Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
₽ 225500
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Andorra , Andorra
₽178011
₽144393
₽138398
₽175222
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
social contributions
-
-
-
49 610
income
-
-
-
12 552
total
-
-
-
62 162
Employee
26 673
-
195 239
-
social contributions
1 733
-
12 690
-
income
-
-
13 216
-
total
1 733
-
25 906
-
Employer
26 673
-
195 239
-
social contributions
4 135
-
30 261
-
total
4 135
-
30 261
-
Corporate
194 692
225 500
-
-
income
19 470
22 549
-
-
total
19 470
22 549
-
-
Dividends
175 223
202 951
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
25 338
22 549
56 167
62 162
After tax
200 162
202 951
169 333
163 338
Living cost
24 940
24 940
24 940
24 940
Free-cash
175 222
178 011
144 393
138 398

Estimated living cost  is ₽24940 per week

₽16126
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1880
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽469
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6465
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Andorra has a limit of 1000 sole-trade resident permits per year, so while it isn't complicated to obtain one, it may get difficult by the end of the term.

Graz , Austria
₽97631
₽31651
₽88583
₽97220
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
902
unemployment
-
-
-
5 089
health
-
-
-
7 414
pensions
-
-
-
17 931
income
-
-
-
79 112
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
110 448
Employee
36 267
33 064
190 755
-
health
1 403
1 280
3 750
-
pensions
3 714
3 385
9 925
-
other
362
331
970
-
unemployment
1 088
992
2 908
-
income
3 231
2 439
68 180
-
total
9 798
8 427
85 733
-
Employer
36 267
33 064
190 755
-
pensions
4 552
4 150
12 164
-
accident
471
430
1 260
-
unemployment
1 088
992
2 908
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
payroll
1 088
992
5 723
-
chamber of commerce
145
132
764
-
health
1 371
1 250
3 664
-
other
1 722
1 570
8 263
-
total
10 437
9 516
34 746
-
Corporate
178 796
182 920
187 606
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

44 699
45 730
46 901
-
total
44 699
45 730
46 901
-
Dividends
134 097
137 190
-
-
withholding
36 877
37 727
-
-
total
36 877
37 727
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
101 811
101 400
167 380
110 448
After tax
123 689
124 100
58 120
115 052
Living cost
26 469
26 469
26 469
26 469
Free-cash
97 220
97 631
31 651
88 583

Estimated living cost  is ₽26469 per week

₽15878
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2703
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽472
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7416
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Vienna , Austria
₽94776
₽28848
₽85654
₽93493
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
902
unemployment
-
-
-
5 089
health
-
-
-
7 414
pensions
-
-
-
17 931
income
-
-
-
79 112
surtax
-
-
-
164
total
-
-
-
110 612
Employee
41 463
33 064
190 604
-
health
1 604
1 280
3 750
-
pensions
4 246
3 385
9 925
-
other
414
331
970
-
unemployment
1 244
992
2 908
-
income
4 720
2 439
68 105
-
total
12 228
8 427
85 658
-
Employer
41 463
33 064
190 604
-
pensions
5 204
4 150
12 164
-
accident
538
430
1 260
-
unemployment
1 244
992
2 908
-
surtax
164
164
164
-
payroll
1 244
992
5 718
-
chamber of commerce
165
132
762
-
health
1 567
1 250
3 664
-
other
1 970
1 570
8 256
-
total
12 096
9 680
34 896
-
Corporate
171 942
182 757
187 455
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

42 986
45 689
46 864
-
total
42 986
45 689
46 864
-
Dividends
128 956
137 068
-
-
withholding
35 463
37 694
-
-
total
35 463
37 694
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
102 773
101 490
167 418
110 612
After tax
122 727
124 010
58 082
114 888
Living cost
29 234
29 234
29 234
29 234
Free-cash
93 493
94 776
28 848
85 654

Estimated living cost  is ₽29234 per week

₽19498
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2494
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽480
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6762
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Brussels , Belgium
₽91327
₽44712
₽68025
₽83256
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
social contributions
-
-
-
20 685
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
12 289
national
-
-
-
94 250
total
-
-
-
127 224
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 347
-
174 656
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

2 788
-
8 209
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 451
-
13 099
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

3 095
-
9 110
-
national
18 246
-
67 757
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

516
-
1 519
-
total
29 096
-
99 694
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 347
-
174 656
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

771
-
2 270
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

866
-
2 551
-
surtax
6 729
-
19 807
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

3 650
-
10 741
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

5 259
-
15 474
-
total
17 275
-
50 843
-
Corporate
148 878
225 500
-
-
surtax
595
1 025
-
-
income
29 776
51 225
-
-
total
30 371
52 250
-
-
Dividends
118 507
173 250
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

35 251
51 672
-
-
total
35 251
51 672
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
111 993
103 922
150 537
127 224
After tax
113 507
121 578
74 963
98 276
Living cost
30 251
30 251
30 251
30 251
Free-cash
83 256
91 327
44 712
68 025

Estimated living cost  is ₽30251 per week

₽19485
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2645
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽474
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7647
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sofia , Bulgaria
₽178540
₽179378
₽169679
₽173487
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 331
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 286
income
-
-
-
33 825
total
-
-
-
41 558
Employee
18 887
-
219 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

208
-
319
-
health
869
-
1 332
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 658
-
2 543
-
income
1 889
-
21 982
-
total
4 624
-
26 176
-
Employer
18 887
-
219 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

208
-
319
-
unemployment
113
-
174
-
health
1 303
-
1 998
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

2 081
-
3 192
-
total
3 705
-
5 683
-
Corporate
202 907
225 500
-
-
income
20 291
22 550
-
-
total
20 291
22 550
-
-
Dividends
182 617
202 950
-
-
withholding
9 130
10 147
-
-
total
9 130
10 147
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
37 750
32 697
31 859
41 558
After tax
187 750
192 803
193 641
183 942
Living cost
14 263
14 263
14 263
14 263
Free-cash
173 487
178 540
179 378
169 679

Estimated living cost  is ₽14263 per week

₽9434
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽817
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽340
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3673
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
₽181932
₽182770
₽173071
₽178080
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 331
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 286
income
-
-
-
33 825
total
-
-
-
41 558
Employee
14 395
-
219 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
319
-
health
662
-
1 332
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 264
-
2 543
-
income
1 439
-
21 982
-
total
3 523
-
26 176
-
Employer
14 395
-
219 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
319
-
unemployment
86
-
174
-
health
994
-
1 998
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 587
-
3 192
-
total
2 825
-
5 683
-
Corporate
208 280
225 500
-
-
income
20 828
22 550
-
-
total
20 828
22 550
-
-
Dividends
187 452
202 950
-
-
withholding
9 373
10 147
-
-
total
9 373
10 147
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
36 549
32 697
31 859
41 558
After tax
188 951
192 803
193 641
183 942
Living cost
10 871
10 871
10 871
10 871
Free-cash
178 080
181 932
182 770
173 071

Estimated living cost  is ₽10871 per week

₽6347
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽776
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽288
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3460
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Larnaca , Cyprus
₽145036
₽129178
₽130947
₽140521
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
social contributions
-
-
-
13 424
health
-
-
-
5 750
income
-
-
-
56 170
total
-
-
-
75 344
Employee
63 798
63 798
214 392
-
health
494
1 085
3 645
-
social contributions
2 412
5 295
7 142
-
income
6 947
5 906
55 218
-
total
9 853
12 286
66 005
-
Employer
63 798
63 798
214 392
-
social contributions
2 412
5 295
7 142
-
health
537
1 181
3 966
-
total
2 949
6 476
11 108
-
Corporate
193 489
155 227
-
-
income
24 187
19 404
-
-
total
24 187
19 404
-
-
Dividends
169 302
135 823
-
-
withholding
28 781
23 089
-
-
total
28 781
23 089
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
65 770
61 255
77 113
75 344
After tax
159 730
164 245
148 387
150 156
Living cost
19 209
19 209
19 209
19 209
Free-cash
140 521
145 036
129 178
130 947

Estimated living cost  is ₽19209 per week

₽11512
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1885
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽425
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5388
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
₽137335
₽121477
₽123246
₽133896
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
social contributions
-
-
-
13 424
health
-
-
-
5 750
income
-
-
-
56 170
total
-
-
-
75 344
Employee
63 798
63 798
214 392
-
health
635
1 085
3 645
-
social contributions
3 100
5 295
7 142
-
income
6 699
5 906
55 218
-
total
10 434
12 286
66 005
-
Employer
63 798
63 798
214 392
-
social contributions
3 100
5 295
7 142
-
health
691
1 181
3 966
-
total
3 791
6 476
11 108
-
Corporate
184 364
155 227
-
-
income
23 045
19 404
-
-
total
23 045
19 404
-
-
Dividends
161 319
135 823
-
-
withholding
27 424
23 089
-
-
total
27 424
23 089
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
64 694
61 255
77 113
75 344
After tax
160 806
164 245
148 387
150 156
Living cost
26 910
26 910
26 910
26 910
Free-cash
133 896
137 335
121 477
123 246

Estimated living cost  is ₽26910 per week

₽18396
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2102
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽452
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5961
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Brno , Czech Republic
₽135734
₽107028
₽117444
₽128769
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
social contributions
-
-
-
28 093
health
-
-
-
30 442
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
4 953
income
-
-
-
25 045
total
-
-
-
88 533
Employee
28 710
-
184 815
-
health
3 876
-
24 950
-
social contributions
1 866
-
6 254
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
4 018
-
income
3 445
-
23 042
-
total
9 187
-
58 264
-
Employer
28 710
-
184 815
-
social contributions
7 178
-
24 052
-
health
2 584
-
16 633
-
total
9 762
-
40 685
-
Corporate
187 028
225 500
-
-
income
35 535
42 845
-
-
total
35 535
42 845
-
-
Dividends
151 493
182 655
-
-
withholding
22 724
27 398
-
-
total
22 724
27 398
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
77 208
70 243
98 949
88 533
After tax
148 292
155 257
126 551
136 967
Living cost
19 523
19 523
19 523
19 523
Free-cash
128 769
135 734
107 028
117 444

Estimated living cost  is ₽19523 per week

₽13561
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1389
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽384
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4189
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
₽131200
₽102494
₽112910
₽122617
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
social contributions
-
-
-
28 093
health
-
-
-
30 442
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
4 953
income
-
-
-
25 045
total
-
-
-
88 533
Employee
35 378
-
184 815
-
health
4 776
-
24 950
-
social contributions
2 300
-
6 254
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
4 018
-
income
4 245
-
23 042
-
total
11 321
-
58 264
-
Employer
35 378
-
184 815
-
social contributions
8 845
-
24 052
-
health
3 184
-
16 633
-
total
12 029
-
40 685
-
Corporate
178 093
225 500
-
-
income
33 838
42 845
-
-
total
33 838
42 845
-
-
Dividends
144 255
182 655
-
-
withholding
21 638
27 398
-
-
total
21 638
27 398
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
78 826
70 243
98 949
88 533
After tax
146 674
155 257
126 551
136 967
Living cost
24 057
24 057
24 057
24 057
Free-cash
122 617
131 200
102 494
112 910

Estimated living cost  is ₽24057 per week

₽17891
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1333
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽416
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4418
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Copenhagen , Denmark
₽44246
₽44246
₽88368
₽21731
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
labour market
-
-
-
17 982
municipal
-
-
-
49 318
pensions
-
-
-
721
national
-
-
-
29 046
total
-
-
-
97 067
Employee
169 104
169 104
169 104
-
municipal
36 010
36 010
36 010
-
pensions
240
240
240
-
national
20 659
20 659
20 659
-
labour market
13 509
13 509
13 509
-
total
70 418
70 418
70 418
-
Employer
169 104
169 104
169 104
-
labour market
13 528
13 528
13 528
-
national
20 695
20 695
20 695
-
municipal
36 067
36 067
36 067
-
pensions
481
481
481
-
total
70 771
70 771
70 771
-
Corporate
44 246
-
-
-
income
9 734
-
-
-
total
9 734
-
-
-
Dividends
34 512
-
-
-
withholding
12 781
-
-
-
total
12 781
-
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
163 704
141 189
141 189
97 067
After tax
61 796
84 311
84 311
128 433
Living cost
40 065
40 065
40 065
40 065
Free-cash
21 731
44 246
44 246
88 368

Estimated living cost  is ₽40065 per week

₽27421
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3544
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽616
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8484
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tallinn , Estonia
₽160360
₽109932
₽100828
₽155206
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
health
-
-
-
29 315
pensions
-
-
-
45 100
income
-
-
-
30 217
total
-
-
-
104 632
Employee
23 536
-
168 535
-
pensions
471
-
3 371
-
unemployment
376
-
2 697
-
income
2 650
-
32 494
-
total
3 497
-
38 562
-
Employer
23 536
-
168 535
-
pensions
4 708
-
33 708
-
unemployment
189
-
1 348
-
health
3 059
-
21 910
-
total
7 956
-
56 966
-
Corporate
194 008
225 500
-
-
income
38 801
45 100
-
-
total
38 801
45 100
-
-
Dividends
155 207
180 400
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
50 254
45 100
95 528
104 632
After tax
175 246
180 400
129 972
120 868
Living cost
20 040
20 040
20 040
20 040
Free-cash
155 206
160 360
109 932
100 828

Estimated living cost  is ₽20040 per week

₽13745
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1193
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽403
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Helsinki , Finland
₽102972
₽76231
₽102061
₽107084
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
225 500
health
-
-
-
3 127
municipal
-
-
-
40 027
national
-
-
-
48 432
total
-
-
-
91 586
Employee
43 651
-
189 703
-
health
326
-
2 576
-
municipal
7 150
-
30 866
-
pensions
2 946
-
12 805
-
national
721
-
32 527
-
unemployment
655
-
2 845
-
total
11 798
-
81 619
-
Employer
43 651
-
189 703
-
accident
44
-
189
-
unemployment
283
-
1 233
-
health
335
-
1 461
-
pensions
7 573
-
32 914
-
total
8 235
-
35 797
-
Corporate
173 613
225 500
-
-
income
34 723
45 100
-
-
total
34 723
45 100
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

104 168
135 300
-
-
municipal
18 750
24 354
-
-
national
13 057
21 221
-
-
total
31 807
45 575
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
86 563
90 675
117 416
91 586
After tax
138 937
134 825
108 084
133 914
Living cost
31 853
31 853
31 853
31 853
Free-cash
107 084
102 972
76 231
102 061

Estimated living cost  is ₽31853 per week

₽20806
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3064
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽507
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7477
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Marseille , France
₽88080
₽85381
₽94456
₽92689
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
social contributions
-
-
-
6 425
health
-
-
-
12 012
pensions
-
-
-
32 645
other
-
-
-
6 991
income
-
-
-
47 398
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
105 471
Employee
31 696
-
170 304
-
income
1 634
-
40 904
-
social contributions
904
-
4 852
-
pensions
3 585
-
13 592
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
6 123
-
59 348
-
Employer
31 696
-
170 304
-
pensions
5 208
-
22 569
-
social contributions
94
-
512
-
unemployment
1 283
-
6 898
-
health
2 218
-
17 829
-
other
1 094
-
7 390
-
total
9 897
-
55 198
-
Corporate
183 905
225 500
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
51 493
63 140
-
-
total
51 493
63 140
-
-
Dividends
132 412
162 360
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
16 949
20 781
-
-
social contributions
22 776
27 926
-
-
total
39 725
48 707
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
107 238
111 847
114 546
105 471
After tax
118 262
113 653
110 954
120 029
Living cost
25 573
25 573
25 573
25 573
Free-cash
92 689
88 080
85 381
94 456

Estimated living cost  is ₽25573 per week

₽14831
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2598
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽485
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7660
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
₽85267
₽82568
₽91643
₽90166
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
social contributions
-
-
-
6 425
health
-
-
-
12 012
pensions
-
-
-
32 645
other
-
-
-
6 991
income
-
-
-
47 398
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
105 471
Employee
35 509
-
170 304
-
income
2 096
-
40 904
-
social contributions
1 012
-
4 852
-
pensions
4 015
-
13 592
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
7 123
-
59 348
-
Employer
35 509
-
170 304
-
pensions
5 833
-
22 569
-
social contributions
107
-
512
-
unemployment
1 437
-
6 898
-
health
2 486
-
17 829
-
other
1 225
-
7 390
-
total
11 088
-
55 198
-
Corporate
178 902
225 500
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
50 093
63 140
-
-
total
50 093
63 140
-
-
Dividends
128 810
162 360
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
16 488
20 781
-
-
social contributions
22 156
27 926
-
-
total
38 644
48 707
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
106 948
111 847
114 546
105 471
After tax
118 552
113 653
110 954
120 029
Living cost
28 386
28 386
28 386
28 386
Free-cash
90 166
85 267
82 568
91 643

Estimated living cost  is ₽28386 per week

₽17898
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2308
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽483
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Paris , France
₽73581
₽70882
₽79957
₽79284
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
social contributions
-
-
-
6 425
health
-
-
-
12 012
pensions
-
-
-
32 645
other
-
-
-
6 991
income
-
-
-
47 398
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
105 471
Employee
51 964
-
170 304
-
income
4 534
-
40 904
-
social contributions
1 480
-
4 852
-
pensions
5 877
-
13 592
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
11 891
-
59 348
-
Employer
51 964
-
170 304
-
pensions
8 538
-
22 569
-
social contributions
156
-
512
-
unemployment
2 105
-
6 898
-
health
3 637
-
17 829
-
other
1 793
-
7 390
-
total
16 229
-
55 198
-
Corporate
157 307
225 500
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
44 045
63 140
-
-
total
44 045
63 140
-
-
Dividends
113 261
162 360
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
14 498
20 781
-
-
social contributions
19 481
27 926
-
-
total
33 979
48 707
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
106 144
111 847
114 546
105 471
After tax
119 356
113 653
110 954
120 029
Living cost
40 072
40 072
40 072
40 072
Free-cash
79 284
73 581
70 882
79 957

Estimated living cost  is ₽40072 per week

₽27120
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3278
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽549
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9124
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
₽208368
₽174543
₽217183
₽207270
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
225 500
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
2 460
total
-
-
-
2 460
Employee
7 321
-
225 500
-
income
1 464
-
45 100
-
total
1 464
-
45 100
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

218 179
225 500
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
218 179
225 500
-
-
withholding
10 909
11 275
-
-
total
10 909
11 275
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
12 373
11 275
45 100
2 460
After tax
213 127
214 225
180 400
223 040
Living cost
5 857
5 857
5 857
5 857
Free-cash
207 270
208 368
174 543
217 183

Estimated living cost  is ₽5857 per week

₽3630
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽487
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽161
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽1579
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Tbilisi , Georgia
₽205098
₽171273
₽213913
₽203387
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
225 500
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
2 460
total
-
-
-
2 460
Employee
11 409
-
225 500
-
income
2 282
-
45 100
-
total
2 282
-
45 100
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

214 091
225 500
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
214 091
225 500
-
-
withholding
10 704
11 275
-
-
total
10 704
11 275
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
12 986
11 275
45 100
2 460
After tax
212 514
214 225
180 400
223 040
Living cost
9 127
9 127
9 127
9 127
Free-cash
203 387
205 098
171 273
213 913

Estimated living cost  is ₽9127 per week

₽6176
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽383
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽306
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽2261
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Berlin , Germany
₽83889
₽104980
₽78156
₽94746
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
225 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
26 824
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
78 504
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 317
total
-
-
-
115 313
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

41 281
-
225 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

187
-
4 317
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 395
-
78 504
-
total
9 250
-
88 489
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
184 219
225 500
-
-
trade
26 435
32 360
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 519
1 861
-
-
chamber of commerce
397
457
-
-
income
27 633
33 826
-
-
total
55 984
68 504
-
-
Dividends
128 234
156 997
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 746
2 141
-
-
withholding
31 743
38 935
-
-
total
33 489
41 076
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
98 723
109 580
88 489
115 313
After tax
126 777
115 920
137 011
110 187
Living cost
32 031
32 031
32 031
32 031
Free-cash
94 746
83 889
104 980
78 156

Estimated living cost  is ₽32031 per week

₽22096
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3446
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽464
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6024
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Dresden , Germany
₽88471
₽111881
₽82440
₽97652
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
225 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
29 441
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
78 504
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 317
total
-
-
-
117 930
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

31 733
-
225 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

49
-
4 317
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

886
-
78 504
-
total
6 603
-
88 489
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
193 767
225 500
-
-
trade
30 518
35 517
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 598
1 861
-
-
chamber of commerce
405
450
-
-
income
29 064
33 826
-
-
total
61 585
71 654
-
-
Dividends
132 182
153 846
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 800
2 099
-
-
withholding
32 730
38 146
-
-
total
34 530
40 245
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
102 718
111 899
88 489
117 930
After tax
122 782
113 601
137 011
107 570
Living cost
25 130
25 130
25 130
25 130
Free-cash
97 652
88 471
111 881
82 440

Estimated living cost  is ₽25130 per week

₽15808
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2930
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽469
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5923
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Hamburg , Germany
₽79850
₽104418
₽73669
₽91510
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
225 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
30 749
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
78 504
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 317
total
-
-
-
119 238
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

42 074
-
225 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

198
-
4 317
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 615
-
78 504
-
total
9 481
-
88 489
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
183 426
225 500
-
-
trade
30 173
37 094
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 513
1 861
-
-
chamber of commerce
387
447
-
-
income
27 514
33 826
-
-
total
59 587
73 228
-
-
Dividends
123 839
152 272
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 685
2 077
-
-
withholding
30 644
37 752
-
-
total
32 329
39 829
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
101 397
113 057
88 489
119 238
After tax
124 103
112 443
137 011
106 262
Living cost
32 593
32 593
32 593
32 593
Free-cash
91 510
79 850
104 418
73 669

Estimated living cost  is ₽32593 per week

₽21798
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3437
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽487
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6871
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Munich , Germany
₽73274
₽99003
₽66945
₽86732
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
225 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
32 058
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
78 504
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 317
total
-
-
-
120 547
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

49 862
-
225 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

323
-
4 317
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

5 863
-
78 504
-
total
11 854
-
88 489
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
175 638
225 500
-
-
trade
30 122
38 673
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 448
1 861
-
-
chamber of commerce
373
444
-
-
income
26 345
33 826
-
-
total
58 288
74 804
-
-
Dividends
117 349
150 696
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 596
2 055
-
-
withholding
29 022
37 359
-
-
total
30 618
39 414
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
100 760
114 218
88 489
120 547
After tax
124 740
111 282
137 011
104 953
Living cost
38 008
38 008
38 008
38 008
Free-cash
86 732
73 274
99 003
66 945

Estimated living cost  is ₽38008 per week

₽27759
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3040
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽494
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6715
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Athens , Greece
₽123204
₽81954
₽87028
₽120567
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 861
pensions
-
-
-
22 146
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
76 235
surtax
-
-
-
13 406
total
-
-
-
119 837
Employee
27 940
-
202 192
-
health
713
-
2 823
-
pensions
1 864
-
7 386
-
surtax
99
-
12 415
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 944
-
7 707
-
income
4 684
-
71 272
-
total
9 304
-
101 603
-
Employer
27 940
-
202 192
-
pensions
3 725
-
14 761
-
unemployment
886
-
3 509
-
health
1 271
-
5 038
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 882
-
23 308
-
Corporate
191 677
225 500
-
-
income
49 836
58 630
-
-
total
49 836
58 630
-
-
Dividends
141 841
166 870
-
-
withholding
21 276
25 031
-
-
total
21 276
25 031
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
86 298
83 661
124 911
119 837
After tax
139 202
141 839
100 589
105 663
Living cost
18 635
18 635
18 635
18 635
Free-cash
120 567
123 204
81 954
87 028

Estimated living cost  is ₽18635 per week

₽11251
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1620
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽433
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5333
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Thessaloniki , Greece
₽123531
₽82281
₽87355
₽120949
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 861
pensions
-
-
-
22 146
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
76 235
surtax
-
-
-
13 406
total
-
-
-
119 837
Employee
27 437
-
202 192
-
health
701
-
2 823
-
pensions
1 830
-
7 386
-
surtax
90
-
12 415
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 910
-
7 707
-
income
4 599
-
71 272
-
total
9 130
-
101 603
-
Employer
27 437
-
202 192
-
pensions
3 657
-
14 761
-
unemployment
869
-
3 509
-
health
1 249
-
5 038
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 775
-
23 308
-
Corporate
192 288
225 500
-
-
income
49 995
58 630
-
-
total
49 995
58 630
-
-
Dividends
142 293
166 870
-
-
withholding
21 343
25 031
-
-
total
21 343
25 031
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
86 243
83 661
124 911
119 837
After tax
139 257
141 839
100 589
105 663
Living cost
18 308
18 308
18 308
18 308
Free-cash
120 949
123 531
82 281
87 355

Estimated living cost  is ₽18308 per week

₽11194
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1689
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽422
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5002
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Budapest , Hungary
₽110259
₽114451
₽139942
₽110598
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
unemployment
-
-
-
3 383
health
-
-
-
15 785
pensions
-
-
-
22 550
income
-
-
-
27 567
total
-
-
-
69 285
Employee

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 491
9 349
188 703
-
health
1 644
654
13 209
-
pensions
2 349
935
18 870
-
unemployment
352
140
2 831
-
income
2 872
1 143
23 069
-
total
7 217
2 872
57 979
-
Employer

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 491
9 349
188 703
-
pensions
4 581
1 823
36 797
-
total
4 581
1 823
36 797
-
Corporate
197 429
214 328
-
-
income
17 769
19 290
-
-
total
17 769
19 290
-
-
Dividends
179 660
195 038
-
-
withholding
34 135
37 057
-
-
social contributions
34 927
37 926
-
-
total
69 062
74 983
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
98 629
98 968
94 776
69 285
After tax
126 871
126 532
130 724
156 215
Living cost
16 273
16 273
16 273
16 273
Free-cash
110 598
110 259
114 451
139 942

Estimated living cost  is ₽16273 per week

₽11105
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1331
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽325
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3512
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Reykjavik , Iceland
₽98829
₽84913
₽83703
₽98132
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
social contributions
-
-
-
2 424
municipal
-
-
-
25 270
pensions
-
-
-
27 060
national
-
-
-
45 160
total
-
-
-
99 914
Employee
64 927
-
194 943
-
municipal
8 020
-
26 143
-
pensions
2 597
-
7 798
-
national
12 427
-
47 072
-
total
23 044
-
81 013
-
Employer
64 927
-
194 943
-
social contributions
698
-
2 096
-
pensions
5 194
-
15 595
-
total
5 892
-
17 691
-
Corporate
150 396
225 500
-
-
income

Corporate income tax will depend on a type of legal entity. For LLC and Limited Partnership it is set at 20%. All other entities pay 37.6%.

30 079
45 100
-
-
total
30 079
45 100
-
-
Dividends
120 317
180 400
-
-
withholding
26 470
39 688
-
-
total
26 470
39 688
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
85 485
84 788
98 704
99 914
After tax
140 015
140 712
126 796
125 586
Living cost
41 883
41 883
41 883
41 883
Free-cash
98 132
98 829
84 913
83 703

Estimated living cost  is ₽41883 per week

₽28468
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3893
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽627
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8895
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

It is very difficult to get a residence permit on a basis of self-employment for a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit). EU/EFTA nationals and long-term EU resident permit holders can register self-employed and apply for a permanent residence.

Dublin , Ireland
₽110589
₽62291
₽62291
₽112418
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
social contributions
-
-
-
39 460
income
-
-
-
76 487
total
-
-
-
115 947
Employee
64 899
-
225 500
-
social contributions
5 392
-
39 460
-
income
12 246
-
76 487
-
total
17 638
-
115 947
-
Employer
64 899
-
225 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
160 601
225 500
-
-
income
20 076
28 187
-
-
total
20 076
28 187
-
-
Dividends
140 525
197 313
-
-
withholding
28 106
39 462
-
-
total
28 106
39 462
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
65 820
67 649
115 947
115 947
After tax
159 680
157 851
109 553
109 553
Living cost
47 262
47 262
47 262
47 262
Free-cash
112 418
110 589
62 291
62 291

Estimated living cost  is ₽47262 per week

₽35956
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3851
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽452
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7003
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

To obtain permanent residence for non EEA/Swiss nationals, it is required to invest a huge amount - at least €1 million aggregate investment into a new or an existing Irish business, for a minimum of three years.

Milan , Italy
₽85303
₽69070
₽76101
₽80973
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
regional
-
-
-
3 036
social contributions
-
-
-
41 525
municipal
-
-
-
1 472
national
-
-
-
68 357
total
-
-
-
114 390
Employee
73 736
-
225 500
-
regional
696
-
2 811
-
municipal
390
-
1 368
-
social contributions
24 864
-
54 440
-
national
12 777
-
62 802
-
total
38 727
-
121 421
-
Employer
73 736
-
225 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
151 764
225 500
-
-
nationa
36 423
54 120
-
-
municipal
5 918
8 795
-
-
total
42 341
62 915
-
-
Dividends
109 422
162 585
-
-
withholding
28 450
42 273
-
-
total
28 450
42 273
-
-
Income
225 500
225 500
225 500
225 500
Total tax
109 518
105 188
121 421
114 390
After tax
115 982
120 312
104 079
111 110
Living cost
35 009
35 009
35 009
35 009
Free-cash
80 973
85 303
69 070
76 101

Estimated living cost  is ₽35009 per week

₽24404
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2296
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽537
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7772
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Naples , Italy
₽96179
₽81068
₽88061
₽94338
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
225 500
regional
-
-
-
3 735
social contributions
-
-
-
41 525
municipal
-
-
-
1 472
national
-
-
-
68 357
total
-
-
-
115 089
Employee
46 023
-
225 500
-
regional
620
-
3 472
-
municipal
244
-
1 368
-
social contributions
15 519
-
54 440
-
national
7 291
-
62 802
-
total
23 674
-
122 082
-
Employer
46 023
-
225 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
179 477
225 500