Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
₽ 183500
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Andorra , Andorra
₽140210
₽113790
₽108914
₽137423
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
social contributions
-
-
-
40 371
income
-
-
-
9 275
total
-
-
-
49 646
Employee
26 673
-
158 874
-
social contributions
1 733
-
10 327
-
income
-
-
9 817
-
total
1 733
-
20 144
-
Employer
26 673
-
158 874
-
social contributions
4 135
-
24 626
-
total
4 135
-
24 626
-
Corporate
152 692
183 500
-
-
income
15 269
18 350
-
-
total
15 269
18 350
-
-
Dividends
137 423
165 150
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
21 137
18 350
44 770
49 646
After tax
162 363
165 150
138 730
133 854
Living cost
24 940
24 940
24 940
24 940
Free-cash
137 423
140 210
113 790
108 914

Estimated living cost  is ₽24940 per week

₽16126
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1880
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽469
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6465
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Andorra has a limit of 1000 sole-trade resident permits per year, so while it isn't complicated to obtain one, it may get difficult by the end of the term.

Graz , Austria
₽74794
₽21713
₽67751
₽74383
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
734
unemployment
-
-
-
5 089
health
-
-
-
7 414
pensions
-
-
-
17 931
income
-
-
-
58 112
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
89 280
Employee
36 267
33 064
151 613
-
health
1 403
1 280
3 750
-
pensions
3 714
3 385
9 925
-
other
362
331
970
-
unemployment
1 088
992
2 908
-
income
3 231
2 439
48 761
-
total
9 798
8 427
66 314
-
Employer
36 267
33 064
151 613
-
pensions
4 552
4 150
12 164
-
accident
471
430
1 260
-
unemployment
1 088
992
2 908
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
payroll
1 088
992
4 549
-
chamber of commerce
145
132
606
-
health
1 371
1 250
3 664
-
other
1 722
1 570
6 737
-
total
10 437
9 516
31 888
-
Corporate
136 796
140 920
148 464
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

34 199
35 230
37 116
-
total
34 199
35 230
37 116
-
Dividends
102 597
105 690
-
-
withholding
28 214
29 064
-
-
total
28 214
29 064
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
82 648
82 237
135 318
89 280
After tax
100 852
101 263
48 182
94 220
Living cost
26 469
26 469
26 469
26 469
Free-cash
74 383
74 794
21 713
67 751

Estimated living cost  is ₽26469 per week

₽15878
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2703
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽472
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7416
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Vienna , Austria
₽71939
₽18906
₽64822
₽70656
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
734
unemployment
-
-
-
5 089
health
-
-
-
7 414
pensions
-
-
-
17 931
income
-
-
-
58 112
surtax
-
-
-
164
total
-
-
-
89 444
Employee
41 463
33 064
151 460
-
health
1 604
1 280
3 750
-
pensions
4 246
3 385
9 925
-
other
414
331
970
-
unemployment
1 244
992
2 908
-
income
4 720
2 439
48 688
-
total
12 228
8 427
66 241
-
Employer
41 463
33 064
151 460
-
pensions
5 204
4 150
12 164
-
accident
538
430
1 260
-
unemployment
1 244
992
2 908
-
surtax
164
164
164
-
payroll
1 244
992
4 544
-
chamber of commerce
165
132
606
-
health
1 567
1 250
3 664
-
other
1 970
1 570
6 731
-
total
12 096
9 680
32 041
-
Corporate
129 942
140 757
148 311
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

32 486
35 189
37 078
-
total
32 486
35 189
37 078
-
Dividends
97 456
105 568
-
-
withholding
26 800
29 031
-
-
total
26 800
29 031
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
83 610
82 327
135 360
89 444
After tax
99 890
101 173
48 140
94 056
Living cost
29 234
29 234
29 234
29 234
Free-cash
70 656
71 939
18 906
64 822

Estimated living cost  is ₽29234 per week

₽19498
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2494
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽480
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6762
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Brussels , Belgium
₽70623
₽32269
₽49544
₽59854
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
social contributions
-
-
-
20 685
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
9 770
national
-
-
-
73 250
total
-
-
-
103 705
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 347
-
142 128
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

2 788
-
6 680
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 451
-
10 659
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

3 095
-
7 413
-
national
18 246
-
53 620
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

516
-
1 236
-
total
29 096
-
79 608
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 347
-
142 128
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

771
-
1 848
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

866
-
2 075
-
surtax
6 729
-
16 116
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

3 650
-
8 740
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

5 259
-
12 593
-
total
17 275
-
41 372
-
Corporate
106 878
183 500
-
-
surtax
428
781
-
-
income
21 376
39 045
-
-
total
21 804
39 826
-
-
Dividends
85 074
143 674
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

25 220
42 800
-
-
total
25 220
42 800
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
93 395
82 626
120 980
103 705
After tax
90 105
100 874
62 520
79 795
Living cost
30 251
30 251
30 251
30 251
Free-cash
59 854
70 623
32 269
49 544

Estimated living cost  is ₽30251 per week

₽19485
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2645
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽474
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7647
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sofia , Bulgaria
₽142629
₽141579
₽133979
₽137576
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 331
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 286
income
-
-
-
27 525
total
-
-
-
35 258
Employee
18 887
-
177 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

208
-
319
-
health
869
-
1 332
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 658
-
2 543
-
income
1 889
-
17 781
-
total
4 624
-
21 975
-
Employer
18 887
-
177 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

208
-
319
-
unemployment
113
-
174
-
health
1 303
-
1 998
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

2 081
-
3 192
-
total
3 705
-
5 683
-
Corporate
160 907
183 500
-
-
income
16 091
18 350
-
-
total
16 091
18 350
-
-
Dividends
144 816
165 150
-
-
withholding
7 241
8 258
-
-
total
7 241
8 258
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
31 661
26 608
27 658
35 258
After tax
151 839
156 892
155 842
148 242
Living cost
14 263
14 263
14 263
14 263
Free-cash
137 576
142 629
141 579
133 979

Estimated living cost  is ₽14263 per week

₽9434
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽817
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽340
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3673
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
₽146021
₽144971
₽137371
₽142170
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 331
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 286
income
-
-
-
27 525
total
-
-
-
35 258
Employee
14 395
-
177 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
319
-
health
662
-
1 332
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 264
-
2 543
-
income
1 439
-
17 781
-
total
3 523
-
21 975
-
Employer
14 395
-
177 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
319
-
unemployment
86
-
174
-
health
994
-
1 998
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 587
-
3 192
-
total
2 825
-
5 683
-
Corporate
166 280
183 500
-
-
income
16 628
18 350
-
-
total
16 628
18 350
-
-
Dividends
149 653
165 150
-
-
withholding
7 483
8 258
-
-
total
7 483
8 258
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
30 459
26 608
27 658
35 258
After tax
153 041
156 892
155 842
148 242
Living cost
10 871
10 871
10 871
10 871
Free-cash
142 170
146 021
144 971
137 371

Estimated living cost  is ₽10871 per week

₽6347
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽776
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽288
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3460
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Larnaca , Cyprus
₽114534
₽102829
₽104342
₽110019
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
social contributions
-
-
-
13 424
health
-
-
-
4 679
income
-
-
-
41 846
total
-
-
-
59 949
Employee
63 798
63 798
173 154
-
health
494
1 085
2 944
-
social contributions
2 412
5 295
7 142
-
income
6 947
5 906
41 030
-
total
9 853
12 286
51 116
-
Employer
63 798
63 798
173 154
-
social contributions
2 412
5 295
7 142
-
health
537
1 181
3 204
-
total
2 949
6 476
10 346
-
Corporate
151 489
113 227
-
-
income
18 936
14 153
-
-
total
18 936
14 153
-
-
Dividends
132 553
99 074
-
-
withholding
22 534
16 842
-
-
total
22 534
16 842
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
54 272
49 757
61 462
59 949
After tax
129 228
133 743
122 038
123 551
Living cost
19 209
19 209
19 209
19 209
Free-cash
110 019
114 534
102 829
104 342

Estimated living cost  is ₽19209 per week

₽11512
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1885
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽425
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5388
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
₽106833
₽95128
₽96641
₽103393
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
social contributions
-
-
-
13 424
health
-
-
-
4 679
income
-
-
-
41 846
total
-
-
-
59 949
Employee
63 798
63 798
173 154
-
health
635
1 085
2 944
-
social contributions
3 100
5 295
7 142
-
income
6 699
5 906
41 030
-
total
10 434
12 286
51 116
-
Employer
63 798
63 798
173 154
-
social contributions
3 100
5 295
7 142
-
health
691
1 181
3 204
-
total
3 791
6 476
10 346
-
Corporate
142 364
113 227
-
-
income
17 796
14 153
-
-
total
17 796
14 153
-
-
Dividends
124 568
99 074
-
-
withholding
21 176
16 842
-
-
total
21 176
16 842
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
53 197
49 757
61 462
59 949
After tax
130 303
133 743
122 038
123 551
Living cost
26 910
26 910
26 910
26 910
Free-cash
103 393
106 833
95 128
96 641

Estimated living cost  is ₽26910 per week

₽18396
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2102
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽452
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5961
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Brno , Czech Republic
₽106817
₽81031
₽89106
₽99852
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
social contributions
-
-
-
28 093
health
-
-
-
24 773
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
2 410
income
-
-
-
19 595
total
-
-
-
74 871
Employee
28 710
-
146 283
-
health
3 876
-
19 748
-
social contributions
1 866
-
6 254
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
1 685
-
income
3 445
-
18 042
-
total
9 187
-
45 729
-
Employer
28 710
-
146 283
-
social contributions
7 178
-
24 052
-
health
2 584
-
13 165
-
total
9 762
-
37 217
-
Corporate
145 028
183 500
-
-
income
27 555
34 865
-
-
total
27 555
34 865
-
-
Dividends
117 473
148 635
-
-
withholding
17 621
22 295
-
-
total
17 621
22 295
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
64 125
57 160
82 946
74 871
After tax
119 375
126 340
100 554
108 629
Living cost
19 523
19 523
19 523
19 523
Free-cash
99 852
106 817
81 031
89 106

Estimated living cost  is ₽19523 per week

₽13561
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1389
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽384
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4189
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
₽102283
₽76497
₽84572
₽93700
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
social contributions
-
-
-
28 093
health
-
-
-
24 773
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
2 410
income
-
-
-
19 595
total
-
-
-
74 871
Employee
35 378
-
146 283
-
health
4 776
-
19 748
-
social contributions
2 300
-
6 254
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
1 685
-
income
4 245
-
18 042
-
total
11 321
-
45 729
-
Employer
35 378
-
146 283
-
social contributions
8 845
-
24 052
-
health
3 184
-
13 165
-
total
12 029
-
37 217
-
Corporate
136 093
183 500
-
-
income
25 858
34 865
-
-
total
25 858
34 865
-
-
Dividends
110 235
148 635
-
-
withholding
16 535
22 295
-
-
total
16 535
22 295
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
65 743
57 160
82 946
74 871
After tax
117 757
126 340
100 554
108 629
Living cost
24 057
24 057
24 057
24 057
Free-cash
93 700
102 283
76 497
84 572

Estimated living cost  is ₽24057 per week

₽17891
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1333
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽416
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4418
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Copenhagen , Denmark
₽2246
₽2246
₽66024
₽1279
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
labour market
-
-
-
14 622
municipal
-
-
-
39 322
pensions
-
-
-
721
national
-
-
-
22 746
total
-
-
-
77 411
Employee
169 104
169 104
169 104
-
municipal
36 010
36 010
36 010
-
pensions
240
240
240
-
national
20 659
20 659
20 659
-
labour market
13 509
13 509
13 509
-
total
70 418
70 418
70 418
-
Employer
169 104
169 104
169 104
-
labour market
13 528
13 528
13 528
-
national
20 695
20 695
20 695
-
municipal
36 067
36 067
36 067
-
pensions
481
481
481
-
total
70 771
70 771
70 771
-
Corporate
2 246
-
-
-
income
494
-
-
-
total
494
-
-
-
Dividends
1 752
-
-
-
withholding
473
-
-
-
total
473
-
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
142 156
141 189
141 189
77 411
After tax
41 344
42 311
42 311
106 089
Living cost
40 065
40 065
40 065
40 065
Free-cash
1 279
2 246
2 246
66 024

Estimated living cost  is ₽40065 per week

₽27421
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3544
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽616
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8484
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tallinn , Estonia
₽126759
₽85726
₽78316
₽121606
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
health
-
-
-
23 855
pensions
-
-
-
36 701
income
-
-
-
24 588
total
-
-
-
85 144
Employee
23 536
-
137 145
-
pensions
471
-
2 743
-
unemployment
376
-
2 195
-
income
2 650
-
26 441
-
total
3 497
-
31 379
-
Employer
23 536
-
137 145
-
pensions
4 708
-
27 429
-
unemployment
189
-
1 097
-
health
3 059
-
17 829
-
total
7 956
-
46 355
-
Corporate
152 008
183 500
-
-
income
30 401
36 701
-
-
total
30 401
36 701
-
-
Dividends
121 607
146 799
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
41 854
36 701
77 734
85 144
After tax
141 646
146 799
105 766
98 356
Living cost
20 040
20 040
20 040
20 040
Free-cash
121 606
126 759
85 726
78 316

Estimated living cost  is ₽20040 per week

₽13745
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1193
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽403
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Helsinki , Finland
₽80810
₽60056
₽81075
₽83375
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
183 500
health
-
-
-
2 480
municipal
-
-
-
32 583
national
-
-
-
35 509
total
-
-
-
70 572
Employee
43 651
-
154 371
-
health
326
-
2 031
-
municipal
7 150
-
25 128
-
pensions
2 946
-
10 420
-
national
721
-
22 567
-
unemployment
655
-
2 316
-
total
11 798
-
62 462
-
Employer
43 651
-
154 371
-
accident
44
-
154
-
unemployment
283
-
1 003
-
health
335
-
1 189
-
pensions
7 573
-
26 783
-
total
8 235
-
29 129
-
Corporate
131 613
183 500
-
-
income
26 323
36 701
-
-
total
26 323
36 701
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

78 967
110 100
-
-
municipal
14 214
19 818
-
-
national
7 702
14 318
-
-
total
21 916
34 136
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
68 272
70 837
91 591
70 572
After tax
115 228
112 663
91 909
112 928
Living cost
31 853
31 853
31 853
31 853
Free-cash
83 375
80 810
60 056
81 075

Estimated living cost  is ₽31853 per week

₽20806
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3064
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽507
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7477
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Marseille , France
₽66911
₽69939
₽75112
₽71524
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
social contributions
-
-
-
5 229
health
-
-
-
8 926
pensions
-
-
-
29 159
other
-
-
-
5 689
income
-
-
-
33 812
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
82 815
Employee
31 696
-
140 105
-
income
1 634
-
30 067
-
social contributions
904
-
3 991
-
pensions
3 585
-
10 535
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
6 123
-
44 593
-
Employer
31 696
-
140 105
-
pensions
5 208
-
17 595
-
social contributions
94
-
420
-
unemployment
1 283
-
5 674
-
health
2 218
-
13 902
-
other
1 094
-
5 804
-
total
9 897
-
43 395
-
Corporate
141 905
183 500
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
39 733
51 379
-
-
total
39 733
51 379
-
-
Dividends
102 172
132 121
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
13 077
16 911
-
-
social contributions
17 573
22 726
-
-
total
30 650
39 637
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
86 403
91 016
87 988
82 815
After tax
97 097
92 484
95 512
100 685
Living cost
25 573
25 573
25 573
25 573
Free-cash
71 524
66 911
69 939
75 112

Estimated living cost  is ₽25573 per week

₽14831
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2598
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽485
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7660
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
₽64098
₽67126
₽72299
₽69000
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
social contributions
-
-
-
5 229
health
-
-
-
8 926
pensions
-
-
-
29 159
other
-
-
-
5 689
income
-
-
-
33 812
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
82 815
Employee
35 509
-
140 105
-
income
2 096
-
30 067
-
social contributions
1 012
-
3 991
-
pensions
4 015
-
10 535
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
7 123
-
44 593
-
Employer
35 509
-
140 105
-
pensions
5 833
-
17 595
-
social contributions
107
-
420
-
unemployment
1 437
-
5 674
-
health
2 486
-
13 902
-
other
1 225
-
5 804
-
total
11 088
-
43 395
-
Corporate
136 902
183 500
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
38 333
51 379
-
-
total
38 333
51 379
-
-
Dividends
98 569
132 121
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
12 616
16 911
-
-
social contributions
16 954
22 726
-
-
total
29 570
39 637
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
86 114
91 016
87 988
82 815
After tax
97 386
92 484
95 512
100 685
Living cost
28 386
28 386
28 386
28 386
Free-cash
69 000
64 098
67 126
72 299

Estimated living cost  is ₽28386 per week

₽17898
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2308
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽483
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Paris , France
₽52412
₽55440
₽60613
₽58116
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
social contributions
-
-
-
5 229
health
-
-
-
8 926
pensions
-
-
-
29 159
other
-
-
-
5 689
income
-
-
-
33 812
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
82 815
Employee
51 964
-
140 105
-
income
4 534
-
30 067
-
social contributions
1 480
-
3 991
-
pensions
5 877
-
10 535
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
11 891
-
44 593
-
Employer
51 964
-
140 105
-
pensions
8 538
-
17 595
-
social contributions
156
-
420
-
unemployment
2 105
-
5 674
-
health
3 637
-
13 902
-
other
1 793
-
5 804
-
total
16 229
-
43 395
-
Corporate
115 307
183 500
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
32 286
51 379
-
-
total
32 286
51 379
-
-
Dividends
83 021
132 121
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
10 626
16 911
-
-
social contributions
14 280
22 726
-
-
total
24 906
39 637
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
85 312
91 016
87 988
82 815
After tax
98 188
92 484
95 512
100 685
Living cost
40 072
40 072
40 072
40 072
Free-cash
58 116
52 412
55 440
60 613

Estimated living cost  is ₽40072 per week

₽27120
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3278
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽549
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9124
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
₽168468
₽140943
₽175808
₽167370
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
183 500
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
1 835
total
-
-
-
1 835
Employee
7 321
-
183 500
-
income
1 464
-
36 700
-
total
1 464
-
36 700
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

176 179
183 500
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
176 179
183 500
-
-
withholding
8 809
9 175
-
-
total
8 809
9 175
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
10 273
9 175
36 700
1 835
After tax
173 227
174 325
146 800
181 665
Living cost
5 857
5 857
5 857
5 857
Free-cash
167 370
168 468
140 943
175 808

Estimated living cost  is ₽5857 per week

₽3630
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽487
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽161
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽1579
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Tbilisi , Georgia
₽165198
₽137673
₽172538
₽163486
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
183 500
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
1 835
total
-
-
-
1 835
Employee
11 409
-
183 500
-
income
2 282
-
36 700
-
total
2 282
-
36 700
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

172 091
183 500
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
172 091
183 500
-
-
withholding
8 605
9 175
-
-
total
8 605
9 175
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
10 887
9 175
36 700
1 835
After tax
172 613
174 325
146 800
181 665
Living cost
9 127
9 127
9 127
9 127
Free-cash
163 486
165 198
137 673
172 538

Estimated living cost  is ₽9127 per week

₽6176
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽383
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽306
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽2261
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Berlin , Germany
₽62343
₽81590
₽60793
₽73201
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
183 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
20 797
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
60 864
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 347
total
-
-
-
90 676
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

41 281
-
183 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

187
-
3 347
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 395
-
60 864
-
total
9 250
-
69 879
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
142 219
183 500
-
-
trade
20 408
26 333
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 173
1 515
-
-
chamber of commerce
334
395
-
-
income
21 332
27 525
-
-
total
43 247
55 768
-
-
Dividends
98 972
127 733
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 343
1 740
-
-
withholding
24 428
31 618
-
-
total
25 771
33 358
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
78 268
89 126
69 879
90 676
After tax
105 232
94 374
113 621
92 824
Living cost
32 031
32 031
32 031
32 031
Free-cash
73 201
62 343
81 590
60 793

Estimated living cost  is ₽32031 per week

₽22096
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3446
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽464
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6024
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Dresden , Germany
₽67359
₽88491
₽65665
₽76536
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
183 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
22 826
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
60 864
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 347
total
-
-
-
92 705
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

31 733
-
183 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

49
-
3 347
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

886
-
60 864
-
total
6 603
-
69 879
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
151 767
183 500
-
-
trade
23 903
28 901
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 252
1 515
-
-
chamber of commerce
345
389
-
-
income
22 765
27 525
-
-
total
48 265
58 330
-
-
Dividends
103 502
125 171
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 406
1 704
-
-
withholding
25 560
30 977
-
-
total
26 966
32 681
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
81 834
91 011
69 879
92 705
After tax
101 666
92 489
113 621
90 795
Living cost
25 130
25 130
25 130
25 130
Free-cash
76 536
67 359
88 491
65 665

Estimated living cost  is ₽25130 per week

₽15808
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2930
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽469
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5923
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Hamburg , Germany
₽58953
₽81028
₽57188
₽70610
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
183 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
23 840
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
60 864
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 347
total
-
-
-
93 719
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

42 074
-
183 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

198
-
3 347
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 615
-
60 864
-
total
9 481
-
69 879
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
141 426
183 500
-
-
trade
23 264
30 185
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 167
1 515
-
-
chamber of commerce
327
387
-
-
income
21 214
27 525
-
-
total
45 972
59 612
-
-
Dividends
95 453
123 888
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 296
1 686
-
-
withholding
23 548
30 656
-
-
total
24 844
32 342
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
80 297
91 954
69 879
93 719
After tax
103 203
91 546
113 621
89 781
Living cost
32 593
32 593
32 593
32 593
Free-cash
70 610
58 953
81 028
57 188

Estimated living cost  is ₽32593 per week

₽21798
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3437
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽487
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6871
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Munich , Germany
₽52592
₽75613
₽50759
₽66047
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
183 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
24 854
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
60 864
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 347
total
-
-
-
94 733
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

49 862
-
183 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

323
-
3 347
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

5 863
-
60 864
-
total
11 854
-
69 879
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
133 638
183 500
-
-
trade
22 919
31 470
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 102
1 515
-
-
chamber of commerce
313
384
-
-
income
20 046
27 525
-
-
total
44 380
60 894
-
-
Dividends
89 258
122 606
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 211
1 669
-
-
withholding
22 000
30 337
-
-
total
23 211
32 006
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
79 445
92 900
69 879
94 733
After tax
104 055
90 600
113 621
88 767
Living cost
38 008
38 008
38 008
38 008
Free-cash
66 047
52 592
75 613
50 759

Estimated living cost  is ₽38008 per week

₽27759
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3040
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽494
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6715
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Athens , Greece
₽96785
₽62634
₽67708
₽94149
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 861
pensions
-
-
-
22 146
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
57 335
surtax
-
-
-
9 626
total
-
-
-
97 157
Employee
27 940
-
160 192
-
health
713
-
2 823
-
pensions
1 864
-
7 386
-
surtax
99
-
8 634
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 944
-
7 707
-
income
4 684
-
52 373
-
total
9 304
-
78 923
-
Employer
27 940
-
160 192
-
pensions
3 725
-
14 761
-
unemployment
886
-
3 509
-
health
1 271
-
5 038
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 882
-
23 308
-
Corporate
149 677
183 500
-
-
income
38 916
47 711
-
-
total
38 916
47 711
-
-
Dividends
110 762
135 789
-
-
withholding
16 614
20 369
-
-
total
16 614
20 369
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
70 716
68 080
102 231
97 157
After tax
112 784
115 420
81 269
86 343
Living cost
18 635
18 635
18 635
18 635
Free-cash
94 149
96 785
62 634
67 708

Estimated living cost  is ₽18635 per week

₽11251
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1620
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽433
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5333
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Thessaloniki , Greece
₽97112
₽62961
₽68035
₽94531
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 861
pensions
-
-
-
22 146
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
57 335
surtax
-
-
-
9 626
total
-
-
-
97 157
Employee
27 437
-
160 192
-
health
701
-
2 823
-
pensions
1 830
-
7 386
-
surtax
90
-
8 634
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 910
-
7 707
-
income
4 599
-
52 373
-
total
9 130
-
78 923
-
Employer
27 437
-
160 192
-
pensions
3 657
-
14 761
-
unemployment
869
-
3 509
-
health
1 249
-
5 038
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 775
-
23 308
-
Corporate
150 288
183 500
-
-
income
39 075
47 711
-
-
total
39 075
47 711
-
-
Dividends
111 213
135 789
-
-
withholding
16 681
20 369
-
-
total
16 681
20 369
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
70 661
68 080
102 231
97 157
After tax
112 839
115 420
81 269
86 343
Living cost
18 308
18 308
18 308
18 308
Free-cash
94 531
97 112
62 961
68 035

Estimated living cost  is ₽18308 per week

₽11194
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1689
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽422
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5002
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Budapest , Hungary
₽86753
₽90103
₽110847
₽87092
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
unemployment
-
-
-
2 752
health
-
-
-
12 845
pensions
-
-
-
18 350
income
-
-
-
22 433
total
-
-
-
56 380
Employee

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 491
9 349
153 556
-
health
1 644
654
10 749
-
pensions
2 349
935
15 356
-
unemployment
352
140
2 303
-
income
2 872
1 143
18 772
-
total
7 217
2 872
47 180
-
Employer

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 491
9 349
153 556
-
pensions
4 581
1 823
29 944
-
total
4 581
1 823
29 944
-
Corporate
155 429
172 328
-
-
income
13 989
15 510
-
-
total
13 989
15 510
-
-
Dividends
141 440
156 818
-
-
withholding
26 874
29 796
-
-
social contributions
27 474
30 473
-
-
total
54 348
60 269
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
80 135
80 474
77 124
56 380
After tax
103 365
103 026
106 376
127 120
Living cost
16 273
16 273
16 273
16 273
Free-cash
87 092
86 753
90 103
110 847

Estimated living cost  is ₽16273 per week

₽11105
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1331
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽325
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3512
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Reykjavik , Iceland
₽72621
₽63806
₽62821
₽71924
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
social contributions
-
-
-
1 973
municipal
-
-
-
20 371
pensions
-
-
-
22 020
national
-
-
-
34 432
total
-
-
-
78 796
Employee
64 927
-
158 634
-
municipal
8 020
-
21 082
-
pensions
2 597
-
6 345
-
national
12 427
-
35 988
-
total
23 044
-
63 415
-
Employer
64 927
-
158 634
-
social contributions
698
-
1 705
-
pensions
5 194
-
12 691
-
total
5 892
-
14 396
-
Corporate
108 396
183 500
-
-
income

Corporate income tax will depend on a type of legal entity. For LLC and Limited Partnership it is set at 20%. All other entities pay 37.6%.

21 679
36 700
-
-
total
21 679
36 700
-
-
Dividends
86 717
146 800
-
-
withholding
19 078
32 296
-
-
total
19 078
32 296
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
69 693
68 996
77 811
78 796
After tax
113 807
114 504
105 689
104 704
Living cost
41 883
41 883
41 883
41 883
Free-cash
71 924
72 621
63 806
62 821

Estimated living cost  is ₽41883 per week

₽28468
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3893
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽627
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8895
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

It is very difficult to get a residence permit on a basis of self-employment for a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit). EU/EFTA nationals and long-term EU resident permit holders can register self-employed and apply for a permanent residence.

Dublin , Ireland
₽81187
₽45072
₽45072
₽83021
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
social contributions
-
-
-
31 480
income
-
-
-
59 686
total
-
-
-
91 166
Employee
64 899
-
183 500
-
social contributions
5 392
-
31 480
-
income
12 246
-
59 686
-
total
17 638
-
91 166
-
Employer
64 899
-
183 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
118 601
183 500
-
-
income
14 825
22 938
-
-
total
14 825
22 938
-
-
Dividends
103 776
160 562
-
-
withholding
20 754
32 113
-
-
total
20 754
32 113
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
53 217
55 051
91 166
91 166
After tax
130 283
128 449
92 334
92 334
Living cost
47 262
47 262
47 262
47 262
Free-cash
83 021
81 187
45 072
45 072

Estimated living cost  is ₽47262 per week

₽35956
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3851
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽452
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7003
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

To obtain permanent residence for non EEA/Swiss nationals, it is required to invest a huge amount - at least €1 million aggregate investment into a new or an existing Irish business, for a minimum of three years.

Milan , Italy
₽62895
₽46195
₽53230
₽58562
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
regional
-
-
-
2 305
social contributions
-
-
-
41 525
municipal
-
-
-
1 135
national
-
-
-
50 296
total
-
-
-
95 261
Employee
73 736
-
183 500
-
regional
696
-
2 080
-
municipal
390
-
1 033
-
social contributions
24 864
-
54 440
-
national
12 777
-
44 743
-
total
38 727
-
102 296
-
Employer
73 736
-
183 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
109 764
183 500
-
-
nationa
26 344
44 041
-
-
municipal
4 281
7 156
-
-
total
30 625
51 197
-
-
Dividends
79 139
132 303
-
-
withholding
20 577
34 399
-
-
total
20 577
34 399
-
-
Income
183 500
183 500
183 500
183 500
Total tax
89 929
85 596
102 296
95 261
After tax
93 571
97 904
81 204
88 239
Living cost
35 009
35 009
35 009
35 009
Free-cash
58 562
62 895
46 195
53 230

Estimated living cost  is ₽35009 per week

₽24404
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2296
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽537
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7772
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Naples , Italy
₽74101
₽58313
₽65312
₽72261
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
183 500
regional
-
-
-
2 882
social contributions
-
-
-
41 525
municipal
-
-
-
1 135
national
-
-
-
50 296
total
-
-
-
95 838
Employee
46 023
-
183 500
-
regional
620
-
2 621
-
municipal
244
-
1 033
-
social contributions
15 519
-
54 440
-
national
7 291
-
44 743
-
total
23 674
-
102 837
-
Employer
46 023
-
183 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
137 477
183 500
-
-