Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
₽ 208000
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Andorra , Andorra
₽162260
₽131640
₽126113
₽159473
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
social contributions
-
-
-
45 760
income
-
-
-
11 187
total
-
-
-
56 947
Employee
26 673
-
180 086
-
social contributions
1 733
-
11 705
-
income
-
-
11 801
-
total
1 733
-
23 506
-
Employer
26 673
-
180 086
-
social contributions
4 135
-
27 914
-
total
4 135
-
27 914
-
Corporate
177 192
208 000
-
-
income
17 719
20 800
-
-
total
17 719
20 800
-
-
Dividends
159 474
187 200
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
23 587
20 800
51 420
56 947
After tax
184 413
187 200
156 580
151 053
Living cost
24 940
24 940
24 940
24 940
Free-cash
159 473
162 260
131 640
126 113

Estimated living cost  is ₽24940 per week

₽16126
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1880
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽469
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6465
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Andorra has a limit of 1000 sole-trade resident permits per year, so while it isn't complicated to obtain one, it may get difficult by the end of the term.

Graz , Austria
₽88115
₽27574
₽79904
₽87706
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
831
unemployment
-
-
-
5 089
health
-
-
-
7 414
pensions
-
-
-
17 931
income
-
-
-
70 362
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
101 627
Employee
36 267
33 064
174 447
-
health
1 403
1 280
3 750
-
pensions
3 714
3 385
9 925
-
other
362
331
970
-
unemployment
1 088
992
2 908
-
income
3 231
2 439
60 026
-
total
9 798
8 427
77 579
-
Employer
36 267
33 064
174 447
-
pensions
4 552
4 150
12 164
-
accident
471
430
1 260
-
unemployment
1 088
992
2 908
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
payroll
1 088
992
5 233
-
chamber of commerce
145
132
697
-
health
1 371
1 250
3 664
-
other
1 722
1 570
7 627
-
total
10 437
9 516
33 553
-
Corporate
161 296
165 420
171 298
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

40 323
41 355
42 825
-
total
40 323
41 355
42 825
-
Dividends
120 972
124 066
-
-
withholding
33 267
34 118
-
-
total
33 267
34 118
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
93 825
93 416
153 957
101 627
After tax
114 175
114 584
54 043
106 373
Living cost
26 469
26 469
26 469
26 469
Free-cash
87 706
88 115
27 574
79 904

Estimated living cost  is ₽26469 per week

₽15878
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2703
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽472
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7416
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Vienna , Austria
₽85261
₽24772
₽76975
₽83978
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
831
unemployment
-
-
-
5 089
health
-
-
-
7 414
pensions
-
-
-
17 931
income
-
-
-
70 362
surtax
-
-
-
164
total
-
-
-
101 791
Employee
41 463
33 064
174 294
-
health
1 604
1 280
3 750
-
pensions
4 246
3 385
9 925
-
other
414
331
970
-
unemployment
1 244
992
2 908
-
income
4 720
2 439
59 949
-
total
12 228
8 427
77 502
-
Employer
41 463
33 064
174 294
-
pensions
5 204
4 150
12 164
-
accident
538
430
1 260
-
unemployment
1 244
992
2 908
-
surtax
164
164
164
-
payroll
1 244
992
5 229
-
chamber of commerce
165
132
697
-
health
1 567
1 250
3 664
-
other
1 970
1 570
7 620
-
total
12 096
9 680
33 706
-
Corporate
154 442
165 257
171 145
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

38 610
41 314
42 786
-
total
38 610
41 314
42 786
-
Dividends
115 831
123 943
-
-
withholding
31 854
34 084
-
-
total
31 854
34 084
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
94 788
93 505
153 994
101 791
After tax
113 212
114 495
54 006
106 209
Living cost
29 234
29 234
29 234
29 234
Free-cash
83 978
85 261
24 772
76 975

Estimated living cost  is ₽29234 per week

₽19498
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2494
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽480
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6762
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Brussels , Belgium
₽82701
₽39526
₽60325
₽73506
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
social contributions
-
-
-
20 685
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
11 238
national
-
-
-
85 501
total
-
-
-
117 424
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 347
-
161 102
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

2 788
-
7 572
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 451
-
12 082
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

3 095
-
8 403
-
national
18 246
-
61 867
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

516
-
1 401
-
total
29 096
-
91 325
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 347
-
161 102
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

771
-
2 094
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

866
-
2 352
-
surtax
6 729
-
18 270
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

3 650
-
9 908
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

5 259
-
14 274
-
total
17 275
-
46 898
-
Corporate
131 378
208 000
-
-
surtax
526
923
-
-
income
26 276
46 150
-
-
total
26 802
47 073
-
-
Dividends
104 576
160 927
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

31 070
47 975
-
-
total
31 070
47 975
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
104 243
95 048
138 223
117 424
After tax
103 757
112 952
69 777
90 576
Living cost
30 251
30 251
30 251
30 251
Free-cash
73 506
82 701
39 526
60 325

Estimated living cost  is ₽30251 per week

₽19485
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2645
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽474
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7647
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sofia , Bulgaria
₽163577
₽163628
₽154804
₽158523
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 331
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 286
income
-
-
-
31 200
total
-
-
-
38 933
Employee
18 887
-
202 318
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

208
-
319
-
health
869
-
1 332
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 658
-
2 543
-
income
1 889
-
20 232
-
total
4 624
-
24 426
-
Employer
18 887
-
202 318
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

208
-
319
-
unemployment
113
-
174
-
health
1 303
-
1 998
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

2 081
-
3 192
-
total
3 705
-
5 683
-
Corporate
185 407
208 000
-
-
income
18 541
20 800
-
-
total
18 541
20 800
-
-
Dividends
166 867
187 200
-
-
withholding
8 344
9 360
-
-
total
8 344
9 360
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
35 214
30 160
30 109
38 933
After tax
172 786
177 840
177 891
169 067
Living cost
14 263
14 263
14 263
14 263
Free-cash
158 523
163 577
163 628
154 804

Estimated living cost  is ₽14263 per week

₽9434
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽817
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽340
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3673
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
₽166969
₽167020
₽158196
₽163118
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 331
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 286
income
-
-
-
31 200
total
-
-
-
38 933
Employee
14 395
-
202 318
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
319
-
health
662
-
1 332
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 264
-
2 543
-
income
1 439
-
20 232
-
total
3 523
-
24 426
-
Employer
14 395
-
202 318
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
319
-
unemployment
86
-
174
-
health
994
-
1 998
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 587
-
3 192
-
total
2 825
-
5 683
-
Corporate
190 780
208 000
-
-
income
19 078
20 800
-
-
total
19 078
20 800
-
-
Dividends
171 702
187 200
-
-
withholding
8 585
9 360
-
-
total
8 585
9 360
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
34 011
30 160
30 109
38 933
After tax
173 989
177 840
177 891
169 067
Living cost
10 871
10 871
10 871
10 871
Free-cash
163 118
166 969
167 020
158 196

Estimated living cost  is ₽10871 per week

₽6347
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽776
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽288
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3460
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Larnaca , Cyprus
₽132327
₽118200
₽119861
₽127813
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
social contributions
-
-
-
13 424
health
-
-
-
5 304
income
-
-
-
50 202
total
-
-
-
68 930
Employee
63 798
63 798
197 210
-
health
494
1 085
3 352
-
social contributions
2 412
5 295
7 142
-
income
6 947
5 906
49 307
-
total
9 853
12 286
59 801
-
Employer
63 798
63 798
197 210
-
social contributions
2 412
5 295
7 142
-
health
537
1 181
3 648
-
total
2 949
6 476
10 790
-
Corporate
175 989
137 727
-
-
income
21 998
17 215
-
-
total
21 998
17 215
-
-
Dividends
153 991
120 511
-
-
withholding
26 178
20 487
-
-
total
26 178
20 487
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
60 978
56 464
70 591
68 930
After tax
147 022
151 536
137 409
139 070
Living cost
19 209
19 209
19 209
19 209
Free-cash
127 813
132 327
118 200
119 861

Estimated living cost  is ₽19209 per week

₽11512
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1885
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽425
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5388
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
₽124626
₽110499
₽112160
₽121186
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
social contributions
-
-
-
13 424
health
-
-
-
5 304
income
-
-
-
50 202
total
-
-
-
68 930
Employee
63 798
63 798
197 210
-
health
635
1 085
3 352
-
social contributions
3 100
5 295
7 142
-
income
6 699
5 906
49 307
-
total
10 434
12 286
59 801
-
Employer
63 798
63 798
197 210
-
social contributions
3 100
5 295
7 142
-
health
691
1 181
3 648
-
total
3 791
6 476
10 790
-
Corporate
166 864
137 727
-
-
income
20 858
17 215
-
-
total
20 858
17 215
-
-
Dividends
146 006
120 511
-
-
withholding
24 821
20 487
-
-
total
24 821
20 487
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
59 904
56 464
70 591
68 930
After tax
148 096
151 536
137 409
139 070
Living cost
26 910
26 910
26 910
26 910
Free-cash
121 186
124 626
110 499
112 160

Estimated living cost  is ₽26910 per week

₽18396
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2102
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽452
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5961
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Brno , Czech Republic
₽123685
₽96195
₽105637
₽116720
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
social contributions
-
-
-
28 093
health
-
-
-
28 080
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
3 893
income
-
-
-
22 774
total
-
-
-
82 840
Employee
28 710
-
168 760
-
health
3 876
-
22 783
-
social contributions
1 866
-
6 254
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
3 046
-
income
3 445
-
20 959
-
total
9 187
-
53 042
-
Employer
28 710
-
168 760
-
social contributions
7 178
-
24 052
-
health
2 584
-
15 188
-
total
9 762
-
39 240
-
Corporate
169 528
208 000
-
-
income
32 210
39 520
-
-
total
32 210
39 520
-
-
Dividends
137 318
168 480
-
-
withholding
20 598
25 272
-
-
total
20 598
25 272
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
71 757
64 792
92 282
82 840
After tax
136 243
143 208
115 718
125 160
Living cost
19 523
19 523
19 523
19 523
Free-cash
116 720
123 685
96 195
105 637

Estimated living cost  is ₽19523 per week

₽13561
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1389
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽384
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4189
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
₽119151
₽91661
₽101103
₽110568
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
social contributions
-
-
-
28 093
health
-
-
-
28 080
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
3 893
income
-
-
-
22 774
total
-
-
-
82 840
Employee
35 378
-
168 760
-
health
4 776
-
22 783
-
social contributions
2 300
-
6 254
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
3 046
-
income
4 245
-
20 959
-
total
11 321
-
53 042
-
Employer
35 378
-
168 760
-
social contributions
8 845
-
24 052
-
health
3 184
-
15 188
-
total
12 029
-
39 240
-
Corporate
160 593
208 000
-
-
income
30 513
39 520
-
-
total
30 513
39 520
-
-
Dividends
130 080
168 480
-
-
withholding
19 512
25 272
-
-
total
19 512
25 272
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
73 375
64 792
92 282
82 840
After tax
134 625
143 208
115 718
125 160
Living cost
24 057
24 057
24 057
24 057
Free-cash
110 568
119 151
91 661
101 103

Estimated living cost  is ₽24057 per week

₽17891
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1333
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽416
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4418
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Copenhagen , Denmark
₽26746
₽26746
₽79058
₽13814
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
labour market
-
-
-
16 582
municipal
-
-
-
45 153
pensions
-
-
-
721
national
-
-
-
26 421
total
-
-
-
88 877
Employee
169 104
169 104
169 104
-
municipal
36 010
36 010
36 010
-
pensions
240
240
240
-
national
20 659
20 659
20 659
-
labour market
13 509
13 509
13 509
-
total
70 418
70 418
70 418
-
Employer
169 104
169 104
169 104
-
labour market
13 528
13 528
13 528
-
national
20 695
20 695
20 695
-
municipal
36 067
36 067
36 067
-
pensions
481
481
481
-
total
70 771
70 771
70 771
-
Corporate
26 746
-
-
-
income
5 884
-
-
-
total
5 884
-
-
-
Dividends
20 862
-
-
-
withholding
7 048
-
-
-
total
7 048
-
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
154 121
141 189
141 189
88 877
After tax
53 879
66 811
66 811
119 123
Living cost
40 065
40 065
40 065
40 065
Free-cash
13 814
26 746
26 746
79 058

Estimated living cost  is ₽40065 per week

₽27421
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3544
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽616
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8484
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tallinn , Estonia
₽146360
₽99846
₽91448
₽141206
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
health
-
-
-
27 040
pensions
-
-
-
41 599
income
-
-
-
27 873
total
-
-
-
96 512
Employee
23 536
-
155 456
-
pensions
471
-
3 110
-
unemployment
376
-
2 488
-
income
2 650
-
29 971
-
total
3 497
-
35 569
-
Employer
23 536
-
155 456
-
pensions
4 708
-
31 091
-
unemployment
189
-
1 244
-
health
3 059
-
20 210
-
total
7 956
-
52 545
-
Corporate
176 508
208 000
-
-
income
35 301
41 600
-
-
total
35 301
41 600
-
-
Dividends
141 207
166 400
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
46 754
41 600
88 114
96 512
After tax
161 246
166 400
119 886
111 488
Living cost
20 040
20 040
20 040
20 040
Free-cash
141 206
146 360
99 846
91 448

Estimated living cost  is ₽20040 per week

₽13745
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1193
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽403
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Helsinki , Finland
₽94143
₽69489
₽93315
₽97204
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
208 000
health
-
-
-
2 858
municipal
-
-
-
36 926
national
-
-
-
43 048
total
-
-
-
82 832
Employee
43 651
-
174 982
-
health
326
-
2 349
-
municipal
7 150
-
28 476
-
pensions
2 946
-
11 812
-
national
721
-
28 377
-
unemployment
655
-
2 625
-
total
11 798
-
73 639
-
Employer
43 651
-
174 982
-
accident
44
-
175
-
unemployment
283
-
1 137
-
health
335
-
1 348
-
pensions
7 573
-
30 359
-
total
8 235
-
33 019
-
Corporate
156 113
208 000
-
-
income
31 223
41 600
-
-
total
31 223
41 600
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

93 668
124 800
-
-
municipal
16 861
22 464
-
-
national
10 826
17 940
-
-
total
27 687
40 404
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
78 943
82 004
106 658
82 832
After tax
129 057
125 996
101 342
125 168
Living cost
31 853
31 853
31 853
31 853
Free-cash
97 204
94 143
69 489
93 315

Estimated living cost  is ₽31853 per week

₽20806
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3064
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽507
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7477
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Marseille , France
₽79257
₽78947
₽86398
₽83873
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
social contributions
-
-
-
5 926
health
-
-
-
10 727
pensions
-
-
-
31 192
other
-
-
-
6 447
income
-
-
-
41 737
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
96 029
Employee
31 696
-
157 723
-
income
1 634
-
36 390
-
social contributions
904
-
4 493
-
pensions
3 585
-
12 319
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
6 123
-
53 202
-
Employer
31 696
-
157 723
-
pensions
5 208
-
20 495
-
social contributions
94
-
474
-
unemployment
1 283
-
6 388
-
health
2 218
-
16 193
-
other
1 094
-
6 728
-
total
9 897
-
50 278
-
Corporate
166 405
208 000
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
46 593
58 241
-
-
total
46 593
58 241
-
-
Dividends
119 812
149 759
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
15 335
19 169
-
-
social contributions
20 606
25 760
-
-
total
35 941
44 929
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
98 554
103 170
103 480
96 029
After tax
109 446
104 830
104 520
111 971
Living cost
25 573
25 573
25 573
25 573
Free-cash
83 873
79 257
78 947
86 398

Estimated living cost  is ₽25573 per week

₽14831
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2598
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽485
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7660
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
₽76444
₽76134
₽83585
₽81347
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
social contributions
-
-
-
5 926
health
-
-
-
10 727
pensions
-
-
-
31 192
other
-
-
-
6 447
income
-
-
-
41 737
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
96 029
Employee
35 509
-
157 723
-
income
2 096
-
36 390
-
social contributions
1 012
-
4 493
-
pensions
4 015
-
12 319
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
7 123
-
53 202
-
Employer
35 509
-
157 723
-
pensions
5 833
-
20 495
-
social contributions
107
-
474
-
unemployment
1 437
-
6 388
-
health
2 486
-
16 193
-
other
1 225
-
6 728
-
total
11 088
-
50 278
-
Corporate
161 402
208 000
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
45 193
58 241
-
-
total
45 193
58 241
-
-
Dividends
116 209
149 759
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
14 875
19 169
-
-
social contributions
19 988
25 760
-
-
total
34 863
44 929
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
98 267
103 170
103 480
96 029
After tax
109 733
104 830
104 520
111 971
Living cost
28 386
28 386
28 386
28 386
Free-cash
81 347
76 444
76 134
83 585

Estimated living cost  is ₽28386 per week

₽17898
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2308
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽483
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Paris , France
₽64758
₽64448
₽71899
₽70463
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
social contributions
-
-
-
5 926
health
-
-
-
10 727
pensions
-
-
-
31 192
other
-
-
-
6 447
income
-
-
-
41 737
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
96 029
Employee
51 964
-
157 723
-
income
4 534
-
36 390
-
social contributions
1 480
-
4 493
-
pensions
5 877
-
12 319
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
11 891
-
53 202
-
Employer
51 964
-
157 723
-
pensions
8 538
-
20 495
-
social contributions
156
-
474
-
unemployment
2 105
-
6 388
-
health
3 637
-
16 193
-
other
1 793
-
6 728
-
total
16 229
-
50 278
-
Corporate
139 807
208 000
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
39 146
58 241
-
-
total
39 146
58 241
-
-
Dividends
100 661
149 759
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
12 885
19 169
-
-
social contributions
17 314
25 760
-
-
total
30 199
44 929
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
97 465
103 170
103 480
96 029
After tax
110 535
104 830
104 520
111 971
Living cost
40 072
40 072
40 072
40 072
Free-cash
70 463
64 758
64 448
71 899

Estimated living cost  is ₽40072 per week

₽27120
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3278
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽549
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9124
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
₽191743
₽160543
₽200063
₽190645
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
208 000
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
2 080
total
-
-
-
2 080
Employee
7 321
-
208 000
-
income
1 464
-
41 600
-
total
1 464
-
41 600
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

200 679
208 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
200 679
208 000
-
-
withholding
10 034
10 400
-
-
total
10 034
10 400
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
11 498
10 400
41 600
2 080
After tax
196 502
197 600
166 400
205 920
Living cost
5 857
5 857
5 857
5 857
Free-cash
190 645
191 743
160 543
200 063

Estimated living cost  is ₽5857 per week

₽3630
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽487
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽161
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽1579
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Tbilisi , Georgia
₽188473
₽157273
₽196793
₽186761
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
208 000
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
2 080
total
-
-
-
2 080
Employee
11 409
-
208 000
-
income
2 282
-
41 600
-
total
2 282
-
41 600
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

196 591
208 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
196 591
208 000
-
-
withholding
9 830
10 400
-
-
total
9 830
10 400
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
12 112
10 400
41 600
2 080
After tax
195 888
197 600
166 400
205 920
Living cost
9 127
9 127
9 127
9 127
Free-cash
186 761
188 473
157 273
196 793

Estimated living cost  is ₽9127 per week

₽6176
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽383
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽306
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽2261
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Berlin , Germany
₽74913
₽95233
₽70920
₽85770
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
208 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
24 313
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
71 154
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 914
total
-
-
-
105 049
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

41 281
-
208 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

187
-
3 914
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 395
-
71 154
-
total
9 250
-
80 736
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
166 719
208 000
-
-
trade
23 924
29 849
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 376
1 716
-
-
chamber of commerce
370
431
-
-
income
25 007
31 199
-
-
total
50 677
63 195
-
-
Dividends
116 042
144 804
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 578
1 974
-
-
withholding
28 694
35 887
-
-
total
30 272
37 861
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
90 199
101 056
80 736
105 049
After tax
117 801
106 944
127 264
102 951
Living cost
32 031
32 031
32 031
32 031
Free-cash
85 770
74 913
95 233
70 920

Estimated living cost  is ₽32031 per week

₽22096
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3446
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽464
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6024
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Dresden , Germany
₽79678
₽102134
₽75450
₽88852
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
208 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
26 684
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
71 154
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 914
total
-
-
-
107 420
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

31 733
-
208 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

49
-
3 914
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

886
-
71 154
-
total
6 603
-
80 736
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
176 267
208 000
-
-
trade
27 762
32 760
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 455
1 716
-
-
chamber of commerce
379
425
-
-
income
26 440
31 199
-
-
total
56 036
66 100
-
-
Dividends
120 230
141 900
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 636
1 933
-
-
withholding
29 743
35 159
-
-
total
31 379
37 092
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
94 018
103 192
80 736
107 420
After tax
113 982
104 808
127 264
100 580
Living cost
25 130
25 130
25 130
25 130
Free-cash
88 852
79 678
102 134
75 450

Estimated living cost  is ₽25130 per week

₽15808
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2930
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽469
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5923
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Hamburg , Germany
₽71142
₽94671
₽66800
₽82802
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
208 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
27 871
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
71 154
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 914
total
-
-
-
108 607
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

42 074
-
208 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

198
-
3 914
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 615
-
71 154
-
total
9 481
-
80 736
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
165 926
208 000
-
-
trade
27 295
34 216
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 368
1 716
-
-
chamber of commerce
362
422
-
-
income
24 889
31 199
-
-
total
53 914
67 553
-
-
Dividends
112 012
140 446
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 522
1 915
-
-
withholding
27 688
34 797
-
-
total
29 210
36 712
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
92 605
104 265
80 736
108 607
After tax
115 395
103 735
127 264
99 393
Living cost
32 593
32 593
32 593
32 593
Free-cash
82 802
71 142
94 671
66 800

Estimated living cost  is ₽32593 per week

₽21798
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3437
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽487
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6871
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Munich , Germany
₽64659
₽89256
₽60199
₽78113
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
208 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
29 057
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
71 154
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 914
total
-
-
-
109 793
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

49 862
-
208 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

323
-
3 914
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

5 863
-
71 154
-
total
11 854
-
80 736
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
158 138
208 000
-
-
trade
27 120
35 672
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 305
1 716
-
-
chamber of commerce
348
419
-
-
income
23 721
31 199
-
-
total
52 494
69 006
-
-
Dividends
105 644
138 993
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 436
1 894
-
-
withholding
26 095
34 433
-
-
total
27 531
36 327
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
91 879
105 333
80 736
109 793
After tax
116 121
102 667
127 264
98 207
Living cost
38 008
38 008
38 008
38 008
Free-cash
78 113
64 659
89 256
60 199

Estimated living cost  is ₽38008 per week

₽27759
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3040
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽494
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6715
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Athens , Greece
₽112198
₽73903
₽78976
₽109559
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 861
pensions
-
-
-
22 146
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
68 361
surtax
-
-
-
11 832
total
-
-
-
110 389
Employee
27 940
-
184 692
-
health
713
-
2 823
-
pensions
1 864
-
7 386
-
surtax
99
-
10 839
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 944
-
7 707
-
income
4 684
-
63 399
-
total
9 304
-
92 154
-
Employer
27 940
-
184 692
-
pensions
3 725
-
14 761
-
unemployment
886
-
3 509
-
health
1 271
-
5 038
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 882
-
23 308
-
Corporate
174 177
208 000
-
-
income
45 286
54 079
-
-
total
45 286
54 079
-
-
Dividends
128 891
153 921
-
-
withholding
19 334
23 088
-
-
total
19 334
23 088
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
79 806
77 167
115 462
110 389
After tax
128 194
130 833
92 538
97 611
Living cost
18 635
18 635
18 635
18 635
Free-cash
109 559
112 198
73 903
78 976

Estimated living cost  is ₽18635 per week

₽11251
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1620
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽433
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5333
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Thessaloniki , Greece
₽112525
₽74230
₽79303
₽109940
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 861
pensions
-
-
-
22 146
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
68 361
surtax
-
-
-
11 832
total
-
-
-
110 389
Employee
27 437
-
184 692
-
health
701
-
2 823
-
pensions
1 830
-
7 386
-
surtax
90
-
10 839
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 910
-
7 707
-
income
4 599
-
63 399
-
total
9 130
-
92 154
-
Employer
27 437
-
184 692
-
pensions
3 657
-
14 761
-
unemployment
869
-
3 509
-
health
1 249
-
5 038
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 775
-
23 308
-
Corporate
174 788
208 000
-
-
income
45 445
54 079
-
-
total
45 445
54 079
-
-
Dividends
129 343
153 921
-
-
withholding
19 402
23 088
-
-
total
19 402
23 088
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
79 752
77 167
115 462
110 389
After tax
128 248
130 833
92 538
97 611
Living cost
18 308
18 308
18 308
18 308
Free-cash
109 940
112 525
74 230
79 303

Estimated living cost  is ₽18308 per week

₽11194
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1689
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽422
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5002
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Budapest , Hungary
₽100465
₽104306
₽127819
₽100804
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
unemployment
-
-
-
3 120
health
-
-
-
14 560
pensions
-
-
-
20 800
income
-
-
-
25 428
total
-
-
-
63 908
Employee

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 491
9 349
174 059
-
health
1 644
654
12 184
-
pensions
2 349
935
17 406
-
unemployment
352
140
2 611
-
income
2 872
1 143
21 279
-
total
7 217
2 872
53 480
-
Employer

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 491
9 349
174 059
-
pensions
4 581
1 823
33 941
-
total
4 581
1 823
33 941
-
Corporate
179 929
196 828
-
-
income
16 194
17 715
-
-
total
16 194
17 715
-
-
Dividends
163 735
179 113
-
-
withholding
31 110
34 032
-
-
social contributions
31 821
34 820
-
-
total
62 931
68 852
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
90 923
91 262
87 421
63 908
After tax
117 077
116 738
120 579
144 092
Living cost
16 273
16 273
16 273
16 273
Free-cash
100 804
100 465
104 306
127 819

Estimated living cost  is ₽16273 per week

₽11105
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1331
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽325
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3512
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Reykjavik , Iceland
₽87909
₽76119
₽75002
₽87212
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
social contributions
-
-
-
2 236
municipal
-
-
-
23 229
pensions
-
-
-
24 960
national
-
-
-
40 690
total
-
-
-
91 115
Employee
64 927
-
179 814
-
municipal
8 020
-
24 034
-
pensions
2 597
-
7 193
-
national
12 427
-
42 453
-
total
23 044
-
73 680
-
Employer
64 927
-
179 814
-
social contributions
698
-
1 933
-
pensions
5 194
-
14 385
-
total
5 892
-
16 318
-
Corporate
132 896
208 000
-
-
income

Corporate income tax will depend on a type of legal entity. For LLC and Limited Partnership it is set at 20%. All other entities pay 37.6%.

26 579
41 600
-
-
total
26 579
41 600
-
-
Dividends
106 317
166 400
-
-
withholding
23 390
36 608
-
-
total
23 390
36 608
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
78 905
78 208
89 998
91 115
After tax
129 095
129 792
118 002
116 885
Living cost
41 883
41 883
41 883
41 883
Free-cash
87 212
87 909
76 119
75 002

Estimated living cost  is ₽41883 per week

₽28468
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3893
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽627
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8895
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

It is very difficult to get a residence permit on a basis of self-employment for a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit). EU/EFTA nationals and long-term EU resident permit holders can register self-employed and apply for a permanent residence.

Dublin , Ireland
₽98337
₽55116
₽55116
₽100170
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
social contributions
-
-
-
36 135
income
-
-
-
69 487
total
-
-
-
105 622
Employee
64 899
-
208 000
-
social contributions
5 392
-
36 135
-
income
12 246
-
69 487
-
total
17 638
-
105 622
-
Employer
64 899
-
208 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
143 101
208 000
-
-
income
17 887
26 001
-
-
total
17 887
26 001
-
-
Dividends
125 214
181 999
-
-
withholding
25 043
36 400
-
-
total
25 043
36 400
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
60 568
62 401
105 622
105 622
After tax
147 432
145 599
102 378
102 378
Living cost
47 262
47 262
47 262
47 262
Free-cash
100 170
98 337
55 116
55 116

Estimated living cost  is ₽47262 per week

₽35956
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3851
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽452
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7003
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

To obtain permanent residence for non EEA/Swiss nationals, it is required to invest a huge amount - at least €1 million aggregate investment into a new or an existing Irish business, for a minimum of three years.

Milan , Italy
₽75968
₽59538
₽66571
₽71635
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
regional
-
-
-
2 732
social contributions
-
-
-
41 525
municipal
-
-
-
1 332
national
-
-
-
60 831
total
-
-
-
106 420
Employee
73 736
-
208 000
-
regional
696
-
2 507
-
municipal
390
-
1 228
-
social contributions
24 864
-
54 440
-
national
12 777
-
55 278
-
total
38 727
-
113 453
-
Employer
73 736
-
208 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
134 264
208 000
-
-
nationa
32 223
49 920
-
-
municipal
5 237
8 112
-
-
total
37 460
58 032
-
-
Dividends
96 805
149 969
-
-
withholding
25 169
38 991
-
-
total
25 169
38 991
-
-
Income
208 000
208 000
208 000
208 000
Total tax
101 356
97 023
113 453
106 420
After tax
106 644
110 977
94 547
101 580
Living cost
35 009
35 009
35 009
35 009
Free-cash
71 635
75 968
59 538
66 571

Estimated living cost  is ₽35009 per week

₽24404
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2296
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽537
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7772
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Naples , Italy
₽86978
₽71587
₽78582
₽85138
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
208 000
regional
-
-
-
3 380
social contributions
-
-
-
41 525
municipal
-
-
-
1 332
national
-
-
-
60 831
total
-
-
-
107 068
Employee
46 023
-
208 000
-
regional
620
-
3 117
-
municipal
244
-
1 228
-
social contributions
15 519
-
54 440
-
national
7 291
-
55 278
-
total
23 674
-
114 063
-
Employer
46 023
-
208 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
161 977
208 000
-