Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
₽ 178000
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Andorra , Andorra
₽102683
₽129168
₽107413
₽132289
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
social contributions
-
-
-
39 160
income
-
-
-
8 245
total
-
-
-
47 405
Employee
29 853
-
154 113
-
social contributions
1 940
-
10 018
-
income
-
-
8 770
-
total
1 940
-
18 788
-
Employer
29 853
-
154 113
-
social contributions
4 627
-
23 887
-
total
4 627
-
23 887
-
Corporate
143 520
178 000
-
-
income
14 353
17 799
-
-
total
14 353
17 799
-
-
Dividends
129 168
160 201
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
20 920
17 799
42 675
47 405
After tax
157 080
160 201
135 325
130 595
Living cost
27 912
27 912
27 912
27 912
Free-cash
129 168
132 289
107 413
102 683

Estimated living cost  is ₽27912 per week

₽18048
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2104
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽525
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7235
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Andorra has a limit of 1000 sole-trade resident permits per year, so while it isn't complicated to obtain one, it may get difficult by the end of the term.

Graz , Austria
₽61956
₽68362
₽17414
₽68825
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
surtax
-
-
-
-
unemployment
-
-
-
5 695
health
-
-
-
8 298
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
712
pensions
-
-
-
20 069
income
-
-
-
51 645
total
-
-
-
86 419
Employee
40 590
37 005
144 174
-
unemployment
1 218
1 110
3 255
-
other
405
370
1 085
-
income
3 616
2 730
42 328
-
pensions
4 157
3 789
11 108
-
health
1 570
1 433
4 197
-
total
10 966
9 432
61 973
-
Employer
40 590
37 005
144 174
-
pensions
5 094
4 645
13 614
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
payroll
1 218
1 110
4 326
-
other
1 928
1 757
6 545
-
health
1 535
1 399
4 100
-
accident
527
481
1 410
-
unemployment
1 218
1 110
3 255
-
chamber of commerce
162
148
576
-
total
11 682
10 650
33 826
-
Corporate
125 728
130 345
140 650
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

31 433
32 585
35 162
-
total
31 433
32 585
35 162
-
Dividends
94 295
97 759
-
-
withholding
25 932
26 883
-
-
total
25 932
26 883
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
80 013
79 550
130 961
86 419
After tax
97 987
98 450
47 039
91 581
Living cost
29 625
29 625
29 625
29 625
Free-cash
68 362
68 825
17 414
61 956

Estimated living cost  is ₽29625 per week

₽17771
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3026
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽529
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8300
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Vienna , Austria
₽58679
₽64196
₽14275
₽65630
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
surtax
-
-
-
183
unemployment
-
-
-
5 695
health
-
-
-
8 298
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
712
pensions
-
-
-
20 069
income
-
-
-
51 645
total
-
-
-
86 602
Employee
46 406
37 005
144 003
-
unemployment
1 392
1 110
3 255
-
other
463
370
1 085
-
income
5 283
2 730
42 245
-
pensions
4 752
3 789
11 108
-
health
1 796
1 433
4 197
-
total
13 686
9 432
61 890
-
Employer
46 406
37 005
144 003
-
pensions
5 824
4 645
13 614
-
surtax
183
183
183
-
payroll
1 392
1 110
4 321
-
other
2 204
1 757
6 538
-
health
1 753
1 399
4 100
-
accident
603
481
1 410
-
unemployment
1 392
1 110
3 255
-
chamber of commerce
185
148
576
-
total
13 536
10 833
33 997
-
Corporate
118 058
130 162
140 479
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

29 514
32 540
35 119
-
total
29 514
32 540
35 119
-
Dividends
88 544
97 622
-
-
withholding
24 349
26 846
-
-
total
24 349
26 846
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
81 085
79 651
131 006
86 602
After tax
96 915
98 349
46 994
91 398
Living cost
32 719
32 719
32 719
32 719
Free-cash
64 196
65 630
14 275
58 679

Estimated living cost  is ₽32719 per week

₽21822
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2791
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽537
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7568
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Brussels , Belgium
₽43405
₽51736
₽28007
₽65548
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
national
-
-
-
68 295
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
9 292
social contributions
-
-
-
23 151
total
-
-
-
100 738
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

66 421
-
137 867
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

578
-
1 200
-
national
20 420
-
50 794
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

3 464
-
7 191
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 982
-
10 340
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

3 121
-
6 479
-
total
32 565
-
76 004
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

66 421
-
137 867
-
surtax
7 531
-
15 634
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

5 886
-
12 215
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 085
-
8 479
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

863
-
1 792
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

969
-
2 012
-
total
19 334
-
40 132
-
Corporate
92 245
178 000
-
-
income
18 450
35 761
-
-
surtax
368
715
-
-
total
18 818
36 476
-
-
Dividends
73 427
141 524
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

21 690
42 119
-
-
total
21 690
42 119
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
92 407
78 595
116 136
100 738
After tax
85 593
99 405
61 864
77 262
Living cost
33 857
33 857
33 857
33 857
Free-cash
51 736
65 548
28 007
43 405

Estimated living cost  is ₽33857 per week

₽21808
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2960
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽530
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8559
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sofia , Bulgaria
₽126662
₽130556
₽133799
₽136214
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
unemployment
-
-
-
130
health
-
-
-
3 731
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 801
income
-
-
-
26 700
total
-
-
-
35 362
Employee
21 155
-
171 635
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

232
-
357
-
income
2 116
-
17 163
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 857
-
2 848
-
health
973
-
1 492
-
total
5 178
-
21 860
-
Employer
21 155
-
171 635
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

2 331
-
3 575
-
health
1 460
-
2 238
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

232
-
357
-
unemployment
127
-
195
-
total
4 150
-
6 365
-
Corporate
152 695
178 000
-
-
income
15 269
17 800
-
-
total
15 269
17 800
-
-
Dividends
137 426
160 200
-
-
withholding
6 871
8 010
-
-
total
6 871
8 010
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
31 468
25 810
28 225
35 362
After tax
146 532
152 190
149 775
142 638
Living cost
15 976
15 976
15 976
15 976
Free-cash
130 556
136 214
133 799
126 662

Estimated living cost  is ₽15976 per week

₽10566
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽915
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽381
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4114
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
₽130462
₽135699
₽137599
₽140014
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
unemployment
-
-
-
130
health
-
-
-
3 731
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 801
income
-
-
-
26 700
total
-
-
-
35 362
Employee
16 123
-
171 635
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

178
-
357
-
income
1 612
-
17 163
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 416
-
2 848
-
health
742
-
1 492
-
total
3 948
-
21 860
-
Employer
16 123
-
171 635
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 777
-
3 575
-
health
1 113
-
2 238
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

178
-
357
-
unemployment
96
-
195
-
total
3 164
-
6 365
-
Corporate
158 713
178 000
-
-
income
15 871
17 800
-
-
total
15 871
17 800
-
-
Dividends
142 842
160 200
-
-
withholding
7 142
8 010
-
-
total
7 142
8 010
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
30 125
25 810
28 225
35 362
After tax
147 875
152 190
149 775
142 638
Living cost
12 176
12 176
12 176
12 176
Free-cash
135 699
140 014
137 599
130 462

Estimated living cost  is ₽12176 per week

₽7109
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽870
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽323
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3876
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Larnaca , Cyprus
₽99442
₽103252
₽97916
₽108304
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
health
-
-
-
4 539
social contributions
-
-
-
15 024
income
-
-
-
37 496
total
-
-
-
57 059
Employee
71 403
71 403
166 920
-
income
7 775
6 610
36 675
-
social contributions
2 700
5 926
7 993
-
health
553
1 214
2 837
-
total
11 028
13 750
47 505
-
Employer
71 403
71 403
166 920
-
social contributions
2 700
5 926
7 993
-
health
601
1 322
3 087
-
total
3 301
7 248
11 080
-
Corporate
142 173
99 350
-
-
income
17 771
12 420
-
-
total
17 771
12 420
-
-
Dividends
124 402
86 930
-
-
withholding
21 149
14 779
-
-
total
21 149
14 779
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
53 249
48 197
58 585
57 059
After tax
124 751
129 803
119 415
120 941
Living cost
21 499
21 499
21 499
21 499
Free-cash
103 252
108 304
97 916
99 442

Estimated living cost  is ₽21499 per week

₽12885
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2109
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽476
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6030
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
₽90823
₽95837
₽89297
₽99685
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
health
-
-
-
4 539
social contributions
-
-
-
15 024
income
-
-
-
37 496
total
-
-
-
57 059
Employee
71 403
71 403
166 920
-
income
7 498
6 610
36 675
-
social contributions
3 470
5 926
7 993
-
health
710
1 214
2 837
-
total
11 678
13 750
47 505
-
Employer
71 403
71 403
166 920
-
social contributions
3 470
5 926
7 993
-
health
774
1 322
3 087
-
total
4 244
7 248
11 080
-
Corporate
131 961
99 350
-
-
income
16 495
12 420
-
-
total
16 495
12 420
-
-
Dividends
115 466
86 930
-
-
withholding
19 628
14 779
-
-
total
19 628
14 779
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
52 045
48 197
58 585
57 059
After tax
125 955
129 803
119 415
120 941
Living cost
30 118
30 118
30 118
30 118
Free-cash
95 837
99 685
89 297
90 823

Estimated living cost  is ₽30118 per week

₽20589
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2352
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽506
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6671
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Brno , Czech Republic
₽81923
₽93414
₽74368
₽101076
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
health
-
-
-
24 030
social contributions
-
-
-
30 904
income
-
-
-
18 460
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
1 206
total
-
-
-
74 600
Employee
31 583
-
139 029
-
income
3 790
-
17 007
-
social contributions
2 053
-
6 879
-
health
4 264
-
18 769
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
528
-
total
10 107
-
43 183
-
Employer
31 583
-
139 029
-
social contributions
7 896
-
26 459
-
health
2 842
-
12 513
-
total
10 738
-
38 972
-
Corporate
135 679
178 000
-
-
income
25 779
33 820
-
-
total
25 779
33 820
-
-
Dividends
109 900
144 180
-
-
withholding
16 485
21 627
-
-
total
16 485
21 627
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
63 109
55 447
82 155
74 600
After tax
114 891
122 553
95 845
103 400
Living cost
21 477
21 477
21 477
21 477
Free-cash
93 414
101 076
74 368
81 923

Estimated living cost  is ₽21477 per week

₽14918
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1528
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽422
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4609
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
₽76935
₽86646
₽69380
₽96088
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
health
-
-
-
24 030
social contributions
-
-
-
30 904
income
-
-
-
18 460
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
1 206
total
-
-
-
74 600
Employee
38 919
-
139 029
-
income
4 670
-
17 007
-
social contributions
2 530
-
6 879
-
health
5 254
-
18 769
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
528
-
total
12 454
-
43 183
-
Employer
38 919
-
139 029
-
social contributions
9 730
-
26 459
-
health
3 503
-
12 513
-
total
13 233
-
38 972
-
Corporate
125 849
178 000
-
-
income
23 911
33 820
-
-
total
23 911
33 820
-
-
Dividends
101 938
144 180
-
-
withholding
15 291
21 627
-
-
total
15 291
21 627
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
64 889
55 447
82 155
74 600
After tax
113 111
122 553
95 845
103 400
Living cost
26 465
26 465
26 465
26 465
Free-cash
86 646
96 088
69 380
76 935

Estimated living cost  is ₽26465 per week

₽19681
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1466
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽458
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4860
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Copenhagen , Denmark
₽59330
-₽24866
-₽24866
-₽24866
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
national
-
-
-
21 352
pensions
-
-
-
807
municipal
-
-
-
37 494
labour market
-
-
-
14 175
total
-
-
-
73 828
Employee
189 268
189 268
189 268
-
municipal
40 303
40 303
40 303
-
national
23 122
23 122
23 122
-
pensions
269
269
269
-
labour market
15 120
15 120
15 120
-
total
78 814
78 814
78 814
-
Employer
189 268
189 268
189 268
-
pensions
538
538
538
-
labour market
15 141
15 141
15 141
-
municipal
40 368
40 368
40 368
-
national
23 163
23 163
23 163
-
total
79 210
79 210
79 210
-
Corporate
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
-
-
-
-
withholding
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
158 024
158 024
158 024
73 828
After tax
19 976
19 976
19 976
104 172
Living cost
44 842
44 842
44 842
44 842
Free-cash
-24 866
-24 866
-24 866
59 330

Estimated living cost  is ₽44842 per week

₽30690
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3967
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽690
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9495
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tallinn , Estonia
₽72980
₽114204
₽80168
₽119972
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
health
-
-
-
23 140
pensions
-
-
-
35 600
income
-
-
-
23 852
total
-
-
-
82 592
Employee
26 342
-
133 034
-
unemployment
421
-
2 129
-
income
2 966
-
25 650
-
pensions
527
-
2 661
-
total
3 914
-
30 440
-
Employer
26 342
-
133 034
-
pensions
5 269
-
26 606
-
health
3 424
-
17 294
-
unemployment
211
-
1 064
-
total
8 904
-
44 964
-
Corporate
142 754
178 000
-
-
income
28 550
35 600
-
-
total
28 550
35 600
-
-
Dividends
114 204
142 400
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
41 368
35 600
75 404
82 592
After tax
136 632
142 400
102 596
95 408
Living cost
22 428
22 428
22 428
22 428
Free-cash
114 204
119 972
80 168
72 980

Estimated living cost  is ₽22428 per week

₽15383
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1336
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽451
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5258
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Helsinki , Finland
₽77061
₽77673
₽56672
₽74993
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
178 000
national
-
-
-
31 319
health
-
-
-
2 354
municipal
-
-
-
31 616
total
-
-
-
65 289
Employee
48 854
-
149 744
-
unemployment
733
-
2 247
-
municipal
8 002
-
24 384
-
national
807
-
18 764
-
pensions
3 297
-
10 108
-
health
365
-
1 919
-
total
13 204
-
57 422
-
Employer
48 854
-
149 744
-
pensions
8 476
-
25 981
-
health
375
-
1 152
-
accident
49
-
150
-
unemployment
317
-
973
-
total
9 217
-
28 256
-
Corporate
119 928
178 000
-
-
income
23 986
35 600
-
-
total
23 986
35 600
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

71 957
106 800
-
-
municipal
12 952
19 223
-
-
national
5 318
12 534
-
-
total
18 270
31 757
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
64 677
67 357
85 678
65 289
After tax
113 323
110 643
92 322
112 711
Living cost
35 650
35 650
35 650
35 650
Free-cash
77 673
74 993
56 672
77 061

Estimated living cost  is ₽35650 per week

₽23287
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3429
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽567
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8368
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Marseille , France
₽71454
₽66247
₽67556
₽61090
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
surtax
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
7 977
pensions
-
-
-
30 364
social contributions
-
-
-
5 071
income
-
-
-
28 995
other
-
-
-
5 517
total
-
-
-
77 924
Employee
35 475
-
137 124
-
income
1 829
-
27 239
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
1 011
-
3 907
-
pensions
4 012
-
9 799
-
total
6 852
-
40 945
-
Employer
35 475
-
137 124
-
pensions
5 829
-
16 450
-
social contributions
106
-
411
-
other
1 225
-
5 462
-
health
2 483
-
13 000
-
unemployment
1 436
-
5 554
-
total
11 079
-
40 877
-
Corporate
131 447
178 000
-
-
income
36 806
49 840
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
36 806
49 840
-
-
Dividends
94 641
128 160
-
-
withholding
12 115
16 404
-
-
social contributions
16 279
22 044
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
28 394
38 448
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
83 131
88 288
81 822
77 924
After tax
94 869
89 712
96 178
100 076
Living cost
28 622
28 622
28 622
28 622
Free-cash
66 247
61 090
67 556
71 454

Estimated living cost  is ₽28622 per week

₽16599
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2908
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽543
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8573
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
₽68307
₽63428
₽64409
₽57943
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
surtax
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
7 977
pensions
-
-
-
30 364
social contributions
-
-
-
5 071
income
-
-
-
28 995
other
-
-
-
5 517
total
-
-
-
77 924
Employee
39 741
-
137 124
-
income
2 345
-
27 239
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
1 133
-
3 907
-
pensions
4 493
-
9 799
-
total
7 971
-
40 945
-
Employer
39 741
-
137 124
-
pensions
6 529
-
16 450
-
social contributions
120
-
411
-
other
1 371
-
5 462
-
health
2 782
-
13 000
-
unemployment
1 609
-
5 554
-
total
12 411
-
40 877
-
Corporate
125 848
178 000
-
-
income
35 237
49 840
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
35 237
49 840
-
-
Dividends
90 611
128 160
-
-
withholding
11 598
16 404
-
-
social contributions
15 586
22 044
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
27 184
38 448
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
82 803
88 288
81 822
77 924
After tax
95 197
89 712
96 178
100 076
Living cost
31 769
31 769
31 769
31 769
Free-cash
63 428
57 943
64 409
68 307

Estimated living cost  is ₽31769 per week

₽20032
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2583
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽541
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8615
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Paris , France
₽55227
₽51247
₽51329
₽44863
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
surtax
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
7 977
pensions
-
-
-
30 364
social contributions
-
-
-
5 071
income
-
-
-
28 995
other
-
-
-
5 517
total
-
-
-
77 924
Employee
58 158
-
137 124
-
income
5 074
-
27 239
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
1 656
-
3 907
-
pensions
6 578
-
9 799
-
total
13 308
-
40 945
-
Employer
58 158
-
137 124
-
pensions
9 556
-
16 450
-
social contributions
174
-
411
-
other
2 007
-
5 462
-
health
4 071
-
13 000
-
unemployment
2 356
-
5 554
-
total
18 164
-
40 877
-
Corporate
101 678
178 000
-
-
income
28 469
49 840
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
28 469
49 840
-
-
Dividends
73 209
128 160
-
-
withholding
9 371
16 404
-
-
social contributions
12 592
22 044
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
21 963
38 448
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
81 904
88 288
81 822
77 924
After tax
96 096
89 712
96 178
100 076
Living cost
44 849
44 849
44 849
44 849
Free-cash
51 247
44 863
51 329
55 227

Estimated living cost  is ₽44849 per week

₽30353
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3669
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽615
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽10212
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
₽170271
₽162036
₽136451
₽163151
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
178 000
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
1 780
total
-
-
-
1 780
Employee
7 436
-
178 000
-
income
1 487
-
35 600
-
total
1 487
-
35 600
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

170 564
178 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
170 564
178 000
-
-
withholding
8 528
8 900
-
-
total
8 528
8 900
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
10 015
8 900
35 600
1 780
After tax
167 985
169 100
142 400
176 220
Living cost
5 949
5 949
5 949
5 949
Free-cash
162 036
163 151
136 451
170 271

Estimated living cost  is ₽5949 per week

₽3687
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽495
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽164
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽1604
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Tbilisi , Georgia
₽166950
₽158092
₽133130
₽159830
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
178 000
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
1 780
total
-
-
-
1 780
Employee
11 588
-
178 000
-
income
2 318
-
35 600
-
total
2 318
-
35 600
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

166 412
178 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
166 412
178 000
-
-
withholding
8 320
8 900
-
-
total
8 320
8 900
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
10 638
8 900
35 600
1 780
After tax
167 362
169 100
142 400
176 220
Living cost
9 270
9 270
9 270
9 270
Free-cash
158 092
159 830
133 130
166 950

Estimated living cost  is ₽9270 per week

₽6273
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽389
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽311
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽2297
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Berlin , Germany
₽56721
₽67881
₽76069
₽55734
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
178 000
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 114
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 344
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
56 623
trade
-
-
-
19 348
total
-
-
-
85 429
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

46 202
-
178 000
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 799
-
56 623
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

210
-
3 114
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 344
-
6 344
-
total
10 353
-
66 081
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
131 798
178 000
-
-
trade
18 913
25 542
-
-
income
19 769
26 700
-
-
chamber of commerce
335
402
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 087
1 468
-
-
total
40 104
54 112
-
-
Dividends
91 693
123 888
-
-
withholding
22 571
30 619
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 241
1 685
-
-
total
23 812
32 304
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
74 269
86 416
66 081
85 429
After tax
103 731
91 584
111 919
92 571
Living cost
35 850
35 850
35 850
35 850
Free-cash
67 881
55 734
76 069
56 721

Estimated living cost  is ₽35850 per week

₽24730
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3857
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽520
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6742
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Dresden , Germany
₽62558
₽71898
₽83793
₽61628
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
178 000
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 114
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 344
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
56 623
trade
-
-
-
21 235
total
-
-
-
87 316
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

35 516
-
178 000
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

992
-
56 623
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

55
-
3 114
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 344
-
6 344
-
total
7 391
-
66 081
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
142 484
178 000
-
-
trade
22 441
28 036
-
-
income
21 373
26 700
-
-
chamber of commerce
345
396
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 175
1 468
-
-
total
45 334
56 600
-
-
Dividends
97 150
121 400
-
-
withholding
23 935
29 997
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 316
1 649
-
-
total
25 251
31 646
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
77 976
88 246
66 081
87 316
After tax
100 024
89 754
111 919
90 684
Living cost
28 126
28 126
28 126
28 126
Free-cash
71 898
61 628
83 793
62 558

Estimated living cost  is ₽28126 per week

₽17692
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3279
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽525
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6629
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Hamburg , Germany
₽53261
₽65406
₽75441
₽52358
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
178 000
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 114
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 344
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
56 623
trade
-
-
-
22 180
total
-
-
-
88 261
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

47 090
-
178 000
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

4 046
-
56 623
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

222
-
3 114
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 344
-
6 344
-
total
10 612
-
66 081
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
130 910
178 000
-
-
trade
21 535
29 281
-
-
income
19 637
26 700
-
-
chamber of commerce
328
395
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 080
1 468
-
-
total
42 580
57 844
-
-
Dividends
88 330
120 156
-
-
withholding
21 729
29 687
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 195
1 633
-
-
total
22 924
31 320
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
76 116
89 164
66 081
88 261
After tax
101 884
88 836
111 919
89 739
Living cost
36 478
36 478
36 478
36 478
Free-cash
65 406
52 358
75 441
53 261

Estimated living cost  is ₽36478 per week

₽24397
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3847
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽544
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7690
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Munich , Germany
₽46258
₽60439
₽69381
₽45385
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
178 000
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 114
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 344
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
56 623
trade
-
-
-
23 123
total
-
-
-
89 204
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

55 805
-
178 000
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

6 562
-
56 623
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

361
-
3 114
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 344
-
6 344
-
total
13 267
-
66 081
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
122 195
178 000
-
-
trade
20 957
30 527
-
-
income
18 330
26 700
-
-
chamber of commerce
314
391
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 008
1 468
-
-
total
40 609
59 086
-
-
Dividends
81 586
118 914
-
-
withholding
20 044
29 375
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 103
1 616
-
-
total
21 147
30 991
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
75 023
90 077
66 081
89 204
After tax
102 977
87 923
111 919
88 796
Living cost
42 538
42 538
42 538
42 538
Free-cash
60 439
45 385
69 381
46 258

Estimated living cost  is ₽42538 per week

₽31068
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3403
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽553
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7516
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Athens , Greece
₽63185
₽88154
₽57506
₽91105
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
surtax
-
-
-
8 310
unemployment
-
-
-
211
health
-
-
-
8 798
pensions
-
-
-
24 786
income
-
-
-
51 853
other
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
93 958
Employee
31 271
-
151 913
-
unemployment
2 176
-
8 626
-
other
-
-
-
-
income
5 242
-
46 298
-
surtax
111
-
7 200
-
pensions
2 086
-
8 266
-
health
798
-
3 160
-
total
10 413
-
73 550
-
Employer
31 271
-
151 913
-
pensions
4 169
-
16 520
-
other
-
-
-
-
health
1 422
-
5 639
-
unemployment
992
-
3 928
-
total
6 583
-
26 087
-
Corporate
140 146
178 000
-
-
income
36 437
46 281
-
-
total
36 437
46 281
-
-
Dividends
103 708
131 719
-
-
withholding
15 556
19 757
-
-
total
15 556
19 757
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
68 989
66 038
99 637
93 958
After tax
109 011
111 962
78 363
84 042
Living cost
20 857
20 857
20 857
20 857
Free-cash
88 154
91 105
57 506
63 185

Estimated living cost  is ₽20857 per week

₽12592
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1813
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽485
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5968
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Thessaloniki , Greece
₽63552
₽88584
₽57873
₽91472
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
surtax
-
-
-
8 310
unemployment
-
-
-
211
health
-
-
-
8 798
pensions
-
-
-
24 786
income
-
-
-
51 853
other
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
93 958
Employee
30 707
-
151 913
-
unemployment
2 137
-
8 626
-
other
-
-
-
-
income
5 147
-
46 298
-
surtax
100
-
7 200
-
pensions
2 048
-
8 266
-
health
784
-
3 160
-
total
10 216
-
73 550
-
Employer
30 707
-
151 913
-
pensions
4 093
-
16 520
-
other
-
-
-
-
health
1 397
-
5 639
-
unemployment
973
-
3 928
-
total
6 463
-
26 087
-
Corporate
140 829
178 000
-
-
income
36 615
46 281
-
-
total
36 615
46 281
-
-
Dividends
104 214
131 719
-
-
withholding
15 632
19 757
-
-
total
15 632
19 757
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
68 926
66 038
99 637
93 958
After tax
109 074
111 962
78 363
84 042
Living cost
20 490
20 490
20 490
20 490
Free-cash
88 584
91 472
57 873
63 552

Estimated living cost  is ₽20490 per week

₽12529
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1891
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽472
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5598
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Budapest , Hungary
₽104740
₽81812
₽84618
₽81425
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
unemployment
-
-
-
2 670
health
-
-
-
12 460
pensions
-
-
-
17 800
income
-
-
-
21 761
total
-
-
-
54 691
Employee

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

26 805
10 668
148 954
-
unemployment
402
160
2 234
-
income
3 277
1 304
18 210
-
pensions
2 681
1 067
14 895
-
health
1 876
747
10 427
-
total
8 236
3 278
45 766
-
Employer

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

26 805
10 668
148 954
-
pensions
5 227
2 080
29 046
-
total
5 227
2 080
29 046
-
Corporate
145 967
165 252
-
-
income
13 137
14 873
-
-
total
13 137
14 873
-
-
Dividends
132 830
150 379
-
-
withholding
25 238
28 572
-
-
social contributions
25 780
29 202
-
-
total
51 018
57 774
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
77 618
78 005
74 812
54 691
After tax
100 382
99 995
103 188
123 309
Living cost
18 570
18 570
18 570
18 570
Free-cash
81 812
81 425
84 618
104 740

Estimated living cost  is ₽18570 per week

₽12672
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1519
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽371
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4007
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Reykjavik , Iceland
₽58080
₽65486
₽59036
₽66231
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
national
-
-
-
32 148
pensions
-
-
-
21 360
social contributions
-
-
-
1 914
municipal
-
-
-
19 657
total
-
-
-
75 079
Employee
69 511
-
153 879
-
municipal
8 586
-
20 346
-
national
13 304
-
33 658
-
pensions
2 780
-
6 155
-
total
24 670
-
60 159
-
Employer
69 511
-
153 879
-
pensions
5 561
-
12 310
-
social contributions
747
-
1 654
-
total
6 308
-
13 964
-
Corporate
97 593
178 000
-
-
income

Corporate income tax will depend on a type of legal entity. For LLC and Limited Partnership it is set at 20%. All other entities pay 37.6%.

19 519
35 600
-
-
total
19 519
35 600
-
-
Dividends
78 074
142 400
-
-
withholding
17 176
31 328
-
-
total
17 176
31 328
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
67 673
66 928
74 123
75 079
After tax
110 327
111 072
103 877
102 921
Living cost
44 841
44 841
44 841
44 841
Free-cash
65 486
66 231
59 036
58 080

Estimated living cost  is ₽44841 per week

₽30478
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽4168
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽671
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9524
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

It is very difficult to get a residence permit on a basis of self-employment for a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit). EU/EFTA nationals and long-term EU resident permit holders can register self-employed and apply for a permanent residence.

Dublin , Ireland
₽39220
₽73756
₽39220
₽71706
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
social contributions
-
-
-
30 032
income
-
-
-
55 853
total
-
-
-
85 885
Employee
72 635
-
178 000
-
social contributions
6 034
-
30 032
-
income
13 706
-
55 853
-
total
19 740
-
85 885
-
Employer
72 635
-
178 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
105 365
178 000
-
-
income
13 170
22 250
-
-
total
13 170
22 250
-
-
Dividends
92 195
155 750
-
-
withholding
18 439
31 149
-
-
total
18 439
31 149
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
51 349
53 399
85 885
85 885
After tax
126 651
124 601
92 115
92 115
Living cost
52 895
52 895
52 895
52 895
Free-cash
73 756
71 706
39 220
39 220

Estimated living cost  is ₽52895 per week

₽40242
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽4310
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽506
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7838
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

To obtain permanent residence for non EEA/Swiss nationals, it is required to invest a huge amount - at least €1 million aggregate investment into a new or an existing Irish business, for a minimum of three years.

Milan , Italy
₽45044
₽50940
₽37003
₽55788
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
national
-
-
-
44 818
regional
-
-
-
2 117
social contributions
-
-
-
45 782
municipal
-
-
-
1 057
total
-
-
-
93 774
Employee
82 526
-
178 000
-
municipal
437
-
945
-
national
14 300
-
38 978
-
social contributions
27 828
-
60 022
-
regional
779
-
1 870
-
total
43 344
-
101 815
-
Employer
82 526
-
178 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
95 474
178 000
-
-
nationa
22 913
42 719
-
-
municipal
3 723
6 943
-
-
total
26 636
49 662
-
-
Dividends
68 838
128 338
-
-
withholding
17 898
33 368
-
-
total
17 898
33 368
-
-
Income
178 000
178 000
178 000
178 000
Total tax
87 878
83 030
101 815
93 774
After tax
90 122
94 970
76 185
84 226
Living cost
39 182
39 182
39 182
39 182
Free-cash
50 940
55 788
37 003
45 044

Estimated living cost  is ₽39182 per week

₽27313
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2569
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽601
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Naples , Italy
₽58644
₽66485
₽50645
₽68548
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
178 000
national
-
-
-
44 818
regional
-
-
-
2 685
social contributions
-
-
-
45 782
municipal
-
-
-
1 057
total
-
-
-
94 342
Employee
51 509
-
178 000
-
municipal
273
-
945
-
national
8 160
-
38 978
-
social contributions
17 369
-
60 022
-
regional
693
-
2 396
-
total
26 495
-
102 341
-
Employer
51 509
-
178 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
126 491
178 000
-