Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
₽ 198500
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Andorra , Andorra
₽117689
₽148473
₽122964
₽151509
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
social contributions
-
-
-
43 669
income
-
-
-
10 000
total
-
-
-
53 669
Employee
29 029
-
171 862
-
social contributions
1 887
-
11 170
-
income
-
-
10 586
-
total
1 887
-
21 756
-
Employer
29 029
-
171 862
-
social contributions
4 500
-
26 638
-
total
4 500
-
26 638
-
Corporate
164 972
198 500
-
-
income
16 498
19 849
-
-
total
16 498
19 849
-
-
Dividends
148 474
178 651
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
22 885
19 849
48 394
53 669
After tax
175 615
178 651
150 106
144 831
Living cost
27 142
27 142
27 142
27 142
Free-cash
148 473
151 509
122 964
117 689

Estimated living cost  is ₽27142 per week

₽17550
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2046
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽511
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7036
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Andorra has a limit of 1000 sole-trade resident permits per year, so while it isn't complicated to obtain one, it may get difficult by the end of the term.

Graz , Austria
₽73137
₽80296
₽23325
₽80741
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
surtax
-
-
-
-
unemployment
-
-
-
5 538
health
-
-
-
8 069
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
793
pensions
-
-
-
19 515
income
-
-
-
62 641
total
-
-
-
96 556
Employee
39 470
35 984
163 879
-
unemployment
1 184
1 080
3 165
-
other
394
360
1 056
-
income
3 516
2 654
52 528
-
pensions
4 042
3 684
10 802
-
health
1 527
1 393
4 082
-
total
10 663
9 171
71 633
-
Employer
39 470
35 984
163 879
-
pensions
4 954
4 517
13 239
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
payroll
1 184
1 080
4 916
-
other
1 875
1 708
7 288
-
health
1 492
1 361
3 987
-
accident
512
468
1 371
-
unemployment
1 184
1 080
3 165
-
chamber of commerce
158
144
656
-
total
11 359
10 358
34 622
-
Corporate
147 671
152 160
160 452
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

36 917
38 040
40 113
-
total
36 917
38 040
40 113
-
Dividends
110 753
114 120
-
-
withholding
30 458
31 383
-
-
total
30 458
31 383
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
89 397
88 952
146 368
96 556
After tax
109 103
109 548
52 132
101 944
Living cost
28 807
28 807
28 807
28 807
Free-cash
80 296
80 741
23 325
73 137

Estimated living cost  is ₽28807 per week

₽17281
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2942
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽514
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8071
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Vienna , Austria
₽69950
₽76239
₽20271
₽77635
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
surtax
-
-
-
178
unemployment
-
-
-
5 538
health
-
-
-
8 069
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
793
pensions
-
-
-
19 515
income
-
-
-
62 641
total
-
-
-
96 734
Employee
45 125
35 984
163 714
-
unemployment
1 354
1 080
3 165
-
other
451
360
1 056
-
income
5 137
2 654
52 449
-
pensions
4 621
3 684
10 802
-
health
1 746
1 393
4 082
-
total
13 309
9 171
71 554
-
Employer
45 125
35 984
163 714
-
pensions
5 663
4 517
13 239
-
surtax
178
178
178
-
payroll
1 354
1 080
4 911
-
other
2 144
1 708
7 281
-
health
1 705
1 361
3 987
-
accident
586
468
1 371
-
unemployment
1 354
1 080
3 165
-
chamber of commerce
180
144
655
-
total
13 164
10 536
34 787
-
Corporate
140 212
151 982
160 287
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

35 053
37 995
40 072
-
total
35 053
37 995
40 072
-
Dividends
105 159
113 986
-
-
withholding
28 919
31 347
-
-
total
28 919
31 347
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
90 445
89 049
146 413
96 734
After tax
108 055
109 451
52 087
101 766
Living cost
31 816
31 816
31 816
31 816
Free-cash
76 239
77 635
20 271
69 950

Estimated living cost  is ₽31816 per week

₽21220
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2714
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽523
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7360
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Brussels , Belgium
₽53390
₽64466
₽34768
₽76265
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
national
-
-
-
79 116
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
10 559
social contributions
-
-
-
22 512
total
-
-
-
112 187
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

64 588
-
153 742
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

562
-
1 338
-
national
19 857
-
57 946
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

3 369
-
8 019
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 844
-
11 530
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

3 035
-
7 226
-
total
31 667
-
86 059
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

64 588
-
153 742
-
surtax
7 324
-
17 433
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

5 723
-
13 621
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

3 972
-
9 453
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

840
-
1 998
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

942
-
2 245
-
total
18 801
-
44 750
-
Corporate
115 111
198 500
-
-
income
23 023
42 144
-
-
surtax
461
843
-
-
total
23 484
42 987
-
-
Dividends
91 628
155 513
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

27 159
46 325
-
-
total
27 159
46 325
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
101 111
89 312
130 809
112 187
After tax
97 389
109 188
67 691
86 313
Living cost
32 923
32 923
32 923
32 923
Free-cash
64 466
76 265
34 768
53 390

Estimated living cost  is ₽32923 per week

₽21206
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2879
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽516
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8322
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sofia , Bulgaria
₽144767
₽148679
₽152977
₽154183
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
unemployment
-
-
-
126
health
-
-
-
3 628
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 669
income
-
-
-
29 775
total
-
-
-
38 198
Employee
20 571
-
192 311
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

226
-
347
-
income
2 057
-
19 231
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 806
-
2 770
-
health
946
-
1 451
-
total
5 035
-
23 799
-
Employer
20 571
-
192 311
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

2 267
-
3 476
-
health
1 420
-
2 177
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

226
-
347
-
unemployment
124
-
189
-
total
4 037
-
6 189
-
Corporate
173 893
198 500
-
-
income
17 389
19 850
-
-
total
17 389
19 850
-
-
Dividends
156 504
178 650
-
-
withholding
7 825
8 932
-
-
total
7 825
8 932
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
34 286
28 782
29 988
38 198
After tax
164 214
169 718
168 512
160 302
Living cost
15 535
15 535
15 535
15 535
Free-cash
148 679
154 183
152 977
144 767

Estimated living cost  is ₽15535 per week

₽10275
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽889
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽371
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4001
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
₽148461
₽153680
₽156671
₽157877
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
unemployment
-
-
-
126
health
-
-
-
3 628
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 669
income
-
-
-
29 775
total
-
-
-
38 198
Employee
15 678
-
192 311
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

173
-
347
-
income
1 568
-
19 231
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 377
-
2 770
-
health
721
-
1 451
-
total
3 839
-
23 799
-
Employer
15 678
-
192 311
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 728
-
3 476
-
health
1 082
-
2 177
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

173
-
347
-
unemployment
94
-
189
-
total
3 077
-
6 189
-
Corporate
179 745
198 500
-
-
income
17 974
19 850
-
-
total
17 974
19 850
-
-
Dividends
161 771
178 650
-
-
withholding
8 089
8 932
-
-
total
8 089
8 932
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
32 979
28 782
29 988
38 198
After tax
165 521
169 718
168 512
160 302
Living cost
11 841
11 841
11 841
11 841
Free-cash
153 680
157 877
156 671
148 461

Estimated living cost  is ₽11841 per week

₽6913
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽846
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽314
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3769
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Larnaca , Cyprus
₽112793
₽118859
₽111155
₽123772
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
health
-
-
-
5 062
social contributions
-
-
-
14 609
income
-
-
-
45 130
total
-
-
-
64 801
Employee
69 432
69 432
187 263
-
income
7 560
6 427
44 246
-
social contributions
2 625
5 763
7 772
-
health
538
1 181
3 184
-
total
10 723
13 371
55 202
-
Employer
69 432
69 432
187 263
-
social contributions
2 625
5 763
7 772
-
health
584
1 285
3 465
-
total
3 209
7 048
11 237
-
Corporate
163 662
122 020
-
-
income
20 458
15 252
-
-
total
20 458
15 252
-
-
Dividends
143 204
106 768
-
-
withholding
24 345
18 151
-
-
total
24 345
18 151
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
58 735
53 822
66 439
64 801
After tax
139 765
144 678
132 061
133 699
Living cost
20 906
20 906
20 906
20 906
Free-cash
118 859
123 772
111 155
112 793

Estimated living cost  is ₽20906 per week

₽12529
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2051
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽463
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5864
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
₽104412
₽111647
₽102774
₽115391
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
health
-
-
-
5 062
social contributions
-
-
-
14 609
income
-
-
-
45 130
total
-
-
-
64 801
Employee
69 432
69 432
187 263
-
income
7 291
6 427
44 246
-
social contributions
3 374
5 763
7 772
-
health
691
1 181
3 184
-
total
11 356
13 371
55 202
-
Employer
69 432
69 432
187 263
-
social contributions
3 374
5 763
7 772
-
health
752
1 285
3 465
-
total
4 126
7 048
11 237
-
Corporate
153 732
122 020
-
-
income
19 217
15 252
-
-
total
19 217
15 252
-
-
Dividends
134 515
106 768
-
-
withholding
22 867
18 151
-
-
total
22 867
18 151
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
57 566
53 822
66 439
64 801
After tax
140 934
144 678
132 061
133 699
Living cost
29 287
29 287
29 287
29 287
Free-cash
111 647
115 391
102 774
104 412

Estimated living cost  is ₽29287 per week

₽20021
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2288
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽492
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6487
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Brno , Czech Republic
₽96837
₽108354
₽88072
₽115799
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
health
-
-
-
26 797
social contributions
-
-
-
30 029
income
-
-
-
21 251
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
2 718
total
-
-
-
80 795
Employee
30 689
-
158 523
-
income
3 683
-
19 566
-
social contributions
1 995
-
6 684
-
health
4 143
-
21 401
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
1 932
-
total
9 821
-
49 583
-
Employer
30 689
-
158 523
-
social contributions
7 672
-
25 710
-
health
2 762
-
14 267
-
total
10 434
-
39 977
-
Corporate
157 377
198 500
-
-
income
29 902
37 715
-
-
total
29 902
37 715
-
-
Dividends
127 475
160 785
-
-
withholding
19 121
24 118
-
-
total
19 121
24 118
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
69 278
61 833
89 560
80 795
After tax
129 222
136 667
108 940
117 705
Living cost
20 868
20 868
20 868
20 868
Free-cash
108 354
115 799
88 072
96 837

Estimated living cost  is ₽20868 per week

₽14495
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1485
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽410
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4478
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
₽91990
₽101779
₽83225
₽110952
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
health
-
-
-
26 797
social contributions
-
-
-
30 029
income
-
-
-
21 251
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
2 718
total
-
-
-
80 795
Employee
37 817
-
158 523
-
income
4 538
-
19 566
-
social contributions
2 458
-
6 684
-
health
5 105
-
21 401
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
1 932
-
total
12 101
-
49 583
-
Employer
37 817
-
158 523
-
social contributions
9 454
-
25 710
-
health
3 403
-
14 267
-
total
12 857
-
39 977
-
Corporate
147 826
198 500
-
-
income
28 087
37 715
-
-
total
28 087
37 715
-
-
Dividends
119 739
160 785
-
-
withholding
17 961
24 118
-
-
total
17 961
24 118
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
71 006
61 833
89 560
80 795
After tax
127 494
136 667
108 940
117 705
Living cost
25 715
25 715
25 715
25 715
Free-cash
101 779
110 952
83 225
91 990

Estimated living cost  is ₽25715 per week

₽19124
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1425
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽445
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4722
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Copenhagen , Denmark
₽71203
₽673
₽1182
₽1182
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
national
-
-
-
24 573
pensions
-
-
-
785
municipal
-
-
-
42 506
labour market
-
-
-
15 817
total
-
-
-
83 681
Employee
184 092
184 092
184 092
-
municipal
39 201
39 201
39 201
-
national
22 490
22 490
22 490
-
pensions
262
262
262
-
labour market
14 706
14 706
14 706
-
total
76 659
76 659
76 659
-
Employer
184 092
184 092
184 092
-
pensions
523
523
523
-
labour market
14 727
14 727
14 727
-
municipal
39 264
39 264
39 264
-
national
22 529
22 529
22 529
-
total
77 043
77 043
77 043
-
Corporate
1 181
-
-
-
income
260
-
-
-
total
260
-
-
-
Dividends
921
-
-
-
withholding
249
-
-
-
total
249
-
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
154 211
153 702
153 702
83 681
After tax
44 289
44 798
44 798
114 819
Living cost
43 616
43 616
43 616
43 616
Free-cash
673
1 182
1 182
71 203

Estimated living cost  is ₽43616 per week

₽29851
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3858
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽671
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9235
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tallinn , Estonia
₽84587
₽131383
₽92602
₽136991
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
health
-
-
-
25 805
pensions
-
-
-
39 700
income
-
-
-
26 599
total
-
-
-
92 104
Employee
25 615
-
148 356
-
unemployment
410
-
2 373
-
income
2 884
-
28 604
-
pensions
512
-
2 968
-
total
3 806
-
33 945
-
Employer
25 615
-
148 356
-
pensions
5 123
-
29 671
-
health
3 329
-
19 286
-
unemployment
206
-
1 187
-
total
8 658
-
50 144
-
Corporate
164 227
198 500
-
-
income
32 844
39 700
-
-
total
32 844
39 700
-
-
Dividends
131 382
158 800
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
45 308
39 700
84 089
92 104
After tax
153 192
158 800
114 411
106 396
Living cost
21 809
21 809
21 809
21 809
Free-cash
131 383
136 991
92 602
84 587

Estimated living cost  is ₽21809 per week

₽14959
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1299
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽439
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5113
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Helsinki , Finland
₽87634
₽90055
₽64896
₽87268
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
198 500
national
-
-
-
38 273
health
-
-
-
2 680
municipal
-
-
-
35 247
total
-
-
-
76 200
Employee
47 506
-
166 990
-
unemployment
713
-
2 505
-
municipal
7 781
-
27 183
-
national
785
-
24 274
-
pensions
3 206
-
11 271
-
health
355
-
2 195
-
total
12 840
-
67 428
-
Employer
47 506
-
166 990
-
pensions
8 242
-
28 974
-
health
365
-
1 285
-
accident
48
-
166
-
unemployment
308
-
1 085
-
total
8 963
-
31 510
-
Corporate
142 031
198 500
-
-
income
28 407
39 700
-
-
total
28 407
39 700
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

85 218
119 100
-
-
municipal
15 339
21 438
-
-
national
8 230
15 428
-
-
total
23 569
36 866
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
73 779
76 566
98 938
76 200
After tax
124 721
121 934
99 562
122 300
Living cost
34 666
34 666
34 666
34 666
Free-cash
90 055
87 268
64 896
87 634

Estimated living cost  is ₽34666 per week

₽22644
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3334
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽552
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8137
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Marseille , France
₽81191
₽77228
₽75675
₽72212
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
surtax
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
9 625
pensions
-
-
-
31 635
social contributions
-
-
-
5 656
income
-
-
-
36 408
other
-
-
-
6 153
total
-
-
-
89 477
Employee
34 496
-
151 610
-
income
1 779
-
32 410
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
984
-
4 320
-
pensions
3 902
-
11 378
-
total
6 665
-
48 108
-
Employer
34 496
-
151 610
-
pensions
5 668
-
19 005
-
social contributions
103
-
454
-
other
1 191
-
6 270
-
health
2 414
-
15 017
-
unemployment
1 397
-
6 139
-
total
10 773
-
46 885
-
Corporate
153 231
198 500
-
-
income
42 904
55 579
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
42 904
55 579
-
-
Dividends
110 327
142 921
-
-
withholding
14 121
18 293
-
-
social contributions
18 977
24 584
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
33 098
42 877
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
93 440
98 456
94 993
89 477
After tax
105 060
100 044
103 507
109 023
Living cost
27 832
27 832
27 832
27 832
Free-cash
77 228
72 212
75 675
81 191

Estimated living cost  is ₽27832 per week

₽16141
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2827
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽528
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8336
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
₽78130
₽74484
₽72614
₽69151
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
surtax
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
9 625
pensions
-
-
-
31 635
social contributions
-
-
-
5 656
income
-
-
-
36 408
other
-
-
-
6 153
total
-
-
-
89 477
Employee
38 645
-
151 610
-
income
2 281
-
32 410
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
1 102
-
4 320
-
pensions
4 369
-
11 378
-
total
7 752
-
48 108
-
Employer
38 645
-
151 610
-
pensions
6 349
-
19 005
-
social contributions
117
-
454
-
other
1 333
-
6 270
-
health
2 706
-
15 017
-
unemployment
1 564
-
6 139
-
total
12 069
-
46 885
-
Corporate
147 787
198 500
-
-
income
41 381
55 579
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
41 381
55 579
-
-
Dividends
106 406
142 921
-
-
withholding
13 621
18 293
-
-
social contributions
18 300
24 584
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
31 921
42 877
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
93 123
98 456
94 993
89 477
After tax
105 377
100 044
103 507
109 023
Living cost
30 893
30 893
30 893
30 893
Free-cash
74 484
69 151
72 614
78 130

Estimated living cost  is ₽30893 per week

₽19479
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2512
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽526
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8377
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Paris , France
₽65412
₽62637
₽59896
₽56433
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
surtax
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
9 625
pensions
-
-
-
31 635
social contributions
-
-
-
5 656
income
-
-
-
36 408
other
-
-
-
6 153
total
-
-
-
89 477
Employee
56 553
-
151 610
-
income
4 934
-
32 410
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
1 611
-
4 320
-
pensions
6 397
-
11 378
-
total
12 942
-
48 108
-
Employer
56 553
-
151 610
-
pensions
9 292
-
19 005
-
social contributions
170
-
454
-
other
1 952
-
6 270
-
health
3 958
-
15 017
-
unemployment
2 291
-
6 139
-
total
17 663
-
46 885
-
Corporate
124 284
198 500
-
-
income
34 800
55 579
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
34 800
55 579
-
-
Dividends
89 484
142 921
-
-
withholding
11 455
18 293
-
-
social contributions
15 392
24 584
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
26 847
42 877
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
92 252
98 456
94 993
89 477
After tax
106 248
100 044
103 507
109 023
Living cost
43 611
43 611
43 611
43 611
Free-cash
62 637
56 433
59 896
65 412

Estimated living cost  is ₽43611 per week

₽29515
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3568
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽598
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9930
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
₽190685
₽181652
₽152970
₽182745
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
198 500
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
1 985
total
-
-
-
1 985
Employee
7 287
-
198 500
-
income
1 457
-
39 700
-
total
1 457
-
39 700
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

191 213
198 500
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
191 213
198 500
-
-
withholding
9 561
9 925
-
-
total
9 561
9 925
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
11 018
9 925
39 700
1 985
After tax
187 482
188 575
158 800
196 515
Living cost
5 830
5 830
5 830
5 830
Free-cash
181 652
182 745
152 970
190 685

Estimated living cost  is ₽5830 per week

₽3613
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽485
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽160
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽1572
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Tbilisi , Georgia
₽187430
₽177787
₽149715
₽179490
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
198 500
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
1 985
total
-
-
-
1 985
Employee
11 357
-
198 500
-
income
2 271
-
39 700
-
total
2 271
-
39 700
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

187 143
198 500
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
187 143
198 500
-
-
withholding
9 357
9 925
-
-
total
9 357
9 925
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
11 628
9 925
39 700
1 985
After tax
186 872
188 575
158 800
196 515
Living cost
9 085
9 085
9 085
9 085
Free-cash
177 787
179 490
149 715
187 430

Estimated living cost  is ₽9085 per week

₽6148
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽381
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽305
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽2251
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Berlin , Germany
₽65661
₽79047
₽88122
₽67232
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
198 500
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 615
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 169
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
65 734
trade
-
-
-
22 461
total
-
-
-
97 979
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

44 927
-
198 500
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 694
-
65 734
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

204
-
3 615
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 169
-
6 169
-
total
10 067
-
75 518
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
153 573
198 500
-
-
trade
22 037
28 485
-
-
income
23 036
29 776
-
-
chamber of commerce
362
428
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 266
1 638
-
-
total
46 701
60 327
-
-
Dividends
106 871
138 173
-
-
withholding
26 374
34 200
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 451
1 881
-
-
total
27 825
36 081
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
84 593
96 408
75 518
97 979
After tax
113 907
102 092
122 982
100 521
Living cost
34 860
34 860
34 860
34 860
Free-cash
79 047
67 232
88 122
65 661

Estimated living cost  is ₽34860 per week

₽24047
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3751
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽505
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6556
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Dresden , Germany
₽70981
₽82691
₽95633
₽72700
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
198 500
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 615
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 169
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
65 734
trade
-
-
-
24 652
total
-
-
-
100 170
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

34 536
-
198 500
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

965
-
65 734
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

53
-
3 615
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 169
-
6 169
-
total
7 187
-
75 518
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
163 964
198 500
-
-
trade
25 824
31 263
-
-
income
24 594
29 776
-
-
chamber of commerce
374
422
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 352
1 638
-
-
total
52 144
63 099
-
-
Dividends
111 820
135 402
-
-
withholding
27 611
33 508
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 518
1 844
-
-
total
29 129
35 352
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
88 460
98 451
75 518
100 170
After tax
110 040
100 049
122 982
98 330
Living cost
27 349
27 349
27 349
27 349
Free-cash
82 691
72 700
95 633
70 981

Estimated living cost  is ₽27349 per week

₽17204
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3189
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽511
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6446
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Hamburg , Germany
₽61764
₽76247
₽87511
₽63559
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
198 500
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 615
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 169
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
65 734
trade
-
-
-
25 747
total
-
-
-
101 265
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

45 790
-
198 500
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 934
-
65 734
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

216
-
3 615
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 169
-
6 169
-
total
10 319
-
75 518
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
152 710
198 500
-
-
trade
25 120
32 653
-
-
income
22 906
29 776
-
-
chamber of commerce
355
420
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 259
1 638
-
-
total
49 640
64 487
-
-
Dividends
103 070
134 014
-
-
withholding
25 425
33 160
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 398
1 823
-
-
total
26 823
34 983
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
86 782
99 470
75 518
101 265
After tax
111 718
99 030
122 982
97 235
Living cost
35 471
35 471
35 471
35 471
Free-cash
76 247
63 559
87 511
61 764

Estimated living cost  is ₽35471 per week

₽23723
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3741
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽529
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7478
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Munich , Germany
₽54774
₽71289
₽81618
₽56646
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
198 500
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 615
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 169
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
65 734
trade
-
-
-
26 844
total
-
-
-
102 362
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

54 265
-
198 500
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

6 381
-
65 734
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

351
-
3 615
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 169
-
6 169
-
total
12 901
-
75 518
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
144 235
198 500
-
-
trade
24 736
34 042
-
-
income
21 635
29 776
-
-
chamber of commerce
339
416
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 189
1 638
-
-
total
47 899
65 872
-
-
Dividends
96 335
132 628
-
-
withholding
23 741
32 814
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 306
1 804
-
-
total
25 047
34 618
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
85 847
100 490
75 518
102 362
After tax
112 653
98 010
122 982
96 138
Living cost
41 364
41 364
41 364
41 364
Free-cash
71 289
56 646
81 618
54 774

Estimated living cost  is ₽41364 per week

₽30211
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3309
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽538
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7308
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Athens , Greece
₽73131
₽101704
₽67609
₽104574
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
surtax
-
-
-
10 368
unemployment
-
-
-
206
health
-
-
-
8 556
pensions
-
-
-
24 102
income
-
-
-
61 856
other
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
105 088
Employee
30 408
-
173 133
-
unemployment
2 116
-
8 388
-
other
-
-
-
-
income
5 098
-
56 457
-
surtax
108
-
9 289
-
pensions
2 029
-
8 038
-
health
776
-
3 072
-
total
10 127
-
85 244
-
Employer
30 408
-
173 133
-
pensions
4 054
-
16 064
-
other
-
-
-
-
health
1 383
-
5 483
-
unemployment
965
-
3 819
-
total
6 402
-
25 366
-
Corporate
161 690
198 500
-
-
income
42 039
51 611
-
-
total
42 039
51 611
-
-
Dividends
119 651
146 889
-
-
withholding
17 947
22 034
-
-
total
17 947
22 034
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
76 515
73 645
110 610
105 088
After tax
121 985
124 855
87 890
93 412
Living cost
20 281
20 281
20 281
20 281
Free-cash
101 704
104 574
67 609
73 131

Estimated living cost  is ₽20281 per week

₽12245
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1763
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽471
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5804
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Thessaloniki , Greece
₽73487
₽102122
₽67965
₽104930
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
surtax
-
-
-
10 368
unemployment
-
-
-
206
health
-
-
-
8 556
pensions
-
-
-
24 102
income
-
-
-
61 856
other
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
105 088
Employee
29 860
-
173 133
-
unemployment
2 078
-
8 388
-
other
-
-
-
-
income
5 005
-
56 457
-
surtax
98
-
9 289
-
pensions
1 991
-
8 038
-
health
763
-
3 072
-
total
9 935
-
85 244
-
Employer
29 860
-
173 133
-
pensions
3 980
-
16 064
-
other
-
-
-
-
health
1 359
-
5 483
-
unemployment
946
-
3 819
-
total
6 285
-
25 366
-
Corporate
162 355
198 500
-
-
income
42 212
51 611
-
-
total
42 212
51 611
-
-
Dividends
120 143
146 889
-
-
withholding
18 021
22 034
-
-
total
18 021
22 034
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
76 453
73 645
110 610
105 088
After tax
122 047
124 855
87 890
93 412
Living cost
19 925
19 925
19 925
19 925
Free-cash
102 122
104 930
67 965
73 487

Estimated living cost  is ₽19925 per week

₽12183
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1839
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽459
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5444
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Budapest , Hungary
₽119533
₽93851
₽97093
₽93477
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
unemployment
-
-
-
2 977
health
-
-
-
13 895
pensions
-
-
-
19 850
income
-
-
-
24 267
total
-
-
-
60 989
Employee

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

25 952
10 328
166 109
-
unemployment
389
155
2 492
-
income
3 173
1 263
20 307
-
pensions
2 595
1 033
16 611
-
health
1 817
723
11 628
-
total
7 974
3 174
51 038
-
Employer

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

25 952
10 328
166 109
-
pensions
5 061
2 014
32 391
-
total
5 061
2 014
32 391
-
Corporate
167 488
186 158
-
-
income
15 074
16 754
-
-
total
15 074
16 754
-
-
Dividends
152 414
169 403
-
-
withholding
28 959
32 187
-
-
social contributions
29 603
32 916
-
-
total
58 562
65 103
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
86 671
87 045
83 429
60 989
After tax
111 829
111 455
115 071
137 511
Living cost
17 978
17 978
17 978
17 978
Free-cash
93 851
93 477
97 093
119 533

Estimated living cost  is ₽17978 per week

₽12269
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1471
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽359
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3879
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Reykjavik , Iceland
₽69027
₽79408
₽70093
₽80136
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
national
-
-
-
37 716
pensions
-
-
-
23 820
social contributions
-
-
-
2 134
municipal
-
-
-
22 075
total
-
-
-
85 745
Employee
67 786
-
171 601
-
municipal
8 373
-
22 844
-
national
12 974
-
39 398
-
pensions
2 711
-
6 864
-
total
24 058
-
69 106
-
Employer
67 786
-
171 601
-
pensions
5 423
-
13 728
-
social contributions
729
-
1 845
-
total
6 152
-
15 573
-
Corporate
120 089
198 500
-
-
income

Corporate income tax will depend on a type of legal entity. For LLC and Limited Partnership it is set at 20%. All other entities pay 37.6%.

24 018
39 700
-
-
total
24 018
39 700
-
-
Dividends
96 071
158 800
-
-
withholding
21 136
34 936
-
-
total
21 136
34 936
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
75 364
74 636
84 679
85 745
After tax
123 136
123 864
113 821
112 755
Living cost
43 728
43 728
43 728
43 728
Free-cash
79 408
80 136
70 093
69 027

Estimated living cost  is ₽43728 per week

₽29721
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽4065
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽654
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9287
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

It is very difficult to get a residence permit on a basis of self-employment for a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit). EU/EFTA nationals and long-term EU resident permit holders can register self-employed and apply for a permanent residence.

Dublin , Ireland
₽48556
₽89507
₽48556
₽87513
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
social contributions
-
-
-
34 032
income
-
-
-
64 476
total
-
-
-
98 508
Employee
70 630
-
198 500
-
social contributions
5 868
-
34 032
-
income
13 328
-
64 476
-
total
19 196
-
98 508
-
Employer
70 630
-
198 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
127 870
198 500
-
-
income
15 984
24 813
-
-
total
15 984
24 813
-
-
Dividends
111 886
173 687
-
-
withholding
22 377
34 738
-
-
total
22 377
34 738
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
57 557
59 551
98 508
98 508
After tax
140 943
138 949
99 992
99 992
Living cost
51 436
51 436
51 436
51 436
Free-cash
89 507
87 513
48 556
48 556

Estimated living cost  is ₽51436 per week

₽39131
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽4191
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽492
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7622
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

To obtain permanent residence for non EEA/Swiss nationals, it is required to invest a huge amount - at least €1 million aggregate investment into a new or an existing Irish business, for a minimum of three years.

Milan , Italy
₽57272
₽63092
₽49619
₽67806
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
national
-
-
-
54 219
regional
-
-
-
2 489
social contributions
-
-
-
45 192
municipal
-
-
-
1 227
total
-
-
-
103 127
Employee
80 248
-
198 500
-
municipal
425
-
1 114
-
national
13 905
-
48 175
-
social contributions
27 060
-
59 248
-
regional
757
-
2 243
-
total
42 147
-
110 780
-
Employer
80 248
-
198 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
118 252
198 500
-
-
nationa
28 381
47 641
-
-
municipal
4 611
7 742
-
-
total
32 992
55 383
-
-
Dividends
85 260
143 118
-
-
withholding
22 168
37 210
-
-
total
22 168
37 210
-
-
Income
198 500
198 500
198 500
198 500
Total tax
97 307
92 593
110 780
103 127
After tax
101 193
105 907
87 720
95 373
Living cost
38 101
38 101
38 101
38 101
Free-cash
63 092
67 806
49 619
57 272

Estimated living cost  is ₽38101 per week

₽26559
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2498
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽584
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8458
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Naples , Italy
₽70426
₽78007
₽62814
₽80012
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
198 500
national
-
-
-
54 219
regional
-
-
-
3 113
social contributions
-
-
-
45 192
municipal
-
-
-
1 227
total
-
-
-
103 751
Employee
50 088
-
198 500
-
municipal
266
-
1 114
-
national
7 935
-
48 175
-
social contributions
16 890
-
59 248
-
regional
674
-
2 826
-
total
25 765
-
111 363
-
Employer
50 088
-
198 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
148 412
198 500
-