Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
₽ 222500
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Andorra , Andorra
₽175310
₽142204
₽136293
₽172523
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
social contributions
-
-
-
48 950
income
-
-
-
12 317
total
-
-
-
61 267
Employee
26 673
-
192 640
-
social contributions
1 733
-
12 522
-
income
-
-
12 974
-
total
1 733
-
25 496
-
Employer
26 673
-
192 640
-
social contributions
4 135
-
29 860
-
total
4 135
-
29 860
-
Corporate
191 692
222 500
-
-
income
19 169
22 250
-
-
total
19 169
22 250
-
-
Dividends
172 523
200 250
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
25 037
22 250
55 356
61 267
After tax
197 463
200 250
167 144
161 233
Living cost
24 940
24 940
24 940
24 940
Free-cash
172 523
175 310
142 204
136 293

Estimated living cost  is ₽24940 per week

₽16126
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1880
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽469
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6465
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Andorra has a limit of 1000 sole-trade resident permits per year, so while it isn't complicated to obtain one, it may get difficult by the end of the term.

Graz , Austria
₽95999
₽30953
₽87096
₽95589
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
890
unemployment
-
-
-
5 089
health
-
-
-
7 414
pensions
-
-
-
17 931
income
-
-
-
77 611
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
108 935
Employee
36 267
33 064
187 960
-
health
1 403
1 280
3 750
-
pensions
3 714
3 385
9 925
-
other
362
331
970
-
unemployment
1 088
992
2 908
-
income
3 231
2 439
66 782
-
total
9 798
8 427
84 335
-
Employer
36 267
33 064
187 960
-
pensions
4 552
4 150
12 164
-
accident
471
430
1 260
-
unemployment
1 088
992
2 908
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
payroll
1 088
992
5 638
-
chamber of commerce
145
132
753
-
health
1 371
1 250
3 664
-
other
1 722
1 570
8 154
-
total
10 437
9 516
34 541
-
Corporate
175 796
179 920
184 811
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

43 949
44 981
46 202
-
total
43 949
44 981
46 202
-
Dividends
131 846
134 940
-
-
withholding
36 258
37 108
-
-
total
36 258
37 108
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
100 442
100 032
165 078
108 935
After tax
122 058
122 468
57 422
113 565
Living cost
26 469
26 469
26 469
26 469
Free-cash
95 589
95 999
30 953
87 096

Estimated living cost  is ₽26469 per week

₽15878
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2703
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽472
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7416
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Vienna , Austria
₽93144
₽28149
₽84167
₽91863
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
890
unemployment
-
-
-
5 089
health
-
-
-
7 414
pensions
-
-
-
17 931
income
-
-
-
77 611
surtax
-
-
-
164
total
-
-
-
109 099
Employee
41 463
33 064
187 807
-
health
1 604
1 280
3 750
-
pensions
4 246
3 385
9 925
-
other
414
331
970
-
unemployment
1 244
992
2 908
-
income
4 720
2 439
66 705
-
total
12 228
8 427
84 258
-
Employer
41 463
33 064
187 807
-
pensions
5 204
4 150
12 164
-
accident
538
430
1 260
-
unemployment
1 244
992
2 908
-
surtax
164
164
164
-
payroll
1 244
992
5 635
-
chamber of commerce
165
132
751
-
health
1 567
1 250
3 664
-
other
1 970
1 570
8 148
-
total
12 096
9 680
34 694
-
Corporate
168 942
179 757
184 658
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

42 235
44 940
46 165
-
total
42 235
44 940
46 165
-
Dividends
126 707
134 817
-
-
withholding
34 844
37 075
-
-
total
34 844
37 075
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
101 403
100 122
165 117
109 099
After tax
121 097
122 378
57 383
113 401
Living cost
29 234
29 234
29 234
29 234
Free-cash
91 863
93 144
28 149
84 167

Estimated living cost  is ₽29234 per week

₽19498
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2494
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽480
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6762
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Brussels , Belgium
₽89848
₽43822
₽66705
₽81585
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
social contributions
-
-
-
20 685
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
12 109
national
-
-
-
92 750
total
-
-
-
125 544
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 347
-
172 335
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

2 788
-
8 101
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 451
-
12 925
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

3 095
-
8 989
-
national
18 246
-
66 748
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

516
-
1 499
-
total
29 096
-
98 262
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 347
-
172 335
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

771
-
2 240
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

866
-
2 516
-
surtax
6 729
-
19 542
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

3 650
-
10 598
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

5 259
-
15 269
-
total
17 275
-
50 165
-
Corporate
145 878
222 500
-
-
surtax
584
1 008
-
-
income
29 176
50 354
-
-
total
29 760
51 362
-
-
Dividends
116 118
171 138
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

34 533
51 039
-
-
total
34 533
51 039
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
110 664
102 401
148 427
125 544
After tax
111 836
120 099
74 073
96 956
Living cost
30 251
30 251
30 251
30 251
Free-cash
81 585
89 848
43 822
66 705

Estimated living cost  is ₽30251 per week

₽19485
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2645
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽474
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7647
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sofia , Bulgaria
₽175975
₽176678
₽167129
₽170921
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 331
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 286
income
-
-
-
33 375
total
-
-
-
41 108
Employee
18 887
-
216 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

208
-
319
-
health
869
-
1 332
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 658
-
2 543
-
income
1 889
-
21 682
-
total
4 624
-
25 876
-
Employer
18 887
-
216 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

208
-
319
-
unemployment
113
-
174
-
health
1 303
-
1 998
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

2 081
-
3 192
-
total
3 705
-
5 683
-
Corporate
199 907
222 500
-
-
income
19 991
22 250
-
-
total
19 991
22 250
-
-
Dividends
179 917
200 250
-
-
withholding
8 996
10 012
-
-
total
8 996
10 012
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
37 316
32 262
31 559
41 108
After tax
185 184
190 238
190 941
181 392
Living cost
14 263
14 263
14 263
14 263
Free-cash
170 921
175 975
176 678
167 129

Estimated living cost  is ₽14263 per week

₽9434
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽817
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽340
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3673
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
₽179367
₽180070
₽170521
₽175516
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 331
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 286
income
-
-
-
33 375
total
-
-
-
41 108
Employee
14 395
-
216 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
319
-
health
662
-
1 332
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 264
-
2 543
-
income
1 439
-
21 682
-
total
3 523
-
25 876
-
Employer
14 395
-
216 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
319
-
unemployment
86
-
174
-
health
994
-
1 998
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 587
-
3 192
-
total
2 825
-
5 683
-
Corporate
205 280
222 500
-
-
income
20 528
22 250
-
-
total
20 528
22 250
-
-
Dividends
184 752
200 250
-
-
withholding
9 237
10 012
-
-
total
9 237
10 012
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
36 113
32 262
31 559
41 108
After tax
186 387
190 238
190 941
181 392
Living cost
10 871
10 871
10 871
10 871
Free-cash
175 516
179 367
180 070
170 521

Estimated living cost  is ₽10871 per week

₽6347
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽776
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽288
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3460
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Larnaca , Cyprus
₽142856
₽127295
₽129046
₽138343
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
social contributions
-
-
-
13 424
health
-
-
-
5 674
income
-
-
-
55 147
total
-
-
-
74 245
Employee
63 798
63 798
211 446
-
health
494
1 085
3 594
-
social contributions
2 412
5 295
7 142
-
income
6 947
5 906
54 205
-
total
9 853
12 286
64 941
-
Employer
63 798
63 798
211 446
-
social contributions
2 412
5 295
7 142
-
health
537
1 181
3 913
-
total
2 949
6 476
11 055
-
Corporate
190 489
152 227
-
-
income
23 811
19 029
-
-
total
23 811
19 029
-
-
Dividends
166 678
133 198
-
-
withholding
28 335
22 644
-
-
total
28 335
22 644
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
64 948
60 435
75 996
74 245
After tax
157 552
162 065
146 504
148 255
Living cost
19 209
19 209
19 209
19 209
Free-cash
138 343
142 856
127 295
129 046

Estimated living cost  is ₽19209 per week

₽11512
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1885
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽425
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5388
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
₽135155
₽119594
₽121345
₽131716
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
social contributions
-
-
-
13 424
health
-
-
-
5 674
income
-
-
-
55 147
total
-
-
-
74 245
Employee
63 798
63 798
211 446
-
health
635
1 085
3 594
-
social contributions
3 100
5 295
7 142
-
income
6 699
5 906
54 205
-
total
10 434
12 286
64 941
-
Employer
63 798
63 798
211 446
-
social contributions
3 100
5 295
7 142
-
health
691
1 181
3 913
-
total
3 791
6 476
11 055
-
Corporate
181 364
152 227
-
-
income
22 671
19 029
-
-
total
22 671
19 029
-
-
Dividends
158 694
133 198
-
-
withholding
26 978
22 644
-
-
total
26 978
22 644
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
63 874
60 435
75 996
74 245
After tax
158 626
162 065
146 504
148 255
Living cost
26 910
26 910
26 910
26 910
Free-cash
131 716
135 155
119 594
121 345

Estimated living cost  is ₽26910 per week

₽18396
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2102
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽452
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5961
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Brno , Czech Republic
₽133668
₽105170
₽115420
₽126704
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
social contributions
-
-
-
28 093
health
-
-
-
30 038
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
4 771
income
-
-
-
24 655
total
-
-
-
87 557
Employee
28 710
-
182 062
-
health
3 876
-
24 578
-
social contributions
1 866
-
6 254
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
3 852
-
income
3 445
-
22 685
-
total
9 187
-
57 369
-
Employer
28 710
-
182 062
-
social contributions
7 178
-
24 052
-
health
2 584
-
16 386
-
total
9 762
-
40 438
-
Corporate
184 028
222 500
-
-
income
34 965
42 275
-
-
total
34 965
42 275
-
-
Dividends
149 063
180 225
-
-
withholding
22 359
27 034
-
-
total
22 359
27 034
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
76 273
69 309
97 807
87 557
After tax
146 227
153 191
124 693
134 943
Living cost
19 523
19 523
19 523
19 523
Free-cash
126 704
133 668
105 170
115 420

Estimated living cost  is ₽19523 per week

₽13561
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1389
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽384
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4189
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
₽129134
₽100636
₽110886
₽120551
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
social contributions
-
-
-
28 093
health
-
-
-
30 038
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
4 771
income
-
-
-
24 655
total
-
-
-
87 557
Employee
35 378
-
182 062
-
health
4 776
-
24 578
-
social contributions
2 300
-
6 254
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
3 852
-
income
4 245
-
22 685
-
total
11 321
-
57 369
-
Employer
35 378
-
182 062
-
social contributions
8 845
-
24 052
-
health
3 184
-
16 386
-
total
12 029
-
40 438
-
Corporate
175 093
222 500
-
-
income
33 268
42 275
-
-
total
33 268
42 275
-
-
Dividends
141 825
180 225
-
-
withholding
21 274
27 034
-
-
total
21 274
27 034
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
77 892
69 309
97 807
87 557
After tax
144 608
153 191
124 693
134 943
Living cost
24 057
24 057
24 057
24 057
Free-cash
120 551
129 134
100 636
110 886

Estimated living cost  is ₽24057 per week

₽17891
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1333
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽416
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4418
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Copenhagen , Denmark
₽41246
₽41246
₽86772
₽20374
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
labour market
-
-
-
17 742
municipal
-
-
-
48 604
pensions
-
-
-
721
national
-
-
-
28 596
total
-
-
-
95 663
Employee
169 104
169 104
169 104
-
municipal
36 010
36 010
36 010
-
pensions
240
240
240
-
national
20 659
20 659
20 659
-
labour market
13 509
13 509
13 509
-
total
70 418
70 418
70 418
-
Employer
169 104
169 104
169 104
-
labour market
13 528
13 528
13 528
-
national
20 695
20 695
20 695
-
municipal
36 067
36 067
36 067
-
pensions
481
481
481
-
total
70 771
70 771
70 771
-
Corporate
41 246
-
-
-
income
9 074
-
-
-
total
9 074
-
-
-
Dividends
32 172
-
-
-
withholding
11 798
-
-
-
total
11 798
-
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
162 061
141 189
141 189
95 663
After tax
60 439
81 311
81 311
126 837
Living cost
40 065
40 065
40 065
40 065
Free-cash
20 374
41 246
41 246
86 772

Estimated living cost  is ₽40065 per week

₽27421
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3544
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽616
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8484
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tallinn , Estonia
₽157960
₽108207
₽99221
₽152806
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
health
-
-
-
28 924
pensions
-
-
-
44 500
income
-
-
-
29 815
total
-
-
-
103 239
Employee
23 536
-
166 292
-
pensions
471
-
3 325
-
unemployment
376
-
2 661
-
income
2 650
-
32 061
-
total
3 497
-
38 047
-
Employer
23 536
-
166 292
-
pensions
4 708
-
33 259
-
unemployment
189
-
1 330
-
health
3 059
-
21 617
-
total
7 956
-
56 206
-
Corporate
191 008
222 500
-
-
income
38 201
44 500
-
-
total
38 201
44 500
-
-
Dividends
152 807
178 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
49 654
44 500
94 253
103 239
After tax
172 846
178 000
128 247
119 261
Living cost
20 040
20 040
20 040
20 040
Free-cash
152 806
157 960
108 207
99 221

Estimated living cost  is ₽20040 per week

₽13745
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1193
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽403
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Helsinki , Finland
₽101459
₽75078
₽100562
₽105389
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
222 500
health
-
-
-
3 080
municipal
-
-
-
39 495
national
-
-
-
47 510
total
-
-
-
90 085
Employee
43 651
-
187 179
-
health
326
-
2 536
-
municipal
7 150
-
30 456
-
pensions
2 946
-
12 635
-
national
721
-
31 815
-
unemployment
655
-
2 807
-
total
11 798
-
80 249
-
Employer
43 651
-
187 179
-
accident
44
-
187
-
unemployment
283
-
1 217
-
health
335
-
1 441
-
pensions
7 573
-
32 475
-
total
8 235
-
35 320
-
Corporate
170 613
222 500
-
-
income
34 123
44 500
-
-
total
34 123
44 500
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

102 368
133 500
-
-
municipal
18 426
24 029
-
-
national
12 676
20 659
-
-
total
31 102
44 688
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
85 258
89 188
115 569
90 085
After tax
137 242
133 312
106 931
132 415
Living cost
31 853
31 853
31 853
31 853
Free-cash
105 389
101 459
75 078
100 562

Estimated living cost  is ₽31853 per week

₽20806
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3064
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽507
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7477
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Marseille , France
₽86566
₽84281
₽93076
₽91177
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
social contributions
-
-
-
6 339
health
-
-
-
11 791
pensions
-
-
-
32 396
other
-
-
-
6 898
income
-
-
-
46 427
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
103 851
Employee
31 696
-
168 148
-
income
1 634
-
40 131
-
social contributions
904
-
4 791
-
pensions
3 585
-
13 373
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
6 123
-
58 295
-
Employer
31 696
-
168 148
-
pensions
5 208
-
22 213
-
social contributions
94
-
504
-
unemployment
1 283
-
6 810
-
health
2 218
-
17 548
-
other
1 094
-
7 276
-
total
9 897
-
54 351
-
Corporate
180 905
222 500
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
50 653
62 300
-
-
total
50 653
62 300
-
-
Dividends
130 252
160 200
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
16 672
20 506
-
-
social contributions
22 405
27 555
-
-
total
39 077
48 061
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
105 750
110 361
112 646
103 851
After tax
116 750
112 139
109 854
118 649
Living cost
25 573
25 573
25 573
25 573
Free-cash
91 177
86 566
84 281
93 076

Estimated living cost  is ₽25573 per week

₽14831
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2598
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽485
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7660
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
₽83753
₽81468
₽90263
₽88656
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
social contributions
-
-
-
6 339
health
-
-
-
11 791
pensions
-
-
-
32 396
other
-
-
-
6 898
income
-
-
-
46 427
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
103 851
Employee
35 509
-
168 148
-
income
2 096
-
40 131
-
social contributions
1 012
-
4 791
-
pensions
4 015
-
13 373
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
7 123
-
58 295
-
Employer
35 509
-
168 148
-
pensions
5 833
-
22 213
-
social contributions
107
-
504
-
unemployment
1 437
-
6 810
-
health
2 486
-
17 548
-
other
1 225
-
7 276
-
total
11 088
-
54 351
-
Corporate
175 902
222 500
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
49 252
62 300
-
-
total
49 252
62 300
-
-
Dividends
126 650
160 200
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
16 211
20 506
-
-
social contributions
21 784
27 555
-
-
total
37 995
48 061
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
105 458
110 361
112 646
103 851
After tax
117 042
112 139
109 854
118 649
Living cost
28 386
28 386
28 386
28 386
Free-cash
88 656
83 753
81 468
90 263

Estimated living cost  is ₽28386 per week

₽17898
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2308
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽483
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Paris , France
₽72067
₽69782
₽78577
₽77773
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
social contributions
-
-
-
6 339
health
-
-
-
11 791
pensions
-
-
-
32 396
other
-
-
-
6 898
income
-
-
-
46 427
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
103 851
Employee
51 964
-
168 148
-
income
4 534
-
40 131
-
social contributions
1 480
-
4 791
-
pensions
5 877
-
13 373
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
11 891
-
58 295
-
Employer
51 964
-
168 148
-
pensions
8 538
-
22 213
-
social contributions
156
-
504
-
unemployment
2 105
-
6 810
-
health
3 637
-
17 548
-
other
1 793
-
7 276
-
total
16 229
-
54 351
-
Corporate
154 307
222 500
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
43 206
62 300
-
-
total
43 206
62 300
-
-
Dividends
111 100
160 200
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
14 220
20 506
-
-
social contributions
19 109
27 555
-
-
total
33 329
48 061
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
104 655
110 361
112 646
103 851
After tax
117 845
112 139
109 854
118 649
Living cost
40 072
40 072
40 072
40 072
Free-cash
77 773
72 067
69 782
78 577

Estimated living cost  is ₽40072 per week

₽27120
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3278
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽549
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9124
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
₽205518
₽172143
₽214273
₽204420
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
222 500
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
2 370
total
-
-
-
2 370
Employee
7 321
-
222 500
-
income
1 464
-
44 500
-
total
1 464
-
44 500
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

215 179
222 500
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
215 179
222 500
-
-
withholding
10 759
11 125
-
-
total
10 759
11 125
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
12 223
11 125
44 500
2 370
After tax
210 277
211 375
178 000
220 130
Living cost
5 857
5 857
5 857
5 857
Free-cash
204 420
205 518
172 143
214 273

Estimated living cost  is ₽5857 per week

₽3630
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽487
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽161
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽1579
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Tbilisi , Georgia
₽202248
₽168873
₽211003
₽200536
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
222 500
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
2 370
total
-
-
-
2 370
Employee
11 409
-
222 500
-
income
2 282
-
44 500
-
total
2 282
-
44 500
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

211 091
222 500
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
211 091
222 500
-
-
withholding
10 555
11 125
-
-
total
10 555
11 125
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
12 837
11 125
44 500
2 370
After tax
209 663
211 375
178 000
220 130
Living cost
9 127
9 127
9 127
9 127
Free-cash
200 536
202 248
168 873
211 003

Estimated living cost  is ₽9127 per week

₽6176
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽383
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽306
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽2261
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Berlin , Germany
₽82353
₽103309
₽76916
₽93205
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
222 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
26 393
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
77 244
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 248
total
-
-
-
113 553
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

41 281
-
222 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

187
-
4 248
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 395
-
77 244
-
total
9 250
-
87 160
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
181 219
222 500
-
-
trade
26 005
31 928
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 496
1 836
-
-
chamber of commerce
392
452
-
-
income
27 183
33 375
-
-
total
55 076
67 591
-
-
Dividends
126 143
154 909
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 718
2 113
-
-
withholding
31 220
38 412
-
-
total
32 938
40 525
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
97 264
108 116
87 160
113 553
After tax
125 236
114 384
135 340
108 947
Living cost
32 031
32 031
32 031
32 031
Free-cash
93 205
82 353
103 309
76 916

Estimated living cost  is ₽32031 per week

₽22096
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3446
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽464
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6024
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Dresden , Germany
₽86965
₽110210
₽81242
₽96143
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
222 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
28 968
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
77 244
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 248
total
-
-
-
116 128
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

31 733
-
222 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

49
-
4 248
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

886
-
77 244
-
total
6 603
-
87 160
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
190 767
222 500
-
-
trade
30 045
35 044
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 574
1 836
-
-
chamber of commerce
400
446
-
-
income
28 616
33 375
-
-
total
60 635
70 701
-
-
Dividends
130 131
151 799
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 771
2 070
-
-
withholding
32 218
37 634
-
-
total
33 989
39 704
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
101 227
110 405
87 160
116 128
After tax
121 273
112 095
135 340
106 372
Living cost
25 130
25 130
25 130
25 130
Free-cash
96 143
86 965
110 210
81 242

Estimated living cost  is ₽25130 per week

₽15808
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2930
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽469
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5923
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Hamburg , Germany
₽78360
₽102747
₽72491
₽90016
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
222 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
30 256
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
77 244
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 248
total
-
-
-
117 416
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

42 074
-
222 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

198
-
4 248
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 615
-
77 244
-
total
9 481
-
87 160
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
180 426
222 500
-
-
trade
29 680
36 601
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 488
1 836
-
-
chamber of commerce
383
442
-
-
income
27 063
33 375
-
-
total
58 614
72 254
-
-
Dividends
121 812
150 245
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 658
2 048
-
-
withholding
30 138
37 245
-
-
total
31 796
39 293
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
99 891
111 547
87 160
117 416
After tax
122 609
110 953
135 340
105 084
Living cost
32 593
32 593
32 593
32 593
Free-cash
90 016
78 360
102 747
72 491

Estimated living cost  is ₽32593 per week

₽21798
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3437
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽487
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6871
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Munich , Germany
₽71797
₽97332
₽65789
₽85254
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
222 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
31 543
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
77 244
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 248
total
-
-
-
118 703
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

49 862
-
222 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

323
-
4 248
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

5 863
-
77 244
-
total
11 854
-
87 160
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
172 638
222 500
-
-
trade
29 608
38 159
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 425
1 836
-
-
chamber of commerce
368
439
-
-
income
25 895
33 375
-
-
total
57 296
73 809
-
-
Dividends
115 342
148 691
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 568
2 028
-
-
withholding
28 520
36 858
-
-
total
30 088
38 886
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
99 238
112 695
87 160
118 703
After tax
123 262
109 805
135 340
103 797
Living cost
38 008
38 008
38 008
38 008
Free-cash
85 254
71 797
97 332
65 789

Estimated living cost  is ₽38008 per week

₽27759
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3040
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽494
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6715
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Athens , Greece
₽121318
₽80574
₽85646
₽118679
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 861
pensions
-
-
-
22 146
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
74 886
surtax
-
-
-
13 137
total
-
-
-
118 219
Employee
27 940
-
199 192
-
health
713
-
2 823
-
pensions
1 864
-
7 386
-
surtax
99
-
12 144
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 944
-
7 707
-
income
4 684
-
69 923
-
total
9 304
-
99 983
-
Employer
27 940
-
199 192
-
pensions
3 725
-
14 761
-
unemployment
886
-
3 509
-
health
1 271
-
5 038
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 882
-
23 308
-
Corporate
188 677
222 500
-
-
income
49 057
57 850
-
-
total
49 057
57 850
-
-
Dividends
139 621
164 650
-
-
withholding
20 943
24 697
-
-
total
20 943
24 697
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
85 186
82 547
123 291
118 219
After tax
137 314
139 953
99 209
104 281
Living cost
18 635
18 635
18 635
18 635
Free-cash
118 679
121 318
80 574
85 646

Estimated living cost  is ₽18635 per week

₽11251
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1620
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽433
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5333
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Thessaloniki , Greece
₽121645
₽80901
₽85973
₽119062
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 861
pensions
-
-
-
22 146
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
74 886
surtax
-
-
-
13 137
total
-
-
-
118 219
Employee
27 437
-
199 192
-
health
701
-
2 823
-
pensions
1 830
-
7 386
-
surtax
90
-
12 144
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 910
-
7 707
-
income
4 599
-
69 923
-
total
9 130
-
99 983
-
Employer
27 437
-
199 192
-
pensions
3 657
-
14 761
-
unemployment
869
-
3 509
-
health
1 249
-
5 038
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 775
-
23 308
-
Corporate
189 288
222 500
-
-
income
49 214
57 850
-
-
total
49 214
57 850
-
-
Dividends
140 074
164 650
-
-
withholding
21 011
24 697
-
-
total
21 011
24 697
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
85 130
82 547
123 291
118 219
After tax
137 370
139 953
99 209
104 281
Living cost
18 308
18 308
18 308
18 308
Free-cash
119 062
121 645
80 901
85 973

Estimated living cost  is ₽18308 per week

₽11194
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1689
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽422
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5002
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Budapest , Hungary
₽108580
₽112712
₽137863
₽108918
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
unemployment
-
-
-
3 338
health
-
-
-
15 575
pensions
-
-
-
22 250
income
-
-
-
27 201
total
-
-
-
68 364
Employee

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 491
9 349
186 192
-
health
1 644
654
13 033
-
pensions
2 349
935
18 619
-
unemployment
352
140
2 793
-
income
2 872
1 143
22 762
-
total
7 217
2 872
57 207
-
Employer

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 491
9 349
186 192
-
pensions
4 581
1 823
36 308
-
total
4 581
1 823
36 308
-
Corporate
194 429
211 328
-
-
income
17 499
19 020
-
-
total
17 499
19 020
-
-
Dividends
176 930
192 308
-
-
withholding
33 617
36 539
-
-
social contributions
34 395
37 393
-
-
total
68 012
73 932
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
97 309
97 647
93 515
68 364
After tax
125 191
124 853
128 985
154 136
Living cost
16 273
16 273
16 273
16 273
Free-cash
108 918
108 580
112 712
137 863

Estimated living cost  is ₽16273 per week

₽11105
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1331
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽325
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3512
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Reykjavik , Iceland
₽96957
₽83406
₽82211
₽96260
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
social contributions
-
-
-
2 392
municipal
-
-
-
24 920
pensions
-
-
-
26 700
national
-
-
-
44 394
total
-
-
-
98 406
Employee
64 927
-
192 349
-
municipal
8 020
-
25 781
-
pensions
2 597
-
7 694
-
national
12 427
-
46 280
-
total
23 044
-
79 755
-
Employer
64 927
-
192 349
-
social contributions
698
-
2 068
-
pensions
5 194
-
15 388
-
total
5 892
-
17 456
-
Corporate
147 396
222 500
-
-
income

Corporate income tax will depend on a type of legal entity. For LLC and Limited Partnership it is set at 20%. All other entities pay 37.6%.

29 479
44 500
-
-
total
29 479
44 500
-
-
Dividends
117 917
178 000
-
-
withholding
25 942
39 160
-
-
total
25 942
39 160
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
84 357
83 660
97 211
98 406
After tax
138 143
138 840
125 289
124 094
Living cost
41 883
41 883
41 883
41 883
Free-cash
96 260
96 957
83 406
82 211

Estimated living cost  is ₽41883 per week

₽28468
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3893
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽627
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8895
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

It is very difficult to get a residence permit on a basis of self-employment for a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit). EU/EFTA nationals and long-term EU resident permit holders can register self-employed and apply for a permanent residence.

Dublin , Ireland
₽108487
₽61062
₽61062
₽110320
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
social contributions
-
-
-
38 890
income
-
-
-
75 286
total
-
-
-
114 176
Employee
64 899
-
222 500
-
social contributions
5 392
-
38 890
-
income
12 246
-
75 286
-
total
17 638
-
114 176
-
Employer
64 899
-
222 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
157 601
222 500
-
-
income
19 700
27 813
-
-
total
19 700
27 813
-
-
Dividends
137 902
194 687
-
-
withholding
27 580
38 938
-
-
total
27 580
38 938
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
64 918
66 751
114 176
114 176
After tax
157 582
155 749
108 324
108 324
Living cost
47 262
47 262
47 262
47 262
Free-cash
110 320
108 487
61 062
61 062

Estimated living cost  is ₽47262 per week

₽35956
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3851
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽452
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7003
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

To obtain permanent residence for non EEA/Swiss nationals, it is required to invest a huge amount - at least €1 million aggregate investment into a new or an existing Irish business, for a minimum of three years.

Milan , Italy
₽83705
₽67435
₽74468
₽79371
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
regional
-
-
-
2 984
social contributions
-
-
-
41 525
municipal
-
-
-
1 448
national
-
-
-
67 066
total
-
-
-
113 023
Employee
73 736
-
222 500
-
regional
696
-
2 759
-
municipal
390
-
1 345
-
social contributions
24 864
-
54 440
-
national
12 777
-
61 512
-
total
38 727
-
120 056
-
Employer
73 736
-
222 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
148 764
222 500
-
-
nationa
35 704
53 399
-
-
municipal
5 802
8 677
-
-
total
41 506
62 076
-
-
Dividends
107 258
160 424
-
-
withholding
27 887
41 710
-
-
total
27 887
41 710
-
-
Income
222 500
222 500
222 500
222 500
Total tax
108 120
103 786
120 056
113 023
After tax
114 380
118 714
102 444
109 477
Living cost
35 009
35 009
35 009
35 009
Free-cash
79 371
83 705
67 435
74 468

Estimated living cost  is ₽35009 per week

₽24404
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2296
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽537
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7772
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Naples , Italy
₽94602
₽79442
₽86437
₽92760
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
222 500
regional
-
-
-
3 674
social contributions
-
-
-
41 525
municipal
-
-
-
1 448
national
-
-
-
67 066
total
-
-
-
113 713
Employee
46 023
-
222 500
-
regional
620
-
3 411
-
municipal
244
-
1 345
-
social contributions
15 519
-
54 440
-
national
7 291
-
61 512
-
total
23 674
-
120 708
-
Employer
46 023
-
222 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
176 477
222 500