Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
₽ 184500
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Andorra , Andorra
₽141111
₽114519
₽109619
₽138322
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
social contributions
-
-
-
40 589
income
-
-
-
9 352
total
-
-
-
49 941
Employee
26 673
-
159 740
-
social contributions
1 733
-
10 384
-
income
-
-
9 897
-
total
1 733
-
20 281
-
Employer
26 673
-
159 740
-
social contributions
4 135
-
24 760
-
total
4 135
-
24 760
-
Corporate
153 692
184 500
-
-
income
15 370
18 449
-
-
total
15 370
18 449
-
-
Dividends
138 323
166 051
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
21 238
18 449
45 041
49 941
After tax
163 262
166 051
139 459
134 559
Living cost
24 940
24 940
24 940
24 940
Free-cash
138 322
141 111
114 519
109 619

Estimated living cost  is ₽24940 per week

₽16126
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1880
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽469
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6465
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Andorra has a limit of 1000 sole-trade resident permits per year, so while it isn't complicated to obtain one, it may get difficult by the end of the term.

Graz , Austria
₽75337
₽21964
₽68247
₽74926
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
738
unemployment
-
-
-
5 089
health
-
-
-
7 414
pensions
-
-
-
17 931
income
-
-
-
58 612
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
89 784
Employee
36 267
33 064
152 543
-
health
1 403
1 280
3 750
-
pensions
3 714
3 385
9 925
-
other
362
331
970
-
unemployment
1 088
992
2 908
-
income
3 231
2 439
49 208
-
total
9 798
8 427
66 761
-
Employer
36 267
33 064
152 543
-
pensions
4 552
4 150
12 164
-
accident
471
430
1 260
-
unemployment
1 088
992
2 908
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
payroll
1 088
992
4 577
-
chamber of commerce
145
132
611
-
health
1 371
1 250
3 664
-
other
1 722
1 570
6 773
-
total
10 437
9 516
31 957
-
Corporate
137 796
141 920
149 394
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

34 449
35 480
37 349
-
total
34 449
35 480
37 349
-
Dividends
103 347
106 440
-
-
withholding
28 421
29 271
-
-
total
28 421
29 271
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
83 105
82 694
136 067
89 784
After tax
101 395
101 806
48 433
94 716
Living cost
26 469
26 469
26 469
26 469
Free-cash
74 926
75 337
21 964
68 247

Estimated living cost  is ₽26469 per week

₽15878
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2703
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽472
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7416
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Vienna , Austria
₽72482
₽19158
₽65318
₽71199
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
738
unemployment
-
-
-
5 089
health
-
-
-
7 414
pensions
-
-
-
17 931
income
-
-
-
58 612
surtax
-
-
-
164
total
-
-
-
89 948
Employee
41 463
33 064
152 392
-
health
1 604
1 280
3 750
-
pensions
4 246
3 385
9 925
-
other
414
331
970
-
unemployment
1 244
992
2 908
-
income
4 720
2 439
49 136
-
total
12 228
8 427
66 689
-
Employer
41 463
33 064
152 392
-
pensions
5 204
4 150
12 164
-
accident
538
430
1 260
-
unemployment
1 244
992
2 908
-
surtax
164
164
164
-
payroll
1 244
992
4 572
-
chamber of commerce
165
132
609
-
health
1 567
1 250
3 664
-
other
1 970
1 570
6 767
-
total
12 096
9 680
32 108
-
Corporate
130 942
141 757
149 243
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

32 736
35 439
37 311
-
total
32 736
35 439
37 311
-
Dividends
98 206
106 317
-
-
withholding
27 007
29 238
-
-
total
27 007
29 238
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
84 067
82 784
136 108
89 948
After tax
100 433
101 716
48 392
94 552
Living cost
29 234
29 234
29 234
29 234
Free-cash
71 199
72 482
19 158
65 318

Estimated living cost  is ₽29234 per week

₽19498
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2494
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽480
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6762
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Brussels , Belgium
₽71116
₽32564
₽49984
₽60412
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
social contributions
-
-
-
20 685
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
9 829
national
-
-
-
73 751
total
-
-
-
104 265
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 347
-
142 901
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

2 788
-
6 717
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 451
-
10 717
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

3 095
-
7 453
-
national
18 246
-
53 955
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

516
-
1 244
-
total
29 096
-
80 086
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

59 347
-
142 901
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

771
-
1 858
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

866
-
2 086
-
surtax
6 729
-
16 204
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

3 650
-
8 789
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

5 259
-
12 662
-
total
17 275
-
41 599
-
Corporate
107 878
184 500
-
-
surtax
431
787
-
-
income
21 576
39 335
-
-
total
22 007
40 122
-
-
Dividends
85 870
144 378
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

25 459
43 011
-
-
total
25 459
43 011
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
93 837
83 133
121 685
104 265
After tax
90 663
101 367
62 815
80 235
Living cost
30 251
30 251
30 251
30 251
Free-cash
60 412
71 116
32 564
49 984

Estimated living cost  is ₽30251 per week

₽19485
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2645
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽474
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7647
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sofia , Bulgaria
₽143484
₽142478
₽134829
₽138431
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 331
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 286
income
-
-
-
27 675
total
-
-
-
35 408
Employee
18 887
-
178 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

208
-
319
-
health
869
-
1 332
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 658
-
2 543
-
income
1 889
-
17 882
-
total
4 624
-
22 076
-
Employer
18 887
-
178 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

208
-
319
-
unemployment
113
-
174
-
health
1 303
-
1 998
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

2 081
-
3 192
-
total
3 705
-
5 683
-
Corporate
161 907
184 500
-
-
income
16 191
18 450
-
-
total
16 191
18 450
-
-
Dividends
145 717
166 050
-
-
withholding
7 286
8 303
-
-
total
7 286
8 303
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
31 806
26 753
27 759
35 408
After tax
152 694
157 747
156 741
149 092
Living cost
14 263
14 263
14 263
14 263
Free-cash
138 431
143 484
142 478
134 829

Estimated living cost  is ₽14263 per week

₽9434
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽817
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽340
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3673
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
₽146876
₽145870
₽138221
₽143025
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
unemployment
-
-
-
116
health
-
-
-
3 331
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 286
income
-
-
-
27 675
total
-
-
-
35 408
Employee
14 395
-
178 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
319
-
health
662
-
1 332
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 264
-
2 543
-
income
1 439
-
17 882
-
total
3 523
-
22 076
-
Employer
14 395
-
178 818
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

158
-
319
-
unemployment
86
-
174
-
health
994
-
1 998
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 587
-
3 192
-
total
2 825
-
5 683
-
Corporate
167 280
184 500
-
-
income
16 728
18 450
-
-
total
16 728
18 450
-
-
Dividends
150 552
166 050
-
-
withholding
7 528
8 303
-
-
total
7 528
8 303
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
30 604
26 753
27 759
35 408
After tax
153 896
157 747
156 741
149 092
Living cost
10 871
10 871
10 871
10 871
Free-cash
143 025
146 876
145 870
138 221

Estimated living cost  is ₽10871 per week

₽6347
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽776
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽288
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3460
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Larnaca , Cyprus
₽115258
₽103457
₽104977
₽110746
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
social contributions
-
-
-
13 424
health
-
-
-
4 704
income
-
-
-
42 186
total
-
-
-
60 314
Employee
63 798
63 798
174 137
-
health
494
1 085
2 960
-
social contributions
2 412
5 295
7 142
-
income
6 947
5 906
41 369
-
total
9 853
12 286
51 471
-
Employer
63 798
63 798
174 137
-
social contributions
2 412
5 295
7 142
-
health
537
1 181
3 221
-
total
2 949
6 476
10 363
-
Corporate
152 489
114 227
-
-
income
19 060
14 279
-
-
total
19 060
14 279
-
-
Dividends
133 429
99 948
-
-
withholding
22 683
16 992
-
-
total
22 683
16 992
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
54 545
50 033
61 834
60 314
After tax
129 955
134 467
122 666
124 186
Living cost
19 209
19 209
19 209
19 209
Free-cash
110 746
115 258
103 457
104 977

Estimated living cost  is ₽19209 per week

₽11512
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1885
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽425
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5388
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
₽107557
₽95756
₽97276
₽104119
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
social contributions
-
-
-
13 424
health
-
-
-
4 704
income
-
-
-
42 186
total
-
-
-
60 314
Employee
63 798
63 798
174 137
-
health
635
1 085
2 960
-
social contributions
3 100
5 295
7 142
-
income
6 699
5 906
41 369
-
total
10 434
12 286
51 471
-
Employer
63 798
63 798
174 137
-
social contributions
3 100
5 295
7 142
-
health
691
1 181
3 221
-
total
3 791
6 476
10 363
-
Corporate
143 364
114 227
-
-
income
17 920
14 279
-
-
total
17 920
14 279
-
-
Dividends
125 444
99 948
-
-
withholding
21 326
16 992
-
-
total
21 326
16 992
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
53 471
50 033
61 834
60 314
After tax
131 029
134 467
122 666
124 186
Living cost
26 910
26 910
26 910
26 910
Free-cash
104 119
107 557
95 756
97 276

Estimated living cost  is ₽26910 per week

₽18396
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2102
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽452
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5961
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Brno , Czech Republic
₽107505
₽81649
₽89781
₽100541
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
social contributions
-
-
-
28 093
health
-
-
-
24 908
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
2 470
income
-
-
-
19 725
total
-
-
-
75 196
Employee
28 710
-
147 200
-
health
3 876
-
19 872
-
social contributions
1 866
-
6 254
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
1 741
-
income
3 445
-
18 161
-
total
9 187
-
46 028
-
Employer
28 710
-
147 200
-
social contributions
7 178
-
24 052
-
health
2 584
-
13 248
-
total
9 762
-
37 300
-
Corporate
146 028
184 500
-
-
income
27 745
35 055
-
-
total
27 745
35 055
-
-
Dividends
118 283
149 445
-
-
withholding
17 742
22 417
-
-
total
17 742
22 417
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
64 436
57 472
83 328
75 196
After tax
120 064
127 028
101 172
109 304
Living cost
19 523
19 523
19 523
19 523
Free-cash
100 541
107 505
81 649
89 781

Estimated living cost  is ₽19523 per week

₽13561
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1389
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽384
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4189
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
₽102971
₽77115
₽85247
₽94388
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
social contributions
-
-
-
28 093
health
-
-
-
24 908
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
2 470
income
-
-
-
19 725
total
-
-
-
75 196
Employee
35 378
-
147 200
-
health
4 776
-
19 872
-
social contributions
2 300
-
6 254
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
1 741
-
income
4 245
-
18 161
-
total
11 321
-
46 028
-
Employer
35 378
-
147 200
-
social contributions
8 845
-
24 052
-
health
3 184
-
13 248
-
total
12 029
-
37 300
-
Corporate
137 093
184 500
-
-
income
26 048
35 055
-
-
total
26 048
35 055
-
-
Dividends
111 045
149 445
-
-
withholding
16 657
22 417
-
-
total
16 657
22 417
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
66 055
57 472
83 328
75 196
After tax
118 445
127 028
101 172
109 304
Living cost
24 057
24 057
24 057
24 057
Free-cash
94 388
102 971
77 115
85 247

Estimated living cost  is ₽24057 per week

₽17891
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1333
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽416
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4418
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Copenhagen , Denmark
₽3246
₽3246
₽66556
₽1848
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
labour market
-
-
-
14 702
municipal
-
-
-
39 560
pensions
-
-
-
721
national
-
-
-
22 896
total
-
-
-
77 879
Employee
169 104
169 104
169 104
-
municipal
36 010
36 010
36 010
-
pensions
240
240
240
-
national
20 659
20 659
20 659
-
labour market
13 509
13 509
13 509
-
total
70 418
70 418
70 418
-
Employer
169 104
169 104
169 104
-
labour market
13 528
13 528
13 528
-
national
20 695
20 695
20 695
-
municipal
36 067
36 067
36 067
-
pensions
481
481
481
-
total
70 771
70 771
70 771
-
Corporate
3 246
-
-
-
income
714
-
-
-
total
714
-
-
-
Dividends
2 532
-
-
-
withholding
684
-
-
-
total
684
-
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
142 587
141 189
141 189
77 879
After tax
41 913
43 311
43 311
106 621
Living cost
40 065
40 065
40 065
40 065
Free-cash
1 848
3 246
3 246
66 556

Estimated living cost  is ₽40065 per week

₽27421
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3544
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽616
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8484
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tallinn , Estonia
₽127559
₽86304
₽78852
₽122406
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
health
-
-
-
23 985
pensions
-
-
-
36 899
income
-
-
-
24 724
total
-
-
-
85 608
Employee
23 536
-
137 891
-
pensions
471
-
2 758
-
unemployment
376
-
2 206
-
income
2 650
-
26 585
-
total
3 497
-
31 549
-
Employer
23 536
-
137 891
-
pensions
4 708
-
27 578
-
unemployment
189
-
1 104
-
health
3 059
-
17 925
-
total
7 956
-
46 607
-
Corporate
153 008
184 500
-
-
income
30 601
36 901
-
-
total
30 601
36 901
-
-
Dividends
122 407
147 599
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
42 054
36 901
78 156
85 608
After tax
142 446
147 599
106 344
98 892
Living cost
20 040
20 040
20 040
20 040
Free-cash
122 406
127 559
86 304
78 852

Estimated living cost  is ₽20040 per week

₽13745
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1193
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽403
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Helsinki , Finland
₽81375
₽60440
₽81574
₽83939
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
184 500
health
-
-
-
2 496
municipal
-
-
-
32 761
national
-
-
-
35 816
total
-
-
-
71 073
Employee
43 651
-
155 210
-
health
326
-
2 044
-
municipal
7 150
-
25 265
-
pensions
2 946
-
10 476
-
national
721
-
22 803
-
unemployment
655
-
2 329
-
total
11 798
-
62 917
-
Employer
43 651
-
155 210
-
accident
44
-
156
-
unemployment
283
-
1 009
-
health
335
-
1 195
-
pensions
7 573
-
26 930
-
total
8 235
-
29 290
-
Corporate
132 613
184 500
-
-
income
26 523
36 901
-
-
total
26 523
36 901
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

79 568
110 700
-
-
municipal
14 323
19 926
-
-
national
7 829
14 445
-
-
total
22 152
34 371
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
68 708
71 272
92 207
71 073
After tax
115 792
113 228
92 293
113 427
Living cost
31 853
31 853
31 853
31 853
Free-cash
83 939
81 375
60 440
81 574

Estimated living cost  is ₽31853 per week

₽20806
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3064
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽507
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7477
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Marseille , France
₽67415
₽70306
₽75574
₽72027
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
social contributions
-
-
-
5 257
health
-
-
-
8 998
pensions
-
-
-
29 243
other
-
-
-
5 720
income
-
-
-
34 135
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
83 353
Employee
31 696
-
140 825
-
income
1 634
-
30 325
-
social contributions
904
-
4 012
-
pensions
3 585
-
10 609
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
6 123
-
44 946
-
Employer
31 696
-
140 825
-
pensions
5 208
-
17 712
-
social contributions
94
-
422
-
unemployment
1 283
-
5 703
-
health
2 218
-
13 996
-
other
1 094
-
5 842
-
total
9 897
-
43 675
-
Corporate
142 905
184 500
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
40 013
51 659
-
-
total
40 013
51 659
-
-
Dividends
102 892
132 841
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
13 170
17 004
-
-
social contributions
17 697
22 849
-
-
total
30 867
39 853
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
86 900
91 512
88 621
83 353
After tax
97 600
92 988
95 879
101 147
Living cost
25 573
25 573
25 573
25 573
Free-cash
72 027
67 415
70 306
75 574

Estimated living cost  is ₽25573 per week

₽14831
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2598
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽485
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7660
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
₽64602
₽67493
₽72761
₽69504
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
social contributions
-
-
-
5 257
health
-
-
-
8 998
pensions
-
-
-
29 243
other
-
-
-
5 720
income
-
-
-
34 135
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
83 353
Employee
35 509
-
140 825
-
income
2 096
-
30 325
-
social contributions
1 012
-
4 012
-
pensions
4 015
-
10 609
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
7 123
-
44 946
-
Employer
35 509
-
140 825
-
pensions
5 833
-
17 712
-
social contributions
107
-
422
-
unemployment
1 437
-
5 703
-
health
2 486
-
13 996
-
other
1 225
-
5 842
-
total
11 088
-
43 675
-
Corporate
137 902
184 500
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
38 612
51 659
-
-
total
38 612
51 659
-
-
Dividends
99 291
132 841
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
12 709
17 004
-
-
social contributions
17 078
22 849
-
-
total
29 787
39 853
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
86 610
91 512
88 621
83 353
After tax
97 890
92 988
95 879
101 147
Living cost
28 386
28 386
28 386
28 386
Free-cash
69 504
64 602
67 493
72 761

Estimated living cost  is ₽28386 per week

₽17898
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2308
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽483
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Paris , France
₽52916
₽55807
₽61075
₽58620
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
social contributions
-
-
-
5 257
health
-
-
-
8 998
pensions
-
-
-
29 243
other
-
-
-
5 720
income
-
-
-
34 135
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
83 353
Employee
51 964
-
140 825
-
income
4 534
-
30 325
-
social contributions
1 480
-
4 012
-
pensions
5 877
-
10 609
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
11 891
-
44 946
-
Employer
51 964
-
140 825
-
pensions
8 538
-
17 712
-
social contributions
156
-
422
-
unemployment
2 105
-
5 703
-
health
3 637
-
13 996
-
other
1 793
-
5 842
-
total
16 229
-
43 675
-
Corporate
116 307
184 500
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
income
32 566
51 659
-
-
total
32 566
51 659
-
-
Dividends
83 741
132 841
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
withholding
10 719
17 004
-
-
social contributions
14 403
22 849
-
-
total
25 122
39 853
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
85 808
91 512
88 621
83 353
After tax
98 692
92 988
95 879
101 147
Living cost
40 072
40 072
40 072
40 072
Free-cash
58 620
52 916
55 807
61 075

Estimated living cost  is ₽40072 per week

₽27120
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3278
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽549
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9124
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
₽169418
₽141743
₽176798
₽168320
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
184 500
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
1 845
total
-
-
-
1 845
Employee
7 321
-
184 500
-
income
1 464
-
36 900
-
total
1 464
-
36 900
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

177 179
184 500
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
177 179
184 500
-
-
withholding
8 859
9 225
-
-
total
8 859
9 225
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
10 323
9 225
36 900
1 845
After tax
174 177
175 275
147 600
182 655
Living cost
5 857
5 857
5 857
5 857
Free-cash
168 320
169 418
141 743
176 798

Estimated living cost  is ₽5857 per week

₽3630
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽487
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽161
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽1579
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Tbilisi , Georgia
₽166148
₽138473
₽173528
₽164436
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
184 500
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
1 845
total
-
-
-
1 845
Employee
11 409
-
184 500
-
income
2 282
-
36 900
-
total
2 282
-
36 900
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

173 091
184 500
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
173 091
184 500
-
-
withholding
8 655
9 225
-
-
total
8 655
9 225
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
10 937
9 225
36 900
1 845
After tax
173 563
175 275
147 600
182 655
Living cost
9 127
9 127
9 127
9 127
Free-cash
164 436
166 148
138 473
173 528

Estimated living cost  is ₽9127 per week

₽6176
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽383
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽306
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽2261
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Berlin , Germany
₽62858
₽82146
₽61206
₽73716
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
184 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
20 940
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
61 284
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 371
total
-
-
-
91 263
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

41 281
-
184 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

187
-
3 371
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 395
-
61 284
-
total
9 250
-
70 323
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
143 219
184 500
-
-
trade
20 551
26 476
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 181
1 522
-
-
chamber of commerce
335
397
-
-
income
21 483
27 674
-
-
total
43 550
56 069
-
-
Dividends
99 668
128 430
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 352
1 749
-
-
withholding
24 601
31 793
-
-
total
25 953
33 542
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
78 753
89 611
70 323
91 263
After tax
105 747
94 889
114 177
93 237
Living cost
32 031
32 031
32 031
32 031
Free-cash
73 716
62 858
82 146
61 206

Estimated living cost  is ₽32031 per week

₽22096
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3446
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽464
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6024
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Dresden , Germany
₽67864
₽89047
₽66063
₽77040
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
184 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
22 984
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
61 284
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 371
total
-
-
-
93 307
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

31 733
-
184 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

49
-
3 371
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

886
-
61 284
-
total
6 603
-
70 323
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
152 767
184 500
-
-
trade
24 061
29 058
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 260
1 522
-
-
chamber of commerce
345
390
-
-
income
22 915
27 674
-
-
total
48 581
58 644
-
-
Dividends
104 187
125 855
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 415
1 713
-
-
withholding
25 731
31 149
-
-
total
27 146
32 862
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
82 330
91 506
70 323
93 307
After tax
102 170
92 994
114 177
91 193
Living cost
25 130
25 130
25 130
25 130
Free-cash
77 040
67 864
89 047
66 063

Estimated living cost  is ₽25130 per week

₽15808
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2930
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽469
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5923
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Hamburg , Germany
₽59449
₽81584
₽57580
₽71106
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
184 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
24 004
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
61 284
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 371
total
-
-
-
94 327
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

42 074
-
184 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

198
-
3 371
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 615
-
61 284
-
total
9 481
-
70 323
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
142 426
184 500
-
-
trade
23 429
30 351
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 175
1 522
-
-
chamber of commerce
329
389
-
-
income
21 364
27 674
-
-
total
46 297
59 936
-
-
Dividends
96 129
124 564
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 305
1 696
-
-
withholding
23 718
30 826
-
-
total
25 023
32 522
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
80 801
92 458
70 323
94 327
After tax
103 699
92 042
114 177
90 173
Living cost
32 593
32 593
32 593
32 593
Free-cash
71 106
59 449
81 584
57 580

Estimated living cost  is ₽32593 per week

₽21798
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3437
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽487
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6871
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Munich , Germany
₽53086
₽76169
₽51143
₽66540
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
184 500
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
5 668
trade
-
-
-
25 026
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
61 284
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 371
total
-
-
-
95 349
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

49 862
-
184 500
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

5 668
-
5 668
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

323
-
3 371
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

5 863
-
61 284
-
total
11 854
-
70 323
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
134 638
184 500
-
-
trade
23 091
31 642
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 110
1 522
-
-
chamber of commerce
315
386
-
-
income
20 196
27 674
-
-
total
44 712
61 224
-
-
Dividends
89 927
123 276
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 219
1 678
-
-
withholding
22 167
30 504
-
-
total
23 386
32 182
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
79 952
93 406
70 323
95 349
After tax
104 548
91 094
114 177
89 151
Living cost
38 008
38 008
38 008
38 008
Free-cash
66 540
53 086
76 169
51 143

Estimated living cost  is ₽38008 per week

₽27759
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3040
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽494
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6715
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Athens , Greece
₽97415
₽63094
₽68167
₽94778
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 861
pensions
-
-
-
22 146
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
57 786
surtax
-
-
-
9 716
total
-
-
-
97 698
Employee
27 940
-
161 192
-
health
713
-
2 823
-
pensions
1 864
-
7 386
-
surtax
99
-
8 724
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 944
-
7 707
-
income
4 684
-
52 823
-
total
9 304
-
79 463
-
Employer
27 940
-
161 192
-
pensions
3 725
-
14 761
-
unemployment
886
-
3 509
-
health
1 271
-
5 038
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 882
-
23 308
-
Corporate
150 677
184 500
-
-
income
39 176
47 971
-
-
total
39 176
47 971
-
-
Dividends
111 502
136 529
-
-
withholding
16 725
20 479
-
-
total
16 725
20 479
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
71 087
68 450
102 771
97 698
After tax
113 413
116 050
81 729
86 802
Living cost
18 635
18 635
18 635
18 635
Free-cash
94 778
97 415
63 094
68 167

Estimated living cost  is ₽18635 per week

₽11251
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1620
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽433
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5333
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Thessaloniki , Greece
₽97742
₽63421
₽68494
₽95159
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
unemployment
-
-
-
189
health
-
-
-
7 861
pensions
-
-
-
22 146
other
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
57 786
surtax
-
-
-
9 716
total
-
-
-
97 698
Employee
27 437
-
161 192
-
health
701
-
2 823
-
pensions
1 830
-
7 386
-
surtax
90
-
8 724
-
other
-
-
-
-
unemployment
1 910
-
7 707
-
income
4 599
-
52 823
-
total
9 130
-
79 463
-
Employer
27 437
-
161 192
-
pensions
3 657
-
14 761
-
unemployment
869
-
3 509
-
health
1 249
-
5 038
-
other
-
-
-
-
total
5 775
-
23 308
-
Corporate
151 288
184 500
-
-
income
39 335
47 971
-
-
total
39 335
47 971
-
-
Dividends
111 954
136 529
-
-
withholding
16 793
20 479
-
-
total
16 793
20 479
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
71 033
68 450
102 771
97 698
After tax
113 467
116 050
81 729
86 802
Living cost
18 308
18 308
18 308
18 308
Free-cash
95 159
97 742
63 421
68 494

Estimated living cost  is ₽18308 per week

₽11194
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1689
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽422
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5002
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Budapest , Hungary
₽87314
₽90682
₽111540
₽87653
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
unemployment
-
-
-
2 767
health
-
-
-
12 915
pensions
-
-
-
18 450
income
-
-
-
22 555
total
-
-
-
56 687
Employee

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 491
9 349
154 393
-
health
1 644
654
10 808
-
pensions
2 349
935
15 439
-
unemployment
352
140
2 316
-
income
2 872
1 143
18 875
-
total
7 217
2 872
47 438
-
Employer

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

23 491
9 349
154 393
-
pensions
4 581
1 823
30 107
-
total
4 581
1 823
30 107
-
Corporate
156 429
173 328
-
-
income
14 079
15 600
-
-
total
14 079
15 600
-
-
Dividends
142 350
157 728
-
-
withholding
27 046
29 968
-
-
social contributions
27 651
30 650
-
-
total
54 697
60 618
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
80 574
80 913
77 545
56 687
After tax
103 926
103 587
106 955
127 813
Living cost
16 273
16 273
16 273
16 273
Free-cash
87 653
87 314
90 682
111 540

Estimated living cost  is ₽16273 per week

₽11105
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1331
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽325
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3512
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Reykjavik , Iceland
₽73245
₽64309
₽63319
₽72548
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
social contributions
-
-
-
1 983
municipal
-
-
-
20 488
pensions
-
-
-
22 140
national
-
-
-
34 687
total
-
-
-
79 298
Employee
64 927
-
159 499
-
municipal
8 020
-
21 202
-
pensions
2 597
-
6 380
-
national
12 427
-
36 251
-
total
23 044
-
63 833
-
Employer
64 927
-
159 499
-
social contributions
698
-
1 715
-
pensions
5 194
-
12 760
-
total
5 892
-
14 475
-
Corporate
109 396
184 500
-
-
income

Corporate income tax will depend on a type of legal entity. For LLC and Limited Partnership it is set at 20%. All other entities pay 37.6%.

21 879
36 900
-
-
total
21 879
36 900
-
-
Dividends
87 517
147 600
-
-
withholding
19 254
32 472
-
-
total
19 254
32 472
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
70 069
69 372
78 308
79 298
After tax
114 431
115 128
106 192
105 202
Living cost
41 883
41 883
41 883
41 883
Free-cash
72 548
73 245
64 309
63 319

Estimated living cost  is ₽41883 per week

₽28468
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3893
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽627
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8895
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

It is very difficult to get a residence permit on a basis of self-employment for a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit). EU/EFTA nationals and long-term EU resident permit holders can register self-employed and apply for a permanent residence.

Dublin , Ireland
₽81888
₽45482
₽45482
₽83720
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
social contributions
-
-
-
31 670
income
-
-
-
60 086
total
-
-
-
91 756
Employee
64 899
-
184 500
-
social contributions
5 392
-
31 670
-
income
12 246
-
60 086
-
total
17 638
-
91 756
-
Employer
64 899
-
184 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
119 601
184 500
-
-
income
14 949
23 063
-
-
total
14 949
23 063
-
-
Dividends
104 652
161 437
-
-
withholding
20 931
32 287
-
-
total
20 931
32 287
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
53 518
55 350
91 756
91 756
After tax
130 982
129 150
92 744
92 744
Living cost
47 262
47 262
47 262
47 262
Free-cash
83 720
81 888
45 482
45 482

Estimated living cost  is ₽47262 per week

₽35956
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3851
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽452
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7003
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

To obtain permanent residence for non EEA/Swiss nationals, it is required to invest a huge amount - at least €1 million aggregate investment into a new or an existing Irish business, for a minimum of three years.

Milan , Italy
₽63430
₽46739
₽53774
₽59097
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
regional
-
-
-
2 323
social contributions
-
-
-
41 525
municipal
-
-
-
1 143
national
-
-
-
50 726
total
-
-
-
95 717
Employee
73 736
-
184 500
-
regional
696
-
2 098
-
municipal
390
-
1 041
-
social contributions
24 864
-
54 440
-
national
12 777
-
45 173
-
total
38 727
-
102 752
-
Employer
73 736
-
184 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
110 764
184 500
-
-
nationa
26 583
44 280
-
-
municipal
4 320
7 195
-
-
total
30 903
51 475
-
-
Dividends
79 861
133 025
-
-
withholding
20 764
34 586
-
-
total
20 764
34 586
-
-
Income
184 500
184 500
184 500
184 500
Total tax
90 394
86 061
102 752
95 717
After tax
94 106
98 439
81 748
88 783
Living cost
35 009
35 009
35 009
35 009
Free-cash
59 097
63 430
46 739
53 774

Estimated living cost  is ₽35009 per week

₽24404
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2296
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽537
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7772
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Naples , Italy
₽74627
₽58856
₽65853
₽72785
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
184 500
regional
-
-
-
2 903
social contributions
-
-
-
41 525
municipal
-
-
-
1 143
national
-
-
-
50 726
total
-
-
-
96 297
Employee
46 023
-
184 500
-
regional
620
-
2 640
-
municipal
244
-
1 041
-
social contributions
15 519
-
54 440
-
national
7 291
-
45 173
-
total
23 674
-
103 294
-
Employer
46 023
-
184 500
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
138 477
184 500
-
-