
120 026
115 417
112 246
121 640
Living cost
25 573
25 573
25 573
25 573
Free-cash
94 453
89 844
86 673
96 067

Estimated living cost  is ₽25573 per week

₽14831
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2598
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽485
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7660
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
₽87031
₽83860
₽93254
₽91932
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
social contributions
-
-
-
6 526
health
-
-
-
12 270
pensions
-
-
-
32 936
other
-
-
-
7 099
income
-
-
-
48 529
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
107 360
Employee
35 509
-
172 820
-
income
2 096
-
41 807
-
social contributions
1 012
-
4 923
-
pensions
4 015
-
13 846
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
7 123
-
60 576
-
Employer
35 509
-
172 820
-
pensions
5 833
-
22 984
-
social contributions
107
-
518
-
unemployment
1 437
-
6 998
-
health
2 486
-
18 156
-
other
1 225
-
7 522
-
total
11 088
-
56 178
-
Corporate
182 402
229 000
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
51 072
64 120
-
-
total
51 072
64 120
-
-
Dividends
131 330
164 880
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
16 810
21 104
-
-
social contributions
22 589
28 359
-
-
total
39 399
49 463
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
108 682
113 583
116 754
107 360
After tax
120 318
115 417
112 246
121 640
Living cost
28 386
28 386
28 386
28 386
Free-cash
91 932
87 031
83 860
93 254

Estimated living cost  is ₽28386 per week

₽17898
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2308
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽483
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Paris , France
₽75345
₽72174
₽81568
₽81048
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
social contributions
-
-
-
6 526
health
-
-
-
12 270
pensions
-
-
-
32 936
other
-
-
-
7 099
income
-
-
-
48 529
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
107 360
Employee
51 964
-
172 820
-
income
4 534
-
41 807
-
social contributions
1 480
-
4 923
-
pensions
5 877
-
13 846
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
11 891
-
60 576
-
Employer
51 964
-
172 820
-
pensions
8 538
-
22 984
-
social contributions
156
-
518
-
unemployment
2 105
-
6 998
-
health
3 637
-
18 156
-
other
1 793
-
7 522
-
total
16 229
-
56 178
-
Corporate
160 807
229 000
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
45 026
64 120
-
-
total
45 026
64 120
-
-
Dividends
115 780
164 880
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
14 820
21 104
-
-
social contributions
19 914
28 359
-
-
total
34 734
49 463
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
107 880
113 583
116 754
107 360
After tax
121 120
115 417
112 246
121 640
Living cost
40 072
40 072
40 072
40 072
Free-cash
81 048
75 345
72 174
81 568

Estimated living cost  is ₽40072 per week

₽27120
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3278
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽549
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9124
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
₽211693
₽177343
₽220578
₽210595
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
229 000
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
2 565
total
-
-
-
2 565
Employee
7 321
-
229 000
-
income
1 464
-
45 800
-
total
1 464
-
45 800
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

221 679
229 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
221 679
229 000
-
-
withholding
11 084
11 450
-
-
total
11 084
11 450
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
12 548
11 450
45 800
2 565
After tax
216 452
217 550
183 200
226 435
Living cost
5 857
5 857
5 857
5 857
Free-cash
210 595
211 693
177 343
220 578

Estimated living cost  is ₽5857 per week

₽3630
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽487
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽161
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽1579
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Tbilisi , Georgia
₽208423
₽174073
₽217308
₽206711
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
229 000
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
2 565
total
-
-
-
2 565
Employee
11 409
-
229 000
-
income
2 282
-
45 800
-
total
2 282
-
45 800
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

217 591
229 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
217 591
229 000
-
-
withholding
10 880
11 450
-
-
total
10 880
11 450
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
13 162
11 450
45 800
2 565
After tax
215 838
217 550
183 200
226 435
Living cost
9 127
9 127
9 127
9 127
Free-cash
206 711
208 423
174 073
217 308

Estimated living cost  is ₽9127 per week

₽6176
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽383
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽306
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽2261
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Berlin , Germany
₽85689
₽106927
₽79601
₽96541
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
229 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
27 326
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
79 975
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 399
total
-
-
-
117 368
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

41 281
-
229 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

187
-
4 399
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 395
-
79 975
-
total
9 250
-
90 042
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
187 719
229 000
-
-
trade
26 937
32 862
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 549
1 889
-
-
chamber of commerce
401
461
-
-
income
28 158
34 350
-
-
total
57 045
69 562
-
-
Dividends
130 673
159 437
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 779
2 174
-
-
withholding
32 354
39 544
-
-
total
34 133
41 718
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
100 428
111 280
90 042
117 368
After tax
128 572
117 720
138 958
111 632
Living cost
32 031
32 031
32 031
32 031
Free-cash
96 541
85 689
106 927
79 601

Estimated living cost  is ₽32031 per week

₽22096
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3446
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽464
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6024
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Dresden , Germany
₽90234
₽113828
₽83836
₽99411
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
229 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
29 992
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
79 975
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 399
total
-
-
-
120 034
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

31 733
-
229 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

49
-
4 399
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

886
-
79 975
-
total
6 603
-
90 042
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
197 267
229 000
-
-
trade
31 069
36 068
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 628
1 889
-
-
chamber of commerce
409
455
-
-
income
29 590
34 350
-
-
total
62 696
72 762
-
-
Dividends
134 570
156 238
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 833
2 130
-
-
withholding
33 327
38 744
-
-
total
35 160
40 874
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
104 459
113 636
90 042
120 034
After tax
124 541
115 364
138 958
108 966
Living cost
25 130
25 130
25 130
25 130
Free-cash
99 411
90 234
113 828
83 836

Estimated living cost  is ₽25130 per week

₽15808
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2930
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽469
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5923
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Hamburg , Germany
₽81594
₽106365
₽75040
₽93251
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
229 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
31 325
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
79 975
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 399
total
-
-
-
121 367
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

42 074
-
229 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

198
-
4 399
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 615
-
79 975
-
total
9 481
-
90 042
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
186 926
229 000
-
-
trade
30 749
37 670
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 541
1 889
-
-
chamber of commerce
392
452
-
-
income
28 039
34 350
-
-
total
60 721
74 361
-
-
Dividends
126 204
154 638
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 718
2 108
-
-
withholding
31 236
38 344
-
-
total
32 954
40 452
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
103 156
114 813
90 042
121 367
After tax
125 844
114 187
138 958
107 633
Living cost
32 593
32 593
32 593
32 593
Free-cash
93 251
81 594
106 365
75 040

Estimated living cost  is ₽32593 per week

₽21798
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3437
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽487
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6871
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Munich , Germany
₽74999
₽100950
₽68293
₽88455
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
229 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
32 657
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
79 975
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 399
total
-
-
-
122 699
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

49 862
-
229 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

323
-
4 399
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

5 863
-
79 975
-
total
11 854
-
90 042
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
179 138
229 000
-
-
trade
30 722
39 273
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 478
1 889
-
-
chamber of commerce
378
449
-
-
income
26 871
34 350
-
-
total
59 449
75 961
-
-
Dividends
119 688
153 039
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 628
2 088
-
-
withholding
29 606
37 944
-
-
total
31 234
40 032
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
102 537
115 993
90 042
122 699
After tax
126 463
113 007
138 958
106 301
Living cost
38 008
38 008
38 008
38 008
Free-cash
88 455
74 999
100 950
68 293

Estimated living cost  is ₽38008 per week

₽27759
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3040
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽494
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6715
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Athens , Greece
₽125405
₽83563
₽88637
₽122768
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 861
pensions
-
-
-
22 146
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
77 811
surtax
-
-
-
13 721
total
-
-
-
121 728
Employee
27 940
-
205 692
-
health
713
-
2 823
-
pensions
1 864
-
7 386
-
surtax
99
-
12 729
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 944
-
7 707
-
income
4 684
-
72 849
-
total
9 304
-
103 494
-
Employer
27 940
-
205 692
-
pensions
3 725
-
14 761
-
unemployment
886
-
3 509
-
health
1 271
-
5 038
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 882
-
23 308
-
Corporate
195 177
229 000
-
-
income
50 746
59 540
-
-
total
50 746
59 540
-
-
Dividends
144 431
169 460
-
-
withholding
21 665
25 420
-
-
total
21 665
25 420
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
87 597
84 960
126 802
121 728
After tax
141 403
144 040
102 198
107 272
Living cost
18 635
18 635
18 635
18 635
Free-cash
122 768
125 405
83 563
88 637

Estimated living cost  is ₽18635 per week

₽11251
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1620
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽433
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5333
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Thessaloniki , Greece
₽125732
₽83890
₽88964
₽123150
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 861
pensions
-
-
-
22 146
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
77 811
surtax
-
-
-
13 721
total
-
-
-
121 728
Employee
27 437
-
205 692
-
health
701
-
2 823
-
pensions
1 830
-
7 386
-
surtax
90
-
12 729
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 910
-
7 707
-
income
4 599
-
72 849
-
total
9 130
-
103 494
-
Employer
27 437
-
205 692
-
pensions
3 657
-
14 761
-
unemployment
869
-
3 509
-
health
1 249
-
5 038
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 775
-
23 308
-
Corporate
195 788
229 000
-
-
income
50 905
59 540
-
-
total
50 905
59 540
-
-
Dividends
144 883
169 460
-
-
withholding
21 732
25 420
-
-
total
21 732
25 420
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
87 542
84 960
126 802
121 728
After tax
141 458
144 040
102 198
107 272
Living cost
18 308
18 308
18 308
18 308
Free-cash
123 150
125 732
83 890
88 964

Estimated living cost  is ₽18308 per week

₽11194
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1689
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽422
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5002
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Budapest , Hungary
₽112218
₽116481
₽142367
₽112556
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
unemployment
-
-
-
3 435
health
-
-
-
16 030
pensions
-
-
-
22 900
income
-
-
-
27 995
total
-
-
-
70 360
Employee

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 491
9 349
191 632
-
health
1 644
654
13 414
-
pensions
2 349
935
19 163
-
unemployment
352
140
2 874
-
income
2 872
1 143
23 427
-
total
7 217
2 872
58 878
-
Employer

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 491
9 349
191 632
-
pensions
4 581
1 823
37 368
-
total
4 581
1 823
37 368
-
Corporate
200 929
217 828
-
-
income
18 084
19 605
-
-
total
18 084
19 605
-
-
Dividends
182 845
198 223
-
-
withholding
34 741
37 662
-
-
social contributions
35 548
38 547
-
-
total
70 289
76 209
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
100 171
100 509
96 246
70 360
After tax
128 829
128 491
132 754
158 640
Living cost
16 273
16 273
16 273
16 273
Free-cash
112 556
112 218
116 481
142 367

Estimated living cost  is ₽16273 per week

₽11105
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1331
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽325
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3512
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Reykjavik , Iceland
₽101013
₽86673
₽85443
₽100316
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
social contributions
-
-
-
2 462
municipal
-
-
-
25 678
pensions
-
-
-
27 480
national
-
-
-
46 054
total
-
-
-
101 674
Employee
64 927
-
197 968
-
municipal
8 020
-
26 564
-
pensions
2 597
-
7 919
-
national
12 427
-
47 996
-
total
23 044
-
82 479
-
Employer
64 927
-
197 968
-
social contributions
698
-
2 128
-
pensions
5 194
-
15 837
-
total
5 892
-
17 965
-
Corporate
153 896
229 000
-
-
income

Corporate income tax will depend on a type of legal entity. For LLC and Limited Partnership it is set at 20%. All other entities pay 37.6%.

30 779
45 800
-
-
total
30 779
45 800
-
-
Dividends
123 117
183 200
-
-
withholding
27 086
40 304
-
-
total
27 086
40 304
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
86 801
86 104
100 444
101 674
After tax
142 199
142 896
128 556
127 326
Living cost
41 883
41 883
41 883
41 883
Free-cash
100 316
101 013
86 673
85 443

Estimated living cost  is ₽41883 per week

₽28468
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3893
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽627
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8895
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

It is very difficult to get a residence permit on a basis of self-employment for a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit). EU/EFTA nationals and long-term EU resident permit holders can register self-employed and apply for a permanent residence.

Dublin , Ireland
₽113038
₽63726
₽63726
₽114870
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
social contributions
-
-
-
40 125
income
-
-
-
77 887
total
-
-
-
118 012
Employee
64 899
-
229 000
-
social contributions
5 392
-
40 125
-
income
12 246
-
77 887
-
total
17 638
-
118 012
-
Employer
64 899
-
229 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
164 101
229 000
-
-
income
20 512
28 625
-
-
total
20 512
28 625
-
-
Dividends
143 589
200 375
-
-
withholding
28 718
40 075
-
-
total
28 718
40 075
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
66 868
68 700
118 012
118 012
After tax
162 132
160 300
110 988
110 988
Living cost
47 262
47 262
47 262
47 262
Free-cash
114 870
113 038
63 726
63 726

Estimated living cost  is ₽47262 per week

₽35956
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3851
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽452
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7003
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

To obtain permanent residence for non EEA/Swiss nationals, it is required to invest a huge amount - at least €1 million aggregate investment into a new or an existing Irish business, for a minimum of three years.

Milan , Italy
₽87172
₽70975
₽78009
₽82841
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
regional
-
-
-
3 097
social contributions
-
-
-
41 525
municipal
-
-
-
1 500
national
-
-
-
69 860
total
-
-
-
115 982
Employee
73 736
-
229 000
-
regional
696
-
2 872
-
municipal
390
-
1 397
-
social contributions
24 864
-
54 440
-
national
12 777
-
64 307
-
total
38 727
-
123 016
-
Employer
73 736
-
229 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
155 264
229 000
-
-
nationa
37 263
54 960
-
-
municipal
6 055
8 930
-
-
total
43 318
63 890
-
-
Dividends
111 946
165 110
-
-
withholding
29 105
42 929
-
-
total
29 105
42 929
-
-
Income
229 000
229 000
229 000
229 000
Total tax
111 150
106 819
123 016
115 982
After tax
117 850
122 181
105 984
113 018
Living cost
35 009
35 009
35 009
35 009
Free-cash
82 841
87 172
70 975
78 009

Estimated living cost  is ₽35009 per week

₽24404
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2296
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽537
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7772
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Naples , Italy
₽98017
₽82963
₽89959
₽96176
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
229 000
regional
-
-
-
3 806
social contributions
-
-
-
41 525
municipal
-
-
-
1 500
national
-
-
-
69 860
total
-
-
-
116 691
Employee
46 023
-
229 000
-
regional
620
-
3 543
-
municipal
244
-
1 397
-
social contributions
15 519
-
54 440
-
national
7 291
-
64 307
-
total
23 674
-
123 687
-
Employer
46 023
-
229 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
182 977
229 000