Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
€ 1100
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Valencia , Spain
€295
€319
€462
€409
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
220
accident
-
-
-
8
unemployment
-
-
-
7
pensions
-
-
-
266
other
-
-
-
1
total
-
-
-
502
Employee
375
-
834
-
other
-
-
1
-
income
72
-
206
-
unemployment
6
-
13
-
pensions
18
-
39
-
total
96
-
259
-
Employer
375
-
834
-
unemployment
21
-
46
-
pensions
88
-
197
-
other
3
-
7
-
accident
7
-
17
-
total
119
-
267
-
Corporate
606
1 100
-
-
income

The general rate of corporate tax is 25%. The lower rate of 15% is introduced for newly formed companies which applies during the first two years of operation in which taxable profit is made. We use the lower rate in our model.

91
165
-
-
total
91
165
-
-
Dividends
515
935
-
-
withholding
106
194
-
-
total
106
194
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
412
359
526
502
After tax
688
741
574
598
Living cost
279
279
279
279
Free-cash
409
462
295
319

Estimated living cost  is €279 per week

€188
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€27
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€59
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Bratislava , Slovakia
€370
€325
€538
€470
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
141
health
-
-
-
48
pensions

Participation in the individual account program is voluntary (6% of an income). The decision to contribute to an individual account must be made before the age of 35 and cannot be reversed.

-
-
-
264
other
-
-
-
52
total
-
-
-
505
Employee
368
-
879
-
income
63
-
156
-
health
5
-
12
-
unemployment
4
-
9
-
pensions

Participation in the individual account program is voluntary (6% of an income). The decision to contribute to an individual account must be made before the age of 35 and cannot be reversed.

26
-
62
-
total
98
-
239
-
Employer
368
-
879
-
unemployment
4
-
9
-
pensions

Participation in the individual account program is voluntary (6% of an income). The decision to contribute to an individual account must be made before the age of 35 and cannot be reversed.

63
-
149
-
other
18
-
44
-
accident
3
-
7
-
health
5
-
12
-
total
93
-
221
-
Corporate
639
1 100
-
-
income
134
231
-
-
total
134
231
-
-
Dividends
505
869
-
-
withholding
35
61
-
-
total
35
61
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
360
292
460
505
After tax
740
808
640
595
Living cost
270
270
270
270
Free-cash
470
538
370
325

Estimated living cost  is €270 per week

€191
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€18
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€4
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€57
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
€744
€708
€808
€761
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
165
health
-
-
-
41
unemployment
-
-
-
1
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
52
total
-
-
-
259
Employee
176
-
1 030
-
income
18
-
103
-
health
8
-
16
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

2
-
4
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

15
-
31
-
total
43
-
154
-
Employer
176
-
1 030
-
unemployment
1
-
2
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

19
-
39
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

2
-
4
-
health
12
-
24
-
total
34
-
69
-
Corporate
889
1 100
-
-
income
89
110
-
-
total
89
110
-
-
Dividends
800
990
-
-
withholding
40
49
-
-
total
40
49
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
206
159
223
259
After tax
894
941
877
841
Living cost
133
133
133
133
Free-cash
761
808
744
708

Estimated living cost  is €133 per week

€78
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€9
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€4
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€42
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
€333
€285
€208
€267
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
117
social contributions
-
-
-
31
health
-
-
-
25
surtax
-
-
-
-
pensions
-
-
-
261
other
-
-
-
34
total
-
-
-
468
Employee
434
-
888
-
income
26
-
138
-
social contributions
12
-
25
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
pensions
49
-
45
-
total
87
-
208
-
Employer
434
-
888
-
unemployment
18
-
36
-
social contributions
1
-
3
-
pensions
71
-
79
-
other
15
-
31
-
health
30
-
63
-
total
135
-
212
-
Corporate
531
1 100
-
-
income
149
308
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
149
308
-
-
Dividends
382
792
-
-
withholding
49
101
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
66
136
-
-
total
115
237
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
486
545
420
468
After tax
614
555
680
632
Living cost
347
347
347
347
Free-cash
267
208
333
285

Estimated living cost  is €347 per week

€219
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€28
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€94
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Rotterdam , Netherlands
€133
€200
€109
€47
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
231
health
-
-
-
125
pensions
-
-
-
119
total
-
-
-
475
Employee
865
865
936
-
income

It is possible to apply for a 30% ruling (tax reduction) for salaries over €37,000 per annum.

142
142
142
-
health
133
113
117
-
pensions
156
119
119
-
total
431
374
378
-
Employer
865
865
936
-
unemployment
31
31
34
-
pensions
60
60
65
-
health
60
60
65
-
total
151
151
164
-
Corporate
94
83
-
-
income
19
17
-
-
total
19
17
-
-
Dividends
75
66
-
-
withholding
11
10
-
-
income
16
14
-
-
total
27
24
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
628
566
542
475
After tax
472
534
558
625
Living cost
425
425
425
425
Free-cash
47
109
133
200

Estimated living cost  is €425 per week

€301
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€38
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€7
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€79
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Dresden , Germany
€464
€365
€249
€361
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
1 100
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
246
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
69
trade
-
-
-
99
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
14
total
-
-
-
428
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

388
-
1 100
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

11
-
246
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

69
-
69
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1
-
14
-
total
81
-
329
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
712
1 100
-
-
chamber of commerce
3
3
-
-
income
107
165
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

6
9
-
-
trade
112
173
-
-
total
228
350
-
-
Dividends
485
750
-
-
withholding
117
184
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

6
10
-
-
total
123
194
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
432
544
329
428
After tax
668
556
771
672
Living cost
307
307
307
307
Free-cash
361
249
464
365

Estimated living cost  is €307 per week

€193
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€36
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€72
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Larnaca , Cyprus
€533
€539
€570
€515
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
134
social contributions
-
-
-
164
health
-
-
-
28
total
-
-
-
326
Employee
779
779
999
-
income
85
72
131
-
social contributions
29
65
83
-
health
6
13
17
-
total
120
150
231
-
Employer
779
779
999
-
social contributions
29
65
83
-
health
7
14
18
-
total
36
79
101
-
Corporate
709
242
-
-
income
89
30
-
-
total
89
30
-
-
Dividends
620
211
-
-
withholding
105
36
-
-
total
105
36
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
350
295
332
326
After tax
750
805
768
774
Living cost
235
235
235
235
Free-cash
515
570
533
539

Estimated living cost  is €235 per week

€141
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€23
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€66
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Lisbon , Portugal
€232
€293
€308
€297
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Based on articles 30.º, 31.º and 151.º of CIRS, sole-trader can use 75% of income as a tax base when earnings are below €200,000 per annum.

-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
107
social contributions

Social contributions in Portugal are calculated from the total income before any reductions apply.

-
-
-
382
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
489
Employee
466
-
889
-
income
97
-
241
-
social contributions
51
-
98
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
148
-
339
-
Employer
466
-
889
-
social contributions
111
-
211
-
total
111
-
211
-
Corporate
523
1 100
-
-
income
110
231
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
110
231
-
-
Dividends
413
869
-
-
withholding
116
243
-
-
total
116
243
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
485
474
550
489
After tax
615
626
550
611
Living cost
318
318
318
318
Free-cash
297
308
232
293

Estimated living cost  is €318 per week

€238
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€19
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€56
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
€804
€1013
€969
€955
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
1 100
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
11
total
-
-
-
11
Employee
95
-
1 100
-
income
19
-
220
-
total
19
-
220
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

1 005
1 100
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
1 005
1 100
-
-
withholding
50
55
-
-
total
50
55
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
69
55
220
11
After tax
1 031
1 045
880
1 089
Living cost
76
76
76
76
Free-cash
955
969
804
1 013

Estimated living cost  is €76 per week

€47
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€6
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€2
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€20
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Ljubljana , Slovenia
€262
€293
€485
€400
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

A sole-trader pays social contribution from 75% of the assessed income made in the last year.

The minimum monthly assessed income used to calculate contributions is 60% of the insured's average monthly wage in the last year.

The maximum assessed income used to calculate contributions is 3.5 times the insured's average monthly wage in the last year.

-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
224
health
-
-
-
108
unemployment
-
-
-
2
pensions
-
-
-
201
total
-
-
-
535
Employee

The minimum monthly earnings used to calculate contributions are 54% (gradually rising by two percent until reaching 60% by 2021) of the insured's average monthly wage in the last year.

448
-
952
-
income
77
-
208
-
health
29
-
61
-
unemployment
1
-
1
-
pensions
69
-
148
-
total
176
-
418
-
Employer

The minimum monthly earnings used to calculate contributions are 54% (gradually rising by two percent until reaching 60% by 2021) of the insured's average monthly wage in the last year.

448
-
952
-
unemployment
-
-
1
-
pensions
40
-
84
-
health
30
-
63
-
total
70
-
148
-
Corporate
582
1 100
-
-
income
111
209
-
-
total
111
209
-
-
Dividends
472
891
-
-
withholding
71
134
-
-
total
71
134
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
428
343
566
535
After tax
672
757
534
565
Living cost
272
272
272
272
Free-cash
400
485
262
293

Estimated living cost  is €272 per week

€187
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€17
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€63
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sliema , Malta
€440
€378
€293
€328
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We use The Residence Programme or The Global Residence Programme.

-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
288
health

This is an average price for a private worldwide health insurance. The price will vary depending on your age and health condition.

-
-
-
66
total
-
-
-
354
Employee
465
-
1 053
-
social contributions
47
-
47
-
income
50
-
198
-
total
97
-
245
-
Employer
465
-
1 053
-
social contributions
47
-
47
-
total
47
-
47
-
Corporate
589
1 100
-
-
income
206
385
-
-
total
206
385
-
-
Dividends
383
715
-
-
social contributions
54
54
-
-
total
54
54
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
404
439
292
354
After tax
696
661
808
746
Living cost
368
368
368
368
Free-cash
328
293
440
378

Estimated living cost  is €368 per week

€242
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€29
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€91
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Vilnius , Lithuania
€488
€491
€456
€462
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
165
social contributions
-
-
-
152
health
-
-
-
77
total
-
-
-
394
Employee
344
-
1 100
-
income
57
-
168
-
social contributions
47
-
152
-
health
24
-
77
-
total
128
-
397
-
Employer
344
-
1 100
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
756
1 100
-
-
income

The standard tax rate is 15%. However, small companies and agricultural companies can apply a reduced corporate income tax rate of 0% to the first year of operation when certain conditions are met; and 5% to revenues of less than €300,000 per year. We made calculations based on 5% and skipped 0%.

38
55
-
-
total
38
55
-
-
Dividends
719
1 045
-
-
withholding
108
157
-
-
health
50
73
-
-
social contributions
99
144
-
-
total
257
374
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
423
429
397
394
After tax
677
671
703
706
Living cost
215
215
215
215
Free-cash
462
456
488
491

Estimated living cost  is €215 per week

€144
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€13
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€53
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
€281
€258
€480
€381
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
95
social contributions
-
-
-
321
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
149
total
-
-
-
565
Employee
408
-
821
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
-
income
49
-
99
-
social contributions
27
-
53
-
health
55
-
111
-
total
131
-
263
-
Employer
408
-
821
-
social contributions
102
-
205
-
health
37
-
74
-
total
139
-
279
-
Corporate
554
1 100
-
-
income
105
209
-
-
total
105
209
-
-
Dividends
448
891
-
-
withholding
67
134
-
-
total
67
134
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
442
343
542
565
After tax
658
757
558
535
Living cost
277
277
277
277
Free-cash
381
480
281
258

Estimated living cost  is €277 per week

€206
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€15
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€51
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tbilisi , Georgia
€762
€971
€927
€904
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
1 100
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
11
total
-
-
-
11
Employee
148
-
1 100
-
income
30
-
220
-
total
30
-
220
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

952
1 100
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
952
1 100
-
-
withholding
48
55
-
-
total
48
55
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
78
55
220
11
After tax
1 022
1 045
880
1 089
Living cost
118
118
118
118
Free-cash
904
927
762
971

Estimated living cost  is €118 per week

€80
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€5
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€4
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€29
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Paris , France
€191
€143
€66
€135
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
117
social contributions
-
-
-
31
health
-
-
-
25
surtax
-
-
-
-
pensions
-
-
-
261
other
-
-
-
34
total
-
-
-
468
Employee
635
-
888
-
income
55
-
138
-
social contributions
18
-
25
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
pensions
72
-
45
-
total
145
-
208
-
Employer
635
-
888
-
unemployment
26
-
36
-
social contributions
2
-
3
-
pensions
104
-
79
-
other
22
-
31
-
health
44
-
63
-
total
198
-
212
-
Corporate
267
1 100
-
-
income
75
308
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
75
308
-
-
Dividends
192
792
-
-
withholding
25
101
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
33
136
-
-
total
58
237
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
476
545
420
468
After tax
624
555
680
632
Living cost
489
489
489
489
Free-cash
135
66
191
143

Estimated living cost  is €489 per week

€331
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€40
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€7
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€111
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Belgrade , Serbia
€418
€418
€620
€569
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

The minimum monthly earnings used to calculate the contributions are 35% of the national average gross wage for the previous three months.

The maximum monthly earnings used to calculate the contributions are five times the national average gross wage in the previous month.

-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
225
health
-
-
-
77
unemployment
-
-
-
11
pensions
-
-
-
194
total
-
-
-
507
Employee

The minimum tax base for social security contributions are defined by the Law on Mandatory Social Insurance Contributions and is fixed at 35% of an average monthly salary published in Serbia. The maximum tax base for social security contributions is capped at five times the average monthly salary published by the official statistics in Serbia at the moment of salary payment.

The minimum monthly earnings used to calculate the contributions are 35% of the national average gross wage for the previous three months.

The maximum monthly earnings used to calculate the contributions are five times the national average gross wage in the previous month.

263
-
966
-
income
36
-
225
-
health
14
-
38
-
unemployment
2
-
6
-
pensions
37
-
104
-
total
89
-
373
-
Employer

The minimum tax base for social security contributions are defined by the Law on Mandatory Social Insurance Contributions and is fixed at 35% of an average monthly salary published in Serbia. The maximum tax base for social security contributions is capped at five times the average monthly salary published by the official statistics in Serbia at the moment of salary payment.

The minimum monthly earnings used to calculate the contributions are 35% of the national average gross wage for the previous three months.

The maximum monthly earnings used to calculate the contributions are five times the national average gross wage in the previous month.

263
-
966
-
unemployment
2
-
6
-
pensions
32
-
90
-
health
14
-
38
-
total
48
-
134
-
Corporate
789
1 100
-
-
income
118
165
-
-
total
118
165
-
-
Dividends
671
935
-
-
withholding
101
140
-
-
total
101
140
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
356
305
507
507
After tax
744
795
593
593
Living cost
175
175
175
175
Free-cash
569
620
418
418

Estimated living cost  is €175 per week

€118
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€14
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€38
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Zurich , Switzerland
€146
€202
-€205
€96
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
regional
-
-
-
43
national
-
-
-
10
health
-
-
-
2
city
-
-
-
12
other

This will depend on a canton and a chosen fund. The rate is between 0.3% and 3.4% with a maximum base of 148,200 CHF. We use 2% as an average rate.

-
-
-
22
pensions
-
-
-
101
total
-
-
-
190
Employee
828
-
985
-
regional
27
-
37
-
city
9
-
11
-
health
2
-
2
-
unemployment
-
-
-
-
national
4
-
8
-
pensions
70
-
83
-
total
112
-
141
-
Employer
828
-
985
-
unemployment
-
-
-
-
pensions
70
-
83
-
other

This will depend on a canton and a chosen fund. The rate is between 0.1% and 3.63% for an employee. We use 2% as an average rate.

17
-
20
-
health
2
-
2
-
total
89
-
105
-
Corporate
175
1 100
-
-
regional
37
233
-
-
national
15
93
-
-
total
52
326
-
-
Dividends
123
774
-
-
withholding
43
271
-
-
total
43
271
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
296
597
246
190
After tax
804
503
854
910
Living cost
708
708
708
708
Free-cash
96
-205
146
202

Estimated living cost  is €708 per week

€460
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€64
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€9
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€175
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details

Additional information

It is extremely rare that a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit) is given a residence permit based on self-employment.

Helsinki , Finland
€232
€382
€336
€324
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
1 100
municipal
-
-
-
196
national
-
-
-
120
health
-
-
-
13
total
-
-
-
329
Employee
533
-
925
-
health
4
-
10
-
unemployment
8
-
14
-
national
9
-
67
-
municipal
87
-
151
-
pensions
36
-
62
-
total
144
-
304
-
Employer
533
-
925
-
unemployment
3
-
6
-
pensions
92
-
161
-
accident
1
-
1
-
health
4
-
7
-
total
100
-
175
-
Corporate
466
1 100
-
-
income
93
220
-
-
total
93
220
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

280
660
-
-
national
-
36
-
-
municipal
50
119
-
-
total
50
155
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
387
375
479
329
After tax
713
725
621
771
Living cost
389
389
389
389
Free-cash
324
336
232
382

Estimated living cost  is €389 per week

€254
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€37
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€91
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Brussels , Belgium
€56
€138
€248
€94
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
national
-
-
-
362
social contributions
-
-
-
176
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
55
total
-
-
-
593
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

725
-
852
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

34
-
40
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

38
-
44
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

6
-
7
-
national
223
-
273
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

54
-
64
-
total
355
-
428
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

725
-
852
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

11
-
12
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

64
-
75
-
surtax
82
-
97
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

9
-
11
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

45
-
52
-
total
211
-
247
-
Corporate
164
1 100
-
-
income
33
220
-
-
surtax
1
4
-
-
total
34
224
-
-
Dividends
131
876
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

36
259
-
-
total
36
259
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
636
483
675
593
After tax
464
617
425
507
Living cost
370
370
370
370
Free-cash
94
248
56
138

Estimated living cost  is €370 per week

€238
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€32
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€93
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Stockholm , Sweden
€169
€166
€182
€172
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
municipal
-
-
-
249
national
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
57
accident
-
-
-
2
unemployment
-
-
-
1
pensions
-
-
-
99
other
-
-
-
107
total
-
-
-
515
Employee
597
-
837
-
national
-
-
-
-
municipal
178
-
250
-
total
178
-
250
-
Employer
597
-
837
-
unemployment
16
-
22
-
pensions
65
-
90
-
other
69
-
97
-
accident
1
-
2
-
health
37
-
51
-
total
188
-
262
-
Corporate
315
1 100
-
-
income
69
242
-
-
total
69
242
-
-
Dividends
246
858
-
-
withholding
74
257
-
-
total
74
257
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
509
499
512
515
After tax
591
601
588
585
Living cost
419
419
419
419
Free-cash
172
182
169
166

Estimated living cost  is €419 per week

€278
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€41
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€94
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Oslo , Norway
€494
€297
€205
-€503
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
214
social contributions
-
-
-
125
total
-
-
-
339
Employee
665
-
-
-
income
147
-
-
-
social contributions
55
-
8
-
total
202
-
8
-
Employer
665
-
-
-
social contributions
937
-
134
-
total
937
-
134
-
Corporate
-
1 100
-
-
income
-
242
-
-
total
-
242
-
-
Dividends
-
858
-
-
income
-
189
-
-
total
-
189
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
1 139
431
142
339
After tax
-39
669
958
761
Living cost
464
464
464
464
Free-cash
-503
205
494
297

Estimated living cost  is €464 per week

€301
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€44
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€113
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
€439
€445
€476
€433
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
134
social contributions
-
-
-
164
health
-
-
-
28
total
-
-
-
326
Employee
779
779
999
-
income
82
72
131
-
social contributions
38
65
83
-
health
8
13
17
-
total
128
150
231
-
Employer
779
779
999
-
social contributions
38
65
83
-
health
8
14
18
-
total
46
79
101
-
Corporate
598
242
-
-
income
75
30
-
-
total
75
30
-
-
Dividends
523
211
-
-
withholding
89
36
-
-
total
89
36
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
338
295
332
326
After tax
762
805
768
774
Living cost
329
329
329
329
Free-cash
433
476
439
445

Estimated living cost  is €329 per week

€225
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€26
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€73
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Edinburgh , United Kingdom
€310
€410
€422
€400
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
246
pensions
-
-
-
76
total
-
-
-
322
Employee
505
-
967
-
income
92
-
179
-
health
7
-
16
-
pensions
39
-
94
-
total
138
-
289
-
Employer
505
-
967
-
pensions
51
-
115
-
health
10
-
18
-
total
61
-
133
-
Corporate
534
1 100
-
-
income

It is proposed for this rate to fall to 17% from the financial year starting on 1 April, 2020. Also, where the taxable profits can be attributed to the exploitation of patents, a lower rate of 10% applies.

101
209
-
-
total
101
209
-
-
Dividends
432
891
-
-
withholding
32
101
-
-
total
32
101
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
332
310
422
322
After tax
768
790
678
778
Living cost
368
368
368
368
Free-cash
400
422
310
410

Estimated living cost  is €368 per week

€253
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€34
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€77
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details

Additional information

The only visa which will gain you entry to the UK as a freelancer is Tier 1 (with an exception of EU nationals or long-term UK residence permit holders, up until Brexit). There are two Tier 1 visa pathways.

You can either apply for an Entrepreneur visa which requires an investment of at least £200000 and creating two full time jobs, or choose an Exceptional Talent visa, which has no financial requirements but is more difficult to obtain.

Rome , Italy
€93
€143
€175
€129
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
municipal
-
-
-
7
regional
-
-
-
23
national
-
-
-
240
social contributions
-
-
-
283
total
-
-
-
553
Employee
854
-
1 100
-
regional
13
-
19
-
social contributions
288
-
371
-
national
144
-
206
-
municipal
5
-
7
-
total
450
-
603
-
Employer
854
-
1 100
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
246
1 100
-
-
nationa
59
264
-
-
municipal
12
53
-
-
total
71
317
-
-
Dividends
175
783
-
-
withholding
46
204
-
-
total
46
204
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
567
521
603
553
After tax
533
579
497
547
Living cost
404
404
404
404
Free-cash
129
175
93
143

Estimated living cost  is €404 per week

€284
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€28
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€86
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Gdansk , Poland
€366
€542
-€123
€56
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
279
health
-
-
-
21
accident
-
-
-
2
pensions
-
-
-
40
other
-
-
-
4
total
-
-
-
346
Employee
333
-
955
-
income
46
-
195
-
health
38
-
109
-
pensions
38
-
73
-
total
122
-
377
-
Employer
333
-
955
-
unemployment
8
-
23
-
pensions
54
-
106
-
accident
6
-
16
-
total
68
-
145
-
Corporate
699
1 100
-
-
income

From 1 January 2017, a lowered corporate income tax rate of 9% was introduced for so-called 'small taxpayers' - entities with turnover not exceeding the equivalent of €1.2 million and for taxpayers starting business activity, during their previous tax year.

629
990
-
-
total
629
990
-
-
Dividends
70
110
-
-
withholding
13
21
-
-
total
13
21
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
832
1 011
522
346
After tax
268
89
578
754
Living cost
212
212
212
212
Free-cash
56
-123
366
542

Estimated living cost  is €212 per week

€155
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€12
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€4
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€40
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Poland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should use a business incubator or set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Berlin , Germany
€380
€290
€177
€310
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
1 100
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
246
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
69
trade
-
-
-
90
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
14
total
-
-
-
419
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

504
-
1 100
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

41
-
246
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

69
-
69
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

2
-
14
-
total
112
-
329
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
596
1 100
-
-
chamber of commerce
2
3
-
-
income
89
165
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

5
9
-
-
trade
86
158
-
-
total
182
335
-
-
Dividends
414
765
-
-
withholding
100
187
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

5
10
-
-
total
105
197
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
399
532
329
419
After tax
701
568
771
681
Living cost
391
391
391
391
Free-cash
310
177
380
290

Estimated living cost  is €391 per week

€270
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€42
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€74
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Riga , Latvia
€407
€375
€669
€585
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

As of 1 January, 2018 a microenterprise tax rate for microenterprise turnover of up to €40,000 is 15%. This tax is inclusive of all other taxes and contributions.

Microenterprise tax could also be applied to a company but as the only exception is a limitation of liability, we advise to register as a sole-trader.

-
-
-
1 100
microenterprise
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
160
social contributions

Each person younger than 30 on 1 July, 2001 should make pension contributions to an old-age pension account. We include it in our internal model.

-
-
-
354
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
514
Employee
296
-
886
-
income
53
-
170
-
social contributions

Each person younger than 30 on 1 July, 2001 should make pension contributions to an old-age pension account. We include it in our internal model.

33
-
98
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
86
-
268
-
Employer
296
-
886
-
social contributions

Each person younger than 30 on 1 July, 2001 should make pension contributions to an old-age pension account. We include it in our internal model.

71
-
214
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
71
-
214
-
Corporate
733
1 100
-
-
income

Corporate income tax rate is 20% applicable to the taxable base. However, before applying the statutory rate, the taxable base should be divided by a coefficient of 0.8. As taxable base is increased by the coefficient, the effective corporate income tax rate is 25%.

147
220
-
-
total
147
220
-
-
Dividends

In Latvia, local dividends are not subject to withholding tax.

586
880
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
304
220
482
514
After tax
796
880
618
586
Living cost
211
211
211
211
Free-cash
585
669
407
375

Estimated living cost  is €211 per week

€134
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€20
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€51
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Istanbul , Turkey
€497
€507
€555
€534
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
297
health
-
-
-
69
pensions
-
-
-
96
total
-
-
-
462
Employee
200
-
993
-
income
39
-
292
-
health
10
-
24
-
unemployment
2
-
5
-
pensions
18
-
43
-
total
69
-
364
-
Employer
200
-
993
-
unemployment
4
-
10
-
pensions
22
-
53
-
health
19
-
45
-
total
45
-
108
-
Corporate
856
1 100
-
-
income
188
242
-
-
total
188
242
-
-
Dividends
667
858
-
-
withholding
133
172
-
-
total
133
172
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
435
414
472
462
After tax
665
686
628
638
Living cost
131
131
131
131
Free-cash
534
555
497
507

Estimated living cost  is €131 per week

€78
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€11
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€3
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€40
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Athens , Greece
€308
€326
€464
€430
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
218
health
-
-
-
78
unemployment
-
-
-
2
surtax
-
-
-
28
pensions
-
-
-
220
other
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
546
Employee
341
-
909
-
other
-
-
-
-
income
57
-
201
-
health
9
-
23
-
unemployment
24
-
63
-
surtax
1
-
25
-
pensions
23
-
61
-
total
114
-
373
-
Employer
341
-
909
-
unemployment
11
-
29
-
pensions
46
-
121
-
other
-
-
-
-
health
16
-
41
-
total
73
-
191
-
Corporate
687
1 100
-
-
income
179
286
-
-
total
179
286
-
-
Dividends
508
814
-
-
withholding
76
122
-
-
total
76
122
-
-
Income
1 100
1 100
1 100
1 100
Total tax
442
408
564
546
After tax
658
692
536
554
Living cost
228
228
228
228
Free-cash
430
464
308
326

Estimated living cost  is €228 per week

€137
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€20
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€65
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Graz , Austria
-€1
€229
€293
€290
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
1 100
income
-
-
-
194
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
4
health
-
-
-
84
unemployment
-
-
-
62
surtax
-
-
-
-
pensions
-
-
-
204
total
-
-
-
548
Employee
443
404
854
-
other
4
4
9
-
income
39
30
173
-
health
17
16
33
-
unemployment
13
12
26
-
pensions
45
41
87
-
total
118
103
328
-
Employer
443
404
854
-
unemployment
13
12
26
-
chamber of commerce
2
2
3
-
pensions
56
51
107
-
payroll
13
12
26
-
other
21