Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
₽ 181000
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Andorra , Andorra
₽104788
₽131869
₽109599
₽134987
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
social contributions
-
-
-
39 821
income
-
-
-
8 479
total
-
-
-
48 300
Employee
29 853
-
156 711
-
social contributions
1 940
-
10 187
-
income
-
-
9 013
-
total
1 940
-
19 200
-
Employer
29 853
-
156 711
-
social contributions
4 627
-
24 289
-
total
4 627
-
24 289
-
Corporate
146 520
181 000
-
-
income
14 652
18 101
-
-
total
14 652
18 101
-
-
Dividends
131 868
162 899
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
21 219
18 101
43 489
48 300
After tax
159 781
162 899
137 511
132 700
Living cost
27 912
27 912
27 912
27 912
Free-cash
131 869
134 987
109 599
104 788

Estimated living cost  is ₽27912 per week

₽18048
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2104
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽525
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7235
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Andorra has a limit of 1000 sole-trade resident permits per year, so while it isn't complicated to obtain one, it may get difficult by the end of the term.

Graz , Austria
₽63505
₽69995
₽18167
₽70455
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
surtax
-
-
-
-
unemployment
-
-
-
5 695
health
-
-
-
8 298
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
724
pensions
-
-
-
20 069
income
-
-
-
53 084
total
-
-
-
87 870
Employee
40 590
37 005
146 970
-
unemployment
1 218
1 110
3 255
-
other
405
370
1 085
-
income
3 616
2 730
43 671
-
pensions
4 157
3 789
11 108
-
health
1 570
1 433
4 197
-
total
10 966
9 432
63 316
-
Employer
40 590
37 005
146 970
-
pensions
5 094
4 645
13 614
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
payroll
1 218
1 110
4 409
-
other
1 928
1 757
6 654
-
health
1 535
1 399
4 100
-
accident
527
481
1 410
-
unemployment
1 218
1 110
3 255
-
chamber of commerce
162
148
589
-
total
11 682
10 650
34 031
-
Corporate
128 728
133 345
143 445
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

32 182
33 336
35 861
-
total
32 182
33 336
35 861
-
Dividends
96 547
100 009
-
-
withholding
26 550
27 502
-
-
total
26 550
27 502
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
81 380
80 920
133 208
87 870
After tax
99 620
100 080
47 792
93 130
Living cost
29 625
29 625
29 625
29 625
Free-cash
69 995
70 455
18 167
63 505

Estimated living cost  is ₽29625 per week

₽17771
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3026
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽529
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8300
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Vienna , Austria
₽60228
₽65826
₽15029
₽67261
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
surtax
-
-
-
183
unemployment
-
-
-
5 695
health
-
-
-
8 298
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
724
pensions
-
-
-
20 069
income
-
-
-
53 084
total
-
-
-
88 053
Employee
46 406
37 005
146 800
-
unemployment
1 392
1 110
3 255
-
other
463
370
1 085
-
income
5 283
2 730
43 588
-
pensions
4 752
3 789
11 108
-
health
1 796
1 433
4 197
-
total
13 686
9 432
63 233
-
Employer
46 406
37 005
146 800
-
pensions
5 824
4 645
13 614
-
surtax
183
183
183
-
payroll
1 392
1 110
4 404
-
other
2 204
1 757
6 647
-
health
1 753
1 399
4 100
-
accident
603
481
1 410
-
unemployment
1 392
1 110
3 255
-
chamber of commerce
185
148
587
-
total
13 536
10 833
34 200
-
Corporate
121 058
133 162
143 276
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

30 265
33 290
35 819
-
total
30 265
33 290
35 819
-
Dividends
90 793
99 871
-
-
withholding
24 968
27 465
-
-
total
24 968
27 465
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
82 455
81 020
133 252
88 053
After tax
98 545
99 980
47 748
92 947
Living cost
32 719
32 719
32 719
32 719
Free-cash
65 826
67 261
15 029
60 228

Estimated living cost  is ₽32719 per week

₽21822
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2791
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽537
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7568
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Brussels , Belgium
₽44726
₽53408
₽28893
₽67026
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
national
-
-
-
69 795
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
9 471
social contributions
-
-
-
23 151
total
-
-
-
102 417
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

66 421
-
140 187
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

578
-
1 219
-
national
20 420
-
51 803
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

3 464
-
7 311
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 982
-
10 515
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

3 121
-
6 589
-
total
32 565
-
77 437
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

66 421
-
140 187
-
surtax
7 531
-
15 898
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

5 886
-
12 421
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 085
-
8 622
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

863
-
1 824
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

969
-
2 048
-
total
19 334
-
40 813
-
Corporate
95 245
181 000
-
-
income
19 049
36 631
-
-
surtax
381
733
-
-
total
19 430
37 364
-
-
Dividends
75 815
143 636
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

22 406
42 753
-
-
total
22 406
42 753
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
93 735
80 117
118 250
102 417
After tax
87 265
100 883
62 750
78 583
Living cost
33 857
33 857
33 857
33 857
Free-cash
53 408
67 026
28 893
44 726

Estimated living cost  is ₽33857 per week

₽21808
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2960
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽530
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8559
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sofia , Bulgaria
₽129212
₽133121
₽136499
₽138779
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
unemployment
-
-
-
130
health
-
-
-
3 731
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 801
income
-
-
-
27 150
total
-
-
-
35 812
Employee
21 155
-
174 635
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

232
-
357
-
income
2 116
-
17 463
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 857
-
2 848
-
health
973
-
1 492
-
total
5 178
-
22 160
-
Employer
21 155
-
174 635
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

2 331
-
3 575
-
health
1 460
-
2 238
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

232
-
357
-
unemployment
127
-
195
-
total
4 150
-
6 365
-
Corporate
155 695
181 000
-
-
income
15 569
18 100
-
-
total
15 569
18 100
-
-
Dividends
140 126
162 900
-
-
withholding
7 006
8 145
-
-
total
7 006
8 145
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
31 903
26 245
28 525
35 812
After tax
149 097
154 755
152 475
145 188
Living cost
15 976
15 976
15 976
15 976
Free-cash
133 121
138 779
136 499
129 212

Estimated living cost  is ₽15976 per week

₽10566
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽915
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽381
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4114
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
₽133012
₽138264
₽140299
₽142579
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
unemployment
-
-
-
130
health
-
-
-
3 731
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 801
income
-
-
-
27 150
total
-
-
-
35 812
Employee
16 123
-
174 635
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

178
-
357
-
income
1 612
-
17 463
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 416
-
2 848
-
health
742
-
1 492
-
total
3 948
-
22 160
-
Employer
16 123
-
174 635
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 777
-
3 575
-
health
1 113
-
2 238
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

178
-
357
-
unemployment
96
-
195
-
total
3 164
-
6 365
-
Corporate
161 713
181 000
-
-
income
16 171
18 100
-
-
total
16 171
18 100
-
-
Dividends
145 542
162 900
-
-
withholding
7 277
8 145
-
-
total
7 277
8 145
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
30 560
26 245
28 525
35 812
After tax
150 440
154 755
152 475
145 188
Living cost
12 176
12 176
12 176
12 176
Free-cash
138 264
142 579
140 299
133 012

Estimated living cost  is ₽12176 per week

₽7109
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽870
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽323
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3876
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Larnaca , Cyprus
₽101342
₽105431
₽99796
₽110485
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
health
-
-
-
4 615
social contributions
-
-
-
15 024
income
-
-
-
38 520
total
-
-
-
58 159
Employee
71 403
71 403
169 865
-
income
7 775
6 610
37 689
-
social contributions
2 700
5 926
7 993
-
health
553
1 214
2 888
-
total
11 028
13 750
48 570
-
Employer
71 403
71 403
169 865
-
social contributions
2 700
5 926
7 993
-
health
601
1 322
3 142
-
total
3 301
7 248
11 135
-
Corporate
145 173
102 350
-
-
income
18 146
12 793
-
-
total
18 146
12 793
-
-
Dividends
127 027
89 557
-
-
withholding
21 595
15 225
-
-
total
21 595
15 225
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
54 070
49 016
59 705
58 159
After tax
126 930
131 984
121 295
122 841
Living cost
21 499
21 499
21 499
21 499
Free-cash
105 431
110 485
99 796
101 342

Estimated living cost  is ₽21499 per week

₽12885
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2109
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽476
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6030
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
₽92723
₽98013
₽91177
₽101866
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
health
-
-
-
4 615
social contributions
-
-
-
15 024
income
-
-
-
38 520
total
-
-
-
58 159
Employee
71 403
71 403
169 865
-
income
7 498
6 610
37 689
-
social contributions
3 470
5 926
7 993
-
health
710
1 214
2 888
-
total
11 678
13 750
48 570
-
Employer
71 403
71 403
169 865
-
social contributions
3 470
5 926
7 993
-
health
774
1 322
3 142
-
total
4 244
7 248
11 135
-
Corporate
134 961
102 350
-
-
income
16 871
12 793
-
-
total
16 871
12 793
-
-
Dividends
118 090
89 557
-
-
withholding
20 076
15 225
-
-
total
20 076
15 225
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
52 869
49 016
59 705
58 159
After tax
128 131
131 984
121 295
122 841
Living cost
30 118
30 118
30 118
30 118
Free-cash
98 013
101 866
91 177
92 723

Estimated living cost  is ₽30118 per week

₽20589
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2352
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽506
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6671
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Brno , Czech Republic
₽83947
₽95480
₽76226
₽103141
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
health
-
-
-
24 435
social contributions
-
-
-
30 904
income
-
-
-
18 849
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
1 388
total
-
-
-
75 576
Employee
31 583
-
141 781
-
income
3 790
-
17 364
-
social contributions
2 053
-
6 879
-
health
4 264
-
19 140
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
695
-
total
10 107
-
44 078
-
Employer
31 583
-
141 781
-
social contributions
7 896
-
26 459
-
health
2 842
-
12 760
-
total
10 738
-
39 219
-
Corporate
138 679
181 000
-
-
income
26 349
34 390
-
-
total
26 349
34 390
-
-
Dividends
112 330
146 610
-
-
withholding
16 849
21 992
-
-
total
16 849
21 992
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
64 043
56 382
83 297
75 576
After tax
116 957
124 618
97 703
105 424
Living cost
21 477
21 477
21 477
21 477
Free-cash
95 480
103 141
76 226
83 947

Estimated living cost  is ₽21477 per week

₽14918
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1528
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽422
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4609
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
₽78959
₽88712
₽71238
₽98153
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
health
-
-
-
24 435
social contributions
-
-
-
30 904
income
-
-
-
18 849
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
1 388
total
-
-
-
75 576
Employee
38 919
-
141 781
-
income
4 670
-
17 364
-
social contributions
2 530
-
6 879
-
health
5 254
-
19 140
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
695
-
total
12 454
-
44 078
-
Employer
38 919
-
141 781
-
social contributions
9 730
-
26 459
-
health
3 503
-
12 760
-
total
13 233
-
39 219
-
Corporate
128 849
181 000
-
-
income
24 481
34 390
-
-
total
24 481
34 390
-
-
Dividends
104 368
146 610
-
-
withholding
15 655
21 992
-
-
total
15 655
21 992
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
65 823
56 382
83 297
75 576
After tax
115 177
124 618
97 703
105 424
Living cost
26 465
26 465
26 465
26 465
Free-cash
88 712
98 153
71 238
78 959

Estimated living cost  is ₽26465 per week

₽19681
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1466
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽458
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4860
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Copenhagen , Denmark
₽60926
-₽21866
-₽21866
-₽21866
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
national
-
-
-
21 801
pensions
-
-
-
807
municipal
-
-
-
38 208
labour market
-
-
-
14 416
total
-
-
-
75 232
Employee
189 268
189 268
189 268
-
municipal
40 303
40 303
40 303
-
national
23 122
23 122
23 122
-
pensions
269
269
269
-
labour market
15 120
15 120
15 120
-
total
78 814
78 814
78 814
-
Employer
189 268
189 268
189 268
-
pensions
538
538
538
-
labour market
15 141
15 141
15 141
-
municipal
40 368
40 368
40 368
-
national
23 163
23 163
23 163
-
total
79 210
79 210
79 210
-
Corporate
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
-
-
-
-
withholding
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
158 024
158 024
158 024
75 232
After tax
22 976
22 976
22 976
105 768
Living cost
44 842
44 842
44 842
44 842
Free-cash
-21 866
-21 866
-21 866
60 926

Estimated living cost  is ₽44842 per week

₽30690
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3967
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽690
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9495
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tallinn , Estonia
₽74587
₽116603
₽81898
₽122372
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
health
-
-
-
23 530
pensions
-
-
-
36 201
income
-
-
-
24 254
total
-
-
-
83 985
Employee
26 342
-
135 276
-
unemployment
421
-
2 164
-
income
2 966
-
26 081
-
pensions
527
-
2 705
-
total
3 914
-
30 950
-
Employer
26 342
-
135 276
-
pensions
5 269
-
27 056
-
health
3 424
-
17 586
-
unemployment
211
-
1 082
-
total
8 904
-
45 724
-
Corporate
145 754
181 000
-
-
income
29 151
36 200
-
-
total
29 151
36 200
-
-
Dividends
116 603
144 800
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
41 969
36 200
76 674
83 985
After tax
139 031
144 800
104 326
97 015
Living cost
22 428
22 428
22 428
22 428
Free-cash
116 603
122 372
81 898
74 587

Estimated living cost  is ₽22428 per week

₽15383
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1336
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽451
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5258
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Helsinki , Finland
₽78560
₽79440
₽57826
₽76685
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
181 000
national
-
-
-
32 242
health
-
-
-
2 400
municipal
-
-
-
32 148
total
-
-
-
66 790
Employee
48 854
-
152 268
-
unemployment
733
-
2 284
-
municipal
8 002
-
24 795
-
national
807
-
19 476
-
pensions
3 297
-
10 279
-
health
365
-
1 958
-
total
13 204
-
58 792
-
Employer
48 854
-
152 268
-
pensions
8 476
-
26 418
-
health
375
-
1 172
-
accident
49
-
152
-
unemployment
317
-
990
-
total
9 217
-
28 732
-
Corporate
122 928
181 000
-
-
income
24 585
36 200
-
-
total
24 585
36 200
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

73 757
108 600
-
-
municipal
13 276
19 547
-
-
national
5 628
12 918
-
-
total
18 904
32 465
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
65 910
68 665
87 524
66 790
After tax
115 090
112 335
93 476
114 210
Living cost
35 650
35 650
35 650
35 650
Free-cash
79 440
76 685
57 826
78 560

Estimated living cost  is ₽35650 per week

₽23287
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3429
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽567
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8368
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Marseille , France
₽72841
₽67762
₽68866
₽62601
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
surtax
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
8 197
pensions
-
-
-
30 612
social contributions
-
-
-
5 158
income
-
-
-
29 959
other
-
-
-
5 611
total
-
-
-
79 537
Employee
35 475
-
139 280
-
income
1 829
-
27 806
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
1 011
-
3 968
-
pensions
4 012
-
10 018
-
total
6 852
-
41 792
-
Employer
35 475
-
139 280
-
pensions
5 829
-
16 806
-
social contributions
106
-
418
-
other
1 225
-
5 574
-
health
2 483
-
13 281
-
unemployment
1 436
-
5 641
-
total
11 079
-
41 720
-
Corporate
134 447
181 000
-
-
income
37 644
50 681
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
37 644
50 681
-
-
Dividends
96 802
130 319
-
-
withholding
12 391
16 680
-
-
social contributions
16 650
22 416
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
29 041
39 096
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
84 616
89 777
83 512
79 537
After tax
96 384
91 223
97 488
101 463
Living cost
28 622
28 622
28 622
28 622
Free-cash
67 762
62 601
68 866
72 841

Estimated living cost  is ₽28622 per week

₽16599
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2908
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽543
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8573
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
₽69694
₽64942
₽65719
₽59454
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
surtax
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
8 197
pensions
-
-
-
30 612
social contributions
-
-
-
5 158
income
-
-
-
29 959
other
-
-
-
5 611
total
-
-
-
79 537
Employee
39 741
-
139 280
-
income
2 345
-
27 806
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
1 133
-
3 968
-
pensions
4 493
-
10 018
-
total
7 971
-
41 792
-
Employer
39 741
-
139 280
-
pensions
6 529
-
16 806
-
social contributions
120
-
418
-
other
1 371
-
5 574
-
health
2 782
-
13 281
-
unemployment
1 609
-
5 641
-
total
12 411
-
41 720
-
Corporate
128 848
181 000
-
-
income
36 078
50 681
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
36 078
50 681
-
-
Dividends
92 770
130 319
-
-
withholding
11 875
16 680
-
-
social contributions
15 954
22 416
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
27 829
39 096
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
84 289
89 777
83 512
79 537
After tax
96 711
91 223
97 488
101 463
Living cost
31 769
31 769
31 769
31 769
Free-cash
64 942
59 454
65 719
69 694

Estimated living cost  is ₽31769 per week

₽20032
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2583
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽541
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8615
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Paris , France
₽56614
₽52757
₽52639
₽46374
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
surtax
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
8 197
pensions
-
-
-
30 612
social contributions
-
-
-
5 158
income
-
-
-
29 959
other
-
-
-
5 611
total
-
-
-
79 537
Employee
58 158
-
139 280
-
income
5 074
-
27 806
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
1 656
-
3 968
-
pensions
6 578
-
10 018
-
total
13 308
-
41 792
-
Employer
58 158
-
139 280
-
pensions
9 556
-
16 806
-
social contributions
174
-
418
-
other
2 007
-
5 574
-
health
4 071
-
13 281
-
unemployment
2 356
-
5 641
-
total
18 164
-
41 720
-
Corporate
104 678
181 000
-
-
income
29 310
50 681
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
29 310
50 681
-
-
Dividends
75 368
130 319
-
-
withholding
9 648
16 680
-
-
social contributions
12 964
22 416
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
22 612
39 096
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
83 394
89 777
83 512
79 537
After tax
97 606
91 223
97 488
101 463
Living cost
44 849
44 849
44 849
44 849
Free-cash
52 757
46 374
52 639
56 614

Estimated living cost  is ₽44849 per week

₽30353
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3669
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽615
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽10212
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
₽173241
₽164886
₽138851
₽166001
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
181 000
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
1 810
total
-
-
-
1 810
Employee
7 436
-
181 000
-
income
1 487
-
36 200
-
total
1 487
-
36 200
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

173 564
181 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
173 564
181 000
-
-
withholding
8 678
9 050
-
-
total
8 678
9 050
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
10 165
9 050
36 200
1 810
After tax
170 835
171 950
144 800
179 190
Living cost
5 949
5 949
5 949
5 949
Free-cash
164 886
166 001
138 851
173 241

Estimated living cost  is ₽5949 per week

₽3687
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽495
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽164
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽1604
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Tbilisi , Georgia
₽169920
₽160942
₽135530
₽162680
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
181 000
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
1 810
total
-
-
-
1 810
Employee
11 588
-
181 000
-
income
2 318
-
36 200
-
total
2 318
-
36 200
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

169 412
181 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
169 412
181 000
-
-
withholding
8 470
9 050
-
-
total
8 470
9 050
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
10 788
9 050
36 200
1 810
After tax
170 212
171 950
144 800
179 190
Living cost
9 270
9 270
9 270
9 270
Free-cash
160 942
162 680
135 530
169 920

Estimated living cost  is ₽9270 per week

₽6273
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽389
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽311
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽2297
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Berlin , Germany
₽57961
₽69421
₽77739
₽57272
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
181 000
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 184
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 344
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
57 883
trade
-
-
-
19 778
total
-
-
-
87 189
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

46 202
-
181 000
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 799
-
57 883
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

210
-
3 184
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 344
-
6 344
-
total
10 353
-
67 411
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
134 798
181 000
-
-
trade
19 343
25 974
-
-
income
20 220
27 149
-
-
chamber of commerce
338
407
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 112
1 493
-
-
total
41 013
55 023
-
-
Dividends
93 784
125 977
-
-
withholding
23 093
31 142
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 270
1 713
-
-
total
24 363
32 855
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
75 729
87 878
67 411
87 189
After tax
105 271
93 122
113 589
93 811
Living cost
35 850
35 850
35 850
35 850
Free-cash
69 421
57 272
77 739
57 961

Estimated living cost  is ₽35850 per week

₽24730
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3857
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽520
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6742
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Dresden , Germany
₽63755
₽73406
₽85463
₽63134
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
181 000
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 184
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 344
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
57 883
trade
-
-
-
21 708
total
-
-
-
89 119
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

35 516
-
181 000
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

992
-
57 883
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

55
-
3 184
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 344
-
6 344
-
total
7 391
-
67 411
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
145 484
181 000
-
-
trade
22 913
28 508
-
-
income
21 822
27 149
-
-
chamber of commerce
351
402
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 200
1 493
-
-
total
46 286
57 552
-
-
Dividends
99 198
123 449
-
-
withholding
24 446
30 510
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 345
1 678
-
-
total
25 791
32 188
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
79 468
89 740
67 411
89 119
After tax
101 532
91 260
113 589
91 881
Living cost
28 126
28 126
28 126
28 126
Free-cash
73 406
63 134
85 463
63 755

Estimated living cost  is ₽28126 per week

₽17692
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3279
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽525
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6629
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Hamburg , Germany
₽54438
₽66900
₽77111
₽53853
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
181 000
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 184
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 344
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
57 883
trade
-
-
-
22 673
total
-
-
-
90 084
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

47 090
-
181 000
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

4 046
-
57 883
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

222
-
3 184
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 344
-
6 344
-
total
10 612
-
67 411
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
133 910
181 000
-
-
trade
22 028
29 775
-
-
income
20 087
27 149
-
-
chamber of commerce
331
398
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 105
1 493
-
-
total
43 551
58 815
-
-
Dividends
90 359
122 185
-
-
withholding
22 236
30 194
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 223
1 660
-
-
total
23 459
31 854
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
77 622
90 669
67 411
90 084
After tax
103 378
90 331
113 589
90 916
Living cost
36 478
36 478
36 478
36 478
Free-cash
66 900
53 853
77 111
54 438

Estimated living cost  is ₽36478 per week

₽24397
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3847
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽544
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7690
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Munich , Germany
₽47414
₽61918
₽71051
₽46861
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
181 000
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
3 184
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 344
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
57 883
trade
-
-
-
23 637
total
-
-
-
91 048
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

55 805
-
181 000
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

6 562
-
57 883
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

361
-
3 184
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 344
-
6 344
-
total
13 267
-
67 411
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
125 195
181 000
-
-
trade
21 472
31 042
-
-
income
18 779
27 149
-
-
chamber of commerce
317
396
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 033
1 493
-
-
total
41 601
60 080
-
-
Dividends
83 594
120 920
-
-
withholding
20 546
29 877
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 130
1 644
-
-
total
21 676
31 521
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
76 544
91 601
67 411
91 048
After tax
104 456
89 399
113 589
89 952
Living cost
42 538
42 538
42 538
42 538
Free-cash
61 918
46 861
71 051
47 414

Estimated living cost  is ₽42538 per week

₽31068
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3403
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽553
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7516
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Athens , Greece
₽64566
₽90040
₽58886
₽92991
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
surtax
-
-
-
8 580
unemployment
-
-
-
211
health
-
-
-
8 798
pensions
-
-
-
24 786
income
-
-
-
53 202
other
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
95 577
Employee
31 271
-
154 913
-
unemployment
2 176
-
8 626
-
other
-
-
-
-
income
5 242
-
47 648
-
surtax
111
-
7 470
-
pensions
2 086
-
8 266
-
health
798
-
3 160
-
total
10 413
-
75 170
-
Employer
31 271
-
154 913
-
pensions
4 169
-
16 520
-
other
-
-
-
-
health
1 422
-
5 639
-
unemployment
992
-
3 928
-
total
6 583
-
26 087
-
Corporate
143 146
181 000
-
-
income
37 218
47 060
-
-
total
37 218
47 060
-
-
Dividends
105 928
133 940
-
-
withholding
15 889
20 092
-
-
total
15 889
20 092
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
70 103
67 152
101 257
95 577
After tax
110 897
113 848
79 743
85 423
Living cost
20 857
20 857
20 857
20 857
Free-cash
90 040
92 991
58 886
64 566

Estimated living cost  is ₽20857 per week

₽12592
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1813
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽485
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5968
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Thessaloniki , Greece
₽64933
₽90470
₽59253
₽93358
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
surtax
-
-
-
8 580
unemployment
-
-
-
211
health
-
-
-
8 798
pensions
-
-
-
24 786
income
-
-
-
53 202
other
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
95 577
Employee
30 707
-
154 913
-
unemployment
2 137
-
8 626
-
other
-
-
-
-
income
5 147
-
47 648
-
surtax
100
-
7 470
-
pensions
2 048
-
8 266
-
health
784
-
3 160
-
total
10 216
-
75 170
-
Employer
30 707
-
154 913
-
pensions
4 093
-
16 520
-
other
-
-
-
-
health
1 397
-
5 639
-
unemployment
973
-
3 928
-
total
6 463
-
26 087
-
Corporate
143 829
181 000
-
-
income
37 396
47 060
-
-
total
37 396
47 060
-
-
Dividends
106 433
133 940
-
-
withholding
15 965
20 092
-
-
total
15 965
20 092
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
70 040
67 152
101 257
95 577
After tax
110 960
113 848
79 743
85 423
Living cost
20 490
20 490
20 490
20 490
Free-cash
90 470
93 358
59 253
64 933

Estimated living cost  is ₽20490 per week

₽12529
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1891
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽472
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5598
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Budapest , Hungary
₽106818
₽83492
₽86356
₽83104
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
unemployment
-
-
-
2 715
health
-
-
-
12 670
pensions
-
-
-
18 100
income
-
-
-
22 127
total
-
-
-
55 612
Employee

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

26 805
10 668
151 464
-
unemployment
402
160
2 272
-
income
3 277
1 304
18 517
-
pensions
2 681
1 067
15 146
-
health
1 876
747
10 603
-
total
8 236
3 278
46 538
-
Employer

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

26 805
10 668
151 464
-
pensions
5 227
2 080
29 536
-
total
5 227
2 080
29 536
-
Corporate
148 967
168 252
-
-
income
13 407
15 143
-
-
total
13 407
15 143
-
-
Dividends
135 560
153 109
-
-
withholding
25 756
29 091
-
-
social contributions
26 312
29 734
-
-
total
52 068
58 825
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
78 938
79 326
76 074
55 612
After tax
102 062
101 674
104 926
125 388
Living cost
18 570
18 570
18 570
18 570
Free-cash
83 492
83 104
86 356
106 818

Estimated living cost  is ₽18570 per week

₽12672
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1519
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽371
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4007
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Reykjavik , Iceland
₽59571
₽67358
₽60543
₽68103
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
national
-
-
-
32 915
pensions
-
-
-
21 720
social contributions
-
-
-
1 946
municipal
-
-
-
20 007
total
-
-
-
76 588
Employee
69 511
-
156 473
-
municipal
8 586
-
20 708
-
national
13 304
-
34 449
-
pensions
2 780
-
6 259
-
total
24 670
-
61 416
-
Employer
69 511
-
156 473
-
pensions
5 561
-
12 518
-
social contributions
747
-
1 682
-
total
6 308
-
14 200
-
Corporate
100 593
181 000
-
-
income

Corporate income tax will depend on a type of legal entity. For LLC and Limited Partnership it is set at 20%. All other entities pay 37.6%.

20 119
36 200
-
-
total
20 119
36 200
-
-
Dividends
80 474
144 800
-
-
withholding
17 704
31 856
-
-
total
17 704
31 856
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
68 801
68 056
75 616
76 588
After tax
112 199
112 944
105 384
104 412
Living cost
44 841
44 841
44 841
44 841
Free-cash
67 358
68 103
60 543
59 571

Estimated living cost  is ₽44841 per week

₽30478
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽4168
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽671
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9524
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

It is very difficult to get a residence permit on a basis of self-employment for a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit). EU/EFTA nationals and long-term EU resident permit holders can register self-employed and apply for a permanent residence.

Dublin , Ireland
₽40451
₽75855
₽40451
₽73805
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
social contributions
-
-
-
30 601
income
-
-
-
57 053
total
-
-
-
87 654
Employee
72 635
-
181 000
-
social contributions
6 034
-
30 601
-
income
13 706
-
57 053
-
total
19 740
-
87 654
-
Employer
72 635
-
181 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
108 365
181 000
-
-
income
13 546
22 626
-
-
total
13 546
22 626
-
-
Dividends
94 820
158 374
-
-
withholding
18 964
31 674
-
-
total
18 964
31 674
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
52 250
54 300
87 654
87 654
After tax
128 750
126 700
93 346
93 346
Living cost
52 895
52 895
52 895
52 895
Free-cash
75 855
73 805
40 451
40 451

Estimated living cost  is ₽52895 per week

₽40242
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽4310
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽506
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7838
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

To obtain permanent residence for non EEA/Swiss nationals, it is required to invest a huge amount - at least €1 million aggregate investment into a new or an existing Irish business, for a minimum of three years.

Milan , Italy
₽46300
₽52540
₽38187
₽57389
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
national
-
-
-
45 810
regional
-
-
-
2 156
social contributions
-
-
-
46 475
municipal
-
-
-
1 077
total
-
-
-
95 518
Employee
82 526
-
181 000
-
municipal
437
-
960
-
national
14 300
-
39 837
-
social contributions
27 828
-
60 929
-
regional
779
-
1 905
-
total
43 344
-
103 631
-
Employer
82 526
-
181 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
98 474
181 000
-
-
nationa
23 634
43 440
-
-
municipal
3 840
7 059
-
-
total
27 474
50 499
-
-
Dividends
71 001
130 501
-
-
withholding
18 460
33 930
-
-
total
18 460
33 930
-
-
Income
181 000
181 000
181 000
181 000
Total tax
89 278
84 429
103 631
95 518
After tax
91 722
96 571
77 369
85 482
Living cost
39 182
39 182
39 182
39 182
Free-cash
52 540
57 389
38 187
46 300

Estimated living cost  is ₽39182 per week

₽27313
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2569
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽601
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Naples , Italy
₽59894
₽68065
₽51822
₽70124
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
181 000
national
-
-
-
45 810
regional
-
-
-
2 730
social contributions
-
-
-
46 475
municipal
-
-
-
1 077
total
-
-
-
96 092
Employee
51 509
-
181 000
-
municipal
273
-
960
-
national
8 160
-
39 837
-
social contributions
17 369
-
60 929
-
regional
693
-
2 438
-
total
26 495
-
104 164
-
Employer
51 509
-
181 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
129 491
181 000
- <