Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
₽ 213000
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Andorra , Andorra
₽166761
₽135283
₽129626
₽163972
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
social contributions
-
-
-
46 859
income
-
-
-
11 575
total
-
-
-
58 434
Employee
26 673
-
184 416
-
social contributions
1 733
-
11 988
-
income
-
-
12 205
-
total
1 733
-
24 193
-
Employer
26 673
-
184 416
-
social contributions
4 135
-
28 584
-
total
4 135
-
28 584
-
Corporate
182 192
213 000
-
-
income
18 220
21 299
-
-
total
18 220
21 299
-
-
Dividends
163 973
191 701
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
24 088
21 299
52 777
58 434
After tax
188 912
191 701
160 223
154 566
Living cost
24 940
24 940
24 940
24 940
Free-cash
163 972
166 761
135 283
129 626

Estimated living cost  is ₽24940 per week

₽16126
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1880
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽469
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6465
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Andorra has a limit of 1000 sole-trade resident permits per year, so while it isn't complicated to obtain one, it may get difficult by the end of the term.

Graz , Austria
₽90833
₽28739
₽82384
₽90424
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
852
unemployment
-
-
-
5 089
health
-
-
-
7 414
pensions
-
-
-
17 931
income
-
-
-
72 861
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
104 147
Employee
36 267
33 064
179 105
-
health
1 403
1 280
3 750
-
pensions
3 714
3 385
9 925
-
other
362
331
970
-
unemployment
1 088
992
2 908
-
income
3 231
2 439
62 355
-
total
9 798
8 427
79 908
-
Employer
36 267
33 064
179 105
-
pensions
4 552
4 150
12 164
-
accident
471
430
1 260
-
unemployment
1 088
992
2 908
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
payroll
1 088
992
5 374
-
chamber of commerce
145
132
716
-
health
1 371
1 250
3 664
-
other
1 722
1 570
7 809
-
total
10 437
9 516
33 895
-
Corporate
166 296
170 420
175 956
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

41 574
42 605
43 989
-
total
41 574
42 605
43 989
-
Dividends
124 722
127 816
-
-
withholding
34 298
35 150
-
-
total
34 298
35 150
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
96 107
95 698
157 792
104 147
After tax
116 893
117 302
55 208
108 853
Living cost
26 469
26 469
26 469
26 469
Free-cash
90 424
90 833
28 739
82 384

Estimated living cost  is ₽26469 per week

₽15878
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2703
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽472
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7416
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Vienna , Austria
₽87980
₽25936
₽79455
₽86697
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
852
unemployment
-
-
-
5 089
health
-
-
-
7 414
pensions
-
-
-
17 931
income
-
-
-
72 861
surtax
-
-
-
164
total
-
-
-
104 311
Employee
41 463
33 064
178 952
-
health
1 604
1 280
3 750
-
pensions
4 246
3 385
9 925
-
other
414
331
970
-
unemployment
1 244
992
2 908
-
income
4 720
2 439
62 278
-
total
12 228
8 427
79 831
-
Employer
41 463
33 064
178 952
-
pensions
5 204
4 150
12 164
-
accident
538
430
1 260
-
unemployment
1 244
992
2 908
-
surtax
164
164
164
-
payroll
1 244
992
5 369
-
chamber of commerce
165
132
716
-
health
1 567
1 250
3 664
-
other
1 970
1 570
7 803
-
total
12 096
9 680
34 048
-
Corporate
159 442
170 257
175 803
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

39 861
42 564
43 951
-
total
39 861
42 564
43 951
-
Dividends
119 581
127 693
-
-
withholding
32 884
35 115
-
-
total
32 884
35 115
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
97 069
95 786
157 830
104 311
After tax
115 931
117 214
55 170
108 689
Living cost
29 234
29 234
29 234
29 234
Free-cash
86 697
87 980
25 936
79 455

Estimated living cost  is ₽29234 per week

₽19498
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2494
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽480
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6762
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Brussels , Belgium
₽85163
₽41009
₽62525
₽76292
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
social contributions
-
-
-
20 685
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
11 539
national
-
-
-
88 000
total
-
-
-
120 224
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 347
-
164 976
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

2 788
-
7 754
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 451
-
12 374
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

3 095
-
8 604
-
national
18 246
-
63 548
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

516
-
1 436
-
total
29 096
-
93 716
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 347
-
164 976
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

771
-
2 144
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

866
-
2 409
-
surtax
6 729
-
18 708
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

3 650
-
10 146
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

5 259
-
14 617
-
total
17 275
-
48 024
-
Corporate
136 378
213 000
-
-
surtax
545
953
-
-
income
27 276
47 601
-
-
total
27 821
48 554
-
-
Dividends
108 558
164 447
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

32 265
49 032
-
-
total
32 265
49 032
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
106 457
97 586
141 740
120 224
After tax
106 543
115 414
71 260
92 776
Living cost
30 251
30 251
30 251
30 251
Free-cash
76 292
85 163
41 009
62 525

Estimated living cost  is ₽30251 per week

₽19485
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2645
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽474
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7647
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sofia , Bulgaria
₽167852
₽168128
₽159054
₽162800
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 331
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 286
income
-
-
-
31 950
total
-
-
-
39 683
Employee
18 887
-
207 318
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

208
-
319
-
health
869
-
1 332
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 658
-
2 543
-
income
1 889
-
20 732
-
total
4 624
-
24 926
-
Employer
18 887
-
207 318
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

208
-
319
-
unemployment
113
-
174
-
health
1 303
-
1 998
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

2 081
-
3 192
-
total
3 705
-
5 683
-
Corporate
190 407
213 000
-
-
income
19 040
21 300
-
-
total
19 040
21 300
-
-
Dividends
171 367
191 700
-
-
withholding
8 568
9 585
-
-
total
8 568
9 585
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
35 937
30 885
30 609
39 683
After tax
177 063
182 115
182 391
173 317
Living cost
14 263
14 263
14 263
14 263
Free-cash
162 800
167 852
168 128
159 054

Estimated living cost  is ₽14263 per week

₽9434
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽817
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽340
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3673
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
₽171244
₽171520
₽162446
₽167393
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 331
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 286
income
-
-
-
31 950
total
-
-
-
39 683
Employee
14 395
-
207 318
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
319
-
health
662
-
1 332
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 264
-
2 543
-
income
1 439
-
20 732
-
total
3 523
-
24 926
-
Employer
14 395
-
207 318
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
319
-
unemployment
86
-
174
-
health
994
-
1 998
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 587
-
3 192
-
total
2 825
-
5 683
-
Corporate
195 780
213 000
-
-
income
19 578
21 300
-
-
total
19 578
21 300
-
-
Dividends
176 202
191 700
-
-
withholding
8 810
9 585
-
-
total
8 810
9 585
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
34 736
30 885
30 609
39 683
After tax
178 264
182 115
182 391
173 317
Living cost
10 871
10 871
10 871
10 871
Free-cash
167 393
171 244
171 520
162 446

Estimated living cost  is ₽10871 per week

₽6347
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽776
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽288
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3460
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Larnaca , Cyprus
₽135959
₽121336
₽123028
₽131444
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
social contributions
-
-
-
13 424
health
-
-
-
5 432
income
-
-
-
51 907
total
-
-
-
70 763
Employee
63 798
63 798
202 119
-
health
494
1 085
3 435
-
social contributions
2 412
5 295
7 142
-
income
6 947
5 906
50 997
-
total
9 853
12 286
61 574
-
Employer
63 798
63 798
202 119
-
social contributions
2 412
5 295
7 142
-
health
537
1 181
3 739
-
total
2 949
6 476
10 881
-
Corporate
180 989
142 727
-
-
income
22 623
17 840
-
-
total
22 623
17 840
-
-
Dividends
158 366
124 886
-
-
withholding
26 922
21 230
-
-
total
26 922
21 230
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
62 347
57 832
72 455
70 763
After tax
150 653
155 168
140 545
142 237
Living cost
19 209
19 209
19 209
19 209
Free-cash
131 444
135 959
121 336
123 028

Estimated living cost  is ₽19209 per week

₽11512
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1885
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽425
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5388
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
₽128258
₽113635
₽115327
₽124818
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
social contributions
-
-
-
13 424
health
-
-
-
5 432
income
-
-
-
51 907
total
-
-
-
70 763
Employee
63 798
63 798
202 119
-
health
635
1 085
3 435
-
social contributions
3 100
5 295
7 142
-
income
6 699
5 906
50 997
-
total
10 434
12 286
61 574
-
Employer
63 798
63 798
202 119
-
social contributions
3 100
5 295
7 142
-
health
691
1 181
3 739
-
total
3 791
6 476
10 881
-
Corporate
171 864
142 727
-
-
income
21 483
17 840
-
-
total
21 483
17 840
-
-
Dividends
150 381
124 886
-
-
withholding
25 564
21 230
-
-
total
25 564
21 230
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
61 272
57 832
72 455
70 763
After tax
151 728
155 168
140 545
142 237
Living cost
26 910
26 910
26 910
26 910
Free-cash
124 818
128 258
113 635
115 327

Estimated living cost  is ₽26910 per week

₽18396
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2102
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽452
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5961
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Brno , Czech Republic
₽127128
₽99290
₽109010
₽120163
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
social contributions
-
-
-
28 093
health
-
-
-
28 755
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
4 196
income
-
-
-
23 423
total
-
-
-
84 467
Employee
28 710
-
173 347
-
health
3 876
-
23 402
-
social contributions
1 866
-
6 254
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
3 324
-
income
3 445
-
21 554
-
total
9 187
-
54 534
-
Employer
28 710
-
173 347
-
social contributions
7 178
-
24 052
-
health
2 584
-
15 601
-
total
9 762
-
39 653
-
Corporate
174 528
213 000
-
-
income
33 160
40 470
-
-
total
33 160
40 470
-
-
Dividends
141 368
172 530
-
-
withholding
21 205
25 879
-
-
total
21 205
25 879
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
73 314
66 349
94 187
84 467
After tax
139 686
146 651
118 813
128 533
Living cost
19 523
19 523
19 523
19 523
Free-cash
120 163
127 128
99 290
109 010

Estimated living cost  is ₽19523 per week

₽13561
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1389
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽384
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4189
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
₽122594
₽94756
₽104476
₽114010
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
social contributions
-
-
-
28 093
health
-
-
-
28 755
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
4 196
income
-
-
-
23 423
total
-
-
-
84 467
Employee
35 378
-
173 347
-
health
4 776
-
23 402
-
social contributions
2 300
-
6 254
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
3 324
-
income
4 245
-
21 554
-
total
11 321
-
54 534
-
Employer
35 378
-
173 347
-
social contributions
8 845
-
24 052
-
health
3 184
-
15 601
-
total
12 029
-
39 653
-
Corporate
165 593
213 000
-
-
income
31 463
40 470
-
-
total
31 463
40 470
-
-
Dividends
134 130
172 530
-
-
withholding
20 120
25 879
-
-
total
20 120
25 879
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
74 933
66 349
94 187
84 467
After tax
138 067
146 651
118 813
128 533
Living cost
24 057
24 057
24 057
24 057
Free-cash
114 010
122 594
94 756
104 476

Estimated living cost  is ₽24057 per week

₽17891
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1333
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽416
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4418
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Copenhagen , Denmark
₽31746
₽31746
₽81718
₽16076
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
labour market
-
-
-
16 982
municipal
-
-
-
46 343
pensions
-
-
-
721
national
-
-
-
27 171
total
-
-
-
91 217
Employee
169 104
169 104
169 104
-
municipal
36 010
36 010
36 010
-
pensions
240
240
240
-
national
20 659
20 659
20 659
-
labour market
13 509
13 509
13 509
-
total
70 418
70 418
70 418
-
Employer
169 104
169 104
169 104
-
labour market
13 528
13 528
13 528
-
national
20 695
20 695
20 695
-
municipal
36 067
36 067
36 067
-
pensions
481
481
481
-
total
70 771
70 771
70 771
-
Corporate
31 746
-
-
-
income
6 984
-
-
-
total
6 984
-
-
-
Dividends
24 762
-
-
-
withholding
8 686
-
-
-
total
8 686
-
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
156 859
141 189
141 189
91 217
After tax
56 141
71 811
71 811
121 783
Living cost
40 065
40 065
40 065
40 065
Free-cash
16 076
31 746
31 746
81 718

Estimated living cost  is ₽40065 per week

₽27421
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3544
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽616
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8484
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tallinn , Estonia
₽150360
₽102729
₽94128
₽145205
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
health
-
-
-
27 690
pensions
-
-
-
42 600
income
-
-
-
28 542
total
-
-
-
98 832
Employee
23 536
-
159 193
-
pensions
471
-
3 184
-
unemployment
376
-
2 547
-
income
2 650
-
30 692
-
total
3 497
-
36 423
-
Employer
23 536
-
159 193
-
pensions
4 708
-
31 839
-
unemployment
189
-
1 274
-
health
3 059
-
20 695
-
total
7 956
-
53 808
-
Corporate
181 508
213 000
-
-
income
36 302
42 600
-
-
total
36 302
42 600
-
-
Dividends
145 206
170 400
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
47 755
42 600
90 231
98 832
After tax
165 245
170 400
122 769
114 168
Living cost
20 040
20 040
20 040
20 040
Free-cash
145 205
150 360
102 729
94 128

Estimated living cost  is ₽20040 per week

₽13745
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1193
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽403
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Helsinki , Finland
₽96665
₽71417
₽95816
₽100027
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
213 000
health
-
-
-
2 933
municipal
-
-
-
37 812
national
-
-
-
44 586
total
-
-
-
85 331
Employee
43 651
-
179 187
-
health
326
-
2 414
-
municipal
7 150
-
29 159
-
pensions
2 946
-
12 095
-
national
721
-
29 562
-
unemployment
655
-
2 688
-
total
11 798
-
75 918
-
Employer
43 651
-
179 187
-
accident
44
-
179
-
unemployment
283
-
1 165
-
health
335
-
1 379
-
pensions
7 573
-
31 089
-
total
8 235
-
33 812
-
Corporate
161 113
213 000
-
-
income
32 223
42 600
-
-
total
32 223
42 600
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

96 668
127 800
-
-
municipal
17 401
23 004
-
-
national
11 463
18 878
-
-
total
28 864
41 882
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
81 120
84 482
109 730
85 331
After tax
131 880
128 518
103 270
127 669
Living cost
31 853
31 853
31 853
31 853
Free-cash
100 027
96 665
71 417
95 816

Estimated living cost  is ₽31853 per week

₽20806
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3064
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽507
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7477
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Marseille , France
₽81780
₽80787
₽88697
₽86389
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
social contributions
-
-
-
6 070
health
-
-
-
11 094
pensions
-
-
-
31 609
other
-
-
-
6 603
income
-
-
-
43 354
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
98 730
Employee
31 696
-
161 317
-
income
1 634
-
37 679
-
social contributions
904
-
4 596
-
pensions
3 585
-
12 682
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
6 123
-
54 957
-
Employer
31 696
-
161 317
-
pensions
5 208
-
21 089
-
social contributions
94
-
483
-
unemployment
1 283
-
6 534
-
health
2 218
-
16 660
-
other
1 094
-
6 917
-
total
9 897
-
51 683
-
Corporate
171 405
213 000
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
47 994
59 640
-
-
total
47 994
59 640
-
-
Dividends
123 411
153 360
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
15 797
19 630
-
-
social contributions
21 227
26 377
-
-
total
37 024
46 007
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
101 038
105 647
106 640
98 730
After tax
111 962
107 353
106 360
114 270
Living cost
25 573
25 573
25 573
25 573
Free-cash
86 389
81 780
80 787
88 697

Estimated living cost  is ₽25573 per week

₽14831
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2598
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽485
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7660
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
₽78967
₽77974
₽85884
₽83869
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
social contributions
-
-
-
6 070
health
-
-
-
11 094
pensions
-
-
-
31 609
other
-
-
-
6 603
income
-
-
-
43 354
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
98 730
Employee
35 509
-
161 317
-
income
2 096
-
37 679
-
social contributions
1 012
-
4 596
-
pensions
4 015
-
12 682
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
7 123
-
54 957
-
Employer
35 509
-
161 317
-
pensions
5 833
-
21 089
-
social contributions
107
-
483
-
unemployment
1 437
-
6 534
-
health
2 486
-
16 660
-
other
1 225
-
6 917
-
total
11 088
-
51 683
-
Corporate
166 402
213 000
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
46 593
59 640
-
-
total
46 593
59 640
-
-
Dividends
119 810
153 360
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
15 335
19 630
-
-
social contributions
20 606
26 377
-
-
total
35 941
46 007
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
100 745
105 647
106 640
98 730
After tax
112 255
107 353
106 360
114 270
Living cost
28 386
28 386
28 386
28 386
Free-cash
83 869
78 967
77 974
85 884

Estimated living cost  is ₽28386 per week

₽17898
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2308
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽483
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Paris , France
₽67281
₽66288
₽74198
₽72985
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
social contributions
-
-
-
6 070
health
-
-
-
11 094
pensions
-
-
-
31 609
other
-
-
-
6 603
income
-
-
-
43 354
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
98 730
Employee
51 964
-
161 317
-
income
4 534
-
37 679
-
social contributions
1 480
-
4 596
-
pensions
5 877
-
12 682
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
11 891
-
54 957
-
Employer
51 964
-
161 317
-
pensions
8 538
-
21 089
-
social contributions
156
-
483
-
unemployment
2 105
-
6 534
-
health
3 637
-
16 660
-
other
1 793
-
6 917
-
total
16 229
-
51 683
-
Corporate
144 807
213 000
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
40 545
59 640
-
-
total
40 545
59 640
-
-
Dividends
104 261
153 360
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
13 345
19 630
-
-
social contributions
17 933
26 377
-
-
total
31 278
46 007
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
99 943
105 647
106 640
98 730
After tax
113 057
107 353
106 360
114 270
Living cost
40 072
40 072
40 072
40 072
Free-cash
72 985
67 281
66 288
74 198

Estimated living cost  is ₽40072 per week

₽27120
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3278
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽549
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9124
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
₽196493
₽164543
₽205013
₽195395
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
213 000
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
2 130
total
-
-
-
2 130
Employee
7 321
-
213 000
-
income
1 464
-
42 600
-
total
1 464
-
42 600
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

205 679
213 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
205 679
213 000
-
-
withholding
10 284
10 650
-
-
total
10 284
10 650
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
11 748
10 650
42 600
2 130
After tax
201 252
202 350
170 400
210 870
Living cost
5 857
5 857
5 857
5 857
Free-cash
195 395
196 493
164 543
205 013

Estimated living cost  is ₽5857 per week

₽3630
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽487
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽161
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽1579
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Tbilisi , Georgia
₽193223
₽161273
₽201743
₽191512
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
213 000
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
2 130
total
-
-
-
2 130
Employee
11 409
-
213 000
-
income
2 282
-
42 600
-
total
2 282
-
42 600
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

201 591
213 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
201 591
213 000
-
-
withholding
10 079
10 650
-
-
total
10 079
10 650
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
12 361
10 650
42 600
2 130
After tax
200 639
202 350
170 400
210 870
Living cost
9 127
9 127
9 127
9 127
Free-cash
191 512
193 223
161 273
201 743

Estimated living cost  is ₽9127 per week

₽6176
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽383
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽306
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽2261
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Berlin , Germany
₽77480
₽98017
₽72986
₽88333
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
213 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
25 031
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
73 255
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 029
total
-
-
-
107 983
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

41 281
-
213 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

187
-
4 029
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 395
-
73 255
-
total
9 250
-
82 952
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
171 719
213 000
-
-
trade
24 642
30 565
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 417
1 757
-
-
chamber of commerce
378
438
-
-
income
25 758
31 950
-
-
total
52 195
64 710
-
-
Dividends
119 524
148 290
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 626
2 022
-
-
withholding
29 565
36 757
-
-
total
31 191
38 779
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
92 636
103 489
82 952
107 983
After tax
120 364
109 511
130 048
105 017
Living cost
32 031
32 031
32 031
32 031
Free-cash
88 333
77 480
98 017
72 986

Estimated living cost  is ₽32031 per week

₽22096
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3446
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽464
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6024
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Dresden , Germany
₽82191
₽104918
₽77445
₽91367
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
213 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
27 473
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
73 255
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 029
total
-
-
-
110 425
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

31 733
-
213 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

49
-
4 029
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

886
-
73 255
-
total
6 603
-
82 952
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
181 267
213 000
-
-
trade
28 550
33 547
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 496
1 757
-
-
chamber of commerce
386
431
-
-
income
27 189
31 950
-
-
total
57 621
67 685
-
-
Dividends
123 646
145 314
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 683
1 981
-
-
withholding
30 596
36 013
-
-
total
32 279
37 994
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
96 503
105 679
82 952
110 425
After tax
116 497
107 321
130 048
102 575
Living cost
25 130
25 130
25 130
25 130
Free-cash
91 367
82 191
104 918
77 445

Estimated living cost  is ₽25130 per week

₽15808
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2930
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽469
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5923
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Hamburg , Germany
₽73633
₽97455
₽68762
₽85290
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
213 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
28 693
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
73 255
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 029
total
-
-
-
111 645
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

42 074
-
213 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

198
-
4 029
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 615
-
73 255
-
total
9 481
-
82 952
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
170 926
213 000
-
-
trade
28 117
35 038
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 411
1 757
-
-
chamber of commerce
368
428
-
-
income
25 638
31 950
-
-
total
55 534
69 173
-
-
Dividends
115 391
143 826
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 570
1 960
-
-
withholding
28 532
35 641
-
-
total
30 102
37 601
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
95 117
106 774
82 952
111 645
After tax
117 883
106 226
130 048
101 355
Living cost
32 593
32 593
32 593
32 593
Free-cash
85 290
73 633
97 455
68 762

Estimated living cost  is ₽32593 per week

₽21798
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3437
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽487
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6871
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Munich , Germany
₽67122
₽92040
₽62125
₽80575
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
213 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
29 915
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
73 255
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
4 029
total
-
-
-
112 867
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

49 862
-
213 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

323
-
4 029
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

5 863
-
73 255
-
total
11 854
-
82 952
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
163 138
213 000
-
-
trade
27 978
36 529
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 346
1 757
-
-
chamber of commerce
356
425
-
-
income
24 470
31 950
-
-
total
54 150
70 661
-
-
Dividends
108 988
142 338
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 482
1 940
-
-
withholding
26 931
35 269
-
-
total
28 413
37 209
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
94 417
107 870
82 952
112 867
After tax
118 583
105 130
130 048
100 133
Living cost
38 008
38 008
38 008
38 008
Free-cash
80 575
67 122
92 040
62 125

Estimated living cost  is ₽38008 per week

₽27759
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3040
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽494
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6715
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Athens , Greece
₽115341
₽76203
₽81276
₽112703
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 861
pensions
-
-
-
22 146
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
70 611
surtax
-
-
-
12 282
total
-
-
-
113 089
Employee
27 940
-
189 692
-
health
713
-
2 823
-
pensions
1 864
-
7 386
-
surtax
99
-
11 289
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 944
-
7 707
-
income
4 684
-
65 649
-
total
9 304
-
94 854
-
Employer
27 940
-
189 692
-
pensions
3 725
-
14 761
-
unemployment
886
-
3 509
-
health
1 271
-
5 038
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 882
-
23 308
-
Corporate
179 177
213 000
-
-
income
46 587
55 380
-
-
total
46 587
55 380
-
-
Dividends
132 591
157 620
-
-
withholding
19 889
23 644
-
-
total
19 889
23 644
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
81 662
79 024
118 162
113 089
After tax
131 338
133 976
94 838
99 911
Living cost
18 635
18 635
18 635
18 635
Free-cash
112 703
115 341
76 203
81 276

Estimated living cost  is ₽18635 per week

₽11251
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1620
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽433
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5333
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Thessaloniki , Greece
₽115668
₽76530
₽81603
₽113085
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 861
pensions
-
-
-
22 146
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
70 611
surtax
-
-
-
12 282
total
-
-
-
113 089
Employee
27 437
-
189 692
-
health
701
-
2 823
-
pensions
1 830
-
7 386
-
surtax
90
-
11 289
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 910
-
7 707
-
income
4 599
-
65 649
-
total
9 130
-
94 854
-
Employer
27 437
-
189 692
-
pensions
3 657
-
14 761
-
unemployment
869
-
3 509
-
health
1 249
-
5 038
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 775
-
23 308
-
Corporate
179 788
213 000
-
-
income
46 746
55 380
-
-
total
46 746
55 380
-
-
Dividends
133 043
157 620
-
-
withholding
19 956
23 644
-
-
total
19 956
23 644
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
81 607
79 024
118 162
113 089
After tax
131 393
133 976
94 838
99 911
Living cost
18 308
18 308
18 308
18 308
Free-cash
113 085
115 668
76 530
81 603

Estimated living cost  is ₽18308 per week

₽11194
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1689
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽422
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5002
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Budapest , Hungary
₽103263
₽107205
₽131283
₽103602
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
unemployment
-
-
-
3 195
health
-
-
-
14 910
pensions
-
-
-
21 300
income
-
-
-
26 039
total
-
-
-
65 444
Employee

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 491
9 349
178 243
-
health
1 644
654
12 477
-
pensions
2 349
935
17 824
-
unemployment
352
140
2 674
-
income
2 872
1 143
21 790
-
total
7 217
2 872
54 765
-
Employer

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 491
9 349
178 243
-
pensions
4 581
1 823
34 757
-
total
4 581
1 823
34 757
-
Corporate
184 929
201 828
-
-
income
16 644
18 165
-
-
total
16 644
18 165
-
-
Dividends
168 285
183 663
-
-
withholding
31 974
34 896
-
-
social contributions
32 709
35 708
-
-
total
64 683
70 604
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
93 125
93 464
89 522
65 444
After tax
119 875
119 536
123 478
147 556
Living cost
16 273
16 273
16 273
16 273
Free-cash
103 602
103 263
107 205
131 283

Estimated living cost  is ₽16273 per week

₽11105
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1331
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽325
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3512
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Reykjavik , Iceland
₽91029
₽78633
₽77488
₽90332
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
social contributions
-
-
-
2 290
municipal
-
-
-
23 812
pensions
-
-
-
25 560
national
-
-
-
41 967
total
-
-
-
93 629
Employee
64 927
-
184 137
-
municipal
8 020
-
24 636
-
pensions
2 597
-
7 365
-
national
12 427
-
43 773
-
total
23 044
-
75 774
-
Employer
64 927
-
184 137
-
social contributions
698
-
1 979
-
pensions
5 194
-
14 731
-
total
5 892
-
16 710
-
Corporate
137 896
213 000
-
-
income

Corporate income tax will depend on a type of legal entity. For LLC and Limited Partnership it is set at 20%. All other entities pay 37.6%.

27 579
42 600
-
-
total
27 579
42 600
-
-
Dividends
110 317
170 400
-
-
withholding
24 270
37 488
-
-
total
24 270
37 488
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
80 785
80 088
92 484
93 629
After tax
132 215
132 912
120 516
119 371
Living cost
41 883
41 883
41 883
41 883
Free-cash
90 332
91 029
78 633
77 488

Estimated living cost  is ₽41883 per week

₽28468
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3893
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽627
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8895
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

It is very difficult to get a residence permit on a basis of self-employment for a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit). EU/EFTA nationals and long-term EU resident permit holders can register self-employed and apply for a permanent residence.

Dublin , Ireland
₽101837
₽57166
₽57166
₽103671
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
social contributions
-
-
-
37 085
income
-
-
-
71 487
total
-
-
-
108 572
Employee
64 899
-
213 000
-
social contributions
5 392
-
37 085
-
income
12 246
-
71 487
-
total
17 638
-
108 572
-
Employer
64 899
-
213 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
148 101
213 000
-
-
income
18 512
26 626
-
-
total
18 512
26 626
-
-
Dividends
129 589
186 374
-
-
withholding
25 917
37 275
-
-
total
25 917
37 275
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
62 067
63 901
108 572
108 572
After tax
150 933
149 099
104 428
104 428
Living cost
47 262
47 262
47 262
47 262
Free-cash
103 671
101 837
57 166
57 166

Estimated living cost  is ₽47262 per week

₽35956
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3851
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽452
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7003
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

To obtain permanent residence for non EEA/Swiss nationals, it is required to invest a huge amount - at least €1 million aggregate investment into a new or an existing Irish business, for a minimum of three years.

Milan , Italy
₽78635
₽62261
₽69295
₽74302
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
regional
-
-
-
2 819
social contributions
-
-
-
41 525
municipal
-
-
-
1 371
national
-
-
-
62 981
total
-
-
-
108 696
Employee
73 736
-
213 000
-
regional
696
-
2 594
-
municipal
390
-
1 269
-
social contributions
24 864
-
54 440
-
national
12 777
-
57 427
-
total
38 727
-
115 730
-
Employer
73 736
-
213 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
139 264
213 000
-
-
nationa
33 424
51 119
-
-
municipal
5 432
8 307
-
-
total
38 856
59 426
-
-
Dividends
100 408
153 574
-
-
withholding
26 106
39 930
-
-
total
26 106
39 930
-
-
Income
213 000
213 000
213 000
213 000
Total tax
103 689
99 356
115 730
108 696
After tax
109 311
113 644
97 270
104 304
Living cost
35 009
35 009
35 009
35 009
Free-cash
74 302
78 635
62 261
69 295

Estimated living cost  is ₽35009 per week

₽24404
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2296
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽537
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7772
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Naples , Italy
₽89608
₽74295
₽81293
₽87765
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
213 000
regional
-
-
-
3 480
social contributions
-
-
-
41 525
municipal
-
-
-
1 371
national
-
-
-
62 981
total
-
-
-
109 357
Employee
46 023
-
213 000
-
regional
620
-
3 219
-
municipal
244
-
1 269
-
social contributions
15 519
-
54 440
-
national
7 291
-
57 427
-
total
23 674
-
116 355
-
Employer
46 023
-
213 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
166 977
213 000