Enter your average income below to estimate applicable free-cash in all major European cities. By free-cash we mean your disposable income, left in your pocket after paying tax, rent, insurance, public transport, food expenses and basic entertainment. How does it work?

average income is
€ 250
per

Your estimated
City
free-cash

Valencia , Spain
-€182
-€137
-€109
-€244
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
33
accident
-
-
-
2
unemployment
-
-
-
2
pensions
-
-
-
71
other
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
108
Employee
375
-
142
-
other
-
-
-
-
income
72
-
23
-
unemployment
6
-
5
-
pensions
18
-
16
-
total
96
-
44
-
Employer
375
-
142
-
unemployment
21
-
19
-
pensions
88
-
80
-
other
3
-
3
-
accident
7
-
7
-
total
119
-
109
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income

The general rate of corporate tax is 25%. The lower rate of 15% is introduced for newly formed companies which applies during the first two years of operation in which taxable profit is made. We use the lower rate in our model.

-
38
-
-
total
-
38
-
-
Dividends
-
212
-
-
withholding
-
42
-
-
total
-
42
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
215
80
153
108
After tax
35
170
97
142
Living cost
279
279
279
279
Free-cash
-244
-109
-182
-137

Estimated living cost  is €279 per week

€188
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€27
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€59
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Bratislava , Slovakia
-€124
-€135
-€86
-€211
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
32
health
-
-
-
11
pensions

Participation in the individual account program is voluntary (6% of an income). The decision to contribute to an individual account must be made before the age of 35 and cannot be reversed.

-
-
-
60
other
-
-
-
12
total
-
-
-
115
Employee
368
-
200
-
income
63
-
34
-
health
5
-
3
-
unemployment
4
-
2
-
pensions

Participation in the individual account program is voluntary (6% of an income). The decision to contribute to an individual account must be made before the age of 35 and cannot be reversed.

26
-
14
-
total
98
-
53
-
Employer
368
-
200
-
unemployment
4
-
2
-
pensions

Participation in the individual account program is voluntary (6% of an income). The decision to contribute to an individual account must be made before the age of 35 and cannot be reversed.

63
-
34
-
other
18
-
10
-
accident
3
-
2
-
health
5
-
3
-
total
93
-
51
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income
-
52
-
-
total
-
52
-
-
Dividends
-
198
-
-
withholding
-
14
-
-
total
-
14
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
191
66
104
115
After tax
59
184
146
135
Living cost
270
270
270
270
Free-cash
-211
-86
-124
-135

Estimated living cost  is €270 per week

€191
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€18
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€4
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€57
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Varna , Bulgaria
€26
€13
€81
€34
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
37
health
-
-
-
29
unemployment
-
-
-
1
pensions

Individual pension and social contributions account is optional for those who entered the labor force after 31 December, 2014.

-
-
-
37
total
-
-
-
104
Employee
176
-
209
-
income
18
-
21
-
health
8
-
10
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

2
-
2
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

15
-
18
-
total
43
-
51
-
Employer
176
-
209
-
unemployment
1
-
1
-
pensions

19.8% for people born before 1 January, 1960; and 14.8% for those born after 31 December, 1959.

19
-
23
-
accident

We are using the highest rate at 1.1%.

2
-
2
-
health
12
-
14
-
total
34
-
40
-
Corporate
40
250
-
-
income
4
25
-
-
total
4
25
-
-
Dividends
36
225
-
-
withholding
2
11
-
-
total
2
11
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
83
36
91
104
After tax
167
214
159
146
Living cost
133
133
133
133
Free-cash
34
81
26
13

Estimated living cost  is €133 per week

€77
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€9
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€4
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€42
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Nice , France
-€184
-€196
-€221
-€319
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
-
social contributions
-
-
-
7
health
-
-
-
3
surtax
-
-
-
-
pensions
-
-
-
81
other
-
-
-
8
total
-
-
-
99
Employee
434
-
190
-
income
26
-
-
-
social contributions
12
-
5
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
pensions
49
-
22
-
total
87
-
27
-
Employer
434
-
190
-
unemployment
18
-
8
-
social contributions
1
-
1
-
pensions
71
-
31
-
other
15
-
7
-
health
30
-
13
-
total
135
-
60
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income
-
70
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
70
-
-
Dividends
-
180
-
-
withholding
-
23
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
-
31
-
-
total
-
54
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
222
124
87
99
After tax
28
126
163
151
Living cost
347
347
347
347
Free-cash
-319
-221
-184
-196

Estimated living cost  is €347 per week

€219
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€28
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€94
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Rotterdam , Netherlands
-€757
-€280
-€700
-€757
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
22
health
-
-
-
38
pensions
-
-
-
45
total
-
-
-
105
Employee
865
865
865
-
income

It is possible to apply for a 30% ruling (tax reduction) for salaries over €37,000 per annum.

142
142
142
-
health
133
113
133
-
pensions
156
119
156
-
total
431
374
431
-
Employer
865
865
865
-
unemployment
31
31
31
-
pensions
60
60
60
-
health
60
60
60
-
total
151
151
151
-
Corporate
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
-
-
-
-
withholding
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
582
525
582
105
After tax
-332
-275
-332
145
Living cost
425
425
425
425
Free-cash
-757
-700
-757
-280

Estimated living cost  is €425 per week

€301
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€38
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€7
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€79
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Dresden , Germany
-€127
-€127
-€178
-€138
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
250
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
1
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
69
trade
-
-
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
70
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

388
-
250
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

11
-
1
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

69
-
69
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

1
-
-
-
total
81
-
70
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
chamber of commerce
-
2
-
-
income
-
38
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
2
-
-
trade
-
39
-
-
total
-
81
-
-
Dividends
-
169
-
-
withholding
-
38
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
2
-
-
total
-
40
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
81
121
70
70
After tax
169
129
180
180
Living cost
307
307
307
307
Free-cash
-138
-178
-127
-127

Estimated living cost  is €307 per week

€193
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€36
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€72
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Larnaca , Cyprus
-€126
-€55
-€214
-€141
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
385
income
-
-
-
-
social contributions
-
-
-
60
health
-
-
-
10
total
-
-
-
70
Employee
779
779
779
-
income
85
72
88
-
social contributions
29
65
22
-
health
6
13
4
-
total
120
150
114
-
Employer
779
779
779
-
social contributions
29
65
22
-
health
7
14
5
-
total
36
79
27
-
Corporate
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
-
-
-
-
withholding
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
156
229
141
70
After tax
94
21
109
180
Living cost
235
235
235
235
Free-cash
-141
-214
-126
-55

Estimated living cost  is €235 per week

€141
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€23
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€66
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Lisbon , Portugal
-€168
-€170
-€175
-€327
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Based on articles 30.º, 31.º and 151.º of CIRS, sole-trader can use 75% of income as a tax base when earnings are below €200,000 per annum.

-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
15
social contributions

Social contributions in Portugal are calculated from the total income before any reductions apply.

-
-
-
87
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
102
Employee
466
-
202
-
income
97
-
30
-
social contributions
51
-
22
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
148
-
52
-
Employer
466
-
202
-
social contributions
111
-
48
-
total
111
-
48
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income
-
52
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
52
-
-
Dividends
-
198
-
-
withholding
-
55
-
-
total
-
55
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
259
107
100
102
After tax
-9
143
150
148
Living cost
318
318
318
318
Free-cash
-327
-175
-168
-170

Estimated living cost  is €318 per week

€238
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€19
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€56
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Batumi , Georgia
€128
€176
€166
€152
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
250
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
2
total
-
-
-
2
Employee
90
-
250
-
income
18
-
50
-
total
18
-
50
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

160
250
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
160
250
-
-
withholding
8
12
-
-
total
8
12
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
26
12
50
2
After tax
224
238
200
248
Living cost
72
72
72
72
Free-cash
152
166
128
176

Estimated living cost  is €72 per week

€45
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€6
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€2
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€19
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Ljubljana , Slovenia
-€132
-€124
-€100
-€268
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

A sole-trader pays social contribution from 75% of the assessed income made in the last year.

The minimum monthly assessed income used to calculate contributions is 60% of the insured's average monthly wage in the last year.

The maximum assessed income used to calculate contributions is 3.5 times the insured's average monthly wage in the last year.

-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
31
health
-
-
-
25
unemployment
-
-
-
-
pensions
-
-
-
46
total
-
-
-
102
Employee

The minimum monthly earnings used to calculate contributions are 54% (gradually rising by two percent until reaching 60% by 2021) of the insured's average monthly wage in the last year.

448
-
216
-
income
77
-
29
-
health
29
-
14
-
unemployment
1
-
-
-
pensions
69
-
34
-
total
176
-
77
-
Employer

The minimum monthly earnings used to calculate contributions are 54% (gradually rising by two percent until reaching 60% by 2021) of the insured's average monthly wage in the last year.

448
-
216
-
unemployment
-
-
-
-
pensions
40
-
19
-
health
30
-
14
-
total
70
-
33
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income
-
48
-
-
total
-
48
-
-
Dividends
-
202
-
-
withholding
-
30
-
-
total
-
30
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
246
78
110
102
After tax
4
172
140
148
Living cost
272
272
272
272
Free-cash
-268
-100
-132
-124

Estimated living cost  is €272 per week

€187
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€17
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€63
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Sliema , Malta
-€168
-€472
-€236
-€292
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We use The Residence Programme or The Global Residence Programme.

-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
288
health

This is an average price for a private worldwide health insurance. The price will vary depending on your age and health condition.

-
-
-
66
total
-
-
-
354
Employee
465
-
227
-
social contributions
47
-
23
-
income
50
-
4
-
total
97
-
27
-
Employer
465
-
227
-
social contributions
47
-
23
-
total
47
-
23
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income
-
88
-
-
total
-
88
-
-
Dividends
-
162
-
-
social contributions
30
30
-
-
total
30
30
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
174
118
50
354
After tax
76
132
200
-104
Living cost
368
368
368
368
Free-cash
-292
-236
-168
-472

Estimated living cost  is €368 per week

€242
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€29
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€91
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Vilnius , Lithuania
-€88
-€54
-€63
-€120
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
38
social contributions
-
-
-
34
health
-
-
-
17
total
-
-
-
89
Employee
344
-
250
-
income
57
-
72
-
social contributions
47
-
34
-
health
24
-
17
-
total
128
-
123
-
Employer
344
-
250
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income

The standard tax rate is 15%. However, small companies and agricultural companies can apply a reduced corporate income tax rate of 0% to the first year of operation when certain conditions are met; and 5% to revenues of less than €300,000 per year. We made calculations based on 5% and skipped 0%.

-
12
-
-
total
-
12
-
-
Dividends
-
238
-
-
withholding
-
36
-
-
health
9
17
-
-
social contributions
18
33
-
-
total
27
86
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
155
98
123
89
After tax
95
152
127
161
Living cost
215
215
215
215
Free-cash
-120
-63
-88
-54

Estimated living cost  is €215 per week

€144
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€13
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€53
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Prague , Czech Republic
-€149
-€154
-€103
-€293
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
21
social contributions
-
-
-
73
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
34
total
-
-
-
128
Employee
405
-
187
-
solidarity contribution
-
-
-
-
income
49
-
22
-
social contributions
26
-
12
-
health
55
-
25
-
total
130
-
59
-
Employer
405
-
187
-
social contributions
101
-
47
-
health
36
-
17
-
total
137
-
64
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income
-
47
-
-
total
-
47
-
-
Dividends
-
203
-
-
withholding
-
30
-
-
total
-
30
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
267
77
123
128
After tax
-17
173
127
122
Living cost
276
276
276
276
Free-cash
-293
-103
-149
-154

Estimated living cost  is €276 per week

€205
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€15
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€51
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Tbilisi , Georgia
€88
€136
€126
€105
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

We expect you will register a microenterprise to benefit from 1% tax rate. Otherwise you will be taxed at a personal income rate of 20%.

-
-
-
250
microenterprise

A sole-trader will lose its microenterprise status when the turnover exceeds 500,000 GEL for the last two consecutive years.

-
-
-
2
total
-
-
-
2
Employee
141
-
250
-
income
28
-
50
-
total
28
-
50
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate

We will register your company as part of a virtual zone. Your non-Georgian corporate tax will be zero. Turnover in Georgia will be taxed at 15%.

109
250
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
109
250
-
-
withholding
5
12
-
-
total
5
12
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
33
12
50
2
After tax
217
238
200
248
Living cost
112
112
112
112
Free-cash
105
126
88
136

Estimated living cost  is €112 per week

€76
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€5
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€4
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€28
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Social security system in Georgia is financed from the government taxes which are part of our internal model. Separate pension and medical insurance contributions are not compulsory. It is advisable to purchase health insurance privately as in an event of medical emergency the treatment is likely to get costly.

Paris , France
-€326
-€338
-€363
-€582
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
-
social contributions
-
-
-
7
health
-
-
-
3
surtax
-
-
-
-
pensions
-
-
-
81
other
-
-
-
8
total
-
-
-
99
Employee
635
-
190
-
income
55
-
-
-
social contributions
18
-
5
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
pensions
72
-
22
-
total
145
-
27
-
Employer
635
-
190
-
unemployment
26
-
8
-
social contributions
2
-
1
-
pensions
104
-
31
-
other
22
-
7
-
health
44
-
13
-
total
198
-
60
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income
-
70
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
70
-
-
Dividends
-
180
-
-
withholding
-
23
-
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
social contributions
-
31
-
-
total
-
54
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
343
124
87
99
After tax
-93
126
163
151
Living cost
489
489
489
489
Free-cash
-582
-363
-326
-338

Estimated living cost  is €489 per week

€331
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€40
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€7
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€111
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Belgrade , Serbia
-€32
-€42
€5
-€62
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

The minimum monthly earnings used to calculate the contributions are 35% of the national average gross wage for the previous three months.

The maximum monthly earnings used to calculate the contributions are five times the national average gross wage in the previous month.

-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
22
health
-
-
-
26
unemployment
-
-
-
4
pensions
-
-
-
65
total
-
-
-
117
Employee

The minimum tax base for social security contributions are defined by the Law on Mandatory Social Insurance Contributions and is fixed at 35% of an average monthly salary published in Serbia. The maximum tax base for social security contributions is capped at five times the average monthly salary published by the official statistics in Serbia at the moment of salary payment.

The minimum monthly earnings used to calculate the contributions are 35% of the national average gross wage for the previous three months.

The maximum monthly earnings used to calculate the contributions are five times the national average gross wage in the previous month.

264
-
212
-
income
36
-
26
-
health
14
-
11
-
unemployment
2
-
2
-
pensions
37
-
30
-
total
89
-
69
-
Employer

The minimum tax base for social security contributions are defined by the Law on Mandatory Social Insurance Contributions and is fixed at 35% of an average monthly salary published in Serbia. The maximum tax base for social security contributions is capped at five times the average monthly salary published by the official statistics in Serbia at the moment of salary payment.

The minimum monthly earnings used to calculate the contributions are 35% of the national average gross wage for the previous three months.

The maximum monthly earnings used to calculate the contributions are five times the national average gross wage in the previous month.

264
-
212
-
unemployment
2
-
2
-
pensions
32
-
25
-
health
14
-
11
-
total
48
-
38
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income
-
38
-
-
total
-
38
-
-
Dividends
-
212
-
-
withholding
-
32
-
-
total
-
32
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
137
70
107
117
After tax
113
180
143
133
Living cost
175
175
175
175
Free-cash
-62
5
-32
-42

Estimated living cost  is €175 per week

€118
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€14
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€39
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Zurich , Switzerland
-€517
-€493
-€594
-€659
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
regional
-
-
-
2
national
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
2
city
-
-
-
3
other

This will depend on a canton and a chosen fund. The rate is between 0.3% and 3.4% with a maximum base of 148,200 CHF. We use 2% as an average rate.

-
-
-
5
pensions
-
-
-
23
total
-
-
-
35
Employee
828
-
217
-
regional
27
-
1
-
city
9
-
2
-
health
2
-
-
-
unemployment
-
-
-
-
national
4
-
-
-
pensions
70
-
26
-
total
112
-
29
-
Employer
828
-
217
-
unemployment
-
-
-
-
pensions
70
-
26
-
other

This will depend on a canton and a chosen fund. The rate is between 0.1% and 3.63% for an employee. We use 2% as an average rate.

17
-
4
-
health
2
-
-
-
total
89
-
30
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
regional
-
53
-
-
national
-
21
-
-
total
-
74
-
-
Dividends
-
176
-
-
withholding
-
62
-
-
total
-
62
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
201
136
59
35
After tax
49
114
191
215
Living cost
708
708
708
708
Free-cash
-659
-594
-517
-493

Estimated living cost  is €708 per week

€460
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€64
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€9
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€175
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details

Additional information

It is extremely rare that a Third Country National (non-EU/EFTA/Swiss and without a long-term EU resident permit) is given a residence permit based on self-employment.

Helsinki , Finland
-€230
-€184
-€216
-€383
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

You can choose the amount to declare for pension contributions and choose a pension insurance company or a pension insurance fund you prefer to use; or you could opt out of pension contributions altogether. You can find more details on Finnish Centre for Pensions

-
-
-
250
municipal
-
-
-
45
national
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
45
Employee
533
-
210
-
health
4
-
-
-
unemployment
8
-
3
-
national
9
-
-
-
municipal
87
-
35
-
pensions
36
-
14
-
total
144
-
52
-
Employer
533
-
210
-
unemployment
3
-
1
-
pensions
92
-
36
-
accident
1
-
-
-
health
4
-
2
-
total
100
-
39
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income
-
50
-
-
total
-
50
-
-
Dividends

Finish residents use 75% of income from dividends as a base for income tax.

-
150
-
-
national
-
-
-
-
municipal
-
27
-
-
total
-
27
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
244
77
91
45
After tax
6
173
159
205
Living cost
389
389
389
389
Free-cash
-383
-216
-230
-184

Estimated living cost  is €389 per week

€254
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€37
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€91
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Finland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Brussels , Belgium
-€254
-€234
-€226
-€686
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
national
-
-
-
49
social contributions
-
-
-
53
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

-
-
-
12
total
-
-
-
114
Employee

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

725
-
194
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

34
-
9
-
communal

Communal tax will depend on the area of registration and each commune in the city has its own rate.

38
-
10
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

6
-
2
-
national
223
-
42
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

54
-
15
-
total
355
-
78
-
Employer

The minimum management director salary is set at €45,000 per year.

725
-
194
-
unemployment

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

11
-
3
-
pensions

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

64
-
17
-
surtax
82
-
22
-
accident

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

9
-
3
-
health

Reference earnings are 100% of the insured person's gross earnings for white-collar workers and 108% of the insured person's gross earnings for blue-collar workers.

45
-
12
-
total
211
-
57
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income
-
50
-
-
surtax
-
1
-
-
total
-
51
-
-
Dividends
-
199
-
-
withholding

As an investor, you can take advantage of €640 tax free allowance per year.

-
56
-
-
total
-
56
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
566
107
135
114
After tax
-316
143
115
136
Living cost
370
370
370
370
Free-cash
-686
-226
-254
-234

Estimated living cost  is €370 per week

€238
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€32
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€93
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Stockholm , Sweden
-€279
-€288
-€275
-€520
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
municipal
-
-
-
53
national
-
-
-
-
health
-
-
-
16
accident
-
-
-
1
unemployment
-
-
-
-
pensions
-
-
-
27
other
-
-
-
29
total
-
-
-
126
Employee
587
-
190
-
national
-
-
-
-
municipal
175
-
57
-
total
175
-
57
-
Employer
587
-
190
-
unemployment
15
-
5
-
pensions
63
-
21
-
other
68
-
22
-
accident
1
-
-
-
health
36
-
12
-
total
183
-
60
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income
-
55
-
-
total
-
55
-
-
Dividends
-
195
-
-
withholding
-
58
-
-
total
-
58
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
358
113
117
126
After tax
-108
137
133
124
Living cost
412
412
412
412
Free-cash
-520
-275
-279
-288

Estimated living cost  is €412 per week

€273
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€40
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€92
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Oslo , Norway
-€340
-€269
-€289
-€1273
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
49
social contributions
-
-
-
29
total
-
-
-
78
Employee
632
-
77
-
income
139
-
15
-
social contributions
52
-
7
-
total
191
-
22
-
Employer
632
-
77
-
social contributions
891
-
127
-
total
891
-
127
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income
-
55
-
-
total
-
55
-
-
Dividends
-
195
-
-
income
-
43
-
-
total
-
43
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
1 082
98
149
78
After tax
-832
152
101
172
Living cost
441
441
441
441
Free-cash
-1 273
-289
-340
-269

Estimated living cost  is €441 per week

€286
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€41
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€108
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Limassol , Cyprus
-€220
-€149
-€308
-€253
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
385
income
-
-
-
-
social contributions
-
-
-
60
health
-
-
-
10
total
-
-
-
70
Employee
779
779
779
-
income
82
72
88
-
social contributions
38
65
22
-
health
8
13
4
-
total
128
150
114
-
Employer
779
779
779
-
social contributions
38
65
22
-
health
8
14
5
-
total
46
79
27
-
Corporate
-
-
-
-
income
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Dividends
-
-
-
-
withholding
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
174
229
141
70
After tax
76
21
109
180
Living cost
329
329
329
329
Free-cash
-253
-308
-220
-149

Estimated living cost  is €329 per week

€225
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€26
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€73
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Edinburgh , United Kingdom
-€184
-€169
-€176
-€311
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
49
pensions
-
-
-
6
total
-
-
-
55
Employee
500
-
232
-
income
91
-
45
-
health
7
-
1
-
pensions
38
-
6
-
total
136
-
52
-
Employer
500
-
232
-
pensions
51
-
14
-
health
10
-
4
-
total
61
-
18
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income

It is proposed for this rate to fall to 17% from the financial year starting on 1 April, 2020. Also, where the taxable profits can be attributed to the exploitation of patents, a lower rate of 10% applies.

-
47
-
-
total
-
47
-
-
Dividends
-
203
-
-
withholding
-
15
-
-
total
-
15
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
197
62
70
55
After tax
53
188
180
195
Living cost
364
364
364
364
Free-cash
-311
-176
-184
-169

Estimated living cost  is €364 per week

€250
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€34
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€76
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details

Additional information

The only visa which will gain you entry to the UK as a freelancer is Tier 1 (with an exception of EU nationals or long-term UK residence permit holders, up until Brexit). There are two Tier 1 visa pathways.

You can either apply for an Entrepreneur visa which requires an investment of at least £200000 and creating two full time jobs, or choose an Exceptional Talent visa, which has no financial requirements but is more difficult to obtain.

Rome , Italy
-€295
-€277
-€272
-€604
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
municipal
-
-
-
2
regional
-
-
-
3
national
-
-
-
39
social contributions
-
-
-
79
total
-
-
-
123
Employee
854
-
250
-
regional
13
-
3
-
social contributions
288
-
103
-
national
144
-
34
-
municipal
5
-
1
-
total
450
-
141
-
Employer
854
-
250
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
nationa
-
60
-
-
municipal
-
12
-
-
total
-
72
-
-
Dividends
-
178
-
-
withholding
-
46
-
-
total
-
46
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
450
118
141
123
After tax
-200
132
109
127
Living cost
404
404
404
404
Free-cash
-604
-272
-295
-277

Estimated living cost  is €404 per week

€284
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€28
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€86
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Gdansk , Poland
-€78
-€61
-€191
-€150
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
33
health
-
-
-
21
accident
-
-
-
2
pensions
-
-
-
40
other
-
-
-
4
total
-
-
-
100
Employee
332
-
208
-
income
46
-
28
-
health
38
-
24
-
pensions
37
-
23
-
total
121
-
75
-
Employer
332
-
208
-
unemployment
8
-
5
-
pensions
54
-
34
-
accident
6
-
3
-
total
68
-
42
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income

From 1 January 2017, a lowered corporate income tax rate of 9% was introduced for so-called 'small taxpayers' - entities with turnover not exceeding the equivalent of €1.2 million and for taxpayers starting business activity, during their previous tax year.

-
225
-
-
total
-
225
-
-
Dividends
-
25
-
-
withholding
-
5
-
-
total
-
5
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
189
230
117
100
After tax
61
20
133
150
Living cost
211
211
211
211
Free-cash
-150
-191
-78
-61

Estimated living cost  is €211 per week

€155
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€12
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€4
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€40
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Poland permits registration as a sole-trader only for EU nationals or long-term EU resident permit holders. Other nationals should use a business incubator or set up a company and hire themselves as an employee.

Berlin , Germany
-€211
-€211
-€260
-€253
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

-
-
-
250
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

-
-
-
1
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

-
-
-
69
trade
-
-
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
70
Employee

Pension contribution is not mandatory for self-employed except for writers, artists and musicians who should pay standard rates to Künstlersozialkasse.

504
-
250
-
income

Personal income is calculated on a progressive scale(from 14% to 42%), and is fixed at 45%. The tax percentage is unique and will depend on your income.

41
-
1
-
health

Our model is based on the assumption that an owner of the company is either a director or registered self-employed, so all social security contributions are not mandatory.

However, you would need to purchase private health insurance. We took an average price of €3600 per annum per person.

69
-
69
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

2
-
-
-
total
112
-
70
-
Employer
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
chamber of commerce
-
2
-
-
income
-
38
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
2
-
-
trade
-
36
-
-
total
-
78
-
-
Dividends
-
173
-
-
withholding
-
39
-
-
surtax

Solidarity surcharge is an additional fee on income tax, capital gains tax and corporate tax. It is justified by the cost of German reunification.

-
2
-
-
total
-
41
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
112
119
70
70
After tax
138
131
180
180
Living cost
391
391
391
391
Free-cash
-253
-260
-211
-211

Estimated living cost  is €391 per week

€270
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€42
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€6
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€74
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source

Additional information

Nationals of Europe, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, the Republic of Korea, New Zealand and the USA do not require an entry type D visa (not to confuse with a Schengen visa or a visa-free entry). For other nationals, waiting time is around 6-9 months which includes document preparation and processing.

Riga , Latvia
-€68
-€31
-€11
-€118
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader

As of 1 January, 2018 a microenterprise tax rate for microenterprise turnover of up to €40,000 is 15%. This tax is inclusive of all other taxes and contributions.

Microenterprise tax could also be applied to a company but as the only exception is a limitation of liability, we advise to register as a sole-trader.

-
-
-
250
microenterprise
-
-
-
38
income
-
-
-
-
social contributions

Each person younger than 30 on 1 July, 2001 should make pension contributions to an old-age pension account. We include it in our internal model.

-
-
-
32
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
70
Employee
296
-
201
-
income
53
-
36
-
social contributions

Each person younger than 30 on 1 July, 2001 should make pension contributions to an old-age pension account. We include it in our internal model.

33
-
22
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
86
-
58
-
Employer
296
-
201
-
social contributions

Each person younger than 30 on 1 July, 2001 should make pension contributions to an old-age pension account. We include it in our internal model.

71
-
49
-
surtax
-
-
-
-
total
71
-
49
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income

Corporate income tax rate is 20% applicable to the taxable base. However, before applying the statutory rate, the taxable base should be divided by a coefficient of 0.8. As taxable base is increased by the coefficient, the effective corporate income tax rate is 25%.

-
50
-
-
total
-
50
-
-
Dividends

In Latvia, local dividends are not subject to withholding tax.

-
200
-
-
total
-
-
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
157
50
107
70
After tax
93
200
143
180
Living cost
211
211
211
211
Free-cash
-118
-11
-68
-31

Estimated living cost  is €211 per week

€134
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€20
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€51
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details Source
Istanbul , Turkey
€2
-€6
€23
€3
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
37
health
-
-
-
36
pensions
-
-
-
50
total
-
-
-
123
Employee
202
-
204
-
income
39
-
40
-
health
10
-
10
-
unemployment
2
-
2
-
pensions
18
-
18
-
total
69
-
70
-
Employer
202
-
204
-
unemployment
4
-
4
-
pensions
22
-
22
-
health
19
-
19
-
total
45
-
45
-
Corporate
2
250
-
-
income
-
55
-
-
total
-
55
-
-
Dividends
2
195
-
-
withholding
-
39
-
-
total
-
39
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
114
94
115
123
After tax
136
156
135
127
Living cost
133
133
133
133
Free-cash
3
23
2
-6

Estimated living cost  is €133 per week

€79
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€11
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€3
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€40
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Athens , Greece
-€90
-€84
-€71
-€165
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
36
health
-
-
-
18
unemployment
-
-
-
2
surtax
-
-
-
-
pensions
-
-
-
50
other
-
-
-
-
total
-
-
-
106
Employee
341
-
207
-
other
-
-
-
-
income
57
-
35
-
health
9
-
5
-
unemployment
24
-
14
-
surtax
1
-
-
-
pensions
23
-
14
-
total
114
-
68
-
Employer
341
-
207
-
unemployment
11
-
7
-
pensions
46
-
28
-
other
-
-
-
-
health
16
-
9
-
total
73
-
44
-
Corporate
-
250
-
-
income
-
65
-
-
total
-
65
-
-
Dividends
-
185
-
-
withholding
-
28
-
-
total
-
28
-
-
Income
250
250
250
250
Total tax
187
93
112
106
After tax
63
157
138
144
Living cost
228
228
228
228
Free-cash
-165
-71
-90
-84

Estimated living cost  is €228 per week

€137
Rent. One bedroom at downtown or an upmarket area with basic utilities which include internet connection and a mobile phone.
€20
Public transport and taxi. Monthly travel card, and a few taxi rides per week.
€5
Clothing and shoes. We estimate one pair of shoes and trainers, and several items of clothing each year, or slightly more often if you choose cheaper mass market stores. Twice as often for kids.
€65
Food and entertainment. We estimate that you will have breakfast at a cafe once a week, evening meal at a restaurant once a week, and visit bars once a week for drinks.Other days you prepare meals at home.
€0
I'm drinking at home rarely or never.
€0
I do not smoke or smoke very rarely.
Adjust living cost Show details
Graz , Austria
-€252
-€201
-€302
-€329
S + D Salary + Dividends

Salary + Dividends. A combination of a fixed monthly income with a bonus at the end of the year.

Dividends

Dividends. A single payment made annually out of accumulated profits.

Salary

Salary. A fixed monthly income you pay yourself to cover your living expenses.

Sole trader

Sole trader. You're running your business as an individual with an unlimited responsibility

Sole trader
-
-
-
250
income
-
-
-
-
chamber of commerce
-
-
-
1
health
-
-
-
19
unemployment
-
-
-
62
surtax
-
-
-
-
pensions
-
-
-
46
total
-
-
-
128
Employee
443
404
404
-
other
4
4
2
-
income
39
30
42
-
health
17
16
7
-
unemployment
13
12
5
-
pensions
45
41
19
-
total
118
103
75
-
Employer
443
404
404
-
unemployment
13
12
5
-
chamber of commerce
2
2
2
-
pensions
56
51
23
-
payroll