Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
₽ 172500
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Andorra , Andorra
₽98822
₽124218
₽103405
₽127338
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
social contributions
-
-
-
37 949
income
-
-
-
7 817
total
-
-
-
45 766
Employee
29 853
-
149 351
-
social contributions
1 940
-
9 708
-
income
-
-
8 326
-
total
1 940
-
18 034
-
Employer
29 853
-
149 351
-
social contributions
4 627
-
23 149
-
total
4 627
-
23 149
-
Corporate
138 020
172 500
-
-
income
13 803
17 250
-
-
total
13 803
17 250
-
-
Dividends
124 217
155 250
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
20 370
17 250
41 183
45 766
After tax
152 130
155 250
131 317
126 734
Living cost
27 912
27 912
27 912
27 912
Free-cash
124 218
127 338
103 405
98 822

Estimated living cost  is ₽27912 per week

₽18048
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2104
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽525
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7235
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Andorra has a limit of 1000 sole-trade resident permits per year, so while it isn't complicated to obtain one, it may get difficult by the end of the term.

Graz , Austria
₽59117
₽65373
₽16030
₽65832
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
surtax
-
-
-
-
unemployment
-
-
-
5 695
health
-
-
-
8 298
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
691
pensions
-
-
-
20 069
income
-
-
-
49 005
total
-
-
-
83 758
Employee
40 590
37 005
139 049
-
unemployment
1 218
1 110
3 255
-
other
405
370
1 085
-
income
3 616
2 730
39 868
-
pensions
4 157
3 789
11 108
-
health
1 570
1 433
4 197
-
total
10 966
9 432
59 513
-
Employer
40 590
37 005
139 049
-
pensions
5 094
4 645
13 614
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
payroll
1 218
1 110
4 171
-
other
1 928
1 757
6 344
-
health
1 535
1 399
4 100
-
accident
527
481
1 410
-
unemployment
1 218
1 110
3 255
-
chamber of commerce
162
148
557
-
total
11 682
10 650
33 451
-
Corporate
120 228
124 845
135 525
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

30 057
31 211
33 881
-
total
30 057
31 211
33 881
-
Dividends
90 172
93 634
-
-
withholding
24 797
25 750
-
-
total
24 797
25 750
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
77 502
77 043
126 845
83 758
After tax
94 998
95 457
45 655
88 742
Living cost
29 625
29 625
29 625
29 625
Free-cash
65 373
65 832
16 030
59 117

Estimated living cost  is ₽29625 per week

₽17771
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3026
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽529
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8300
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Vienna , Austria
₽55840
₽61205
₽12890
₽62640
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
surtax
-
-
-
183
unemployment
-
-
-
5 695
health
-
-
-
8 298
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
691
pensions
-
-
-
20 069
income
-
-
-
49 005
total
-
-
-
83 941
Employee
46 406
37 005
138 878
-
unemployment
1 392
1 110
3 255
-
other
463
370
1 085
-
income
5 283
2 730
39 787
-
pensions
4 752
3 789
11 108
-
health
1 796
1 433
4 197
-
total
13 686
9 432
59 432
-
Employer
46 406
37 005
138 878
-
pensions
5 824
4 645
13 614
-
surtax
183
183
183
-
payroll
1 392
1 110
4 166
-
other
2 204
1 757
6 338
-
health
1 753
1 399
4 100
-
accident
603
481
1 410
-
unemployment
1 392
1 110
3 255
-
chamber of commerce
185
148
555
-
total
13 536
10 833
33 621
-
Corporate
112 558
124 662
135 354
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

28 140
31 165
33 838
-
total
28 140
31 165
33 838
-
Dividends
84 418
93 496
-
-
withholding
23 214
25 711
-
-
total
23 214
25 711
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
78 576
77 141
126 891
83 941
After tax
93 924
95 359
45 609
88 559
Living cost
32 719
32 719
32 719
32 719
Free-cash
61 205
62 640
12 890
55 840

Estimated living cost  is ₽32719 per week

₽21822
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2791
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽537
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7568
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Brussels , Belgium
₽40988
₽48672
₽26375
₽62598
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
national
-
-
-
65 544
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
8 960
social contributions
-
-
-
23 151
total
-
-
-
97 655
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

66 421
-
133 608
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

578
-
1 163
-
national
20 420
-
48 942
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

3 464
-
6 969
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 982
-
10 021
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

3 121
-
6 280
-
total
32 565
-
73 375
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

66 421
-
133 608
-
surtax
7 531
-
15 151
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

5 886
-
11 838
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 085
-
8 217
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

863
-
1 736
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

969
-
1 951
-
total
19 334
-
38 893
-
Corporate
86 745
172 500
-
-
income
17 348
34 501
-
-
surtax
347
691
-
-
total
17 695
35 192
-
-
Dividends
69 049
137 308
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

20 377
40 853
-
-
total
20 377
40 853
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
89 971
76 045
112 268
97 655
After tax
82 529
96 455
60 232
74 845
Living cost
33 857
33 857
33 857
33 857
Free-cash
48 672
62 598
26 375
40 988

Estimated living cost  is ₽33857 per week

₽21808
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2960
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽530
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8559
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sofia , Bulgaria
₽121987
₽125852
₽128848
₽131512
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
unemployment
-
-
-
130
health
-
-
-
3 731
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 801
income
-
-
-
25 875
total
-
-
-
34 537
Employee
21 155
-
166 135
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

232
-
357
-
income
2 116
-
16 614
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 857
-
2 848
-
health
973
-
1 492
-
total
5 178
-
21 311
-
Employer
21 155
-
166 135
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

2 331
-
3 575
-
health
1 460
-
2 238
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

232
-
357
-
unemployment
127
-
195
-
total
4 150
-
6 365
-
Corporate
147 195
172 500
-
-
income
14 720
17 250
-
-
total
14 720
17 250
-
-
Dividends
132 475
155 250
-
-
withholding
6 624
7 762
-
-
total
6 624
7 762
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
30 672
25 012
27 676
34 537
After tax
141 828
147 488
144 824
137 963
Living cost
15 976
15 976
15 976
15 976
Free-cash
125 852
131 512
128 848
121 987

Estimated living cost  is ₽15976 per week

₽10566
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽915
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽381
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4114
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
₽125787
₽130996
₽132648
₽135312
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
unemployment
-
-
-
130
health
-
-
-
3 731
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 801
income
-
-
-
25 875
total
-
-
-
34 537
Employee
16 123
-
166 135
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

178
-
357
-
income
1 612
-
16 614
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 416
-
2 848
-
health
742
-
1 492
-
total
3 948
-
21 311
-
Employer
16 123
-
166 135
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 777
-
3 575
-
health
1 113
-
2 238
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

178
-
357
-
unemployment
96
-
195
-
total
3 164
-
6 365
-
Corporate
153 213
172 500
-
-
income
15 322
17 250
-
-
total
15 322
17 250
-
-
Dividends
137 891
155 250
-
-
withholding
6 894
7 762
-
-
total
6 894
7 762
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
29 328
25 012
27 676
34 537
After tax
143 172
147 488
144 824
137 963
Living cost
12 176
12 176
12 176
12 176
Free-cash
130 996
135 312
132 648
125 787

Estimated living cost  is ₽12176 per week

₽7109
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽870
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽323
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3876
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Larnaca , Cyprus
₽95957
₽99258
₽94465
₽104312
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
health
-
-
-
4 398
social contributions
-
-
-
15 024
income
-
-
-
35 622
total
-
-
-
55 044
Employee
71 403
71 403
161 518
-
income
7 775
6 610
34 816
-
social contributions
2 700
5 926
7 993
-
health
553
1 214
2 745
-
total
11 028
13 750
45 554
-
Employer
71 403
71 403
161 518
-
social contributions
2 700
5 926
7 993
-
health
601
1 322
2 989
-
total
3 301
7 248
10 982
-
Corporate
136 673
93 850
-
-
income
17 084
11 731
-
-
total
17 084
11 731
-
-
Dividends
119 589
82 119
-
-
withholding
20 330
13 960
-
-
total
20 330
13 960
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
51 743
46 689
56 536
55 044
After tax
120 757
125 811
115 964
117 456
Living cost
21 499
21 499
21 499
21 499
Free-cash
99 258
104 312
94 465
95 957

Estimated living cost  is ₽21499 per week

₽12885
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2109
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽476
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6030
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
₽87338
₽91841
₽85846
₽95693
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
health
-
-
-
4 398
social contributions
-
-
-
15 024
income
-
-
-
35 622
total
-
-
-
55 044
Employee
71 403
71 403
161 518
-
income
7 498
6 610
34 816
-
social contributions
3 470
5 926
7 993
-
health
710
1 214
2 745
-
total
11 678
13 750
45 554
-
Employer
71 403
71 403
161 518
-
social contributions
3 470
5 926
7 993
-
health
774
1 322
2 989
-
total
4 244
7 248
10 982
-
Corporate
126 461
93 850
-
-
income
15 808
11 731
-
-
total
15 808
11 731
-
-
Dividends
110 653
82 119
-
-
withholding
18 811
13 960
-
-
total
18 811
13 960
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
50 541
46 689
56 536
55 044
After tax
121 959
125 811
115 964
117 456
Living cost
30 118
30 118
30 118
30 118
Free-cash
91 841
95 693
85 846
87 338

Estimated living cost  is ₽30118 per week

₽20589
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2352
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽506
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6671
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Brno , Czech Republic
₽78213
₽89627
₽70964
₽97289
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
health
-
-
-
23 287
social contributions
-
-
-
30 904
income
-
-
-
17 746
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
873
total
-
-
-
72 810
Employee
31 583
-
133 983
-
income
3 790
-
16 352
-
social contributions
2 053
-
6 879
-
health
4 264
-
18 088
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
223
-
total
10 107
-
41 542
-
Employer
31 583
-
133 983
-
social contributions
7 896
-
26 459
-
health
2 842
-
12 058
-
total
10 738
-
38 517
-
Corporate
130 179
172 500
-
-
income
24 734
32 775
-
-
total
24 734
32 775
-
-
Dividends
105 445
139 725
-
-
withholding
15 817
20 959
-
-
total
15 817
20 959
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
61 396
53 734
80 059
72 810
After tax
111 104
118 766
92 441
99 690
Living cost
21 477
21 477
21 477
21 477
Free-cash
89 627
97 289
70 964
78 213

Estimated living cost  is ₽21477 per week

₽14918
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1528
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽422
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4609
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
₽73225
₽82860
₽65976
₽92301
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
health
-
-
-
23 287
social contributions
-
-
-
30 904
income
-
-
-
17 746
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
873
total
-
-
-
72 810
Employee
38 919
-
133 983
-
income
4 670
-
16 352
-
social contributions
2 530
-
6 879
-
health
5 254
-
18 088
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
223
-
total
12 454
-
41 542
-
Employer
38 919
-
133 983
-
social contributions
9 730
-
26 459
-
health
3 503
-
12 058
-
total
13 233
-
38 517
-
Corporate
120 349
172 500
-
-
income
22 866
32 775
-
-
total
22 866
32 775
-
-
Dividends
97 483
139 725
-
-
withholding
14 622
20 959
-
-
total
14 622
20 959
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
63 175
53 734
80 059
72 810
After tax
109 325
118 766
92 441
99 690
Living cost
26 465
26 465
26 465
26 465
Free-cash
82 860
92 301
65 976
73 225

Estimated living cost  is ₽26465 per week

₽19681
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1466
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽458
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4860
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Copenhagen , Denmark
₽56405
-₽30366
-₽30366
-₽30366
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
national
-
-
-
20 526
pensions
-
-
-
807
municipal
-
-
-
36 185
labour market
-
-
-
13 735
total
-
-
-
71 253
Employee
189 268
189 268
189 268
-
municipal
40 303
40 303
40 303
-
national
23 122
23 122
23 122
-
pensions
269
269
269
-
labour market
15 120
15 120
15 120
-
total
78 814
78 814
78 814
-
Employer
189 268
189 268
189 268
-
pensions
538
538
538
-
labour market
15 141
15 141
15 141
-
municipal
40 368
40 368
40 368
-
national
23 163
23 163
23 163
-
total
79 210
79 210
79 210
-
Corporate
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
-
-
-
-
withholding
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
158 024
158 024
158 024
71 253
After tax
14 476
14 476
14 476
101 247
Living cost
44 842
44 842
44 842
44 842
Free-cash
-30 366
-30 366
-30 366
56 405

Estimated living cost  is ₽44842 per week

₽30690
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3967
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽690
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9495
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tallinn , Estonia
₽70030
₽109803
₽76998
₽115571
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
health
-
-
-
22 425
pensions
-
-
-
34 501
income
-
-
-
23 116
total
-
-
-
80 042
Employee
26 342
-
128 924
-
unemployment
421
-
2 063
-
income
2 966
-
24 857
-
pensions
527
-
2 578
-
total
3 914
-
29 498
-
Employer
26 342
-
128 924
-
pensions
5 269
-
25 785
-
health
3 424
-
16 760
-
unemployment
211
-
1 031
-
total
8 904
-
43 576
-
Corporate
137 254
172 500
-
-
income
27 451
34 501
-
-
total
27 451
34 501
-
-
Dividends
109 803
137 999
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
40 269
34 501
73 074
80 042
After tax
132 231
137 999
99 426
92 458
Living cost
22 428
22 428
22 428
22 428
Free-cash
109 803
115 571
76 998
70 030

Estimated living cost  is ₽22428 per week

₽15383
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1336
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽451
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5258
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Helsinki , Finland
₽74311
₽74437
₽54275
₽71888
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
172 500
national
-
-
-
29 627
health
-
-
-
2 270
municipal
-
-
-
30 642
total
-
-
-
62 539
Employee
48 854
-
145 118
-
unemployment
733
-
2 176
-
municipal
8 002
-
23 634
-
national
807
-
17 741
-
pensions
3 297
-
9 796
-
health
365
-
1 847
-
total
13 204
-
55 194
-
Employer
48 854
-
145 118
-
pensions
8 476
-
25 177
-
health
375
-
1 117
-
accident
49
-
144
-
unemployment
317
-
943
-
total
9 217
-
27 381
-
Corporate
114 428
172 500
-
-
income
22 885
34 501
-
-
total
22 885
34 501
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

68 658
103 499
-
-
municipal
12 358
18 629
-
-
national
4 749
11 832
-
-
total
17 107
30 461
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
62 413
64 962
82 575
62 539
After tax
110 087
107 538
89 925
109 961
Living cost
35 650
35 650
35 650
35 650
Free-cash
74 437
71 888
54 275
74 311

Estimated living cost  is ₽35650 per week

₽23287
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3429
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽567
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8368
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Marseille , France
₽68441
₽63477
₽65150
₽58319
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
surtax
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
7 574
pensions
-
-
-
29 907
social contributions
-
-
-
4 915
income
-
-
-
27 693
other
-
-
-
5 348
total
-
-
-
75 437
Employee
35 475
-
133 167
-
income
1 829
-
26 201
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
1 011
-
3 794
-
pensions
4 012
-
9 399
-
total
6 852
-
39 394
-
Employer
35 475
-
133 167
-
pensions
5 829
-
15 800
-
social contributions
106
-
400
-
other
1 225
-
5 254
-
health
2 483
-
12 486
-
unemployment
1 436
-
5 394
-
total
11 079
-
39 334
-
Corporate
125 947
172 500
-
-
income
35 266
48 300
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
35 266
48 300
-
-
Dividends
90 681
124 200
-
-
withholding
11 607
15 898
-
-
social contributions
15 597
21 361
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
27 204
37 259
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
80 401
85 559
78 728
75 437
After tax
92 099
86 941
93 772
97 063
Living cost
28 622
28 622
28 622
28 622
Free-cash
63 477
58 319
65 150
68 441

Estimated living cost  is ₽28622 per week

₽16599
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2908
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽543
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8573
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
₽65294
₽60657
₽62003
₽55172
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
surtax
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
7 574
pensions
-
-
-
29 907
social contributions
-
-
-
4 915
income
-
-
-
27 693
other
-
-
-
5 348
total
-
-
-
75 437
Employee
39 741
-
133 167
-
income
2 345
-
26 201
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
1 133
-
3 794
-
pensions
4 493
-
9 399
-
total
7 971
-
39 394
-
Employer
39 741
-
133 167
-
pensions
6 529
-
15 800
-
social contributions
120
-
400
-
other
1 371
-
5 254
-
health
2 782
-
12 486
-
unemployment
1 609
-
5 394
-
total
12 411
-
39 334
-
Corporate
120 348
172 500
-
-
income
33 697
48 300
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
33 697
48 300
-
-
Dividends
86 651
124 200
-
-
withholding
11 091
15 898
-
-
social contributions
14 904
21 361
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
25 995
37 259
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
80 074
85 559
78 728
75 437
After tax
92 426
86 941
93 772
97 063
Living cost
31 769
31 769
31 769
31 769
Free-cash
60 657
55 172
62 003
65 294

Estimated living cost  is ₽31769 per week

₽20032
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2583
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽541
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8615
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Paris , France
₽52214
₽48477
₽48923
₽42092
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
surtax
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
7 574
pensions
-
-
-
29 907
social contributions
-
-
-
4 915
income
-
-
-
27 693
other
-
-
-
5 348
total
-
-
-
75 437
Employee
58 158
-
133 167
-
income
5 074
-
26 201
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
1 656
-
3 794
-
pensions
6 578
-
9 399
-
total
13 308
-
39 394
-
Employer
58 158
-
133 167
-
pensions
9 556
-
15 800
-
social contributions
174
-
400
-
other
2 007
-
5 254
-
health
4 071
-
12 486
-
unemployment
2 356
-
5 394
-
total
18 164
-
39 334
-
Corporate
96 178
172 500
-
-
income
26 929
48 300
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
26 929
48 300
-
-
Dividends
69 249
124 200
-
-
withholding
8 864
15 898
-
-
social contributions
11 909
21 361
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
20 773
37 259
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
79 174
85 559
78 728
75 437
After tax
93 326
86 941
93 772
97 063
Living cost
44 849
44 849
44 849
44 849
Free-cash
48 477
42 092
48 923
52 214

Estimated living cost  is ₽44849 per week

₽30353
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3669
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽615
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽10212
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
₽164826
₽156811
₽132051
₽157926
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
172 500
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
1 725
total
-
-
-
1 725
Employee
7 436
-
172 500
-
income
1 487
-
34 500
-
total
1 487
-
34 500
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

165 064
172 500
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
165 064
172 500
-
-
withholding
8 253
8 625
-
-
total
8 253
8 625
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
9 740
8 625
34 500
1 725
After tax
162 760
163 875
138 000
170 775
Living cost
5 949
5 949
5 949
5 949
Free-cash
156 811
157 926
132 051
164 826

Estimated living cost  is ₽5949 per week

₽3687
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽495
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽164
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽1604
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Tbilisi , Georgia
₽161505
₽152867
₽128730
₽154605
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
172 500
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
1 725
total
-
-
-
1 725
Employee
11 588
-
172 500
-
income
2 318
-
34 500
-
total
2 318
-
34 500
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

160 912
172 500
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
160 912
172 500
-
-
withholding
8 045
8 625
-
-
total
8 045
8 625
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
10 363
8 625
34 500
1 725
After tax
162 137
163 875
138 000
170 775
Living cost
9 270
9 270
9 270
9 270
Free-cash
152 867
154 605
128 730
161 505

Estimated living cost  is ₽9270 per week

₽6273
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽389
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽311
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽2297
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Berlin , Germany
₽54447
₽65059
₽73006
₽52910
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
172 500
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
2 987
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 344
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
54 313
trade
-
-
-
18 559
total
-
-
-
82 203
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

46 202
-
172 500
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 799
-
54 313
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

210
-
2 987
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 344
-
6 344
-
total
10 353
-
63 644
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
126 298
172 500
-
-
trade
18 124
24 754
-
-
income
18 945
25 875
-
-
chamber of commerce
326
395
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 041
1 424
-
-
total
38 436
52 448
-
-
Dividends
87 862
120 052
-
-
withholding
21 613
29 660
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 189
1 632
-
-
total
22 802
31 292
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
71 591
83 740
63 644
82 203
After tax
100 909
88 760
108 856
90 297
Living cost
35 850
35 850
35 850
35 850
Free-cash
65 059
52 910
73 006
54 447

Estimated living cost  is ₽35850 per week

₽24730
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3857
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽520
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6742
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Dresden , Germany
₽60361
₽69130
₽80730
₽58861
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
172 500
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
2 987
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 344
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
54 313
trade
-
-
-
20 369
total
-
-
-
84 013
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

35 516
-
172 500
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

992
-
54 313
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

55
-
2 987
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 344
-
6 344
-
total
7 391
-
63 644
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
136 984
172 500
-
-
trade
21 576
27 169
-
-
income
20 548
25 875
-
-
chamber of commerce
338
389
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 130
1 424
-
-
total
43 592
54 857
-
-
Dividends
93 392
117 643
-
-
withholding
22 996
29 058
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 265
1 598
-
-
total
24 261
30 656
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
75 244
85 513
63 644
84 013
After tax
97 256
86 987
108 856
88 487
Living cost
28 126
28 126
28 126
28 126
Free-cash
69 130
58 861
80 730
60 361

Estimated living cost  is ₽28126 per week

₽17692
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3279
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽525
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6629
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Hamburg , Germany
₽51104
₽62671
₽72378
₽49623
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
172 500
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
2 987
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 344
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
54 313
trade
-
-
-
21 274
total
-
-
-
84 918
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

47 090
-
172 500
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

4 046
-
54 313
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

222
-
2 987
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 344
-
6 344
-
total
10 612
-
63 644
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
125 410
172 500
-
-
trade
20 629
28 376
-
-
income
18 811
25 875
-
-
chamber of commerce
319
386
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 034
1 424
-
-
total
40 793
56 061
-
-
Dividends
84 617
116 439
-
-
withholding
20 802
28 756
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 144
1 582
-
-
total
21 946
30 338
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
73 351
86 399
63 644
84 918
After tax
99 149
86 101
108 856
87 582
Living cost
36 478
36 478
36 478
36 478
Free-cash
62 671
49 623
72 378
51 104

Estimated living cost  is ₽36478 per week

₽24397
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3847
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽544
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7690
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Munich , Germany
₽44138
₽57734
₽66318
₽42675
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
172 500
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
2 987
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 344
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
54 313
trade
-
-
-
22 180
total
-
-
-
85 824
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

55 805
-
172 500
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

6 562
-
54 313
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

361
-
2 987
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 344
-
6 344
-
total
13 267
-
63 644
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
116 695
172 500
-
-
trade
20 013
29 584
-
-
income
17 505
25 875
-
-
chamber of commerce
305
384
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

962
1 424
-
-
total
38 785
57 267
-
-
Dividends
77 910
115 232
-
-
withholding
19 124
28 455
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 052
1 565
-
-
total
20 176
30 020
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
72 228
87 287
63 644
85 824
After tax
100 272
85 213
108 856
86 676
Living cost
42 538
42 538
42 538
42 538
Free-cash
57 734
42 675
66 318
44 138

Estimated living cost  is ₽42538 per week

₽31068
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3403
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽553
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7516
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Athens , Greece
₽60656
₽84693
₽54976
₽87646
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
surtax
-
-
-
7 815
unemployment
-
-
-
211
health
-
-
-
8 798
pensions
-
-
-
24 786
income
-
-
-
49 377
other
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
90 987
Employee
31 271
-
146 413
-
unemployment
2 176
-
8 626
-
other
-
-
-
-
income
5 242
-
43 823
-
surtax
111
-
6 705
-
pensions
2 086
-
8 266
-
health
798
-
3 160
-
total
10 413
-
70 580
-
Employer
31 271
-
146 413
-
pensions
4 169
-
16 520
-
other
-
-
-
-
health
1 422
-
5 639
-
unemployment
992
-
3 928
-
total
6 583
-
26 087
-
Corporate
134 646
172 500
-
-
income
35 008
44 850
-
-
total
35 008
44 850
-
-
Dividends
99 637
127 650
-
-
withholding
14 946
19 147
-
-
total
14 946
19 147
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
66 950
63 997
96 667
90 987
After tax
105 550
108 503
75 833
81 513
Living cost
20 857
20 857
20 857
20 857
Free-cash
84 693
87 646
54 976
60 656

Estimated living cost  is ₽20857 per week

₽12592
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1813
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽485
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5968
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Thessaloniki , Greece
₽61023
₽85123
₽55343
₽88013
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
surtax
-
-
-
7 815
unemployment
-
-
-
211
health
-
-
-
8 798
pensions
-
-
-
24 786
income
-
-
-
49 377
other
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
90 987
Employee
30 707
-
146 413
-
unemployment
2 137
-
8 626
-
other
-
-
-
-
income
5 147
-
43 823
-
surtax
100
-
6 705
-
pensions
2 048
-
8 266
-
health
784
-
3 160
-
total
10 216
-
70 580
-
Employer
30 707
-
146 413
-
pensions
4 093
-
16 520
-
other
-
-
-
-
health
1 397
-
5 639
-
unemployment
973
-
3 928
-
total
6 463
-
26 087
-
Corporate
135 329
172 500
-
-
income
35 186
44 850
-
-
total
35 186
44 850
-
-
Dividends
100 143
127 650
-
-
withholding
15 022
19 147
-
-
total
15 022
19 147
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
66 887
63 997
96 667
90 987
After tax
105 613
108 503
75 833
81 513
Living cost
20 490
20 490
20 490
20 490
Free-cash
85 123
88 013
55 343
61 023

Estimated living cost  is ₽20490 per week

₽12529
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1891
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽472
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5598
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Budapest , Hungary
₽100931
₽78735
₽81430
₽78348
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
unemployment
-
-
-
2 587
health
-
-
-
12 075
pensions
-
-
-
17 250
income
-
-
-
21 088
total
-
-
-
53 000
Employee

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

26 805
10 668
144 351
-
unemployment
402
160
2 165
-
income
3 277
1 304
17 647
-
pensions
2 681
1 067
14 435
-
health
1 876
747
10 105
-
total
8 236
3 278
44 352
-
Employer

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

26 805
10 668
144 351
-
pensions
5 227
2 080
28 149
-
total
5 227
2 080
28 149
-
Corporate
140 467
159 752
-
-
income
12 642
14 378
-
-
total
12 642
14 378
-
-
Dividends
127 825
145 374
-
-
withholding
24 287
27 621
-
-
social contributions
24 804
28 226
-
-
total
49 091
55 847
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
75 196
75 583
72 501
53 000
After tax
97 304
96 917
99 999
119 500
Living cost
18 570
18 570
18 570
18 570
Free-cash
78 735
78 348
81 430
100 931

Estimated living cost  is ₽18570 per week

₽12672
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1519
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽371
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4007
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Reykjavik , Iceland
₽55346
₽62054
₽56272
₽62799
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
national
-
-
-
30 744
pensions
-
-
-
20 700
social contributions
-
-
-
1 854
municipal
-
-
-
19 015
total
-
-
-
72 313
Employee
69 511
-
149 125
-
municipal
8 586
-
19 683
-
national
13 304
-
32 206
-
pensions
2 780
-
5 965
-
total
24 670
-
57 854
-
Employer
69 511
-
149 125
-
pensions
5 561
-
11 930
-
social contributions
747
-
1 603
-
total
6 308
-
13 533
-
Corporate
92 093
172 500
-
-
income

Corporate income tax will depend on a type of legal entity. For LLC and Limited Partnership it is set at 20%. All other entities pay 37.6%.

18 419
34 500
-
-
total
18 419
34 500
-
-
Dividends
73 674
138 000
-
-
withholding
16 208
30 360
-
-
total
16 208
30 360
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
65 605
64 860
71 387
72 313
After tax
106 895
107 640
101 113
100 187
Living cost
44 841
44 841
44 841
44 841
Free-cash
62 054
62 799
56 272
55 346

Estimated living cost  is ₽44841 per week

₽30478
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽4168
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽671
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9524
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

It is very difficult to get a residence permit on a basis of self-employment for a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit). EU/EFTA nationals and long-term EU resident permit holders can register self-employed and apply for a permanent residence.

Dublin , Ireland
₽36967
₽69905
₽36967
₽67855
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
social contributions
-
-
-
28 986
income
-
-
-
53 652
total
-
-
-
82 638
Employee
72 635
-
172 500
-
social contributions
6 034
-
28 986
-
income
13 706
-
53 652
-
total
19 740
-
82 638
-
Employer
72 635
-
172 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
99 865
172 500
-
-
income
12 483
21 563
-
-
total
12 483
21 563
-
-
Dividends
87 382
150 937
-
-
withholding
17 477
30 187
-
-
total
17 477
30 187
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
49 700
51 750
82 638
82 638
After tax
122 800
120 750
89 862
89 862
Living cost
52 895
52 895
52 895
52 895
Free-cash
69 905
67 855
36 967
36 967

Estimated living cost  is ₽52895 per week

₽40242
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽4310
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽506
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7838
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

To obtain permanent residence for non EEA/Swiss nationals, it is required to invest a huge amount - at least €1 million aggregate investment into a new or an existing Irish business, for a minimum of three years.

Milan , Italy
₽42738
₽48006
₽34946
₽52853
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
national
-
-
-
43 142
regional
-
-
-
2 045
social contributions
-
-
-
44 367
municipal
-
-
-
1 026
total
-
-
-
90 580
Employee
82 526
-
172 500
-
municipal
437
-
915
-
national
14 300
-
37 484
-
social contributions
27 828
-
58 166
-
regional
779
-
1 807
-
total
43 344
-
98 372
-
Employer
82 526
-
172 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
89 974
172 500
-
-
nationa
21 593
41 400
-
-
municipal
3 508
6 728
-
-
total
25 101
48 128
-
-
Dividends
64 873
124 373
-
-
withholding
16 867
32 337
-
-
total
16 867
32 337
-
-
Income
172 500
172 500
172 500
172 500
Total tax
85 312
80 465
98 372
90 580
After tax
87 188
92 035
74 128
81 920
Living cost
39 182
39 182
39 182
39 182
Free-cash
48 006
52 853
34 946
42 738

Estimated living cost  is ₽39182 per week

₽27313
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2569
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽601
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Naples , Italy
₽56349
₽63597
₽48599
₽65655
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
172 500
national
-
-
-
43 142
regional
-
-
-
2 602
social contributions
-
-
-
44 367
municipal
-
-
-
1 026
total
-
-
-
91 137
Employee
51 509
-
172 500
-
municipal
273
-
915
-
national
8 160
-
37 484
-
social contributions
17 369
-
58 166
-
regional
693
-
2 322
-
total
26 495
-
98 887
-
Employer
51 509
-
172 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
120 991
172 500
-