Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
₽ 193000
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Andorra , Andorra
₽148806
₽120749
₽115620
₽146024
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
social contributions
-
-
-
42 461
income
-
-
-
10 025
total
-
-
-
52 486
Employee
26 624
-
167 099
-
social contributions
1 730
-
10 861
-
income
-
-
10 595
-
total
1 730
-
21 456
-
Employer
26 624
-
167 099
-
social contributions
4 127
-
25 901
-
total
4 127
-
25 901
-
Corporate
162 249
193 000
-
-
income
16 225
19 300
-
-
total
16 225
19 300
-
-
Dividends
146 024
173 700
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
22 082
19 300
47 357
52 486
After tax
170 918
173 700
145 643
140 514
Living cost
24 894
24 894
24 894
24 894
Free-cash
146 024
148 806
120 749
115 620

Estimated living cost  is ₽24894 per week

₽16096
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1876
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽468
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6453
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Andorra has a limit of 1000 sole-trade resident permits per year, so while it isn't complicated to obtain one, it may get difficult by the end of the term.

Graz , Austria
₽80004
₽24118
₽72504
₽79596
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
772
unemployment
-
-
-
5 079
health
-
-
-
7 401
pensions
-
-
-
17 899
income
-
-
-
62 924
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
94 075
Employee
36 201
33 003
160 502
-
health
1 400
1 278
3 743
-
pensions
3 707
3 379
9 907
-
other
361
330
968
-
unemployment
1 086
990
2 903
-
income
3 225
2 434
53 103
-
total
9 779
8 411
70 624
-
Employer
36 201
33 003
160 502
-
pensions
4 543
4 143
12 142
-
accident
470
429
1 257
-
unemployment
1 086
990
2 903
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
payroll
1 086
990
4 815
-
chamber of commerce
145
132
643
-
health
1 369
1 248
3 657
-
other
1 719
1 567
7 081
-
total
10 418
9 499
32 498
-
Corporate
146 381
150 499
157 358
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

36 595
37 625
39 339
-
total
36 595
37 625
39 339
-
Dividends
109 786
112 874
-
-
withholding
30 191
31 040
-
-
total
30 191
31 040
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
86 983
86 575
142 461
94 075
After tax
106 017
106 425
50 539
98 925
Living cost
26 421
26 421
26 421
26 421
Free-cash
79 596
80 004
24 118
72 504

Estimated living cost  is ₽26421 per week

₽15849
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2698
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽471
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7402
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Vienna , Austria
₽77155
₽21319
₽69581
₽75873
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
772
unemployment
-
-
-
5 079
health
-
-
-
7 401
pensions
-
-
-
17 899
income
-
-
-
62 924
surtax
-
-
-
163
total
-
-
-
94 238
Employee
41 387
33 003
160 351
-
health
1 601
1 278
3 743
-
pensions
4 239
3 379
9 907
-
other
413
330
968
-
unemployment
1 242
990
2 903
-
income
4 712
2 434
53 028
-
total
12 207
8 411
70 549
-
Employer
41 387
33 003
160 351
-
pensions
5 194
4 143
12 142
-
accident
537
429
1 257
-
unemployment
1 242
990
2 903
-
surtax
163
163
163
-
payroll
1 242
990
4 811
-
chamber of commerce
165
132
641
-
health
1 564
1 248
3 657
-
other
1 966
1 567
7 075
-
total
12 073
9 662
32 649
-
Corporate
139 540
150 335
157 208
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

34 886
37 584
39 302
-
total
34 886
37 584
39 302
-
Dividends
104 655
112 751
-
-
withholding
28 780
31 007
-
-
total
28 780
31 007
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
87 946
86 664
142 500
94 238
After tax
105 054
106 336
50 500
98 762
Living cost
29 181
29 181
29 181
29 181
Free-cash
75 873
77 155
21 319
69 581

Estimated living cost  is ₽29181 per week

₽19462
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2489
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽479
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6750
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Brussels , Belgium
₽75344
₽35124
₽53782
₽65226
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
social contributions
-
-
-
20 647
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
10 341
national
-
-
-
78 035
total
-
-
-
109 023
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 238
-
149 485
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

2 783
-
7 026
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 443
-
11 212
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

3 090
-
7 797
-
national
18 212
-
56 831
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

515
-
1 301
-
total
29 043
-
84 167
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 238
-
149 485
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

770
-
1 942
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

864
-
2 183
-
surtax
6 717
-
16 951
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

3 643
-
9 194
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

5 249
-
13 244
-
total
17 243
-
43 514
-
Corporate
116 519
193 000
-
-
surtax
467
836
-
-
income
23 303
41 826
-
-
total
23 770
42 662
-
-
Dividends
92 749
150 338
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

27 523
44 799
-
-
total
27 523
44 799
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
97 579
87 461
127 681
109 023
After tax
95 421
105 539
65 319
83 977
Living cost
30 195
30 195
30 195
30 195
Free-cash
65 226
75 344
35 124
53 782

Estimated living cost  is ₽30195 per week

₽19450
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2640
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽473
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7633
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sofia , Bulgaria
₽150794
₽150200
₽142118
₽145758
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 321
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 274
income
-
-
-
28 950
total
-
-
-
36 661
Employee
18 831
-
187 335
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

207
-
318
-
health
866
-
1 328
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 653
-
2 535
-
income
1 883
-
18 733
-
total
4 609
-
22 914
-
Employer
18 831
-
187 335
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

207
-
318
-
unemployment
113
-
173
-
health
1 299
-
1 992
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

2 075
-
3 182
-
total
3 694
-
5 665
-
Corporate
170 475
193 000
-
-
income
17 047
19 300
-
-
total
17 047
19 300
-
-
Dividends
153 427
173 700
-
-
withholding
7 671
8 685
-
-
total
7 671
8 685
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
33 021
27 985
28 579
36 661
After tax
159 979
165 015
164 421
156 339
Living cost
14 221
14 221
14 221
14 221
Free-cash
145 758
150 794
150 200
142 118

Estimated living cost  is ₽14221 per week

₽9406
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽814
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽339
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3662
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
₽154176
₽153582
₽145500
₽150336
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 321
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 274
income
-
-
-
28 950
total
-
-
-
36 661
Employee
14 352
-
187 335
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
318
-
health
660
-
1 328
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 260
-
2 535
-
income
1 435
-
18 733
-
total
3 513
-
22 914
-
Employer
14 352
-
187 335
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
318
-
unemployment
86
-
173
-
health
991
-
1 992
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 582
-
3 182
-
total
2 817
-
5 665
-
Corporate
175 832
193 000
-
-
income
17 583
19 300
-
-
total
17 583
19 300
-
-
Dividends
158 249
173 700
-
-
withholding
7 912
8 685
-
-
total
7 912
8 685
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
31 825
27 985
28 579
36 661
After tax
161 175
165 015
164 421
156 339
Living cost
10 839
10 839
10 839
10 839
Free-cash
150 336
154 176
153 582
145 500

Estimated living cost  is ₽10839 per week

₽6328
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽774
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽287
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3450
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Larnaca , Cyprus
₽121468
₽108811
₽110382
₽116962
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
social contributions
-
-
-
13 399
health
-
-
-
4 922
income
-
-
-
45 123
total
-
-
-
63 444
Employee
63 681
63 681
182 496
-
health
493
1 083
3 102
-
social contributions
2 408
5 285
7 129
-
income
6 934
5 895
44 279
-
total
9 835
12 263
54 510
-
Employer
63 681
63 681
182 496
-
social contributions
2 408
5 285
7 129
-
health
536
1 179
3 376
-
total
2 944
6 464
10 505
-
Corporate
161 048
122 856
-
-
income
20 130
15 357
-
-
total
20 130
15 357
-
-
Dividends
140 918
107 498
-
-
withholding
23 955
18 274
-
-
total
23 955
18 274
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
56 864
52 358
65 015
63 444
After tax
136 136
140 642
127 985
129 556
Living cost
19 174
19 174
19 174
19 174
Free-cash
116 962
121 468
108 811
110 382

Estimated living cost  is ₽19174 per week

₽11491
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1881
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽424
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5378
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
₽113781
₽101124
₽102695
₽110348
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
social contributions
-
-
-
13 399
health
-
-
-
4 922
income
-
-
-
45 123
total
-
-
-
63 444
Employee
63 681
63 681
182 496
-
health
633
1 083
3 102
-
social contributions
3 094
5 285
7 129
-
income
6 687
5 895
44 279
-
total
10 414
12 263
54 510
-
Employer
63 681
63 681
182 496
-
social contributions
3 094
5 285
7 129
-
health
690
1 179
3 376
-
total
3 784
6 464
10 505
-
Corporate
151 940
122 856
-
-
income
18 992
15 357
-
-
total
18 992
15 357
-
-
Dividends
132 948
107 498
-
-
withholding
22 601
18 274
-
-
total
22 601
18 274
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
55 791
52 358
65 015
63 444
After tax
137 209
140 642
127 985
129 556
Living cost
26 861
26 861
26 861
26 861
Free-cash
110 348
113 781
101 124
102 695

Estimated living cost  is ₽26861 per week

₽18362
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2098
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽451
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5950
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Brno , Czech Republic
₽113427
₽87028
₽95641
₽106487
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
social contributions
-
-
-
27 992
health
-
-
-
26 055
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
3 016
income
-
-
-
20 843
total
-
-
-
77 906
Employee
28 608
-
155 077
-
health
3 862
-
20 935
-
social contributions
1 859
-
6 231
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
2 243
-
income
3 433
-
19 187
-
total
9 154
-
48 596
-
Employer
28 608
-
155 077
-
social contributions
7 152
-
23 966
-
health
2 575
-
13 957
-
total
9 727
-
37 923
-
Corporate
154 666
193 000
-
-
income
29 387
36 670
-
-
total
29 387
36 670
-
-
Dividends
125 279
156 330
-
-
withholding
18 792
23 450
-
-
total
18 792
23 450
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
67 060
60 120
86 519
77 906
After tax
125 940
132 880
106 481
115 094
Living cost
19 453
19 453
19 453
19 453
Free-cash
106 487
113 427
87 028
95 641

Estimated living cost  is ₽19453 per week

₽13512
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1384
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽383
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4174
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
₽108909
₽82510
₽91123
₽100358
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
social contributions
-
-
-
27 992
health
-
-
-
26 055
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
3 016
income
-
-
-
20 843
total
-
-
-
77 906
Employee
35 252
-
155 077
-
health
4 759
-
20 935
-
social contributions
2 291
-
6 231
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
2 243
-
income
4 230
-
19 187
-
total
11 280
-
48 596
-
Employer
35 252
-
155 077
-
social contributions
8 813
-
23 966
-
health
3 173
-
13 957
-
total
11 986
-
37 923
-
Corporate
145 762
193 000
-
-
income
27 695
36 670
-
-
total
27 695
36 670
-
-
Dividends
118 068
156 330
-
-
withholding
17 710
23 450
-
-
total
17 710
23 450
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
68 671
60 120
86 519
77 906
After tax
124 329
132 880
106 481
115 094
Living cost
23 971
23 971
23 971
23 971
Free-cash
100 358
108 909
82 510
91 123

Estimated living cost  is ₽23971 per week

₽17827
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1328
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽415
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4402
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Copenhagen , Denmark
₽12029
₽12029
₽71128
₽6850
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
labour market
-
-
-
15 382
municipal
-
-
-
41 589
pensions
-
-
-
720
national
-
-
-
24 179
total
-
-
-
81 870
Employee
168 840
168 840
168 840
-
municipal
35 953
35 953
35 953
-
pensions
240
240
240
-
national
20 627
20 627
20 627
-
labour market
13 488
13 488
13 488
-
total
70 308
70 308
70 308
-
Employer
168 840
168 840
168 840
-
labour market
13 507
13 507
13 507
-
national
20 663
20 663
20 663
-
municipal
36 011
36 011
36 011
-
pensions
480
480
480
-
total
70 661
70 661
70 661
-
Corporate
12 029
-
-
-
income
2 646
-
-
-
total
2 646
-
-
-
Dividends
9 383
-
-
-
withholding
2 533
-
-
-
total
2 533
-
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
146 148
140 969
140 969
81 870
After tax
46 852
52 031
52 031
111 130
Living cost
40 002
40 002
40 002
40 002
Free-cash
6 850
12 029
12 029
71 128

Estimated living cost  is ₽40002 per week

₽27378
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3539
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽615
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8470
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tallinn , Estonia
₽134398
₽91238
₽83446
₽129251
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
health
-
-
-
25 090
pensions
-
-
-
38 599
income
-
-
-
25 862
total
-
-
-
89 551
Employee
23 493
-
144 245
-
pensions
470
-
2 885
-
unemployment
376
-
2 309
-
income
2 645
-
27 810
-
total
3 491
-
33 004
-
Employer
23 493
-
144 245
-
pensions
4 699
-
28 849
-
unemployment
189
-
1 154
-
health
3 054
-
18 752
-
total
7 942
-
48 755
-
Corporate
161 566
193 000
-
-
income
32 313
38 599
-
-
total
32 313
38 599
-
-
Dividends
129 253
154 401
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
43 746
38 599
81 759
89 551
After tax
149 254
154 401
111 241
103 449
Living cost
20 003
20 003
20 003
20 003
Free-cash
129 251
134 398
91 238
83 446

Estimated living cost  is ₽20003 per week

₽13720
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1191
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽402
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4690
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Helsinki , Finland
₽86216
₽63735
₽85840
₽88776
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
193 000
health
-
-
-
2 626
municipal
-
-
-
34 268
national
-
-
-
38 471
total
-
-
-
75 365
Employee
43 571
-
162 361
-
health
325
-
2 155
-
municipal
7 136
-
26 426
-
pensions
2 940
-
10 960
-
national
720
-
24 856
-
unemployment
654
-
2 436
-
total
11 775
-
66 833
-
Employer
43 571
-
162 361
-
accident
44
-
162
-
unemployment
283
-
1 056
-
health
335
-
1 249
-
pensions
7 559
-
28 170
-
total
8 221
-
30 637
-
Corporate
141 209
193 000
-
-
income
28 241
38 599
-
-
total
28 241
38 599
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

84 726
115 801
-
-
municipal
15 250
20 844
-
-
national
8 942
15 546
-
-
total
24 192
36 390
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
72 429
74 989
97 470
75 365
After tax
120 571
118 011
95 530
117 635
Living cost
31 795
31 795
31 795
31 795
Free-cash
88 776
86 216
63 735
85 840

Estimated living cost  is ₽31795 per week

₽20768
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3058
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽506
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7463
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Marseille , France
₽71745
₽73429
₽79508
₽76348
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
social contributions
-
-
-
5 499
health
-
-
-
9 632
pensions
-
-
-
29 921
other
-
-
-
5 983
income
-
-
-
36 931
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
87 966
Employee
31 638
-
146 922
-
income
1 631
-
32 551
-
social contributions
902
-
4 185
-
pensions
3 578
-
11 232
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
6 111
-
47 968
-
Employer
31 638
-
146 922
-
pensions
5 199
-
18 727
-
social contributions
94
-
440
-
unemployment
1 281
-
5 950
-
health
2 214
-
14 796
-
other
1 092
-
6 164
-
total
9 880
-
46 077
-
Corporate
151 481
193 000
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
42 415
54 040
-
-
total
42 415
54 040
-
-
Dividends
109 066
138 960
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
13 960
17 787
-
-
social contributions
18 760
23 902
-
-
total
32 720
41 689
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
91 126
95 729
94 045
87 966
After tax
101 874
97 271
98 955
105 034
Living cost
25 526
25 526
25 526
25 526
Free-cash
76 348
71 745
73 429
79 508

Estimated living cost  is ₽25526 per week

₽14804
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2593
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽484
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7646
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
₽68937
₽70621
₽76700
₽73829
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
social contributions
-
-
-
5 499
health
-
-
-
9 632
pensions
-
-
-
29 921
other
-
-
-
5 983
income
-
-
-
36 931
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
87 966
Employee
35 443
-
146 922
-
income
2 092
-
32 551
-
social contributions
1 011
-
4 185
-
pensions
4 007
-
11 232
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
7 110
-
47 968
-
Employer
35 443
-
146 922
-
pensions
5 823
-
18 727
-
social contributions
107
-
440
-
unemployment
1 435
-
5 950
-
health
2 482
-
14 796
-
other
1 223
-
6 164
-
total
11 070
-
46 077
-
Corporate
146 488
193 000
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
41 016
54 040
-
-
total
41 016
54 040
-
-
Dividends
105 472
138 960
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
13 500
17 787
-
-
social contributions
18 141
23 902
-
-
total
31 641
41 689
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
90 837
95 729
94 045
87 966
After tax
102 163
97 271
98 955
105 034
Living cost
28 334
28 334
28 334
28 334
Free-cash
73 829
68 937
70 621
76 700

Estimated living cost  is ₽28334 per week

₽17866
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2304
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽482
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7683
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Paris , France
₽57273
₽58957
₽65036
₽62966
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
social contributions
-
-
-
5 499
health
-
-
-
9 632
pensions
-
-
-
29 921
other
-
-
-
5 983
income
-
-
-
36 931
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
87 966
Employee
51 868
-
146 922
-
income
4 526
-
32 551
-
social contributions
1 477
-
4 185
-
pensions
5 867
-
11 232
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
11 870
-
47 968
-
Employer
51 868
-
146 922
-
pensions
8 523
-
18 727
-
social contributions
156
-
440
-
unemployment
2 101
-
5 950
-
health
3 630
-
14 796
-
other
1 790
-
6 164
-
total
16 200
-
46 077
-
Corporate
124 932
193 000
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
34 981
54 040
-
-
total
34 981
54 040
-
-
Dividends
89 950
138 960
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
11 513
17 787
-
-
social contributions
15 472
23 902
-
-
total
26 985
41 689
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
90 036
95 729
94 045
87 966
After tax
102 964
97 271
98 955
105 034
Living cost
39 998
39 998
39 998
39 998
Free-cash
62 966
57 273
58 957
65 036

Estimated living cost  is ₽39998 per week

₽27070
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3272
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽548
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9107
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
₽177516
₽148566
₽185236
₽176423
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
193 000
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
1 930
total
-
-
-
1 930
Employee
7 292
-
193 000
-
income
1 458
-
38 600
-
total
1 458
-
38 600
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

185 708
193 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
185 708
193 000
-
-
withholding
9 285
9 650
-
-
total
9 285
9 650
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
10 743
9 650
38 600
1 930
After tax
182 257
183 350
154 400
191 070
Living cost
5 834
5 834
5 834
5 834
Free-cash
176 423
177 516
148 566
185 236

Estimated living cost  is ₽5834 per week

₽3615
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽485
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽160
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽1573
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Tbilisi , Georgia
₽174259
₽145309
₽181979
₽172554
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
193 000
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
1 930
total
-
-
-
1 930
Employee
11 364
-
193 000
-
income
2 273
-
38 600
-
total
2 273
-
38 600
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

181 636
193 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
181 636
193 000
-
-
withholding
9 082
9 650
-
-
total
9 082
9 650
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
11 355
9 650
38 600
1 930
After tax
181 645
183 350
154 400
191 070
Living cost
9 091
9 091
9 091
9 091
Free-cash
172 554
174 259
145 309
181 979

Estimated living cost  is ₽9091 per week

₽6152
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽382
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽305
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽2252
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Berlin , Germany
₽67278
₽86916
₽64746
₽78110
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
193 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 658
trade
-
-
-
22 170
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
64 884
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 569
total
-
-
-
96 281
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

41 205
-
193 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 658
-
5 658
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

187
-
3 569
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 388
-
64 884
-
total
9 233
-
74 111
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
151 795
193 000
-
-
trade
21 782
27 696
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 253
1 592
-
-
chamber of commerce
349
409
-
-
income
22 769
28 950
-
-
total
46 153
58 647
-
-
Dividends
105 642
134 354
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 435
1 829
-
-
withholding
26 096
33 273
-
-
total
27 531
35 102
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
82 917
93 749
74 111
96 281
After tax
110 083
99 251
118 889
96 719
Living cost
31 973
31 973
31 973
31 973
Free-cash
78 110
67 278
86 916
64 746

Estimated living cost  is ₽31973 per week

₽22055
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3440
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽464
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6013
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Dresden , Germany
₽72181
₽93805
₽69472
₽81338
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
193 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 658
trade
-
-
-
24 333
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
64 884
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 569
total
-
-
-
98 444
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

31 675
-
193 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 658
-
5 658
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

49
-
3 569
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

885
-
64 884
-
total
6 592
-
74 111
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
161 325
193 000
-
-
trade
25 409
30 397
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 331
1 592
-
-
chamber of commerce
358
402
-
-
income
24 199
28 950
-
-
total
51 297
61 341
-
-
Dividends
110 027
131 659
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 496
1 793
-
-
withholding
27 193
32 601
-
-
total
28 689
34 394
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
86 578
95 735
74 111
98 444
After tax
106 422
97 265
118 889
94 556
Living cost
25 084
25 084
25 084
25 084
Free-cash
81 338
72 181
93 805
69 472

Estimated living cost  is ₽25084 per week

₽15779
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2925
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽468
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5912
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Hamburg , Germany
₽63738
₽86356
₽60941
₽75373
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
193 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 658
trade
-
-
-
25 415
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
64 884
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 569
total
-
-
-
99 526
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

41 997
-
193 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 658
-
5 658
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

198
-
3 569
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 608
-
64 884
-
total
9 464
-
74 111
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
151 003
193 000
-
-
trade
24 840
31 749
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 246
1 592
-
-
chamber of commerce
341
401
-
-
income
22 651
28 950
-
-
total
49 078
62 692
-
-
Dividends
101 925
130 309
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 385
1 774
-
-
withholding
25 167
32 263
-
-
total
26 552
34 037
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
85 094
96 729
74 111
99 526
After tax
107 906
96 271
118 889
93 474
Living cost
32 533
32 533
32 533
32 533
Free-cash
75 373
63 738
86 356
60 941

Estimated living cost  is ₽32533 per week

₽21758
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3431
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽486
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6858
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Munich , Germany
₽57342
₽80951
₽54454
₽70770
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
193 000
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 658
trade
-
-
-
26 497
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
64 884
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 569
total
-
-
-
100 608
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

49 770
-
193 000
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 658
-
5 658
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

322
-
3 569
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

5 853
-
64 884
-
total
11 833
-
74 111
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
143 230
193 000
-
-
trade
24 564
33 099
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 182
1 592
-
-
chamber of commerce
327
398
-
-
income
21 485
28 950
-
-
total
47 558
64 039
-
-
Dividends
95 673
128 962
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 298
1 755
-
-
withholding
23 603
31 926
-
-
total
24 901
33 681
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
84 292
97 720
74 111
100 608
After tax
108 708
95 280
118 889
92 392
Living cost
37 938
37 938
37 938
37 938
Free-cash
70 770
57 342
80 951
54 454

Estimated living cost  is ₽37938 per week

₽27708
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3035
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽493
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6703
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Athens , Greece
₽102795
₽67044
₽72105
₽100162
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 847
pensions
-
-
-
22 106
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
61 657
surtax
-
-
-
10 495
total
-
-
-
102 294
Employee
27 889
-
169 735
-
health
712
-
2 818
-
pensions
1 861
-
7 372
-
surtax
99
-
9 503
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 941
-
7 693
-
income
4 675
-
56 704
-
total
9 288
-
84 090
-
Employer
27 889
-
169 735
-
pensions
3 718
-
14 733
-
unemployment
885
-
3 503
-
health
1 268
-
5 029
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 871
-
23 265
-
Corporate
159 240
193 000
-
-
income
41 403
50 180
-
-
total
41 403
50 180
-
-
Dividends
117 837
142 820
-
-
withholding
17 675
21 424
-
-
total
17 675
21 424
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
74 237
71 604
107 355
102 294
After tax
118 763
121 396
85 645
90 706
Living cost
18 601
18 601
18 601
18 601
Free-cash
100 162
102 795
67 044
72 105

Estimated living cost  is ₽18601 per week

₽11230
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1617
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽432
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5323
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Thessaloniki , Greece
₽103122
₽67371
₽72432
₽100546
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 847
pensions
-
-
-
22 106
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
61 657
surtax
-
-
-
10 495
total
-
-
-
102 294
Employee
27 386
-
169 735
-
health
699
-
2 818
-
pensions
1 826
-
7 372
-
surtax
90
-
9 503
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 906
-
7 693
-
income
4 591
-
56 704
-
total
9 112
-
84 090
-
Employer
27 386
-
169 735
-
pensions
3 651
-
14 733
-
unemployment
868
-
3 503
-
health
1 246
-
5 029
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 765
-
23 265
-
Corporate
159 849
193 000
-
-
income
41 560
50 180
-
-
total
41 560
50 180
-
-
Dividends
118 289
142 820
-
-
withholding
17 743
21 424
-
-
total
17 743
21 424
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
74 180
71 604
107 355
102 294
After tax
118 820
121 396
85 645
90 706
Living cost
18 274
18 274
18 274
18 274
Free-cash
100 546
103 122
67 371
72 432

Estimated living cost  is ₽18274 per week

₽11174
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1686
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽421
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4993
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Budapest , Hungary
₽91956
₽95492
₽117310
₽92296
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
unemployment
-
-
-
2 895
health
-
-
-
13 510
pensions
-
-
-
19 300
income
-
-
-
23 594
total
-
-
-
59 299
Employee

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 661
9 417
161 506
-
health
1 656
659
11 305
-
pensions
2 366
942
16 151
-
unemployment
355
141
2 423
-
income
2 893
1 151
19 744
-
total
7 270
2 893
49 623
-
Employer

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 661
9 417
161 506
-
pensions
4 614
1 836
31 494
-
total
4 614
1 836
31 494
-
Corporate
164 725
181 747
-
-
income
14 825
16 357
-
-
total
14 825
16 357
-
-
Dividends
149 900
165 390
-
-
withholding
28 481
31 424
-
-
social contributions
29 123
32 143
-
-
total
57 604
63 567
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
84 313
84 653
81 117
59 299
After tax
108 687
108 347
111 883
133 701
Living cost
16 391
16 391
16 391
16 391
Free-cash
92 296
91 956
95 492
117 310

Estimated living cost  is ₽16391 per week

₽11186
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1341
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽328
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3537
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Reykjavik , Iceland
₽78502
₽68548
₽67513
₽77804
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
social contributions
-
-
-
2 075
municipal
-
-
-
21 478
pensions
-
-
-
23 160
national
-
-
-
36 844
total
-
-
-
83 557
Employee
65 000
-
166 847
-
municipal
8 029
-
22 225
-
pensions
2 600
-
6 674
-
national
12 441
-
38 481
-
total
23 070
-
67 380
-
Employer
65 000
-
166 847
-
social contributions
699
-
1 794
-
pensions
5 200
-
13 348
-
total
5 899
-
15 142
-
Corporate
117 812
193 000
-
-
income

Corporate income tax will depend on a type of legal entity. For LLC and Limited Partnership it is set at 20%. All other entities pay 37.6%.

23 562
38 600
-
-
total
23 562
38 600
-
-
Dividends
94 249
154 400
-
-
withholding
20 735
33 968
-
-
total
20 735
33 968
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
73 266
72 568
82 522
83 557
After tax
119 734
120 432
110 478
109 443
Living cost
41 930
41 930
41 930
41 930
Free-cash
77 804
78 502
68 548
67 513

Estimated living cost  is ₽41930 per week

₽28500
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3898
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽628
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8905
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

It is very difficult to get a residence permit on a basis of self-employment for a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit). EU/EFTA nationals and long-term EU resident permit holders can register self-employed and apply for a permanent residence.

Dublin , Ireland
₽87925
₽49022
₽49022
₽89753
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
social contributions
-
-
-
33 291
income
-
-
-
63 512
total
-
-
-
96 803
Employee
64 780
-
193 000
-
social contributions
5 382
-
33 291
-
income
12 224
-
63 512
-
total
17 606
-
96 803
-
Employer
64 780
-
193 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
128 220
193 000
-
-
income
16 027
24 125
-
-
total
16 027
24 125
-
-
Dividends
112 194
168 875
-
-
withholding
22 439
33 775
-
-
total
22 439
33 775
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
56 072
57 900
96 803
96 803
After tax
136 928
135 100
96 197
96 197
Living cost
47 175
47 175
47 175
47 175
Free-cash
89 753
87 925
49 022
49 022

Estimated living cost  is ₽47175 per week

₽35890
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3844
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽451
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6990
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

To obtain permanent residence for non EEA/Swiss nationals, it is required to invest a huge amount - at least €1 million aggregate investment into a new or an existing Irish business, for a minimum of three years.

Milan , Italy
₽68028
₽51467
₽58489
₽63705
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
regional
-
-
-
2 473
social contributions
-
-
-
41 448
municipal
-
-
-
1 212
national
-
-
-
54 433
total
-
-
-
99 566
Employee
73 601
-
193 000
-
regional
694
-
2 248
-
municipal
390
-
1 110
-
social contributions
24 818
-
54 340
-
national
12 753
-
48 890
-
total
38 655
-
106 588
-
Employer
73 601
-
193 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
119 399
193 000
-
-
nationa
28 656
46 320
-
-
municipal
4 657
7 526
-
-
total
33 313
53 846
-
-
Dividends
86 087
139 153
-
-
withholding
22 382
36 181
-
-
total
22 382
36 181
-
-
Income
193 000
193 000
193 000
193 000
Total tax
94 350
90 027
106 588
99 566
After tax
98 650
102 973
86 412
93 434
Living cost
34 945
34 945
34 945
34 945
Free-cash
63 705
68 028
51 467
58 489

Estimated living cost  is ₽34945 per week

₽24359
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2291
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽536
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7757
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Naples , Italy
₽79136
₽63537
₽70523
₽77298
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
193 000
regional
-
-
-
3 076
social contributions
-
-
-
41 448
municipal
-
-
-
1 212
national
-
-
-
54 433
total
-
-
-
100 169
Employee
45 939
-
193 000
-
regional
618
-
2 815
-
municipal
244
-
1 110
-
social contributions
15 491
-
54 340
-
national
7 278
-
48 890
-
total
23 631
-
107 155
-
Employer
45 939
-
193 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
147 061
193 000
-