Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
₽ 169000
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Andorra , Andorra
₽96363
₽121069
₽100857
₽124187
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
social contributions
-
-
-
37 181
income
-
-
-
7 544
total
-
-
-
44 725
Employee
29 853
-
146 320
-
social contributions
1 940
-
9 510
-
income
-
-
8 042
-
total
1 940
-
17 552
-
Employer
29 853
-
146 320
-
social contributions
4 627
-
22 679
-
total
4 627
-
22 679
-
Corporate
134 520
169 000
-
-
income
13 452
16 901
-
-
total
13 452
16 901
-
-
Dividends
121 068
152 099
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
20 019
16 901
40 231
44 725
After tax
148 981
152 099
128 769
124 275
Living cost
27 912
27 912
27 912
27 912
Free-cash
121 069
124 187
100 857
96 363

Estimated living cost  is ₽27912 per week

₽18048
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2104
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽525
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7235
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Andorra has a limit of 1000 sole-trade resident permits per year, so while it isn't complicated to obtain one, it may get difficult by the end of the term.

Graz , Austria
₽57310
₽63470
₽15147
₽63928
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
surtax
-
-
-
-
unemployment
-
-
-
5 695
health
-
-
-
8 298
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
677
pensions
-
-
-
20 069
income
-
-
-
47 326
total
-
-
-
82 065
Employee
40 590
37 005
135 787
-
unemployment
1 218
1 110
3 255
-
other
405
370
1 085
-
income
3 616
2 730
38 304
-
pensions
4 157
3 789
11 108
-
health
1 570
1 433
4 197
-
total
10 966
9 432
57 949
-
Employer
40 590
37 005
135 787
-
pensions
5 094
4 645
13 614
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
payroll
1 218
1 110
4 074
-
other
1 928
1 757
6 217
-
health
1 535
1 399
4 100
-
accident
527
481
1 410
-
unemployment
1 218
1 110
3 255
-
chamber of commerce
162
148
543
-
total
11 682
10 650
33 213
-
Corporate
116 728
121 345
132 263
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

29 183
30 337
33 066
-
total
29 183
30 337
33 066
-
Dividends
87 546
91 008
-
-
withholding
24 074
25 028
-
-
total
24 074
25 028
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
75 905
75 447
124 228
82 065
After tax
93 095
93 553
44 772
86 935
Living cost
29 625
29 625
29 625
29 625
Free-cash
63 470
63 928
15 147
57 310

Estimated living cost  is ₽29625 per week

₽17771
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3026
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽529
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8300
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Vienna , Austria
₽54033
₽59301
₽12009
₽60736
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
surtax
-
-
-
183
unemployment
-
-
-
5 695
health
-
-
-
8 298
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
677
pensions
-
-
-
20 069
income
-
-
-
47 326
total
-
-
-
82 248
Employee
46 406
37 005
135 616
-
unemployment
1 392
1 110
3 255
-
other
463
370
1 085
-
income
5 283
2 730
38 221
-
pensions
4 752
3 789
11 108
-
health
1 796
1 433
4 197
-
total
13 686
9 432
57 866
-
Employer
46 406
37 005
135 616
-
pensions
5 824
4 645
13 614
-
surtax
183
183
183
-
payroll
1 392
1 110
4 069
-
other
2 204
1 757
6 210
-
health
1 753
1 399
4 100
-
accident
603
481
1 410
-
unemployment
1 392
1 110
3 255
-
chamber of commerce
185
148
543
-
total
13 536
10 833
33 384
-
Corporate
109 058
121 162
132 092
-
income

The minimum corporate income for a GmbH is €1,1750 for a year. However, for GmbHs founded after 30 June 2013, the amount is reduced to €500 for the first five years and €1000 for the next five years.

Минимальный корпоративный налог для GmbH €1,1750 в год. Если GmbHs основана после 30 Июня 2013 эта сумма сниже до €500 в первые 5 лет и €1000 для следующих пяти лет.

27 264
30 291
33 022
-
total
27 264
30 291
33 022
-
Dividends
81 794
90 870
-
-
withholding
22 494
24 989
-
-
total
22 494
24 989
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
76 980
75 545
124 272
82 248
After tax
92 020
93 455
44 728
86 752
Living cost
32 719
32 719
32 719
32 719
Free-cash
59 301
60 736
12 009
54 033

Estimated living cost  is ₽32719 per week

₽21822
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2791
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽537
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7568
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

As a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit), you can apply for permanent residence when your business creates macroeconomic benefit. This could be an investment starting from €100,000, creating new jobs or securing existing ones, or making a substantial contribution to the region's economy. You can also be considered with a transfer of know-how to Austria or an evident commitment to develop an innovative product or technology.

Brussels , Belgium
₽39446
₽46722
₽25339
₽60648
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
national
-
-
-
63 795
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
8 751
social contributions
-
-
-
23 151
total
-
-
-
95 697
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

66 421
-
130 894
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

578
-
1 138
-
national
20 420
-
47 764
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

3 464
-
6 827
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 982
-
9 817
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

3 121
-
6 152
-
total
32 565
-
71 698
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

66 421
-
130 894
-
surtax
7 531
-
14 844
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

5 886
-
11 597
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

4 085
-
8 051
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

863
-
1 702
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

969
-
1 912
-
total
19 334
-
38 106
-
Corporate
83 245
169 000
-
-
income
16 649
33 800
-
-
surtax
333
677
-
-
total
16 982
34 477
-
-
Dividends
66 263
134 524
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

19 540
40 018
-
-
total
19 540
40 018
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
88 421
74 495
109 804
95 697
After tax
80 579
94 505
59 196
73 303
Living cost
33 857
33 857
33 857
33 857
Free-cash
46 722
60 648
25 339
39 446

Estimated living cost  is ₽33857 per week

₽21808
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2960
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽530
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8559
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sofia , Bulgaria
₽119012
₽122861
₽125699
₽128519
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
unemployment
-
-
-
130
health
-
-
-
3 731
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 801
income
-
-
-
25 350
total
-
-
-
34 012
Employee
21 155
-
162 635
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

232
-
357
-
income
2 116
-
16 263
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 857
-
2 848
-
health
973
-
1 492
-
total
5 178
-
20 960
-
Employer
21 155
-
162 635
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

2 331
-
3 575
-
health
1 460
-
2 238
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

232
-
357
-
unemployment
127
-
195
-
total
4 150
-
6 365
-
Corporate
143 695
169 000
-
-
income
14 369
16 900
-
-
total
14 369
16 900
-
-
Dividends
129 326
152 100
-
-
withholding
6 466
7 605
-
-
total
6 466
7 605
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
30 163
24 505
27 325
34 012
After tax
138 837
144 495
141 675
134 988
Living cost
15 976
15 976
15 976
15 976
Free-cash
122 861
128 519
125 699
119 012

Estimated living cost  is ₽15976 per week

₽10566
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽915
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽381
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4114
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
₽122811
₽128004
₽129498
₽132318
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
unemployment
-
-
-
130
health
-
-
-
3 731
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
4 801
income
-
-
-
25 350
total
-
-
-
34 012
Employee
16 123
-
162 635
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

178
-
357
-
income
1 612
-
16 263
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 416
-
2 848
-
health
742
-
1 492
-
total
3 948
-
20 960
-
Employer
16 123
-
162 635
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

1 777
-
3 575
-
health
1 113
-
2 238
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

178
-
357
-
unemployment
96
-
195
-
total
3 164
-
6 365
-
Corporate
149 713
169 000
-
-
income
14 971
16 900
-
-
total
14 971
16 900
-
-
Dividends
134 742
152 100
-
-
withholding
6 737
7 605
-
-
total
6 737
7 605
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
28 820
24 505
27 325
34 012
After tax
140 180
144 495
141 675
134 988
Living cost
12 176
12 176
12 176
12 176
Free-cash
128 004
132 318
129 498
122 811

Estimated living cost  is ₽12176 per week

₽7109
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽870
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽323
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽3876
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Larnaca , Cyprus
₽93740
₽96715
₽92269
₽101769
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
health
-
-
-
4 310
social contributions
-
-
-
15 024
income
-
-
-
34 427
total
-
-
-
53 761
Employee
71 403
71 403
158 082
-
income
7 775
6 610
33 634
-
social contributions
2 700
5 926
7 993
-
health
553
1 214
2 687
-
total
11 028
13 750
44 314
-
Employer
71 403
71 403
158 082
-
social contributions
2 700
5 926
7 993
-
health
601
1 322
2 925
-
total
3 301
7 248
10 918
-
Corporate
133 173
90 350
-
-
income
16 647
11 294
-
-
total
16 647
11 294
-
-
Dividends
116 526
79 056
-
-
withholding
19 810
13 440
-
-
total
19 810
13 440
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
50 786
45 732
55 232
53 761
After tax
118 214
123 268
113 768
115 239
Living cost
21 499
21 499
21 499
21 499
Free-cash
96 715
101 769
92 269
93 740

Estimated living cost  is ₽21499 per week

₽12885
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2109
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽476
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6030
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
₽85121
₽89300
₽83650
₽93150
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
health
-
-
-
4 310
social contributions
-
-
-
15 024
income
-
-
-
34 427
total
-
-
-
53 761
Employee
71 403
71 403
158 082
-
income
7 498
6 610
33 634
-
social contributions
3 470
5 926
7 993
-
health
710
1 214
2 687
-
total
11 678
13 750
44 314
-
Employer
71 403
71 403
158 082
-
social contributions
3 470
5 926
7 993
-
health
774
1 322
2 925
-
total
4 244
7 248
10 918
-
Corporate
122 961
90 350
-
-
income
15 369
11 294
-
-
total
15 369
11 294
-
-
Dividends
107 592
79 056
-
-
withholding
18 291
13 440
-
-
total
18 291
13 440
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
49 582
45 732
55 232
53 761
After tax
119 418
123 268
113 768
115 239
Living cost
30 118
30 118
30 118
30 118
Free-cash
89 300
93 150
83 650
85 121

Estimated living cost  is ₽30118 per week

₽20589
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2352
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽506
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6671
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Brno , Czech Republic
₽75851
₽87218
₽68798
₽94880
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
health
-
-
-
22 815
social contributions
-
-
-
30 904
income
-
-
-
17 292
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
661
total
-
-
-
71 672
Employee
31 583
-
130 772
-
income
3 790
-
15 936
-
social contributions
2 053
-
6 879
-
health
4 264
-
17 654
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
28
-
total
10 107
-
40 497
-
Employer
31 583
-
130 772
-
social contributions
7 896
-
26 459
-
health
2 842
-
11 769
-
total
10 738
-
38 228
-
Corporate
126 679
169 000
-
-
income
24 069
32 110
-
-
total
24 069
32 110
-
-
Dividends
102 610
136 890
-
-
withholding
15 391
20 533
-
-
total
15 391
20 533
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
60 305
52 643
78 725
71 672
After tax
108 695
116 357
90 275
97 328
Living cost
21 477
21 477
21 477
21 477
Free-cash
87 218
94 880
68 798
75 851

Estimated living cost  is ₽21477 per week

₽14918
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1528
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽422
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4609
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
₽70863
₽80450
₽63810
₽89892
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
health
-
-
-
22 815
social contributions
-
-
-
30 904
income
-
-
-
17 292
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
661
total
-
-
-
71 672
Employee
38 919
-
130 772
-
income
4 670
-
15 936
-
social contributions
2 530
-
6 879
-
health
5 254
-
17 654
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
28
-
total
12 454
-
40 497
-
Employer
38 919
-
130 772
-
social contributions
9 730
-
26 459
-
health
3 503
-
11 769
-
total
13 233
-
38 228
-
Corporate
116 849
169 000
-
-
income
22 201
32 110
-
-
total
22 201
32 110
-
-
Dividends
94 648
136 890
-
-
withholding
14 197
20 533
-
-
total
14 197
20 533
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
62 085
52 643
78 725
71 672
After tax
106 915
116 357
90 275
97 328
Living cost
26 465
26 465
26 465
26 465
Free-cash
80 450
89 892
63 810
70 863

Estimated living cost  is ₽26465 per week

₽19681
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1466
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽458
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4860
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Copenhagen , Denmark
₽54542
-₽33866
-₽33866
-₽33866
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
national
-
-
-
20 002
pensions
-
-
-
807
municipal
-
-
-
35 352
labour market
-
-
-
13 455
total
-
-
-
69 616
Employee
189 268
189 268
189 268
-
municipal
40 303
40 303
40 303
-
national
23 122
23 122
23 122
-
pensions
269
269
269
-
labour market
15 120
15 120
15 120
-
total
78 814
78 814
78 814
-
Employer
189 268
189 268
189 268
-
pensions
538
538
538
-
labour market
15 141
15 141
15 141
-
municipal
40 368
40 368
40 368
-
national
23 163
23 163
23 163
-
total
79 210
79 210
79 210
-
Corporate
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
-
-
-
-
withholding
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
158 024
158 024
158 024
69 616
After tax
10 976
10 976
10 976
99 384
Living cost
44 842
44 842
44 842
44 842
Free-cash
-33 866
-33 866
-33 866
54 542

Estimated living cost  is ₽44842 per week

₽30690
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3967
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽690
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9495
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tallinn , Estonia
₽68157
₽107003
₽74979
₽112772
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
health
-
-
-
21 970
pensions
-
-
-
33 800
income
-
-
-
22 645
total
-
-
-
78 415
Employee
26 342
-
126 309
-
unemployment
421
-
2 021
-
income
2 966
-
24 353
-
pensions
527
-
2 527
-
total
3 914
-
28 901
-
Employer
26 342
-
126 309
-
pensions
5 269
-
25 262
-
health
3 424
-
16 420
-
unemployment
211
-
1 010
-
total
8 904
-
42 692
-
Corporate
133 754
169 000
-
-
income
26 751
33 800
-
-
total
26 751
33 800
-
-
Dividends
107 003
135 200
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
39 569
33 800
71 593
78 415
After tax
129 431
135 200
97 407
90 585
Living cost
22 428
22 428
22 428
22 428
Free-cash
107 003
112 772
74 979
68 157

Estimated living cost  is ₽22428 per week

₽15383
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1336
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽451
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5258
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Helsinki , Finland
₽72563
₽72377
₽52661
₽69912
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
169 000
national
-
-
-
28 551
health
-
-
-
2 215
municipal
-
-
-
30 021
total
-
-
-
60 787
Employee
48 854
-
142 173
-
unemployment
733
-
2 132
-
municipal
8 002
-
23 156
-
national
807
-
17 175
-
pensions
3 297
-
9 597
-
health
365
-
1 803
-
total
13 204
-
53 863
-
Employer
48 854
-
142 173
-
pensions
8 476
-
24 666
-
health
375
-
1 094
-
accident
49
-
143
-
unemployment
317
-
923
-
total
9 217
-
26 826
-
Corporate
110 928
169 000
-
-
income
22 185
33 800
-
-
total
22 185
33 800
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

66 557
101 400
-
-
municipal
11 981
18 252
-
-
national
4 386
11 386
-
-
total
16 367
29 638
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
60 973
63 438
80 689
60 787
After tax
108 027
105 562
88 311
108 213
Living cost
35 650
35 650
35 650
35 650
Free-cash
72 377
69 912
52 661
72 563

Estimated living cost  is ₽35650 per week

₽23287
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3429
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽567
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8368
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Marseille , France
₽66528
₽61713
₽63620
₽56553
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
surtax
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
7 315
pensions
-
-
-
29 617
social contributions
-
-
-
4 814
income
-
-
-
26 865
other
-
-
-
5 239
total
-
-
-
73 850
Employee
35 475
-
130 651
-
income
1 829
-
25 540
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
1 011
-
3 722
-
pensions
4 012
-
9 146
-
total
6 852
-
38 408
-
Employer
35 475
-
130 651
-
pensions
5 829
-
15 386
-
social contributions
106
-
391
-
other
1 225
-
5 121
-
health
2 483
-
12 160
-
unemployment
1 436
-
5 292
-
total
11 079
-
38 350
-
Corporate
122 447
169 000
-
-
income
34 286
47 320
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
34 286
47 320
-
-
Dividends
88 161
121 680
-
-
withholding
11 285
15 576
-
-
social contributions
15 163
20 929
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
26 448
36 505
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
78 665
83 825
76 758
73 850
After tax
90 335
85 175
92 242
95 150
Living cost
28 622
28 622
28 622
28 622
Free-cash
61 713
56 553
63 620
66 528

Estimated living cost  is ₽28622 per week

₽16599
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2908
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽543
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8573
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
₽63381
₽58892
₽60473
₽53406
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
surtax
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
7 315
pensions
-
-
-
29 617
social contributions
-
-
-
4 814
income
-
-
-
26 865
other
-
-
-
5 239
total
-
-
-
73 850
Employee
39 741
-
130 651
-
income
2 345
-
25 540
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
1 133
-
3 722
-
pensions
4 493
-
9 146
-
total
7 971
-
38 408
-
Employer
39 741
-
130 651
-
pensions
6 529
-
15 386
-
social contributions
120
-
391
-
other
1 371
-
5 121
-
health
2 782
-
12 160
-
unemployment
1 609
-
5 292
-
total
12 411
-
38 350
-
Corporate
116 848
169 000
-
-
income
32 718
47 320
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
32 718
47 320
-
-
Dividends
84 130
121 680
-
-
withholding
10 768
15 576
-
-
social contributions
14 471
20 929
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
25 239
36 505
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
78 339
83 825
76 758
73 850
After tax
90 661
85 175
92 242
95 150
Living cost
31 769
31 769
31 769
31 769
Free-cash
58 892
53 406
60 473
63 381

Estimated living cost  is ₽31769 per week

₽20032
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2583
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽541
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8615
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Paris , France
₽50301
₽46712
₽47393
₽40326
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
surtax
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
7 315
pensions
-
-
-
29 617
social contributions
-
-
-
4 814
income
-
-
-
26 865
other
-
-
-
5 239
total
-
-
-
73 850
Employee
58 158
-
130 651
-
income
5 074
-
25 540
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
1 656
-
3 722
-
pensions
6 578
-
9 146
-
total
13 308
-
38 408
-
Employer
58 158
-
130 651
-
pensions
9 556
-
15 386
-
social contributions
174
-
391
-
other
2 007
-
5 121
-
health
4 071
-
12 160
-
unemployment
2 356
-
5 292
-
total
18 164
-
38 350
-
Corporate
92 678
169 000
-
-
income
25 949
47 320
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
25 949
47 320
-
-
Dividends
66 729
121 680
-
-
withholding
8 541
15 576
-
-
social contributions
11 477
20 929
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
20 018
36 505
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
77 439
83 825
76 758
73 850
After tax
91 561
85 175
92 242
95 150
Living cost
44 849
44 849
44 849
44 849
Free-cash
46 712
40 326
47 393
50 301

Estimated living cost  is ₽44849 per week

₽30353
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3669
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽615
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽10212
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
₽161361
₽153486
₽129251
₽154601
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
169 000
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
1 690
total
-
-
-
1 690
Employee
7 436
-
169 000
-
income
1 487
-
33 800
-
total
1 487
-
33 800
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

161 564
169 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
161 564
169 000
-
-
withholding
8 078
8 450
-
-
total
8 078
8 450
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
9 565
8 450
33 800
1 690
After tax
159 435
160 550
135 200
167 310
Living cost
5 949
5 949
5 949
5 949
Free-cash
153 486
154 601
129 251
161 361

Estimated living cost  is ₽5949 per week

₽3687
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽495
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽164
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽1604
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Tbilisi , Georgia
₽158040
₽149541
₽125930
₽151280
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
169 000
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
1 690
total
-
-
-
1 690
Employee
11 588
-
169 000
-
income
2 318
-
33 800
-
total
2 318
-
33 800
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

157 412
169 000
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
157 412
169 000
-
-
withholding
7 871
8 450
-
-
total
7 871
8 450
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
10 189
8 450
33 800
1 690
After tax
158 811
160 550
135 200
167 310
Living cost
9 270
9 270
9 270
9 270
Free-cash
149 541
151 280
125 930
158 040

Estimated living cost  is ₽9270 per week

₽6273
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽389
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽311
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽2297
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Berlin , Germany
₽53000
₽63263
₽71057
₽51116
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
169 000
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
2 906
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 344
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
52 843
trade
-
-
-
18 057
total
-
-
-
80 150
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

46 202
-
169 000
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

3 799
-
52 843
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

210
-
2 906
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 344
-
6 344
-
total
10 353
-
62 093
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
122 798
169 000
-
-
trade
17 621
24 252
-
-
income
18 420
25 350
-
-
chamber of commerce
321
389
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 013
1 394
-
-
total
37 375
51 385
-
-
Dividends
85 423
117 614
-
-
withholding
21 003
29 051
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 156
1 598
-
-
total
22 159
30 649
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
69 887
82 034
62 093
80 150
After tax
99 113
86 966
106 907
88 850
Living cost
35 850
35 850
35 850
35 850
Free-cash
63 263
51 116
71 057
53 000

Estimated living cost  is ₽35850 per week

₽24730
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3857
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽520
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6742
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Dresden , Germany
₽58962
₽67372
₽78781
₽57104
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
169 000
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
2 906
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 344
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
52 843
trade
-
-
-
19 819
total
-
-
-
81 912
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

35 516
-
169 000
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

992
-
52 843
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

55
-
2 906
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 344
-
6 344
-
total
7 391
-
62 093
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
133 484
169 000
-
-
trade
21 024
26 617
-
-
income
20 023
25 350
-
-
chamber of commerce
333
384
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 101
1 394
-
-
total
42 481
53 745
-
-
Dividends
91 002
115 255
-
-
withholding
22 398
28 460
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 232
1 565
-
-
total
23 630
30 025
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
73 502
83 770
62 093
81 912
After tax
95 498
85 230
106 907
87 088
Living cost
28 126
28 126
28 126
28 126
Free-cash
67 372
57 104
78 781
58 962

Estimated living cost  is ₽28126 per week

₽17692
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3279
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽525
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽6629
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Hamburg , Germany
₽49731
₽60926
₽70429
₽47881
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
169 000
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
2 906
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 344
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
52 843
trade
-
-
-
20 698
total
-
-
-
82 791
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

47 090
-
169 000
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

4 046
-
52 843
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

222
-
2 906
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 344
-
6 344
-
total
10 612
-
62 093
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
121 910
169 000
-
-
trade
20 055
27 801
-
-
income
18 287
25 350
-
-
chamber of commerce
314
381
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 006
1 394
-
-
total
39 662
54 926
-
-
Dividends
82 248
114 074
-
-
withholding
20 210
28 166
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 112
1 549
-
-
total
21 322
29 715
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
71 596
84 641
62 093
82 791
After tax
97 404
84 359
106 907
86 209
Living cost
36 478
36 478
36 478
36 478
Free-cash
60 926
47 881
70 429
49 731

Estimated living cost  is ₽36478 per week

₽24397
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3847
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽544
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7690
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Munich , Germany
₽42790
₽56009
₽64369
₽40952
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
169 000
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
2 906
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
6 344
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
52 843
trade
-
-
-
21 579
total
-
-
-
83 672
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

55 805
-
169 000
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

6 562
-
52 843
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

361
-
2 906
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

6 344
-
6 344
-
total
13 267
-
62 093
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
113 195
169 000
-
-
trade
19 413
28 984
-
-
income
16 980
25 350
-
-
chamber of commerce
300
379
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

934
1 394
-
-
total
37 627
56 107
-
-
Dividends
75 568
112 894
-
-
withholding
18 539
27 870
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1 020
1 533
-
-
total
19 559
29 403
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
70 453
85 510
62 093
83 672
After tax
98 547
83 490
106 907
85 328
Living cost
42 538
42 538
42 538
42 538
Free-cash
56 009
40 952
64 369
42 790

Estimated living cost  is ₽42538 per week

₽31068
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽3403
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽553
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7516
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Athens , Greece
₽59047
₽82493
₽53365
₽85442
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
surtax
-
-
-
7 500
unemployment
-
-
-
211
health
-
-
-
8 798
pensions
-
-
-
24 786
income
-
-
-
47 801
other
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
89 096
Employee
31 271
-
142 913
-
unemployment
2 176
-
8 626
-
other
-
-
-
-
income
5 242
-
42 249
-
surtax
111
-
6 390
-
pensions
2 086
-
8 266
-
health
798
-
3 160
-
total
10 413
-
68 691
-
Employer
31 271
-
142 913
-
pensions
4 169
-
16 520
-
other
-
-
-
-
health
1 422
-
5 639
-
unemployment
992
-
3 928
-
total
6 583
-
26 087
-
Corporate
131 146
169 000
-
-
income
34 097
43 941
-
-
total
34 097
43 941
-
-
Dividends
97 048
125 059
-
-
withholding
14 557
18 760
-
-
total
14 557
18 760
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
65 650
62 701
94 778
89 096
After tax
103 350
106 299
74 222
79 904
Living cost
20 857
20 857
20 857
20 857
Free-cash
82 493
85 442
53 365
59 047

Estimated living cost  is ₽20857 per week

₽12592
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1813
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽485
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5968
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Thessaloniki , Greece
₽59414
₽82923
₽53732
₽85809
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
surtax
-
-
-
7 500
unemployment
-
-
-
211
health
-
-
-
8 798
pensions
-
-
-
24 786
income
-
-
-
47 801
other
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
89 096
Employee
30 707
-
142 913
-
unemployment
2 137
-
8 626
-
other
-
-
-
-
income
5 147
-
42 249
-
surtax
100
-
6 390
-
pensions
2 048
-
8 266
-
health
784
-
3 160
-
total
10 216
-
68 691
-
Employer
30 707
-
142 913
-
pensions
4 093
-
16 520
-
other
-
-
-
-
health
1 397
-
5 639
-
unemployment
973
-
3 928
-
total
6 463
-
26 087
-
Corporate
131 829
169 000
-
-
income
34 275
43 941
-
-
total
34 275
43 941
-
-
Dividends
97 554
125 059
-
-
withholding
14 633
18 760
-
-
total
14 633
18 760
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
65 587
62 701
94 778
89 096
After tax
103 413
106 299
74 222
79 904
Living cost
20 490
20 490
20 490
20 490
Free-cash
82 923
85 809
53 732
59 414

Estimated living cost  is ₽20490 per week

₽12529
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1891
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽472
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽5598
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Budapest , Hungary
₽98506
₽76776
₽79402
₽76388
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
unemployment
-
-
-
2 535
health
-
-
-
11 830
pensions
-
-
-
16 900
income
-
-
-
20 660
total
-
-
-
51 925
Employee

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

26 805
10 668
141 423
-
unemployment
402
160
2 121
-
income
3 277
1 304
17 289
-
pensions
2 681
1 067
14 142
-
health
1 876
747
9 900
-
total
8 236
3 278
43 452
-
Employer

As of 2018, the minimum salary of a managing director was set at 180,500 HUF per month.

The minimum wage is 138,000 HUF per month.

26 805
10 668
141 423
-
pensions
5 227
2 080
27 577
-
total
5 227
2 080
27 577
-
Corporate
136 967
156 252
-
-
income
12 327
14 063
-
-
total
12 327
14 063
-
-
Dividends
124 640
142 189
-
-
withholding
23 682
27 016
-
-
social contributions
24 183
27 605
-
-
total
47 865
54 621
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
73 655
74 042
71 029
51 925
After tax
95 345
94 958
97 971
117 075
Living cost
18 570
18 570
18 570
18 570
Free-cash
76 776
76 388
79 402
98 506

Estimated living cost  is ₽18570 per week

₽12672
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽1519
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽371
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽4007
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Reykjavik , Iceland
₽53605
₽59870
₽54513
₽60615
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
national
-
-
-
29 850
pensions
-
-
-
20 280
social contributions
-
-
-
1 817
municipal
-
-
-
18 607
total
-
-
-
70 554
Employee
69 511
-
146 099
-
municipal
8 586
-
19 261
-
national
13 304
-
31 282
-
pensions
2 780
-
5 844
-
total
24 670
-
56 387
-
Employer
69 511
-
146 099
-
pensions
5 561
-
11 688
-
social contributions
747
-
1 571
-
total
6 308
-
13 259
-
Corporate
88 593
169 000
-
-
income

Corporate income tax will depend on a type of legal entity. For LLC and Limited Partnership it is set at 20%. All other entities pay 37.6%.

17 719
33 800
-
-
total
17 719
33 800
-
-
Dividends
70 874
135 200
-
-
withholding
15 592
29 744
-
-
total
15 592
29 744
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
64 289
63 544
69 646
70 554
After tax
104 711
105 456
99 354
98 446
Living cost
44 841
44 841
44 841
44 841
Free-cash
59 870
60 615
54 513
53 605

Estimated living cost  is ₽44841 per week

₽30478
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽4168
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽671
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽9524
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

It is very difficult to get a residence permit on a basis of self-employment for a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit). EU/EFTA nationals and long-term EU resident permit holders can register self-employed and apply for a permanent residence.

Dublin , Ireland
₽35530
₽67455
₽35530
₽65405
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
social contributions
-
-
-
28 322
income
-
-
-
52 253
total
-
-
-
80 575
Employee
72 635
-
169 000
-
social contributions
6 034
-
28 322
-
income
13 706
-
52 253
-
total
19 740
-
80 575
-
Employer
72 635
-
169 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
96 365
169 000
-
-
income
12 046
21 124
-
-
total
12 046
21 124
-
-
Dividends
84 319
147 876
-
-
withholding
16 864
29 576
-
-
total
16 864
29 576
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
48 650
50 700
80 575
80 575
After tax
120 350
118 300
88 425
88 425
Living cost
52 895
52 895
52 895
52 895
Free-cash
67 455
65 405
35 530
35 530

Estimated living cost  is ₽52895 per week

₽40242
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽4310
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽506
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽7838
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

To obtain permanent residence for non EEA/Swiss nationals, it is required to invest a huge amount - at least €1 million aggregate investment into a new or an existing Irish business, for a minimum of three years.

Milan , Italy
₽41270
₽46137
₽33635
₽50986
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
national
-
-
-
42 076
regional
-
-
-
2 001
social contributions
-
-
-
43 467
municipal
-
-
-
1 004
total
-
-
-
88 548
Employee
82 526
-
169 000
-
municipal
437
-
897
-
national
14 300
-
36 533
-
social contributions
27 828
-
56 987
-
regional
779
-
1 766
-
total
43 344
-
96 183
-
Employer
82 526
-
169 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
86 474
169 000
-
-
nationa
20 754
40 561
-
-
municipal
3 373
6 590
-
-
total
24 127
47 151
-
-
Dividends
62 347
121 849
-
-
withholding
16 210
31 681
-
-
total
16 210
31 681
-
-
Income
169 000
169 000
169 000
169 000
Total tax
83 681
78 832
96 183
88 548
After tax
85 319
90 168
72 817
80 452
Living cost
39 182
39 182
39 182
39 182
Free-cash
46 137
50 986
33 635
41 270

Estimated living cost  is ₽39182 per week

₽27313
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
₽2569
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
₽601
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
₽8698
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
₽0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
₽0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Naples , Italy
₽54890
₽61756
₽47295
₽63814
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
169 000
national
-
-
-
42 076
regional
-
-
-
2 549
social contributions
-
-
-
43 467
municipal
-
-
-
1 004
total
-
-
-
89 096
Employee
51 509
-
169 000
-
municipal
273
-
897
-
national
8 160
-
36 533
-
social contributions
17 369
-
56 987
-
regional
693
-
2 274
-
total
26 495
-
96 691
-
Employer
51 509
-
169 000
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
117 491
169 000
-