Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
₽ 221500
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Andorra , Andorra
₽174411
₽141478
₽135593
₽171622
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
social contributions
-
-
-
48 729
income
-
-
-
12 238
total
-
-
-
60 967
Employee
26 673
-
191 776
-
social contributions
1 733
-
12 465
-
income
-
-
12 893
-
total
1 733
-
25 358
-
Employer
26 673
-
191 776
-
social contributions
4 135
-
29 724
-
total
4 135
-
29 724
-
Corporate
190 692
221 500
-
-
income
19 070
22 149
-
-
total
19 070
22 149
-
-
Dividends
171 623
199 351
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
24 938
22 149
55 082
60 967
After tax
196 562
199 351
166 418
160 533
Living cost
24 940
24 940
24 940
24 940
Free-cash
171 622
174 411
141 478
135 593

Estimated living cost  is ₽24940 per week

₽16126
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1880
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽469
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6465
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Andorra has a limit of 1000 sole-trade resident permits per year, so while it isn't complicated to obtain one, it may get difficult by the end of the term.

Graz , Austria
₽95456
₽30720
₽86599
₽95045
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
886
unemployment
-
-
-
5 089
health
-
-
-
7 414
pensions
-
-
-
17 931
income
-
-
-
77 112
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
108 432
Employee
36 267
33 064
187 027
-
health
1 403
1 280
3 750
-
pensions
3 714
3 385
9 925
-
other
362
331
970
-
unemployment
1 088
992
2 908
-
income
3 231
2 439
66 316
-
total
9 798
8 427
83 869
-
Employer
36 267
33 064
187 027
-
pensions
4 552
4 150
12 164
-
accident
471
430
1 260
-
unemployment
1 088
992
2 908
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
payroll
1 088
992
5 611
-
chamber of commerce
145
132
748
-
health
1 371
1 250
3 664
-
other
1 722
1 570
8 118
-
total
10 437
9 516
34 473
-
Corporate
174 796
178 920
183 878
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

43 699
44 730
45 969
-
total
43 699
44 730
45 969
-
Dividends
131 097
134 190
-
-
withholding
36 052
36 902
-
-
total
36 052
36 902
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
99 986
99 575
164 311
108 432
After tax
121 514
121 925
57 189
113 068
Living cost
26 469
26 469
26 469
26 469
Free-cash
95 045
95 456
30 720
86 599

Estimated living cost  is ₽26469 per week

₽15878
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2703
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽472
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7416
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Vienna , Austria
₽92601
₽27915
₽83670
₽91318
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
886
unemployment
-
-
-
5 089
health
-
-
-
7 414
pensions
-
-
-
17 931
income
-
-
-
77 112
surtax
-
-
-
164
total
-
-
-
108 596
Employee
41 463
33 064
186 875
-
health
1 604
1 280
3 750
-
pensions
4 246
3 385
9 925
-
other
414
331
970
-
unemployment
1 244
992
2 908
-
income
4 720
2 439
66 239
-
total
12 228
8 427
83 792
-
Employer
41 463
33 064
186 875
-
pensions
5 204
4 150
12 164
-
accident
538
430
1 260
-
unemployment
1 244
992
2 908
-
surtax
164
164
164
-
payroll
1 244
992
5 607
-
chamber of commerce
165
132
748
-
health
1 567
1 250
3 664
-
other
1 970
1 570
8 112
-
total
12 096
9 680
34 627
-
Corporate
167 942
178 757
183 726
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

41 986
44 689
45 932
-
total
41 986
44 689
45 932
-
Dividends
125 956
134 067
-
-
withholding
34 638
36 869
-
-
total
34 638
36 869
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
100 948
99 665
164 351
108 596
After tax
120 552
121 835
57 149
112 904
Living cost
29 234
29 234
29 234
29 234
Free-cash
91 318
92 601
27 915
83 670

Estimated living cost  is ₽29234 per week

₽19498
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2494
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽480
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6762
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Brussels , Belgium
₽89355
₽43526
₽66264
₽81028
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
social contributions
-
-
-
20 685
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
12 049
national
-
-
-
92 251
total
-
-
-
124 985
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 347
-
171 558
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

2 788
-
8 063
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 451
-
12 866
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

3 095
-
8 948
-
national
18 246
-
66 411
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

516
-
1 493
-
total
29 096
-
97 781
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 347
-
171 558
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

771
-
2 231
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

866
-
2 505
-
surtax
6 729
-
19 454
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

3 650
-
10 552
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

5 259
-
15 200
-
total
17 275
-
49 942
-
Corporate
144 878
221 500
-
-
surtax
579
1 001
-
-
income
28 976
50 065
-
-
total
29 555
51 066
-
-
Dividends
115 323
170 434
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

34 295
50 828
-
-
total
34 295
50 828
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
110 221
101 894
147 723
124 985
After tax
111 279
119 606
73 777
96 515
Living cost
30 251
30 251
30 251
30 251
Free-cash
81 028
89 355
43 526
66 264

Estimated living cost  is ₽30251 per week

₽19485
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2645
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽474
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7647
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sofia , Bulgaria
₽175120
₽175778
₽166279
₽170066
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 331
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 286
income
-
-
-
33 225
total
-
-
-
40 958
Employee
18 887
-
215 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

208
-
319
-
health
869
-
1 332
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 658
-
2 543
-
income
1 889
-
21 582
-
total
4 624
-
25 776
-
Employer
18 887
-
215 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

208
-
319
-
unemployment
113
-
174
-
health
1 303
-
1 998
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

2 081
-
3 192
-
total
3 705
-
5 683
-
Corporate
198 907
221 500
-
-
income
19 891
22 150
-
-
total
19 891
22 150
-
-
Dividends
179 017
199 350
-
-
withholding
8 951
9 967
-
-
total
8 951
9 967
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
37 171
32 117
31 459
40 958
After tax
184 329
189 383
190 041
180 542
Living cost
14 263
14 263
14 263
14 263
Free-cash
170 066
175 120
175 778
166 279

Estimated living cost  is ₽14263 per week

₽9434
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽817
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽340
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3673
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
₽178512
₽179170
₽169671
₽174661
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 331
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 286
income
-
-
-
33 225
total
-
-
-
40 958
Employee
14 395
-
215 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
319
-
health
662
-
1 332
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 264
-
2 543
-
income
1 439
-
21 582
-
total
3 523
-
25 776
-
Employer
14 395
-
215 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
319
-
unemployment
86
-
174
-
health
994
-
1 998
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 587
-
3 192
-
total
2 825
-
5 683
-
Corporate
204 280
221 500
-
-
income
20 428
22 150
-
-
total
20 428
22 150
-
-
Dividends
183 852
199 350
-
-
withholding
9 192
9 967
-
-
total
9 192
9 967
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
35 968
32 117
31 459
40 958
After tax
185 532
189 383
190 041
180 542
Living cost
10 871
10 871
10 871
10 871
Free-cash
174 661
178 512
179 170
169 671

Estimated living cost  is ₽10871 per week

₽6347
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽776
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽288
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3460
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Larnaca , Cyprus
₽142132
₽126669
₽128412
₽137617
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
social contributions
-
-
-
13 424
health
-
-
-
5 648
income
-
-
-
54 807
total
-
-
-
73 879
Employee
63 798
63 798
210 465
-
health
494
1 085
3 577
-
social contributions
2 412
5 295
7 142
-
income
6 947
5 906
53 867
-
total
9 853
12 286
64 586
-
Employer
63 798
63 798
210 465
-
social contributions
2 412
5 295
7 142
-
health
537
1 181
3 894
-
total
2 949
6 476
11 036
-
Corporate
189 489
151 227
-
-
income
23 686
18 903
-
-
total
23 686
18 903
-
-
Dividends
165 803
132 324
-
-
withholding
28 186
22 494
-
-
total
28 186
22 494
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
64 674
60 159
75 622
73 879
After tax
156 826
161 341
145 878
147 621
Living cost
19 209
19 209
19 209
19 209
Free-cash
137 617
142 132
126 669
128 412

Estimated living cost  is ₽19209 per week

₽11512
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1885
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽425
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5388
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
₽134431
₽118968
₽120711
₽130990
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
social contributions
-
-
-
13 424
health
-
-
-
5 648
income
-
-
-
54 807
total
-
-
-
73 879
Employee
63 798
63 798
210 465
-
health
635
1 085
3 577
-
social contributions
3 100
5 295
7 142
-
income
6 699
5 906
53 867
-
total
10 434
12 286
64 586
-
Employer
63 798
63 798
210 465
-
social contributions
3 100
5 295
7 142
-
health
691
1 181
3 894
-
total
3 791
6 476
11 036
-
Corporate
180 364
151 227
-
-
income
22 546
18 903
-
-
total
22 546
18 903
-
-
Dividends
157 818
132 324
-
-
withholding
26 829
22 494
-
-
total
26 829
22 494
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
63 600
60 159
75 622
73 879
After tax
157 900
161 341
145 878
147 621
Living cost
26 910
26 910
26 910
26 910
Free-cash
130 990
134 431
118 968
120 711

Estimated living cost  is ₽26910 per week

₽18396
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2102
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽452
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5961
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Brno , Czech Republic
₽132980
₽104551
₽114745
₽126015
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
social contributions
-
-
-
28 093
health
-
-
-
29 902
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
4 711
income
-
-
-
24 526
total
-
-
-
87 232
Employee
28 710
-
181 145
-
health
3 876
-
24 455
-
social contributions
1 866
-
6 254
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
3 796
-
income
3 445
-
22 566
-
total
9 187
-
57 071
-
Employer
28 710
-
181 145
-
social contributions
7 178
-
24 052
-
health
2 584
-
16 303
-
total
9 762
-
40 355
-
Corporate
183 028
221 500
-
-
income
34 775
42 085
-
-
total
34 775
42 085
-
-
Dividends
148 253
179 415
-
-
withholding
22 238
26 912
-
-
total
22 238
26 912
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
75 962
68 997
97 426
87 232
After tax
145 538
152 503
124 074
134 268
Living cost
19 523
19 523
19 523
19 523
Free-cash
126 015
132 980
104 551
114 745

Estimated living cost  is ₽19523 per week

₽13561
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1389
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽384
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4189
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
₽128446
₽100017
₽110211
₽119863
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
social contributions
-
-
-
28 093
health
-
-
-
29 902
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
4 711
income
-
-
-
24 526
total
-
-
-
87 232
Employee
35 378
-
181 145
-
health
4 776
-
24 455
-
social contributions
2 300
-
6 254
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
3 796
-
income
4 245
-
22 566
-
total
11 321
-
57 071
-
Employer
35 378
-
181 145
-
social contributions
8 845
-
24 052
-
health
3 184
-
16 303
-
total
12 029
-
40 355
-
Corporate
174 093
221 500
-
-
income
33 078
42 085
-
-
total
33 078
42 085
-
-
Dividends
141 015
179 415
-
-
withholding
21 152
26 912
-
-
total
21 152
26 912
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
77 580
68 997
97 426
87 232
After tax
143 920
152 503
124 074
134 268
Living cost
24 057
24 057
24 057
24 057
Free-cash
119 863
128 446
100 017
110 211

Estimated living cost  is ₽24057 per week

₽17891
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1333
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽416
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4418
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Copenhagen , Denmark
₽40246
₽40246
₽86240
₽19921
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
labour market
-
-
-
17 662
municipal
-
-
-
48 366
pensions
-
-
-
721
national
-
-
-
28 446
total
-
-
-
95 195
Employee
169 104
169 104
169 104
-
municipal
36 010
36 010
36 010
-
pensions
240
240
240
-
national
20 659
20 659
20 659
-
labour market
13 509
13 509
13 509
-
total
70 418
70 418
70 418
-
Employer
169 104
169 104
169 104
-
labour market
13 528
13 528
13 528
-
national
20 695
20 695
20 695
-
municipal
36 067
36 067
36 067
-
pensions
481
481
481
-
total
70 771
70 771
70 771
-
Corporate
40 246
-
-
-
income
8 854
-
-
-
total
8 854
-
-
-
Dividends
31 392
-
-
-
withholding
11 471
-
-
-
total
11 471
-
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
161 514
141 189
141 189
95 195
After tax
59 986
80 311
80 311
126 305
Living cost
40 065
40 065
40 065
40 065
Free-cash
19 921
40 246
40 246
86 240

Estimated living cost  is ₽40065 per week

₽27421
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3544
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽616
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8484
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tallinn , Estonia
₽157160
₽107630
₽98684
₽152006
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
health
-
-
-
28 795
pensions
-
-
-
44 299
income
-
-
-
29 682
total
-
-
-
102 776
Employee
23 536
-
165 545
-
pensions
471
-
3 311
-
unemployment
376
-
2 648
-
income
2 650
-
31 917
-
total
3 497
-
37 876
-
Employer
23 536
-
165 545
-
pensions
4 708
-
33 109
-
unemployment
189
-
1 324
-
health
3 059
-
21 521
-
total
7 956
-
55 954
-
Corporate
190 008
221 500
-
-
income
38 001
44 300
-
-
total
38 001
44 300
-
-
Dividends
152 007
177 200
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
49 454
44 300
93 830
102 776
After tax
172 046
177 200
127 670
118 724
Living cost
20 040
20 040
20 040
20 040
Free-cash
152 006
157 160
107 630
98 684

Estimated living cost  is ₽20040 per week

₽13745
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1193
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽403
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Helsinki , Finland
₽100954
₽74692
₽100062
₽104824
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
221 500
health
-
-
-
3 065
municipal
-
-
-
39 319
national
-
-
-
47 201
total
-
-
-
89 585
Employee
43 651
-
186 339
-
health
326
-
2 524
-
municipal
7 150
-
30 319
-
pensions
2 946
-
12 578
-
national
721
-
31 578
-
unemployment
655
-
2 795
-
total
11 798
-
79 794
-
Employer
43 651
-
186 339
-
accident
44
-
186
-
unemployment
283
-
1 211
-
health
335
-
1 434
-
pensions
7 573
-
32 330
-
total
8 235
-
35 161
-
Corporate
169 613
221 500
-
-
income
33 923
44 300
-
-
total
33 923
44 300
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

101 768
132 900
-
-
municipal
18 319
23 922
-
-
national
12 548
20 471
-
-
total
30 867
44 393
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
84 823
88 693
114 955
89 585
After tax
136 677
132 807
106 545
131 915
Living cost
31 853
31 853
31 853
31 853
Free-cash
104 824
100 954
74 692
100 062

Estimated living cost  is ₽31853 per week

₽20806
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3064
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽507
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7477
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Marseille , France
₽86065
₽83916
₽92615
₽90674
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
social contributions
-
-
-
6 310
health
-
-
-
11 719
pensions
-
-
-
32 314
other
-
-
-
6 866
income
-
-
-
46 103
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
103 312
Employee
31 696
-
167 428
-
income
1 634
-
39 871
-
social contributions
904
-
4 771
-
pensions
3 585
-
13 301
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
6 123
-
57 943
-
Employer
31 696
-
167 428
-
pensions
5 208
-
22 093
-
social contributions
94
-
502
-
unemployment
1 283
-
6 781
-
health
2 218
-
17 454
-
other
1 094
-
7 238
-
total
9 897
-
54 068
-
Corporate
179 905
221 500
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
50 373
62 019
-
-
total
50 373
62 019
-
-
Dividends
129 532
159 481
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
16 581
20 413
-
-
social contributions
22 279
27 430
-
-
total
38 860
47 843
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
105 253
109 862
112 011
103 312
After tax
116 247
111 638
109 489
118 188
Living cost
25 573
25 573
25 573
25 573
Free-cash
90 674
86 065
83 916
92 615

Estimated living cost  is ₽25573 per week

₽14831
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2598
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽485
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7660
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
₽83252
₽81103
₽89802
₽88151
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
social contributions
-
-
-
6 310
health
-
-
-
11 719
pensions
-
-
-
32 314
other
-
-
-
6 866
income
-
-
-
46 103
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
103 312
Employee
35 509
-
167 428
-
income
2 096
-
39 871
-
social contributions
1 012
-
4 771
-
pensions
4 015
-
13 301
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
7 123
-
57 943
-
Employer
35 509
-
167 428
-
pensions
5 833
-
22 093
-
social contributions
107
-
502
-
unemployment
1 437
-
6 781
-
health
2 486
-
17 454
-
other
1 225
-
7 238
-
total
11 088
-
54 068
-
Corporate
174 902
221 500
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
48 973
62 019
-
-
total
48 973
62 019
-
-
Dividends
125 929
159 481
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
16 119
20 413
-
-
social contributions
21 660
27 430
-
-
total
37 779
47 843
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
104 963
109 862
112 011
103 312
After tax
116 537
111 638
109 489
118 188
Living cost
28 386
28 386
28 386
28 386
Free-cash
88 151
83 252
81 103
89 802

Estimated living cost  is ₽28386 per week

₽17898
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2308
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽483
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Paris , France
₽71566
₽69417
₽78116
₽77267
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
social contributions
-
-
-
6 310
health
-
-
-
11 719
pensions
-
-
-
32 314
other
-
-
-
6 866
income
-
-
-
46 103
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
103 312
Employee
51 964
-
167 428
-
income
4 534
-
39 871
-
social contributions
1 480
-
4 771
-
pensions
5 877
-
13 301
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
11 891
-
57 943
-
Employer
51 964
-
167 428
-
pensions
8 538
-
22 093
-
social contributions
156
-
502
-
unemployment
2 105
-
6 781
-
health
3 637
-
17 454
-
other
1 793
-
7 238
-
total
16 229
-
54 068
-
Corporate
153 307
221 500
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
42 926
62 019
-
-
total
42 926
62 019
-
-
Dividends
110 381
159 481
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
14 129
20 413
-
-
social contributions
18 986
27 430
-
-
total
33 115
47 843
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
104 161
109 862
112 011
103 312
After tax
117 339
111 638
109 489
118 188
Living cost
40 072
40 072
40 072
40 072
Free-cash
77 267
71 566
69 417
78 116

Estimated living cost  is ₽40072 per week

₽27120
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3278
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽549
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9124
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
₽204568
₽171343
₽213303
₽203470
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
221 500
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
2 340
total
-
-
-
2 340
Employee
7 321
-
221 500
-
income
1 464
-
44 300
-
total
1 464
-
44 300
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

214 179
221 500
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
214 179
221 500
-
-
withholding
10 709
11 075
-
-
total
10 709
11 075
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
12 173
11 075
44 300
2 340
After tax
209 327
210 425
177 200
219 160
Living cost
5 857
5 857
5 857
5 857
Free-cash
203 470
204 568
171 343
213 303

Estimated living cost  is ₽5857 per week

₽3630
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽487
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽161
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽1579
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Tbilisi , Georgia
₽201298
₽168073
₽210033
₽199586
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
221 500
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
2 340
total
-
-
-
2 340
Employee
11 409
-
221 500
-
income
2 282
-
44 300
-
total
2 282
-
44 300
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

210 091
221 500
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
210 091
221 500
-
-
withholding
10 505
11 075
-
-
total
10 505
11 075
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
12 787
11 075
44 300
2 340
After tax
208 713
210 425
177 200
219 160
Living cost
9 127
9 127
9 127
9 127
Free-cash
199 586
201 298
168 073
210 033

Estimated living cost  is ₽9127 per week

₽6176
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽383
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽306
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽2261
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Berlin , Germany
₽81840
₽102751
₽76502
₽92693
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
221 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
26 249
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
76 824
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 226
total
-
-
-
112 967
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

41 281
-
221 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

187
-
4 226
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 395
-
76 824
-
total
9 250
-
86 718
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
180 219
221 500
-
-
trade
25 862
31 785
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 486
1 828
-
-
chamber of commerce
390
450
-
-
income
27 033
33 226
-
-
total
54 771
67 289
-
-
Dividends
125 447
154 211
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 708
2 103
-
-
withholding
31 047
38 237
-
-
total
32 755
40 340
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
96 776
107 629
86 718
112 967
After tax
124 724
113 871
134 782
108 533
Living cost
32 031
32 031
32 031
32 031
Free-cash
92 693
81 840
102 751
76 502

Estimated living cost  is ₽32031 per week

₽22096
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3446
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽464
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6024
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Dresden , Germany
₽86460
₽109652
₽80841
₽95640
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
221 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
28 811
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
76 824
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 226
total
-
-
-
115 529
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

31 733
-
221 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

49
-
4 226
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

886
-
76 824
-
total
6 603
-
86 718
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
189 767
221 500
-
-
trade
29 888
34 887
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 565
1 828
-
-
chamber of commerce
398
444
-
-
income
28 465
33 226
-
-
total
60 316
70 385
-
-
Dividends
129 451
151 116
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 763
2 061
-
-
withholding
32 048
37 464
-
-
total
33 811
39 525
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
100 730
109 910
86 718
115 529
After tax
120 770
111 590
134 782
105 971
Living cost
25 130
25 130
25 130
25 130
Free-cash
95 640
86 460
109 652
80 841

Estimated living cost  is ₽25130 per week

₽15808
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2930
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽469
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5923
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Hamburg , Germany
₽77860
₽102189
₽72098
₽89520
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
221 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
30 091
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
76 824
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 226
total
-
-
-
116 809
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

42 074
-
221 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

198
-
4 226
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 615
-
76 824
-
total
9 481
-
86 718
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
179 426
221 500
-
-
trade
29 515
36 436
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 480
1 828
-
-
chamber of commerce
381
441
-
-
income
26 914
33 226
-
-
total
58 290
71 931
-
-
Dividends
121 136
149 569
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 648
2 039
-
-
withholding
29 968
37 077
-
-
total
31 616
39 116
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
99 387
111 047
86 718
116 809
After tax
122 113
110 453
134 782
104 691
Living cost
32 593
32 593
32 593
32 593
Free-cash
89 520
77 860
102 189
72 098

Estimated living cost  is ₽32593 per week

₽21798
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3437
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽487
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6871
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Munich , Germany
₽71305
₽96774
₽65403
₽84762
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
221 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
31 371
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
76 824
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 226
total
-
-
-
118 089
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

49 862
-
221 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

323
-
4 226
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

5 863
-
76 824
-
total
11 854
-
86 718
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
171 638
221 500
-
-
trade
29 436
37 987
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 415
1 828
-
-
chamber of commerce
367
438
-
-
income
25 746
33 226
-
-
total
56 964
73 479
-
-
Dividends
114 674
148 022
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 559
2 018
-
-
withholding
28 353
36 690
-
-
total
29 912
38 708
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
98 730
112 187
86 718
118 089
After tax
122 770
109 313
134 782
103 411
Living cost
38 008
38 008
38 008
38 008
Free-cash
84 762
71 305
96 774
65 403

Estimated living cost  is ₽38008 per week

₽27759
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3040
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽494
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6715
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Athens , Greece
₽120688
₽80114
₽85187
₽118051
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 861
pensions
-
-
-
22 146
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
74 436
surtax
-
-
-
13 046
total
-
-
-
117 678
Employee
27 940
-
198 192
-
health
713
-
2 823
-
pensions
1 864
-
7 386
-
surtax
99
-
12 054
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 944
-
7 707
-
income
4 684
-
69 473
-
total
9 304
-
99 443
-
Employer
27 940
-
198 192
-
pensions
3 725
-
14 761
-
unemployment
886
-
3 509
-
health
1 271
-
5 038
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 882
-
23 308
-
Corporate
187 677
221 500
-
-
income
48 796
57 590
-
-
total
48 796
57 590
-
-
Dividends
138 882
163 910
-
-
withholding
20 832
24 587
-
-
total
20 832
24 587
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
84 814
82 177
122 751
117 678
After tax
136 686
139 323
98 749
103 822
Living cost
18 635
18 635
18 635
18 635
Free-cash
118 051
120 688
80 114
85 187

Estimated living cost  is ₽18635 per week

₽11251
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1620
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽433
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5333
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Thessaloniki , Greece
₽121015
₽80441
₽85514
₽118433
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 861
pensions
-
-
-
22 146
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
74 436
surtax
-
-
-
13 046
total
-
-
-
117 678
Employee
27 437
-
198 192
-
health
701
-
2 823
-
pensions
1 830
-
7 386
-
surtax
90
-
12 054
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 910
-
7 707
-
income
4 599
-
69 473
-
total
9 130
-
99 443
-
Employer
27 437
-
198 192
-
pensions
3 657
-
14 761
-
unemployment
869
-
3 509
-
health
1 249
-
5 038
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 775
-
23 308
-
Corporate
188 288
221 500
-
-
income
48 955
57 590
-
-
total
48 955
57 590
-
-
Dividends
139 334
163 910
-
-
withholding
20 899
24 587
-
-
total
20 899
24 587
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
84 759
82 177
122 751
117 678
After tax
136 741
139 323
98 749
103 822
Living cost
18 308
18 308
18 308
18 308
Free-cash
118 433
121 015
80 441
85 514

Estimated living cost  is ₽18308 per week

₽11194
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1689
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽422
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5002
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Budapest , Hungary
₽108020
₽112132
₽137171
₽108359
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
unemployment
-
-
-
3 323
health
-
-
-
15 505
pensions
-
-
-
22 150
income
-
-
-
27 078
total
-
-
-
68 056
Employee

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 491
9 349
185 356
-
health
1 644
654
12 975
-
pensions
2 349
935
18 536
-
unemployment
352
140
2 780
-
income
2 872
1 143
22 660
-
total
7 217
2 872
56 951
-
Employer

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 491
9 349
185 356
-
pensions
4 581
1 823
36 144
-
total
4 581
1 823
36 144
-
Corporate
193 429
210 328
-
-
income
17 409
18 930
-
-
total
17 409
18 930
-
-
Dividends
176 020
191 398
-
-
withholding
33 444
36 366
-
-
social contributions
34 217
37 216
-
-
total
67 661
73 582
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
96 868
97 207
93 095
68 056
After tax
124 632
124 293
128 405
153 444
Living cost
16 273
16 273
16 273
16 273
Free-cash
108 359
108 020
112 132
137 171

Estimated living cost  is ₽16273 per week

₽11105
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1331
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽325
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3512
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Reykjavik , Iceland
₽96333
₽82904
₽81715
₽95636
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
social contributions
-
-
-
2 381
municipal
-
-
-
24 803
pensions
-
-
-
26 580
national
-
-
-
44 138
total
-
-
-
97 902
Employee
64 927
-
191 485
-
municipal
8 020
-
25 661
-
pensions
2 597
-
7 659
-
national
12 427
-
46 016
-
total
23 044
-
79 336
-
Employer
64 927
-
191 485
-
social contributions
698
-
2 058
-
pensions
5 194
-
15 319
-
total
5 892
-
17 377
-
Corporate
146 396
221 500
-
-
income

Corporate income tax will depend on a type of legal entity. For LLC and Limited Partnership it is set at 20%. All other entities pay 37.6%.

29 279
44 300
-
-
total
29 279
44 300
-
-
Dividends
117 117
177 200
-
-
withholding
25 766
38 984
-
-
total
25 766
38 984
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
83 981
83 284
96 713
97 902
After tax
137 519
138 216
124 787
123 598
Living cost
41 883
41 883
41 883
41 883
Free-cash
95 636
96 333
82 904
81 715

Estimated living cost  is ₽41883 per week

₽28468
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3893
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽627
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8895
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

It is very difficult to get a residence permit on a basis of self-employment for a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit). EU/EFTA nationals and long-term EU resident permit holders can register self-employed and apply for a permanent residence.

Dublin , Ireland
₽107788
₽60652
₽60652
₽109620
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
social contributions
-
-
-
38 700
income
-
-
-
74 886
total
-
-
-
113 586
Employee
64 899
-
221 500
-
social contributions
5 392
-
38 700
-
income
12 246
-
74 886
-
total
17 638
-
113 586
-
Employer
64 899
-
221 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
156 601
221 500
-
-
income
19 575
27 687
-
-
total
19 575
27 687
-
-
Dividends
137 026
193 813
-
-
withholding
27 405
38 763
-
-
total
27 405
38 763
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
64 618
66 450
113 586
113 586
After tax
156 882
155 050
107 914
107 914
Living cost
47 262
47 262
47 262
47 262
Free-cash
109 620
107 788
60 652
60 652

Estimated living cost  is ₽47262 per week

₽35956
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3851
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽452
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7003
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

To obtain permanent residence for non EEA/Swiss nationals, it is required to invest a huge amount - at least €1 million aggregate investment into a new or an existing Irish business, for a minimum of three years.

Milan , Italy
₽83170
₽66889
₽73924
₽78839
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
regional
-
-
-
2 967
social contributions
-
-
-
41 525
municipal
-
-
-
1 439
national
-
-
-
66 636
total
-
-
-
112 567
Employee
73 736
-
221 500
-
regional
696
-
2 742
-
municipal
390
-
1 337
-
social contributions
24 864
-
54 440
-
national
12 777
-
61 083
-
total
38 727
-
119 602
-
Employer
73 736
-
221 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
147 764
221 500
-
-
nationa
35 463
53 160
-
-
municipal
5 763
8 639
-
-
total
41 226
61 799
-
-
Dividends
106 538
159 701
-
-
withholding
27 699
41 522
-
-
total
27 699
41 522
-
-
Income
221 500
221 500
221 500
221 500
Total tax
107 652
103 321
119 602
112 567
After tax
113 848
118 179
101 898
108 933
Living cost
35 009
35 009
35 009
35 009
Free-cash
78 839
83 170
66 889
73 924

Estimated living cost  is ₽35009 per week

₽24404
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2296
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽537
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7772
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Naples , Italy
₽94075
₽78899
₽85896
₽92233
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
221 500
regional
-
-
-
3 654
social contributions
-
-
-
41 525
municipal
-
-
-
1 439
national
-
-
-
66 636
total
-
-
-
113 254
Employee
46 023
-
221 500
-
regional
620
-
3 391
-
municipal
244
-
1 337
-
social contributions
15 519
-
54 440
-
national
7 291
-
61 083
-
total
23 674
-
120 251
-
Employer
46 023
-
221 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
175 477
221 500